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sweetmeats of unspeakable nastiness "Listen, you people,” cries the child are served, the king, little Râja Saleh, exultantly to the assembled courtiers. and Norris eating from the same tray, "The Tûan is sending to Singapura while the courtiers range themselves to purchase boots for me, stout leather around others in the order of their pre- boots, yellow and comely. Armed cedence and rank. The child pecks at with them, how gallantly shall I kick! the unwholesome stuff with the blasé O Ma! there'll be many children with indifference bred of long familiarity sore stomachs in the king's compound and the absence of any attempt to re- the day I don them!” and he iaughs in strain his appetites, and all the while joyful anticipation. his grave looks are fixed upon the “There is no need to teach young white man.

tiger-cubs how to use their claws," "Why dost thou not wear a hat, says an old man admiringly, quoting a Than?" he inquires suddenly, gazing native proverb, and the king leads the with open disapproval at Norris's bare laughter. head.

"If thou makest any such use of thy "I follow my custom, little one." boots thou shalt lose them." says Nor

"And thou wearest boots—even in ris; "and now I must take my leave of the King's hall!"

the king." "That too is my custom; moreover, it "And wilt thou take the woman with prevents my feet from being bruised thee?" inquires the child. “That will by stones on the way."

surely anger my father. When I am "I wore boots once, Tûan," says the big I will take all the women I choose child proudly. “Shoes of gold cun

and them villainously-ay, and ningly fashioned. That was on the keep them too, if so I wish'!" day when for the first time I trod upon "There is no need to teach young tithe earth. There was a great feast ger-whelps how to prey!" cackles the that day because of my boots.”

old man again, and once more it is the "Men do not think it necessary to king who leads the applause. feast whenever I put on my boots, nor can I afford to have them fashioned of Other pictures flit across Norris's gold. Did they hurt thy feet, little memory. Days upon the river with brother?"

boat and casting-net, or when the na"Yes," says the child thoughtfully. tives of the countryside muster to help “They hurt me sore; but, Tûan, they drag the great relap-cord downstream were beautiful to behold. Do thy for miles, driving shoals of frightened boots hurt thee?"

fish before it, to be caught at last in “No, my boots are soft and comfort- cunning mazes of bamboo stakes. Days able. Thou shouldst wear boots like in the fruit orchards, when all the mine, little one."

court goes a-picnicking, and the boys "So will I. Thou, Tuan, are doubt- gather in little groups to feast glutless wealthy. Thou shalt send to tonously while they talk knowingly of Singapura an purchase boots for me. war and daggers and women. Days in Thou wilt send. wilt thou not, Tûan, the jungle, when the king and his peofor I desire greatly to possess them ?” ple go forth to gather flowers, mounted He drops his little head on one side on huge clay-colored elephants. And with so insinuating an air that he is in every picture Saleh fills a space, altogether irresistible.

always cutting a pretty figure; always "Thou shalt have thy boots, little Laily clad in delicate silks; always havone, never fear," says Jack.

ing as his right the best of everything that is going; always pampered and to have a hand in the ordering of his petted, flattered and adulated; always destiny. A year or two earlier, when taught that his whims are above aught the future seemed still so distant that else, that his desires are given him to pledges given concerning it could not satisfy, not to restrain; always ap- affect the comfort of the present, the plauded most loudly for his naughtiest king had consented to the lad being deeds and sayings.

sent to Europe to be educated. Now Then the recollection recurs of a day he repents him of this promise bitterly; in the palace cock-pit when Saleh's but the Resident stands firm, and in bird is mishandled by its juâraits spite of the tears of the boy himself keeper-and the young prince in a fury and the frantic ravings of the palaceof anger seizes a billet of wood which women, he will not suffer the word chances to be lying near at hand, and once passed to be recalled. deals the culprit a sounding blow on It is a forlon little figure that stands the head. There is, unknown to Saleh, on the deck of the P. & 0. steamer a long rusty nail in the billet, and the which has just slipped its moorings juâra is carried away, a limp burden, from the wharf at Singapore, with the with blood streaming down a face keening of the knot of Malays which gone suddenly gray beneath the brown has come to bid him God-speed wailing skin.

When Norris comes upon the in his ears, and with no friend in all scene the little râja is weeping passion- the world save the European officer ately in a paroxysm of grief and self- who is to see him safely to his destinahatred, which in his father's eyes is tion. He is bound for that mysterious unmanly, and far more reprehensible country concerning which nought is than the crime which is its occasion. known save that it lies somewhere in

The memory of a later day comes that vague quarter which is called next-the day which is the end of "above the wind." The ship moves childhood for Raja Saleh. There has away with an impassivity, a calmness been nuch feasting and high revelry at once cruel and inexorable. The boy for weeks in the palace on the river's feels himself to be a thing of torn and bank, culminating in rude horse-play bleeding roots, plucked wantonly from on the yellow sandbank below the high the soil in which they have won a fence, when all the world has been un- hold. The consciousness of his helpmercifully soused with water, so that lessness, his impotence, crushes him; the gorgeous silk raiment of the feast- he watches his fatherland being drawn ers is drenched and ruined. Late that away and away from him with eyes afternoon little Saleh is circumcised wide with despair. What time, in the by the palace mûdin, and so enters at palace on the banks of the great river, last upon man's estate. Immediately --the palace made suddenly so very on his recovery he should celebrate his empty,—a woman weeps and laments emancipation, according to the custom with tears frantic and unrestrained, of his people, by taking to himself a throwing herself prone upon her sleepwife. or at any rate a concubine or ing-mat, biting at the flock pillows, and two; but this lad, born and bred up tearing her hair savagely, because her in the villainous atmosphere of a Ma- son has been taken from her by the layan court, has come into the world infidels. His going robs her of the in an age of many changes. Hitherto sole love of her dreary life, slips the the presence of the white men in the last tie that binds her to her lord and land has affected him but little, but master, who has long treated her with now the alien folk step in and demand neglect, and has lavished his smiles


and his gifts upon younger and fairer of gratitude, from those they rule and rivals. How vast a work of kindness serve, to outweigh the hatred they and of love must the white men do, in have inspired in that

broken exile and bitter travail, to win enough woman's heart! Blackwood's Magazine.

(To be continued.)


An international movement has been he read the tract On Vicious Pleasures started for the purpose of paying sol- that the change of heart began. The emn collective homage to Count Tols- perusal of this work caused him to toy-as much homage as he can be in- “stop smoking for three or four days" duced to accept-on his attainment of --a first step in asceticism which, he his eightieth birthday. And the ques- says, cost him a good deal. He next tion naturally arises: Why?

bought the tract On Life, and, having It is not a captious question, but the studied it, was impelled to a further bald, unembellished statement of a act of self-denial. Feeling that he had problem. It implies no criticism of “risen to a loftier plane," he went out Tolstoy's eminence as a novelist, for it into the garden and gave half a piastre is not in the capacity of novelist that to a small boy who was playing there. it is proposed to do him reverence. He It was, we gather, his first experience stands before the world at the present in philanthropy. "No act of mine,” he time as a teacher-as that and noth- writes, “had ever given me so much ing else, unless it be as a pattern and pleasure"; and thereafter there was no example of the way to live. The mer- looking back. Mr. Crosby purchased its of his novels have only an indirect all the other tracts as they appeared, bearing upon his reputation. They and went on from grace to grace ungained him his public, but they do not til he finally wrote the work on Tolstoy contain his message. At the most and his Message, which was published they only foreshadow it, as

by the Simple Life Press in 1903. He taught that the Old Testament fore- had come to regard Tolstoy, that is shadows the New. And, by common to say, not as an artist, but as consent, the message is "the thing." teacher; and that is the general note Tolstoy says so, and the Tolstoyans of the Tolstoyans. agree with him. The novels are only It would be a most natural and important to them in so far as they proper note for them to strike if they lead up to the message, which is really believed in the teaching. But mainly propounded in tracts. The fol- they do not believe in it—that is the lowing of Tolstoy is for them not a lit- weak point in their position. Some of erary enthusiasm, but a religion. They them believe more than others; but nohave evolved, as it were, from admir- body-or nobody who counts-believes ers to worshippers.

the whole of it. The only consistent A typical instance of the evolution and thorough-going Tolstoyans may be found in the case of Mr. Ernest those French conscripts who now and Howard Crosby, the chief of the Amer- again incur disciplinary punishments ican disciples. When Mr. Crosby read by refusing to practise at the rifle Anna Karenina, he was "duly impressed ranges, and who figure before the hy it”—and that was all. It was when world as dupes rather than as disci





ples. The professional exponents of not be eliminated. In the interpretathe doctrine are always hedging, and tion of Tolstoy, however, the personalqualifying, explaining some dogmas ity of the interpreter has no part to away, and making excuses for others. play. Tolstoy himself is there to exEven Mr. Crosby, whose enthusiasm is plain, and he spends most of his time exuberant, and who writes that "the in explaining. world has never looked to be quite as He explains, it is true, that his docit used to" since the day when he gave trine is a kind of Christianity; and the away half a piastre under Tolstoyan explanation has been rather widely acinfluences, expounds after that halting cepted. That view of his teaching was fashion. He criticises the method by indubitably at the back of the roar of which Tolstoy arrives at his conclu- indignation that arose when the heads sions, and he criticises the conclusions of the Greek Church excommunicated when arrived at. He does it quite him. On the part of so good and great nicely, like a sick nurse arguing with a man, it was argued, a little diveran eccentric mental patient. Perhaps gence from orthodoxy should have he could hardly do otherwise, seeing been tolerated. Perhaps it should; but that the methods are obviously un- it may be as well, before definitely sound, and some at least of the conclu- committing ourselves to the opinion, to sions are obviously absurd. But the ascertain how far Tolstoy's divergence fact remains that, if Mr. Crosby be from orthodoxy extends. We may do taken as a typical Tolstoyan, then we this by reading two of the most recent are entitled to define Tolstoyans as tracts, the Appeal to the Clergy and The “people who do not quite agree with Overthrow of Hell and Its Restoration. Tolstoy."

The latter pamphlet is an allegory Tolstoyans may reply, perhaps, that in which the Devil is represented as they have as much right to read their “arranging" the miracles, "inventing” own meaning into the sayings of Tols- the Church, and "suggesting" the sactoy as Christians have to read their

raments. The former denounces, in own meaning into the sayings of plain and simple language, almost Christ; but the analogy is not fair. The

every doctrine that any branch of the sayings of Christ come to us only at Christian Church has ever taught. second or third hand, in a language dif- First of all it is the Bible that Tolsferent from that in which they were toy dismisses with scorn: delivered. They may have been incorrectly reported; their significance may We speak of harmful books! but does be conditioned by local and special cir

there exist in the Christian world a

book that has done more harm to men cumstances which we do not fuly un

than this dreadful book called The derstand. The critics have a legiti

Scripture History of the old and New mate field for conjecture and specula

Testaments ? tion. It is perfectly natural that they should fail to agree in their answers to Then follows the assault upon what the question: What is Christianity? are commonly called “the Christian perfectly natural that the Bishop of mysteries": London and the Reverend R. J. Campbell, for instance, should both contend

If the Trinity, the immaculate conthat Christ meant what they mean,

ception, the redemption of the human

race by the blood of Jesus, are possithough their respective meanings are

ble, then everything is possible, and as the poles apart. The problem is one the demands of reason are not obligafrom which the personal equation can- tory. If you insert a wedge between


the boards of a partition in a granary, logicians, that he has made of his then, however much grain you may knowledge, he might just as well have pour into that section, it will not hold.

left the languages unlearnt, and the In the same way, when the wedge of

oracles themselves unread. “There are the Trinity, or of God having become man and saving the human race by His

some drawbacks,” says Mr. Crosby, sufferings, and then again flying into naïvely, “in his methods. For instance, the skies, has been knocked into a when he does not like a verse he simmind, then that mind cannot retain any ply leaves it out." Which means that rational or steadfast life conception.

he approaches Christianity, not as

disciple, but as a critic—with the inFinally, the sacraments are spoken

tention, that is to say, of agreeing with of in what may fairly be described as

Christ only when Christ agrees with the language of vulgar abuse:

him. This is not exegesis but jugglery "They teach that if one puts a few

-an attempt, not to understand or inscraps of bread into some wine and terpret the Gospels, but to supersede pronounces certain words over these them while retaining their phraseology scraps, then the bread becomes flesh and their authority, as buttresses to and the wine blood, and that to eat

support the commentator's own evanthis bread and drink this wine is very

gel. Obviously, for the body of docprofitable for the salvation of one's

trine thus constructed, not Christ but soul. People believe in this and sanc

Tolstoy must be held responsible. timoniously eat this sop, and when they fall into our hands they are astonished

This brings us to the doctrine itself, that the sop has not helped them," con- and to the questions: Is it a sound cluded the devil in the cape, and turn- doctrine? Is it a new doctrine? Do ing up his eyeballs, he grinned from

the Tolstoyans really hold it? Our ear to ear.

conclusion will indubitably have to be "This is very good," said Beelzebub

that, in so far as it is sound, it is and smiled, and all the devils joined in roars of laughter.

not new, that, in so far as it is new,

it is not sound, and that the only points One could easily quote more; but in the teaching that are really accepted that suffices. Our question concerning by the Tolstoyans are the points that it is not Is it right? but Is it Chris- are not specially characteristic of Tolstianity? Obviously it is not, except on toy. Let us take the points seriatim the assumption that contrary proposi

and see.

The precepts consist, as all tions are identical, or that Christianity the world knows, in insistence on the means anything to which anybody specific, literal (or perhaps one should chooses to apply the name; and the say Tolstoyan) application of certain teaching of Tolstoy, on its destructive selected texts of Scripture. The prinside, differs very little, if it differs at cipal texts concerned are these:all, from the teaching of Charles Brad- 1. Resist not evil. laugh.

2. Swear not at all. Nor is it true to say that Tolstoyism 3. Whosoever looketh on a woman to is derived from Christianity by any lust after her hath committed adultery logical, or even plausible, process of already with her in his heart. deduction. The Tolstoyansor some All the three texts are, of course, acof them-make a great point of the cepted by all Christians, subject to cerfact that Tolstoy learnt Greek and He- tain qualifications. Tolstoy accepts brew in order that he might read the and preaches them without any qualioracles of God in the original. For fications at all. “Christ,” he tells us, any use, worthy of the respect of "was not exaggerating. Christ meant

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