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THE

ANCIENT

HISTORY

OF THE

EGYPTIANS, CARTHAGINLANS,
ASSYRIANS, BABYLONIANS, MEDES AND PERSIANS,

, ,
MACEDONIANS AND GRÉCIANS,

BY CHARLES ROLLIN,
Late Principal of the University of Paris, Professor of Eloquonco in
the Royal College, and Member of the Royal Academy

of Inscriptions and Belles Lettres.

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THE NFW POR PUBLICIT

ASTCR.LINC XIN TILL

10)

1

CONTENTS.

15

37

54

Pag.

Chap. I. The History of Darius, connected with that of the Greeks, 9

Sect. I. Darius's Marriages, &c.

-II. Revolt and Reduction of Babylon,

III. Darius prepares for an Expedition against the Scythians. A

Digression upon the Manners and Customs of that Nation,

17

A Digression concerning the Scythians, .

18

Sect. iv. Darius's Expedition against the Scythians,

22

V. Darius's Conquest of India,

27

-VI. The Revolt of the Ionians,

28

-VII. The Expedition of Darius's Army against Greece,

33

1. The State of Athens. The characters of Miltiades, Themistocles and

Aristides,

34

2. Darius sends Heralds into Greece, in order to sound the People, and

to require them to submit,

3. The Persians Defeated at Marathon by Miltiades,

38

Sect. VIII. Darius resolves to make War in person against Egypt and

against Greece, &c.

43

Chap. II. The History of Xerxes, connected with that of the Greeks, 46

Sect. 1. Xerxes reduces Egypt, &c.

46

-II. Xerxes begins his March, and passes from Asia

into Europe, by

crossing the Strait of the Hellespont upon a Bridge of Boats,

50

Sect. III. The Number of Xerxes's Forces, &c. &c.

-IV. The Lacedæmonians and Athenians send to their Allies in vain

to require succours from them. The Command of the Fleet given to

the Lacedæmonians,

57

Sect. V. The Battle of Thermopylæ. The Death of Leonidas,

59

-Ví. Naval Battle near Artemisium,

-VII. T'he Athenians abandon their City, which is taken and burn:

by Xerxes,

64

Sect. VIII.

The Battle of Salamin, &c.

66

-IX. The Battle of Platææ,

72

-X. The Battle near Mycale. The defeat of the Persians,

80

-XI. The Barbarous and Inbuman Revenge of Amestris, the Wife

of Xerxes,

81

Sect. Xil." The Athenians rebuild the Walls of their City, notwithstand-

the

82

Sect. Xul. The black design of Themistocles rejected unanimously by

the People of Athens,

84

Sect. XIV. The Lacedæmonians lose the Chief Command through the

Pride and Arrogance of Parisanias,

86

Sect. XV. The Secret Conspiracy of Pausanias with the Persians. His

Death,

87

Sect. XVI. Themistocles flies for Shelter to King Admetus,

88

-XVII. Disinterested Administration of the Public Treasure by

Aristides. His Death and Eulogium,

90

Sect. XVIII. Xerxes killed by Artabanus. His Character,

04

O

Transfer from Cira Depi. Metilenberg Brandl JUN 21 1907

BOOK VII.

THE HISTORY OF THE PERSIANS AND GRECIANS.

Pagh

Crap. I. The History of the Persians and Grecians from the Beginning

of the Reign of Artaxerxes to the Peloponnesian War,

97

Sect. I. Artaxerxes Ruins the Faction of Artabanes, &c.

97

-II. Themistocles Flies to Artaxerxes,

98

III. Cimon Begins to make a Figure at Athens,

100

IV. The Egyptians, Supported by the Athenians, Rise against

Persia,

106

Sect. V. Inarus is Delivered up to the King's Mother. The Affliction

and Revolt of Megabyzuş,

107

Sect. vi. Artaxerxes Sends Esdras and Afterwards Nehemiah to Je-

108

Sect. VII. Character of Pericles, &c.

110

-VIII. An Earthquake in Sparta, &c. -

114

-IX. Cimon is Recalled, &c. His Death,

115

-X. Thucydides is opposed to Pericles, &c.

117

-XI. Pericles Changes his Conduct with Regard to the People, 120

-XII. Jealousy and Contests arise Between the Athenians and La-

cedæmonians,

122

Sect. XIII. New Subjects of Contention Between the two Nations, 124

-XIV. Troubles Excited against Pericles, &c.

128

Chap. II. Transactions of the Greeks in Sicily and Italy,

131

Sect. I. The Carthaginians defeated in Sicily. Of Gelon and his two

-131

Sect. 11. Famous Persons and Cities in Græc a Major, &c.

139

Chap. III. The War of Peloponnesus,

144

Sect. I. The Siege of Platææ by the Thebans, &c. &c. The First

year of the War,

144

Sect. II. The Plague makes dreadful havoc in Attica, &c. Second

and Third vears of the War,

148

Sect. III. The Lacedæmonians besiege Platææ. Fourth and Fifth

years of the War,

154

Sect. IV. The Athenians possess themselves of Pylus, &c. Sixth and

seventh years of the War,

164

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