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ADVERTISEMENT.

ME

R. NEWBÉRY begs leave to recom

mend these and the subfequent Volumes to the young Gentlemen and Ladies who have read his little Books. In those he attempted to lead the young Pupil to a Loveof Knowledge, in these he has endeavoured to introduce him to the Arts and Sciences, where all useful Knowledge is contained. This may be said, he apprehends, without depreciating the Claffics, which are ever to be held in Esteem, but are to be esteemed principally for being the Keys of Literature, and for disclofing to us the Taste and Wisdom of the Ancients.

The Reader will perceive that a very free Use has been made of the Works of many Authors, and the Nature of the Subject required it ; for it is in Criticism, as in Life, one good Example is worth many Precepts.

The Examples here collected from different Books will give no Offence, it is hoped, either to the Authors or Proprietors; for, whatever may be the Fate of these Volumes, they can neither depreciate the Merit of those Books, nor anticipate their Sale; but will, we apprehend, have a contrary Effect.

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In fome Parts of the Work, and especially towards the latter End, Sentiments and Re. Alections will be found which may appear, perhaps, singular ; but, it is presumed, they will not on that account be thought impertinent. They are generally concerning Things with which Learning has little to do, but where Nature herself is to be consulted, and here no Preeminence is to be claimed in Consequence of a superior Education; since every Man can best feel how he is affected.

Whatever Value thefe Reflections and Observations may have, the Examples introduced will always have their Merit, and will, we hope, lead the young Student to a careful perufal of the Volumes from whence they are extracted.

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NTRODUCTION

Page 1
of the Origin of Poetry
Of Music and Dancing
The Intention of thele perverted

4 of the Structure of English Verse, and of Rhyme Of the several sorts of English Verses Of the Elisions allowed in English Poetry, with Miscellaneous Remarks

14 Of the Beauty of Thought in Poetry

Thoughts in Poetry may be just without being true 19
Of fublime Thoughts, with Examples
Of agreeable or beautiful Thoughts, with Examples 27
Of delicate Thoughts, with Examples
Of Humour

37 Of brilliant Thoughts, with Examples Of hunting down a Thought, and its bad Effects

40 Of the STYLE of Poetry

41 The Difference between the Style of Poetry and Profe ibid. Of Epithets, Tropes and Figures, and their use

43 The Latitude given to Epithets by Quintilian and Rollin is too great

ibid, When Epithets may be admitted with Propriety ibid. Of Compound Epithets

abid, Epithets to be used fparingly when the Passions are concerned

ibid. None are found in the affecting Oration which Shakespeare

puts into the Mouth of Mark Authony Tropes and Figures beft learned by reading the Poets and polite Authors

45 of the Metaphor, the Simile and the Description 46 Many Figures may be resolved into the Description Of the various Sorts of Style

ibid. The Sublime Style The Plain Style

44

47

57

The Mediate or Middle Style

51 The Sarcastical, Florid and other Styles

52 How the Passions are best express'd

53 Of the different Species of Poetry

54 These classed in a new manner

55 PRECEPTS for the EPIGRAM, with occasional Remarks

56 to 61 Epigram written by Mr. Pope with the Earl of Chesterfield's

Diamond pencil On a Flower painted by Varelst, by Mr. Prior ibid. On Venus mistaken, by the same

ibid. On Chloe weeping, by the same

58 On a Fan, by Dr. Atterbury

ibid. On bad Dancers to good Music

59 On a bad Fidler

ibid. On a Man who hired People to make Verses for him ibid. On an ugly Woman

ibid. On Prometheus drawn by a bad Painter, by Mr. Cowley 60 On a bad Writer, by Mr. Prior

ibid On a reasonable AMiction, by Mr. Prior

ibid. On the erecting of a Monument to the Memory of Mr.

Butler, by Mr. Wesley On an Epigram

ibid. On Apollo and Daphne, by Mr. Smart

ibid. PRECEPTS for the EPITAPH, with Occasional Re

marks, from Epitaph on Orpheus

62 On Mary Countess Dowa. of Pembroke, by Ben Johnson .63 On a beautiful and virtuous Lady, by the same

ibid. On Mr. Gay, by Mr. Pope

ibid. On Dr. Francis Atterbury, Bp. of Rochester, by Mr. Pope 64 On Mafter----who died of a lingering Illness, by Mr. Smart

ibid. On Mr. Prior, written by himself

ibid. On one who would not be buried in Westminster-Abbey,

by Mr. Pope On a Miser

ibid. On ditto, by Dr. Swift

ibid. On Stephen the Fidler

ibid. On Mr. Pultney

'66 On Francis Chartres, by Dr Arbuthnot On Mr. Dove an Apothecary On Signior Fido, a Greyhound, by Mr. Pope

69 PRECEPTS for the ELEGY,with occasional Remarks 70 to 84

Elegy to the memory of an unfortunate Lady,by Mr.Pope70 Written in a Country Church-yard, by Mr. Grey 73 The Tears of Scotland, written in 1746, by Dr. Smollet 76 A Love Elegy, by Mr. Hammond

78 On the suppos'd Death of Mr. Partridge the Almanack

61 to 69

65

67 68

89

101

IIZ

121

127

PRECEPTS for the PASTORAL, with occasional Remarks

84 to 115 Of the origin of Pastoral

84 Amaryllis, or the third Idyllium of Theocritus, by Mr. Fawkes

87 Virgil's first Pastoral, translated by Dryden Spenser's fixth Eclogue

93 Mr. Phillips's second Eclogue

97 Mr. Pope's Eclogue, inscribed to Mr. Wycherly Mr. Gay's first Pastoral, entitled the Squabble

104 The Small-Pox. A Town Eclogue, by the Right Hon. L. M. W. M.

109 The Mefiah. A sacred Eclogue, by Mr. Pope PRECEPTS for the Epistle, with occafional Remarks

116 to 128 Eafe and Elegance the true Charecteristic of the Epistle 116 A Letter to the Rt. Hon. Charles Lord Halifax, by Mr. Addison

117 To Mr. Pope, by the Rt. Hon. Lord Littleton To Mr. Addison, by Mr. Pope

123 To the Earl of Dorset, by Mr. Philips

125 To Miss Blount, by Mr. Pope PRECEPTS for DESCRIPTIVE POETRY, with occafional Remarks

128 to 156 L'Allegro: or the lively Pleasures of Mirth, by Milton 129 Il Penforofo, or the gloomy Pleasures of Melancholy, by the same

133 Description of the four SEASONS, by Mr. Thomson 137 Of Spring

ibid. Address to Heaven in favour of the Farmer

ibid. Description of a gentle refreshing Rain, and of the Rainbow

138 The cruelty of destroying Creatures that are inoffensive 140 Of the Summer

141 Description of a Summer's Morning and the Sun rising ibid. Hymn on that occasion

142 Description of a Storm

145 Tale of two Lovers in a Tempest

147 Of the Autumn

14.8 Deicription of the Reapers The History of Lavinia

ibid. Oi Winter

152 Reflection on Midnight

153 Description of a deep Snow in which a Husbandman was loft

ibid. Reflections on the Wants and Miseries of Mankind 1 54

Winter compared to old Age, with suitable Reflections 155 PRECEPTS for DIDACTIC or PRECEPTIVE POETRY, with occasional Remarks

156 to :

149

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