Life in Amber
Stanford University Press, 1992 - 350 Seiten
"Amber is a semi-precious gem that is formed over eons by natural forces out of the resin of trees. Human fascination with amber dates back to prehistoric times, when it was probably considered to have magical powers and was used for adornment and trade. Amber amulets and beads dating from 35,000 to 1,800 B.C. have been found, and where they have been found (for example in graves hundreds of miles from their chemically determined origins) has often helped to establish ancient trade routes." "The preservative qualities of plant resins were well known by the ancients. The Egyptians used resins to embalm their dead, and the Greeks used them to preserve their wine. Amber often preserved fossils, frequently in a pristine state, of all kinds of animal and plant organisms that made contact with the sticky substance and became trapped in it. These fossils include such fragile organisms as nematodes and mushrooms that ordinarily are not preserved under normal processes of fossilization, as well as larger organisms like scorpions and lizards, and the fossils are preserved in their full three-dimensional form, complete with minute details of scales, mouth parts, antennae, and hairs. It has even been suggested that viable DNA may persist in some amber-trapped organisms." "This book is a compendium of all that we know about life found in amber. It surveys all life forms, from microbes to vertebrates and plants, that have been reported from amber deposits throughout the world, beginning with the earliest pieces dating from some 300 million years ago. It also describes the formation of amber and the location, geological history, and early exploration of the major world amber deposits, including those still being worked today." "The book also provides practical information on how to determine fake amber containing present-day forms of life. It can serve as a beginning for tracing the geological history of a particular group of animals or plants or even reconstructing ancient paleoenvironments, and because amber fossils are preserved so completely, in a transparent medium, they can be intimately compared with related living species. Finally, the book discusses what amber fossils can tell us about evolution and speciation, cellular preservation, and paleosymbiosis." "The book is illustrated with 37 color photographs, 154 black-and-white photographs and drawings, and 8 maps."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
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abdomen adults Agathis amber deposits amber occur amber Poinar collection amber spiders antennae Araucariaceae arthropods Bachofen-Echt 1949 Baltic amber Baltic amber Keilbach Baltic amber Spahr bark Baroni Urbani beedes bees beetles bugs Burmese amber caddis flies Canadian amber Cockerell Color Plate copal Cretaceous Cretaceous amber described from Baltic Diptera Dominican amber Dominican amber Appendix Dominican amber Poinar Dominican Republic Eocene extant extinct feed Figure forms fossil fossil record fossiliferous amber found in amber fungi fungus fungus gnats genera genus Grimaldi habitats Hennig Holotype Hymenaea insects Langenheim Larsson larvae Lebanese Lebanese amber Leptomyrmex Mexican amber Mexican and Dominican midges minican mites Museum nematodes occur in Baltic occur in Dominican Oligocene parasitic Petrunkevitch plant predaceous present-day pseudoscorpions Rasnitsyn reported from Baltic represented in Dominican resin Schawaller Schlee Siberian amber specimens suborder termite Tertiary tree Trichoptera tropical wasps Whalley wings Zherichin and Sukacheva
Seite 309 - Preliminary Report on the economic resources of the Amber and Jade mines area in Upper Burma.
Seite 298 - Oligocene mosquitoes in the British Museum, with a summary of our present knowledge concerning fossil Culicidae; The Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London; 79:139155.
Seite 291 - Andersen, NM 1982. The semiaquatic bugs (Hemiptera. Gerromorpha). Phylogeny, adaptations, biogeography, and classification. Entomonograph 3, 1-455.
Seite 296 - Coney, PJ, 1982: Plate tectonic constraints on the biogeography of Middle America and the Caribbean region.
Seite 305 - CW, 1965, Infrared spectra as a means of determining botanical sources of amber: Science, v.
Seite 301 - Insektenfossilien aus der unteren Kreide IV. Psychodidae (Phlebotominae), mit einer kritischen Übersicht über das phylogenetische System der Familie und die bisher beschriebenen Fossilien.