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boiling them, and caufing them to ferment, an ardent fpirit may be drawn from them, more wholesome than brandy dittilled from rye.
M. L. ABBE MELOGRANI has invented a new Blow-pipe: it confifts of two hollow glafs globes, of a fize proportioned to the effect required, which are united by two metallic tubes placed one again the other; each of thefe pipes has a valve attached at each of its extremities: a third pipe placed horizontally, and at right angles with the two firit, is hermes tically fixed to the pipes which unite the two globes. This horizontal pipe, befides ferving to direct the air upon the flame of the lamp, likewife forms a fupport and axis on which the globes turn. When the lower globe, which is half filled with water, has, in changing its pofition, become uppermoft, the water will run out into the other, and will form, by the preffure, a current of air in the pipe, which being stopped by the valve at the extremity of the fame pipe, will be forced to pass through the horizontal pipe; the mouth of which being directed towards the flame, will produce the effect defired: when the water has defcended into the lower ball, the pofition must be changed, and the action of the machine will re
M. THEODORE PIERRE BERTIN has invented a new fyphon, capable of raifing water thirty feet high without human help. This inftrumeift is, we are told, applicable to different purpofes: As a fyphon, it may be used to raife water above its fource, in any fituation; as a pump, it may ferve as a pneumatic chemical apparatus, by the help of which may be made acidulated waters. The effects of this pump are in proportion to the fuperior length of the defcending limb over that of the afceuding one: it is therefore convenient for conveying perfumed air, fuch as that of an orangeing, for example, into rooms: it may alfo be rendered useful for mild fuctions, and might be employed in furgical ope rations where the fucking-pump is employed.
M. de BEAUVOIS has begun to publifh an account of the Infects which he collected on the African and American coafts, Two fpecies of bears at prefent unknown, have been fou by M. Cot VIER, buried with tygers, hyenas, and other carnivorous animals, in a great number of caverns in the mountains of Hungary aud Germany
M. SEGUIN, from the remarkable quantity of albunen found in vegetable juices which ferment without yeast, and afford a vinous liquor, has been led to enquire whether the albumen might not be of effential confequence to this intestine motion. Having deprived thefe juices of albumen, they became incapable of fermenting; and then having fupplied this principle, fuch as white of egg to faccharine matter, the fermentation took place, and a matter fimilar to yeaft was depofited, which appeared to be only the albumen, which was fo altered as to be nearly infoluble, without having lot its fermentefcible action. Hence he concludes, that albumen, whether animal or vegetable, is the true ferment.
M. OLIVER has lately prefented to the National Inftitute an account of the Topography of Perfia; in which he has defcribed the chains of mountains, the courfes of treams, and the productions peculiar to climate. The great and prevailing drought is the caufe why not more than a twentieth part of that vait empire is cultivated. Entire provinces have not a fingle tree which is not planted and watered by the hands of man. This evil is conftantly increating, by the deftruction of thofe canals by which the water from the mountains was formerly conducted to the lands.
M. DESMARETS, from an examination of fome ancient garments, found in a tomb of the abbey of St. Germain, has determined that most of the proceffes of weaving, at prefent ufod, were known in the tenth century; and he has thrown fome new light upon the articles of Pliny refpecting the ancient fabrics.
SEGUIN has found, from a variety of experiments, that coffee confifts of albomen, oil, a bitter principle, and a green matter, which is a combination of this laft and albumen.
M. LACEPEDE, by examining what is at prefent known of Africa; by comparing the volume of the rivers which arrive at the fea, with the extent of the regions upon which the rains of the torrid zone fall, and the quantity of evaporation to be obferved; and lattly, af lifting the judgment by the number and direction of the chains of inland mountains, as defcribed by travellers, has offered fome conjectures refpecting the physical difpofition of the countries fill unknown in the centre of that quarter of the globe, and more particularly the feas
and great lakes which he thinks muft there exift. He has, in a memoir prefented to the National Inftitute, indicated the courfes which appear to him to be proper for the moft fpeedily exploring thofe countries which till remain to be difcovered.
COUNT RUMFORD (now at Paris) has afcertained that light lofes little of its intenfity by pailing through ground glafs; he recommends, therefore, the preference of ground glaffes for Argand's lamp, as a means of preventing the glare, fo offenfive to the eye.
BOUILLON LA GRANGE has examined with great attention tannin, the cha rafter of which is to form an infoluble compound with gelatine; and he has found that it has an affinity for the alkalies, the earths, and the metallic oxides, and the faculty of becoming converted into gallic acid by absorbing oxygen.
M. BUCHOLZ has, from various experiments upon the feeds of lycopodium, found, 1, that they contain a fixteenth part of a fat oil of brownish yellow, and foluble in alcohol; 2, a portion of real fugar; 3, a viscous extract of a brownifh yellow, and an infipid tafte; 4, the refidue, after being treated with alcohol and water, may be regarded as a peculiar product of the vegetable kingdom; 5, the yellowish afpect of the feed in this latter ftate, indicates the union of a fpecies of pigment with the firft principle of the feed, or, at leaft, a very intimate union of the conftituent parts of this feed; 6, the oily part which enters into the compofition of this feed occafions its lively combustion, and its conftant fepa
tation from water.
M. FREYLINO has extracted a large quantity of faccharine matter from the black mulberry tree, which may be obtained in a fate of fyrup or concrete fugar. The fyrup may be had by extract ing the juice, clarifying it with the whites engs, and afterwards evaporating it • to a proper confittence.
M. Goco has obtained from the common hazel-nut a fweet and agreeable oil. M. DE BEAUVOIS has begun to publifh an account of the infects which he collected on the African and American
and they found that the common glue of the joiners cured intermittents. A great many Italian physicians have tried this remedy, and found it fafe and effectual. They tried it in the febris tertiana duplicata, fome alfo in the quartan, which had not yielded to bark, &c. likewife in the quotidian remittents. Several patients were reftored even by the fimple jelly of beef. They obferved that the thenical intermittents cured by the glue went over into a febris continua, and even in afthenical ones; but this continuity lafted at most only one or two days. The glue is to be given a fhort time before the paroxyfin, Its principal effect confifts in taking away the atony of the ftomach and the fkin, When that is done, it is advisable to give fome dofes at feveral other hours of the day. It ought not to be diluted too much with water. When the folution, made from cleven or twelve drachmns of glue in two ounces of water, coagulates and thickens again, it may easily be made potable, by putting the glafs on hot aflies. Others gave the dofes every quarter, or every half hour, with equally good efect, The patient should not drink much after having taken the medicine, and efpecially no acid beverage, Two or three hours after he may drink or eat. The glue operates at the fame time as a fudorific. The patient ought to remain two days in bed after the fever has ceafed, and to avoid the air (efpecially if it be cold and moit) for four or five days. At Berlin thefe cures have been reiterated in the Charité, and found of indubitable effect.
Dr. DE SACCo, at Milan, has made experiments, which prove that the lymph of the malanders, or rather the greafe of horfes (Italian Giardoni, German Mauke, French Eaur aur jambes), has the fame effect, when inoculated, as the vaccine virus. Thefe experiments have been repeated feveral times at Berlin, by Dr. and Counfellor Bremer, who got re-produced lymph from Vienna. He tranfplanted the lymph by four generations, and it remained effective. All neceffary means have been employed to afcertain that true cow-pock was produced. Every child inoculated with this matter was re-inoculated with the na tural finall-pox, but did not take it,
MONTHLY RETROSPECT OF THE FINE ARTS. The Ufe of all New Prints, and Communications of Articles of Intelligence are requefied.
HE number of capital pictures now
Tin this country, evide, all calcula tion; to enter into the caufes that have Contributed to this is not neceflary, but it has long been a fubject of regret, both to foreigners and natives who are fond of the fine arts, that thefe pictures have been fo generally fcattered over the face of the Ifland, at the different maufions of our nobility, or difperfed through the metropolis, in many cafes, in finall collections. that they were not more easily acceffible. The latter of thefe evils, the generous conduct of the gentlemen who began the plan of the British Inftitution in Mall, for exhibiting old pictures etc, promifes to remove; and the noble, and we must add patriotic example of the Marque of Stafford, is an admirable beginning for the removal of the other. We have been told, and hope it is well founded, that Lord Grofvenor intends to add a gallery, fimilar to that of the Marquis, to the mantion his Lordihip purchafed from the Duke of Glocefter. To this he will move the collection which was in the Julletion of the late Earl.-The pictures which were at his own houfe in Weftminfer, before he attained his prefent title, and, above all, the very admirable and
valuable collection which he lately pur
chafed from Mr. W. E. Agur, of which,
Sir Samuel Hood, K.B. K.S.F. M.P. for the
If in the characteriflic traits of an
Englith Admiral, there are any marks of energy, or that national hard hood which fo eminently diftinguiles that valuable clafs of the community, it has been uftial for any artit of good tafle, who paints his Pall-portrait, to make it as far as he can confitiently with the necellary attention to the refemblance, perceptible in his picture. This portrait of Sir Samuel Hood may poibly be deemed a likeness; but it is, if we may be permitted fo to exprefs it, a feeble likeness.
The Right Honourable Henry Lord Holland, the
to the title of Holland; and of that great and enlightened itatefman, who being now lol to his country and his friends, has a chance of juftice being done to his character, in fome particulars, which, by the violent animolity of political partiality, were almoft invariably tinged with the over-charged hue of party prejudice. Both the portraits are executed with the nfual ability and fuperior taste of the artifts, whole names are annexed.
Henry Moyes, and Mr. Nicole. J. R. Smith pinxt. W. Ward sculpt. Published by W. Ward, Backingbam-fireet, Fitzroy-jquare. The picture from which this print is engraved, was in the latt exhibition at the Royal Academy. It reprefents an elderly gentleman, lifteuing to a young gentleman who is reading to hin, and is a very respectable and well compofed picture in every refpect but one, which was unpleafantly obvious in the painting, but in the print, is difagreeably obtrusive; we mean the green fpectacles, which in the engraving are neceffarily black. From this little circumftance, the united talents of panter and engraver, confeffedly great, fink beneath the task of rendering this in any degree an agreeable print, which, in aproduction from Mr. Raphael Smith, is what a late celebrated auctioneer would call a unique circumstance.
The Weary Traveller. The Harmeft-man. W Artaud pinet. Dunkarton, sculpt. A pair of prints, engraved in Mezzotinto, and pubbed for H. Macklin, Fleet-fireet.
In thefe two pleafing defigns, the artist does not feem to have aimed at more than making a pair of refpectable furnis ture prints; and he has fully attained his purpose. Examined with that regard, they are entitled to a confiderable portion of praife. The firft, we think, is the beft defign; and both of them are well engraved.
Earl Camden, Knight of the moft Noble Order of the Garter, Heppner Rit. pinxt. W. Ward, fculpt Published by W. Ward, Buckingban-friet, Fitary-jquare.
of our Journals, would prepare to fhake his head, and thrug up his thoulders at the unobferved calamities of fome love-tick heroine; a German would inftantly feel his heart expand with all the fenfitiveness of philanthropy; and the tear would be ready to ftart from his eye, at the thought of beholding all the hopclefs errors, and unallayed niferies of man, feelingly depicted by the nervous band of fentimental philofophy. But to a true-bred Briton, the word MISERY does by no means convey an idea of fuch extreme discomfort. He feels the fatisfaction of grumbling over his misfortunes, to be on many occafions fo much greater than the pain of enduring them, that he will beg, borrow, fteal, or even manufacture calamity, fooner then fuffer any unufual fearcity of ditcontent. He feels that miferies are neceffary to happiness, and though per haps not quite to pleafant at the moment, as his other indifpenfable enjoyments of beef and beer, would, if taken away, leave a great craving in his appetite," &c, &c. but we have not room for more quotation. Indeed, Sterne had faid long ago, that Mr. Shandy ufed to confider an affliction which gave him an opportunity of a fmart repartee, or an eloquent difcitation, as fully compenfated by the exquifite delight of intellectual difplay.
The prints are defigned and engraved with attention to the idea of the work, and well coloured, and may, we think, be a pleafant and whimsical addition to the amufement of thofe who love to laugh, and to laugh has ufes, that it is not necellary to enumerate.
Specimens of Polyautography, No. 1V price Buckingham-fireet, Fitzroy fquare. 10s 6d. published by J. Vollzweiler, No. 9,
ceded it, there are fix, and the major In this number, as in thofe that part of them are entitled to high praise : indeed on the whole, we think that hitherto each tucceeding number has been better than the former.
The firft defign by Mr. H. Singleton, reprefents an old man reading, and is in a
This print is finely engraved in mezzo-bold fuse, and in point of defign, comes into very retpectable clafs among the por traits of the prefent day.
Mr. Ackerman has now publifhed, prize 6s, the twelve prints to illuftrate the new and popular publication of, The Mifries of Human Life. This molt terrific title, would lead a native of any other rountry but England, to expect a heart reading tale of accumulated woe. Frenchman, it has been obferved, in one
and good ftyle. The next is a landfeape by Mr. W. II. Pyne, in an eminent degree delicate and picturefque: the hero, on a caparifoned horfe, is, by Mr. E. V. Utterfan, and must be condered as the production of an amateur, but would in many points do honour to a regular artift. By Mr. T. Barker, there is a very eafy and natural drawing of brick-makers, &c. and by Mr. Raphael Welt, the old tree in the foreft, which we have feen in more than one or two of his K2 former
former productions: in this mode it has a fingularly good effect. By Mr. W. Havell, we have a rural scene with trees, a female figure, &c. &c.
On the whole, we think that this very curious and novel invention, promifes to come into much greater request, and be more attended to and admired as it is better known. Indeed taken in every point of view, it must be very acceptable to the artifts and the lovers of drawing, as they may themfelves multiply their own deligns without any knowledge of the art of engraving; the tone being prepared fo as to admit of being drawn upon with the fame facility as paper.
A picturesque View of the principal Mountains of the World, in their actual proportions of beight above the level of the Sea, with a Seale of altitudes applicable to the Picture; defigned and painted by RA. Riddell, Efq. accompanied by a Geographical and Phyfical account of Mountains, their Mineral Compofition, &c. &c. in three quarto Volumes, by Jeph Wilfon, Efq.
This very fingular print, which we men
tioned as in preparation fome months ago, is now engraved, and the descriptive volumes which accompany it, will be ready in a month or two, when the whole will be publifhed. To give the Analyfis of fo very fingular a work, would far exceed our limits. Suffice it to fay, that it is the largest print ever engraved on a fingle plate, (being 4 feet 6 inches, by 8 feet, exclufive of margins, for which the paper and preffes have been exprefsly made.) The bafe of the picture is fup pofed to be the level of the fea, from which the elevation of all the mountains are measured.
The price to fubfcribers for plain copies is ten guincas; imprettions printed in colours, fimilar in effect to the original picture, thirty guincas. One half to be paid at the time of fubfcription. Subfcriptions are taken in by Meffrs. G. and W. Nicol. Meffrs. Thomas Coutt's and Co. bankers, Strand, &c. &c. and at Mr. Riddell's, No. 9, Bennet-fireet, St.
REVIEW OF NEW MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS.
Select Pieces for the Organ or Piano-forte, by the late Mr. Jonathan Battifbill. Dedicated. to Dr. Callcott, and felected from M.SS. in the Poffeffion of the Honourable George Pameroy, by Joon Page, Vicar-Choral of St. Paul's Cathedral. 5s.
THIS felection confifts of an Overture, Nine Pieces for the Organ or Piano Forte, an Introductory Leffon for the latter Inftrument, Six fhort Leffons for Juvenile Performers, and the Air of "God fave the King," harmonized by the above admired compofer. The ap pearance of thefe remains of fo ingenious and juftly celebrated a matter as the late Mr. Battifhill, will not fail to be intereft ing to the lovers of original and found 'compofition. In every piece we difcover the high talents and profound fcience from which it emanates, and trace the good old fchool to which the compofer was indebted, for the pure and claffical ftyle of his compofitions. The work is brought out with accuracy and neatnefs, and the public, we are confident, will join us in thanking Mr. Page for his laudal le attention and affiduity. The Pofthumous Songs of Mr. Battifhill, the fpecdy publication of which has been announced in a former number, are to appear in the beginning of March next.
A New Glee for Three Voices.
tranflated from the 27th Ode of Anacreon, by Thomas Moore, Efq. Compofed and dedicated to the Tranflator, by Samuel Wesley, Efq. 2s. 6d.
We find in this glee fo much genius and fcience, as to lament our not having heard its performance by the Society of Harmonifts, at one of their late meetings. The movements are judiciously varied, and the expreffion is given with energy. But the most profound may be betrayed into an accidental lapfe; and we fubmit it to Mr. Wesley, whether he has not, in effect, two confecutive octaves in the fame direction in the first bar of his third" page.
Delaffement Militaire. Compofé et dedié à Dr. Busby, par 7. Jay. 55.
This piece is pleafingly fancied; the paffages are natural, cafy, and connected; and the whole prefents an effect highly creditable to the compofer's tafte and talents. The fubject of the Paftorule is particularly attractive, and the repetition of the first movement in an accele rated time, is well judged. A word of compliment is due to Mr. Lavenu, for the neatnefs and accuracy with which the piece is printed.