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the rubrics of the Book of Common Prayer are expressly modified by the Measure.

Clause 3.-This clause shows in what respects the Book of Common Prayer is modified by this Measure. Certain rubrics and groups of rubrics contained in the Deposited Book are to have effect as if they were contained in the Book of Common Prayer, and the corresponding rubrics in the Book of Common Prayer are modified so far as is necessary to give effect to the new rubrics. This has been done in cases where it was found impracticable to allow the rubrics of the Book of Common Prayer to subsist side by side with new rubrics contained in the Deposited Book. But the actual changes made are not so great as might appear, for the General Rubrics referred to in Clause 3 (1) (i) reproduce for the most part with little alteration the rubrics in the Book of Common Prayer. Such changes as are made are, almost without exception, in the direction of giving greater liberty. Rubrics which are not identical in terms with the old Prayer Book rubrics are marked with side lines in the Deposited Book.

Sub-clause (3) supports the new form of Ordinal contained in the Deposited Book. Here, and here only, the new forms actually supersede the old; and they do so, because it is obviously desirable to have only one form of Ordinal for use throughout the Church. But the only variation which seems to be important is the revised form of question put to deacons as to belief in the Canonical Scriptures.

Clause 4 gives power to the archbishop and bishops of each province to make "such rules as are required or authorised to be made by them under any rubric of the Deposited Book." The only rubrics which require or authorise the making of such rules are (a) the seventh General Rubric on page 63 of the Deposited Book, and (b) the third rubric, relating to Reservation, on page 283 of the Deposited Book. In view of the

terms of the seventh general rubric, the scope of this rule-making power will, it is believed, be very limited. The rubric deals with the interpretation of doubtful matters contained in the Book, and the rules authorised to be made thereunder are "Rules for the conduct of Publick Worship in accordance with this Book." Such rules, it is conceived, could neither modify the rubrics of the Deposited Book nor deal with any matters outside of the Book.

Clause 5, which deals with the right of printing and publishing the Deposited Book, is in a Form approved by the Treasury Solicitor after consultation with the Attorney-General. It recognises that the right of printing and publishing the Deposited Book as well as the Book of Common Prayer is vested solely in the Crown, and is designed to protect the rights of the Crown's licensees.

Clause 6 deals with the question of proof of the contents of the Deposited Book.

Clause 7 gives power to the archbishop and bishops of each province to issue supplementary orders and forms of public prayer. Services are often required for special purposes or occasions which could not appropriately be included in a Book of Common Prayer, e.g., services for the dedication or consecration of churches, or for the institution and induction of incumbents. Further, in order to give clear legal sanction to what has long been the common practice (under section 3 of the Act of Uniformity Amendment Act, 1872, which is repealed by the Measure), it is expressly provided that upon any occasion approved by the bishop a special supplementary order or form of public prayer approved by him may be used in public worship within his diocese. But the powers thus given to authorise special supplementary forms of worship are limited by two important conditions. Such forms must be in conformity with the doctrine of the Church of England as set forth in the Thirty-nine Articles of Religion and the Book of Common Prayer; and they must not be "in substitution for any order or form contained in the Book of

Common Prayer or the " therein contained.

Deposited Book,' or contrary to anything

Clause 9 is intended to make it clear that the new orders and forms

authorised by the Measure are "ordered by lawful authority " within

the terms of the Declaration of Assent contained in section 1 of the Clerical Subscription Act, 1865.

Clause 13 amends the provisions of section 2 of the Marriage Act, 1823, as to the time when banns of marriage may be published in church, so as to correspond with the new rubric on page 263 of the Deposited Book. It also repeals certain sections of the Act of Uniformity Amendment Act, 1872, dealing with shortened services.

The remaining clauses of the Measure do not seem to call for any special

comment.

The Deposited Book.

As regards the Deposited Book itself, any detailed comment would be inappropriate. It contains, as has already been said, all the services of the Book of Common Prayer, with the exception (already noted) of the Ordinal, for which a revised form is substituted, and with the further exception of the Prayer Book Order for the Visitation of the Sick, which is not reprinted, for the reasons stated in the footnote on page 274.

In addition to these the Book contains:

as that

An Alternative Order for reading the Psalter (pp. 7-9); An alternative Table of Lessons, practically the same authorised by the Revised Tables of Lessons Measure, 1922 (pp. 26-43), with an Alternative Calendar (pp. 44-55);

Alternative Orders for Morning and Evening Prayer (pp. 79-92); A Revised Translation of the Quicunque Vult (pp. 95 and 96), the use of which is made optional instead of being compulsory on certain days;

A fuller list of Occasional Prayers and Thanksgivings (pp. 102-114), with a carefully limited power to the minister to offer prayer in his own words (p. 114);

An alternative Order of Holy Communion (pp. 218-232);
An alternative Order of Publick Baptism (pp. 238-241);

An alternative Order of Confirmation (pp. 260-262);

An alternative Form of Solemnization of Matrimony (pp. 269-273);

A fuller Order for the Visitation of the Sick (pp. 274-280);

An alternative Order for the Communion of the Sick, including provision, under careful safeguards, for reservation of the consecrated Elements (p. 283);

A new Order for the Burial of a Child (pp. 292-294);
An alternative Commination (p. 299);

An Appendix containing Orders for Prime and Compline; a Devotion for optional use before the celebration of Holy Communion; Collects, Epistles and Gospels for Lesser Feasts and Fasts, and other days which it is permitted to observe; and a form of Exhortation for use in Advent and Lent, and at other times according to the discretion of the minister.

This list, while not entirely exhaustive, is sufficient to explain the general nature of the Book for which authority is sought by the Measure. For the reasons which prompted the revision of the Book of Common Prayer, and the aims which the Revisers have had in mind, the Legislative Committee would refer to the Preface of 1927, on the first page of the Deposited Book.

In the event of the Ecclesiastical Committee finding any difficulty in making a favourable report upon the Measure, the Legislative Committee will be glad to have an opportunity of discussing the provisions of the Measure with the Ecclesiastical Committee in conference.

On behalf of the Legislative Committee,

12th July, 1927.

RANDALL CANTUAR,

Chairman.

APPENDIX II.

REPORT BY SUB-COMMITTEE OF THE ECCLESIASTICAL COMMITTEE ON THE PRAYER BOOK MEASURE 192 .

1. The Sub-Committee were appointed "to collect the several objections which have been urged from various quarters to the Deposited Book, and to the Measure, and to report thereon to the committee, with such explanations as they may think desirable."

2. A considerable number of representations against the Book and Measure have been received both from individuals and from societies. Sir William Joynson-Hicks, Sir Thomas Inskip, Dr. Darwell Stone, and Professor Carnegie Simpson submitted statements at the request of the Sub-Committee.

The Federal Council of the Evangelical Free Churches and the Congregational Union of Great Britain and Wales were asked, through their respective secretaries, whether they desired to make any representations to the Sub-Committee, and as a result sent in their statements.

The English Church Union did not desire to offer any observations upon the Book or the Measure, but they expressed their appreciation of the intention of the Sub-Committee in their desire to consult the Union. In every other case, those who submitted representations approached the Committee first on their own initiative, but in several cases as the result of this action a further statement was invited by the SubCommittee.

3. The Sub-Committee have carefully considered all the objections received, and have prepared a statement (annexed hereto, and marked A) (see pp. 14 to 34) in which the more important of these objections are summarised and, so far as possible, co-ordinated. Copies in extenso of the statements submitted are available for members of the committee should they desire to see them.

4. The Sub-Committee do not understand it to be within their terms of reference to offer at this point any criticisms of their own, favourable or otherwise, on the representations received. Nor do they feel that any "explanations" from them are needed other than those which they have included in the Statement A.

5. They have, however, thought it right to invite the promoters of the Measure, through a selected representative, to offer such observations as might seem appropriate in reply. Statement A was, in pursuance of this object, sent to the Bishop of Chelmsford. His Lordship has had this under his consideration, and has replied thereto in detail by letter, which letter is also appended to this report for the consideration of the committee, and is marked B (see pp. 34 to 43).

6. In addition, the Sub-Committee have taken steps to obtain a competent opinion on the following points, which, though not without importance, do not involve questions of doctrine or of acute controversy:

(i) The question of the Measure in its application to the Channel Islands.

(ii) The question of copyright in the New Prayer Book.

(iii) The question of the use of the New Prayer Book as it affects members of His Majesty's Forces.

On the first question letters from the Home Office have been received and are annexed to this report (see paper C, pp. 44 to 45).

On the second question, a letter has been received from Mr. Gwyer, Treasury Solicitor, a copy of which is appended to this report (see paper D, pp. 45 to 46).

On the third question a communication has been addressed to the War Office, but up to the present no reply has been received.

7. The Sub-Committee have caused to be prepared for their assistance: (a) a statement showing in concise form all the cases in which, if the Measure passes, definite alterations will be made in the services and rubrics of the existing Book of Common Prayer; (b) (as distinct from these) a summary of the cases in which, if the Measure passes, deviation from the existing book will be permissible.

8. As neither of these subjects emerges very clearly even from a careful study of the Deposited Book, the Sub-Committee have appended the two documents to this report (see papers E (pp. 46 to 51) and F (pp. 52 to 55)) in the hope that they may assist the deliberations of the Committee.

STATEMENT A.

(Annexed to Report of Sub-Committee.)

SUMMARY (BY THE SUB-COMMITTEE) OF REPRESENTATIONS RECEIVED IN
OPPOSITION TO THE PRAYER BOOK MEASURE.

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F.

The measure is ultra vires

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Provisions of Clause 9 as to Declaration of Assent an injustice to

existing clergy

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G. Majorities in Church Assembly illusory

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H. Rights of parishioners insufficiently safeguarded....
I. Power of Archbishops and Bishops to make rules
K. Uniformity

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P. New proposals will not lead to settlement...

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Annex I. Extracts from papers contending that the
Prayer Book involves change of doctrine
Annex II. Extracts from papers contending
proposed changes are unconstitutional

SUMMARY OF MORE IMPORTANT REPRESENTATIONS RECEIVED IN OPPOSITION TO THE PRAYER BOOK MEASURE).

A.-Preliminary.

1. Representations in the form of memoranda, letters, etc., in opposition to the Prayer Book Measure have been received as follows:-* (1) Memorandum by the Rev. Prof. P. Carnegie Simpson, D.D. (Moderator of the Federal Council of the Evangelical Free Churches of England), see also 30.

(2) Letter from the Rev. Dr. Darwell Stone, Principal of Pusey House.

(3) Memorandum from certain inhabitants of the Island of Jersey. (4) Resolution by the Board of the Faith Press, Ltd.

(5) Statement by the Very Rev. W. L. Paige Cox, Archdeacon of Chester.

(6) "Remonstrance to the Members of the House of Lords" from the Protestant Alliance.

(7) "Statement of View" from the League of Loyal Churchmen. (8) Letter and memorandum from Lord Sandon.

(9) Letter and pamphlet from the Bishop of Birmingham.

(10) Letter from General Beavoir de Lisle.

(11) Letter from Mr. R. Palmer (of St. Martin's Parish Church, Birmingham).

(12) "Statement of view" from Lieut.-Col. Seton Churchill.

(13) Letter from the Rev. James M. Pollock, Rector of Pettaugh, Stowmarket.

(14) Memorandum by the Revs. H. Chalmers Bell and C. E. Douglas (Proctors in Convocation) and Messrs. C. F. Rawson and P. H. White (Lay Representatives).

(15) Memorandum from the Council of the Church Association. (16) Statement by Sir Thomas Inskip, K.C., Solicitor-General. (17) Letter and memorandum by Sir W. Haynes-Smith, K.C.M.G. (18) Memorandum by the Committee for the Maintenance of the Faith.

(19) Memorandum by the Rev. George Denyer (High Roding Rectory, Dunmow).

(20) Letter from Sir A. Hazlerigg, Bt.

(21) "Considered statement" by the Rt. Rev. Dr. E. A. Knox, formerly Bishop of Manchester.

(22) "Statement in opposition" by the Council of the World's Evangelical Alliance (British Organisation).

(23) Letter from the Rev. H. A. H. Lea, Rector of Edgware.

(24) Letter from the Rev. H. Slade, Chaplain of Hammersmith Hospital and Institution.

(25) "Representation" from Mr. J. W. D. Barron on behalf of the United Protestant Council.

(26) Memorandum from the Committee of the Protestant Reformation Society.

(27) "Considered statement" by the Rev. W. F. Pelton.

(28) Memorandum by the Rt. Hon. Sir W. Joynson-Hicks, Bt., M.P., Home Secretary.

(29) Letter from the Secretary of the Baptist Union of Great Britain and Ireland.

(30) Resolution by the Federal Council of the Evangelical Free Churches of England (covering opening address of the Moderator, the Rev. Prof. P. Carnegie Simpson, D.D.). (31) Statement of the Committee of the Congregational Union of England and Wales.

Mentioned in the order in which they were received.

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