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students, a branch of its activities in which we believe there will be an increased demand as the various forest departments of the Empire develop.

We are fully aware of the financial difficulties of the time, and we wish to emphasise our desire that the institution should be started as early as possible-provided always that a sufficient sum can be guaranteed to ensure efficiency-even if it is not possible at first to raise the full amount of money which would be desirable.

(b.) With regard to the qualifications to be demanded of proba. tioners entering the institution and with special reference to paragraph 8 of the report (co-ordination of University courses), we fully agree with the principle that a common standard of previous training is highly desirable. At the same time we feel that if the institution is to fulfil its role as a centre of post-graduate training, adapted to meet the need of the different portions of the Empire, a considerable degree of flexibility in its regulations as to admission will probably be found necessary. In the circumstances we consider that, while a common standard of previous training should be aimed at in course of time, the qualifications to be demanded of the various probationers must be left to the decision of the department or government which selects them; provided always that the standard of such qualification must be sufficiently high to enable them to take due advantage of the course provided by the institution without retarding the progress of the other students. Points of difficulty should be capable of settlement between the Board of Control and the department concerned. The adınission of private students to the institution would be subject to the decision of the Board of Control.

(c.) We endorse the recommendation of the Committee with regard to the association of research with the educational function of the institution, and we recommend that close liaison should be maintained between the institution and other centres of forest research in order to prevent overlapping and to ensure co-ordination of effort.

7. We wish to draw attention to a function of the institution to which we attach great importance, and which seems hardly to have received the attention it deserves. We believe that the association of forest officers from different parts of the Empire when attending "special" or "refresher" courses cannot fail to be of great benefit to all concerned. Much light may be thrown on the problems to be dealt with in one part of the Empire by experience gained elsewhere. As things are, the experience of forest officers is too often confined to one locality and we believe that the institution can do valuable work in remedying this deficiency.

We also attach importance to the association of young probationers with expérienced forest officers, who may be attending the institution at the same time.

8. In conclusion, we strongly endorse the view of the 1920 Conference that a central institution for post-graduate and specialised training in forestry, combined with research, is essential to the proper development of the forest resources of the Empire.


We believe that these resources can only be so developed if the supervising staff receive a high standard of training; that the facilities at present existing for providing such training are insufficient of themselves ; but that, if supplemented by an institution of the kind proposed, the necessary standard could be attained.

Having regard also to the great potential forest resources of the Empire and of the increased yield which has followed, notably in India, and in certain foreign countries, on the introduction of a more highly trained staff, we believe that the necessary outlay on such an institution would be repaid several times over by increased returns from the forests.

It appears to us regrettable that the British Empire, with its vast forest resources, does not yet possess an institution capable of meeting the requirements of its own forest officers in advanced training, and that certain of these officers have to seek instruction in foreign countries, while in other cases it has even been found necessary to fill special posts by the appointment of officers of foreign nationality.

We recommend, therefore, that steps be taken immediately by the departments concerned, to set up a central institution for postgraduate training and research at Oxford University, so that if possible it may begin to function at the opening of the next academic year, i.e., October, 1924.

R. D. FURSE, Chairman.

WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION. The discussion of this matter was begun at the Eighth Meeting of the Conference, held on Tuesday, the 16th October, 1923. The Secretary of State for Home Affairs moved the following Resolution :"That a Committee

be appointed containing Representatives of Great Britain, the Dominions, India, and the Colonies, to consider the desirability of a common Empire policy as regards the régime applicable under the Workmen's Compensation Laws to non-resident workmen, and to seamen, and to the nationals of foreign countries, according as reciprocity is or is not given by the latter."

In moving this Resolution Mr. Bridgeman said that since 1911 there had been a great development of Workmen's Compensation legislation, and each legislature had worked out its own problem in its own way, with the result that there were considerable divergencies of practice, too wide, in some cases, for any hope of general uniformity being secured throughout the Empire. There were, however, a few points, especially in regard to non-resident workmen, to alien workmen and to seamen, where some uniformity of practice could be arrived at, so that at any rate within the British Empire there should be similarity of treatment for nonresidents and seamen, and also similarity of treatment for foreign workers where other countries reciprocated.

Resolution Receives General Support.

Sir Lomer Gouin said that Canada was fairly well advanced in legislation on that point. Some Provinces had legislated with regard to compensation to non-residents and others were now investigating the matter. He agreed that the question should be referred to a Committee.

Senator Wilson agreed that it was a Committee matter.

Mr. Massey also agreed to the question being referred to a Committee. In New Zealand he thought they had already arranged for reciprocity in the matter of workmen's compensation as between the United Kingdom and New Zealand, and as between New Zealand and Queensland and Western Australia, and what had been done they were quite willing to apply to other Empire countries.

Mr. Burton, Sir Marmaduke Winter and Mr. Innes also agreed to the appointment of a Committee; Mr. Innes observing that the Indian Act already provided for payment of compensation to workmen who were not resident in India, and that the Government of India would welcome either the abolition in other parts of the Empire of restrictions on the payment of compensation in such cases, or reciprocal treatment.

The Committee was appointed accordingly, and reported on the 6th November (see page 568). The Report was discussed by the full Conference at their Twenty-second Meeting, held on Thursday, the 8th November, 1923.

The Recommendations of the Committee.

Mr. Bridgeman said that he had put before the Committee three Resolutions over which they had found themselves largely in agreement and especially over two (Nos. I and II of the Committee's Report) relating to non-residents and seamen. With regard to the third, which dealt with the question of reciprocity in cases of foreign workers, there had not been sufficient agreement to justify the Committee in doing more than asking the different Governments to consider the possibility of adopting the proposals. With regard to the other two a direct invitation had been given to the Governments to take action, subject to a proviso in which attention was called to the fact that in some Dominions Workmen's Compensation falls within the Provincial or State jurisdiction, and outside the control of the Dominion Government.

Mr. Graham said that Canada's Workmen's Compensation legislation came almost solely within the jurisdiction of the Provinces, and he had no objection to the Report. He mentioned that the railways had special Acts under Federal jurisdiction.

Mr. Bruce said that the question of Workmen's Conpensation was a question for the States, but in view of the note referred to by Mr. Bridgeman he accepted the Resolution.

Mr. Massey said that he agreed with the recommendations, in the direction of which indeed New Zealand had already legislated. He desired to put on record a communication from the Labour Department in Wellington which set out the relevant provisions of the existing New Zealand Act (Workers' Compensation Act, 1922).

Mr. Burton understood that his colleague, Mr. De Wet, who was a member of the Committee, was satisfied with the Resolutions, except that he had had something to say about the original resolution which had been modified to meet his views and now appeared as No. III.

Mr. Bridgeman replied that Mr. De Wet had telephoned to say that the modification which had been made met his point.

Mr. Riordan was satisfied with the Report and Resolutions.

Mr. Innes said that the Indian Workmen's Compensation Act was a very recent piece of legislation, and had not in fact come into operation up to that time. It gave effect to the principle of the first two Resolutions they were considering, and, as regards the third Resolution, made no distinction according to the nationality of workmen subject to Indian law. India welcomed any action by other countries in the direction of giving equal rights

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to injured workmen employed in them, but he did not think it
likely that the Indian Act would be amended in order to narrow
its scope by introducing the principle of reciprocity. He quite
agreed to all the Resolutions proposed.

Workmen's Compensation Impracticable in most 'Colonies at

Sir Gilbert Grindle, speaking on behalf of the Colonies and
Protectorates, accepted the Resolutions, but said that conditions in
the greater part of the Colonies rendered Workmen's Compensation
quite out of the question at present. He mentioned this so that
when the next Conference came it would not be thought that if
they had not done anything it was due to lack of goodwill. They
were considering actively the introduction

the introduction of Workmen's
Compensation in one or two of the older Colonies.

Resolutions Accepted.

It was decided that Resolutions I, II and III recommended for adoption by the Workmen's Compensation Committee of the Conference be adopted. In adopting these Resolutions the Conference noted that, in certain of the Dominions, Workmen's Compensation falls wholly or partially within Provincial or State jurisdiction, and is in those cases and to that extent outside the control of the Dominion Government.

The constitution of the Committee was as follows :
The Right Hon. W. C. Bridgeman, M.P., Secretary of State for

Home Affairs ;
he Most Hon. the Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, K.G., G.C.S.I.,

G.C I.E., Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (or his repre

His Grace the Duke of Devonshire, K.G., P.C., G.C.M.G.,

G.C.V.O., Secretary of State for the Colonies (or his repre

Mr. G. E. Baker, Mercantile Marine Department, Board of

The Hon. Sir Lomer Gouin, K.C.M.G., and Mr. R. H. Coats, B.A.,

F.S.S., Canada;
Senator the Hon. R. V. Wilson, Honorary Minister in charge of

Departments of Health and Migration, Commonwealth of

Australia :
The Hon. Sir James Allen, K.C.B., High Commissioner for New

The Hon. N. J. de Wet, K.C., Minister of Justice, and Mr. W. J.

O'Brien, Union of South Africa;
Mr. E. J. Riordan, Secretary to Trade and Shipping Department,

Ministry of Industry and Commerce, Irish Free State ;
The Hon. Sir Patrick T. McGrath, K.B.E., Newfoundland;
Sir E. M. Cook, C.S.I., C.I.E., India ;

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