People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception
The human body has long been a rich source of inspiration for the arts, and artists have long recognized the body's special status. While the scientific study of body perception also has an important history, recent technological advances have triggered an explosion of research on the visual perception of the human body in motion, or as it is traditionally called, biological motion perception. Now reaching a point of burgeoning inter-disciplinary focus, biological motion perception research is poised to transform our understanding of person construal. Indeed, several factors highlight a privileged role for the human body as one of the most critical classes of stimuli affecting social perception. Human bodies in motion, for example, are among the most frequent moving stimulus in our environment. They can be readily perceived at a physical distance or visual vantage that precludes face perception. Moreover, body motion conveys meaningful psychological information such as social categories, emotion state, intentions, and underlying dispositions. Thus, body perception appears to serve as a first-pass filter for a vast array of social judgments from the routine (e.g., perceived friendliness in interactions) to the grave (e.g., perceived threat by law enforcement). This book provides an exciting integration of theory and findings that clarify how the human body is perceived by observers.
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People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body ...
Kerri Johnson,Maggie Shiffrar
Eingeschränkte Leseprobe - 2012
action observation activity amygdala animacy autism spectrum disorders behavior biological motion perception bodily expressions body motion body perception Chapter body shape brain areas cal motion Calvo-Merino categorization ception Cerebral Cortex Cognitive Neuroscience Cognitive Sciences coherent configuration cortical cues detection Developmental dynamic ease-of-attack emotional experience Experimental Psychology face face perception Figure fMRI function Gallese Gelder Grossman human body human motion human movement individuals infants interaction inversion effect Johansson Journal of Experimental K. L. Johnson Knoblich lesion logical motion mechanisms ments mirror neuron motor moving neural NeuroImage object one’s Oxford University Press parietal participants patterns Pavlova Pelphrey perceived perception of biological perception of human Perrett point-light displays point-light walker Pollick predict premotor cortex Psychophysics recognition regions representation response Rizzolatti role Saygin scrambled Shiffrar Shiffrar Eds Social Neuroscience social perception specific stimuli superior temporal sulcus task tion Troje visual perception visual sensitivity walking style