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the continuance of wars, at liberty to use any

I will only be bold with Benedict for his comtrade or occupation they are fit for in any town pany; for from the crown of his head to the sole of in the kingdom (except the two universities), his foot he is all mirth. notwithstanding any statute, custom, or charter,

Shakspeare. Much Ado About Nothing. to the contrary. And soldiers in actual military _Not'l, believe me : you have dancing shoes,

Nay, gentle Romeo, we must have you dance. service may make nuncupative wills, and dispose With nimble soles.

Shakspeare. of their goods, wages, and other personal chattels,

Tickling is most in the soles of the feet : the cause without those forms solemnities, and expenses, is, the rareness of being touched there. which the law requires in other cases.--Stats. 29

Bacon's Natural History. Car. II. c. 3; 5 W. 3, c. 21, § 6. See title Of flat fish, rays, thornbacks, soles, and flowks. Wills.


Milton. By 46 Geo. III. c. 69, for making better pro. Such resting found the sole of unblest feet. vision for soldiers, it is declared that soldiers In the make of the camel's foot, the sole is flat and shall, in consequence of their service for a cer- broad, being very fleshy, and covered only with a tain number of years, be entitled to such pen- thick, soft, and somewhat callous skin, fit to travel in sions as shall be fixed in the regulations

sandy places.

Ray. ordered by his majesty, in force at the time of

Elm is proper for mills, soles of wheels, and pipes.

Mortimer. their enlistment. These pensions are under the

The strike-block is a plane shorter than the jointer, management of the commissioners of Chelsea having its sole made exactly flat and straight, and is Hospital : and are, under their direction, payable used for the shooting of a short joint. throughout the country by the receiver-general

Moxon's Mechanical Exercises. of the land-tax, &c. During war foreign soldiers His feet were soled with a treble tuft of a close have been occasionally admitted into the British short tawny down.

Grew's Museum. service, and in such cases commissions have been The caliga was a military shoe, with a very thick allowed to be granted by his majesty to foreign sole, tied above the instep with leather thongs. officers. See the acts 45 Geo. III. c. 75; 46

Arbuthnot on Coins. Geo. III. c. 23.

SOLE, adj. Old. Fr. sol ; Lat. solus. SinBy the annual mutiny acts no soldier shall be SOLELY, adv. gle; only: the adverb correstaken out of the service by any process, except ponding. it be for some criminal matter, or for a real debt Take not upon thee to be judge alone : there is no amounting to £20, of which affidavit is to be sole judge but only one : say not to others, Receive made; and, if any soldier be otherwise arrested, my sentence, when their authority is above mine. one judge by a warrant under his hand and seal

Hooker. shall discharge him: but the plaintiff may file an

Left solely heir to all his lands. appearance in an action of debt, upon notice

Shakspeare. Taming of the Shrew. thereof given, and proceed to judgment and exe

Orpheus every where expressed the infinite and cution, other than against the body of such soldier. sole power of one God, though he used the name of


Raleigh. Soldiers, while confined for debt, shall not re

To me shall be the glory sole among
The' infernal powers,

Milton's Paradise Lost, The following statutes seem in force, though in I, when no other durst, sole undertook a great measure, if not entirely, superseded by The dismal expedition to find out the provisions of the mutiny-act, and other acts And ruined Adam, and the exploit performed before alluded to. The stat. 7 Hen. VII. c. 1, Successfully.

Milton. enacts, that if a captain shail not have the whole That the intemperate heat of the clime soiciy artanumber of his soldiers, or not pay them their duesions this complexion, experience admits not. wages within six days after he has received it, he

Browne’s Vulgar Errours. shall forfeit all his goods and chattels, and suffer

A rattling tempest through the branches went, imprisonment. The stat. 3 Jac. 1. c. 4, § 18, That stripped them bare, and one sole way they rent.

Dryden. ordains, that if any person goes beyond sea, to serve any foreign prince as a soldier, and he does Let sea, and air, and earth, and heaven be made;

He, sole in power, at the beginning said, not take the oath of allegiance before he goes, it And it was so : 'and, when he shall ordain is felony; and, if he is a gentleman or officer that In other sort, has but to speak again, is going to serve a foreign prince, he is to be And they shall be no more.

Prior. bound with two sureties not to be reconciled to Some others are such as a man cannot make his the see of Rome, &c., or it will be felony. And wife, though he himself be sole and unmarried. see stat. 9 Geo. 2, c. 30, repealed by 59 Geo.

Ayliffe. III. c. 69. By stat. 31 Car. 11. e. 1, no soldier

This truth is pointed chiefly, if not solely, upon shall be quartered on any persons without their sinners of the first rate, who have cast off all regard consent; and inhabitants of places may refuse to

Atterbury. quarter any soldier, notwithstanding any order

They all chose rather to rest the cause solely on whatsoever.

logical disputation, than upon the testimonies of the ancients.

Walerland. SOLE, n. s. & v. a. Lat. solum ; Ital. suolu.

Our senses, our appetites, and our passions, are The foot itself; the bottom of the foot; the bot

our lawful and faithful guides, in most things that tom of any thing: a kind of fish: to furnish relate solely to this life; and, therefore, by the with soles.

hourly necessity of consulting them, we gradually To redeem thy woeful parent's head

sink into an implicit submission, and habitual:confidence.

Johnson. From tyrant's rage and ever-dying dread, Hast wandered through the world now long a day, Sole, in ichthyology. See PLEURONECTES. Yet ceasest not thy weary soles to lead. Faerie Quesne. SOLE, in the manege, a sort of horn under a Vol. XX.

2 Q

ceive pay:

for piety.

horse's foot, which is much more tender than the There are, in points of wisdom and sufficiency, that other horn that encompasses the foot, and by do nothing or little very solemnly. Id. Essays. reason of its hardness is properly called the horn A diligent decency was in Polycletus above others; or hoof.

to whom, though the highest praise be attributed by SOLE (Anthony Maria Dal), an eminent land- the most, yet some think he wanted solemness.

Wotton's Architecture. scape painter, born at Bologna in 1597. His

His holy rites and solemn feasts profaned. Millan, situations were beautiful and well chosen, his

Nor then the solemn nightingales ceased warbling. distances pleasing, the perspective receding of

Id. his objects is conducted with great judgment,

Their choice nobility and flower and his coloring is bold and lively. He died in Met from all parts to solemnize this feast. 1677, aged eighty.

Id. Agonistes. SOLE (Joseph Dal), the son of Anthony Maria, The necessary business of a man's calling, with was born in 1654. He studied under his father some, will not afford much time for set and solens and other masters, and became very eminent in prayer.

Duty of Man.

The multitude of the celestial host were heard to landscape and history painting. One of his best pieces is the death of king Priam. He died in solemnise his miraculous birth. Boyle's Seraphic Love. 1719, aged sixty-five.

The worship of this image was advanced, and a

solemn supplication observed every year. Stillingfizet. SOL'ÉCISM, n. s. Gr. goloikiouds. Strictly

What funeral pomp shall floating Tiber see, unfitness of one word to another; impropriety in When rising from his bed he views the sad solemnity! language : it is now commonly used for incon

Dryden. sistency of one thought, or assigned reason, with The ministers of state, who gave us law, another.

In corners, with selected friends, withdraw; There is scarce a solecism in writing which the best There in deaf murmurs solemnly are wise, author is not guilty of, if we be at liberty to read him Whispering like winds ere hurricanes arise. Id. in the words of some manuscript.

Addison. Though the days of solemnity, which are but fer, A SOLECISM, in grammar, is a false manner of must quickly finish that outward exercise of devotion speaking, contrary to the rules of grammar, men's in ward dispositions to virtue for the present;

which appertains to such times ; yet they increase either in respect of declension,

conjugation, or and, by their frequent returns, bring the same at syntax. The word is derived from the Soli, a

length to perfection.

Nelson. people of Attica, who, being transplanted to Cy

The stateliness and gravity of the Spaniards shews prus or Cilicia, lost the purity of their ancient itself in the solemnity of their language. tongue, and became ridiculous to the Athenians

Addison's Spectator. for the improprieties into which they fell. Though the forms and solemnities of the last judg. SOL'EMN, adj.

Fr. solemnel; Lat. so ment may bear some resemblance to those we are acSoL EMNESs, . s. lemnis. Anniversary; ob-' quainted with here, yet the rule of proceeding shall be SOLEM'NITY, served once a year with very different.

Atterbury. SOLEMNISA'TION, ceremonies; grave; awful;

Great was the cause ; our old solemnities SOL'EMNISE, v. a. serious: the adverb and From no blind zeal or fond tradition rise ; SOL'EMNLY, adv. ) noun substantive corres. These grateful honours to the god of day.

But, saved from death, our Argives yearly pay ponding: to solemnise is to celebrate; perform annually with religious rites : solemnisation, the

When Steele reflects upon the many solemn strong

barriers to our succession, of laws and oaths, he act of doing so.

thinks all fear vanisheth : so do I, provided the epiDorilaus in a great battle was deprived of life ; his thet solemn goes for nothing ; because, though I have obsequies being no more solemnized by the tears of heard of a solemn day, and a solemn coxcomb, yet I his partakers than the blood of his enemies. Sidney. can conceive no idea of a solemn barrier.

Svifi. With much more skilful cruelty, and horrible so To demonstrate how much men are blinded by lemnity, he caused each thing to be prepared for his their own partiality, I do solemnly assure the reader triumph of tyranny.


that he is the only person from whom I ever heard Then 'gan they sprinkle all the parts with wine, that objection.

Id. And make great feast to solemnize that day.

Be this truth eternal ne'er forgot,
Faerie Queene.
Solemnity's a cover for a sot.

Young. Then 'gan he loudly through the house to call,

This speech ended with a solemnity of accent. But no one care to answer to his cry;

Female Quizote. There reigned a solemn silence over all.


SOLEMN implies something performed with Baptism to be administered in one place, and marriage solemnised in another.


much pomp, ceremony, and expense. The lady Constance,

SOLEMN, in law, signifies something authenSome speedy messenger bid repair

tic, or what is clothed in all its formalities. To our solemnity. Shakspeare. King John. The SOLEMN LEAGUE AND COVENANT was es. Pr’ythee, Virgilia, turn thy solemness out o' door, tablished in the year 1643, and formed a bond And go along with us.

Id. Coriolanus. of union between Scotland and England. See Let him land

ENGLAND. It was sworn and subscribed by And solemnly see him set on to London.

many in both nations; who thereby solenidly Id. Henry V.

abjured popery and prelacy, and combined to There may be greater danger in using such compositions in churches, at arraignments, plays, and gether for their mutual defence. It was apsolemnities.


proved by the parliament and assembly at WestSoon followed the solemnization of the marriage be. minster, and ratified by the general assembly of tween Charles and Anne dutchess of Bretagne, with Scotland in 1645. King Charles II. disapproved whom he received the dutchy of Bretagne.

of it when he surrendered himself to the ScotId. Henry VII. tish army in 1646; but in 1650 he declared his

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approbation both of this and the national cove the fish, and serve indifferently for taking in and nant by a solemn oath; and in August of the throwing out the water, one receiving, and the same year made a farther declaration at Dun- other discharging it, and either answering equally fermline to the same purpose, which was also well to their purpose. See Motion. This fish renewed on occasion of his coronation at Scone was used as food by the ancients; and Athenæus, in 1651. The covenant was ratified by parlia- from Sophron, speaks of it as a great delicacy, ment in this year, and the subscription of it re and particularly grateful to widows. It is often quired by every member, without which the con used as food at present, and is brought up to stitution of the parliament was declared null and table fried with eggs. void. It produced a series of distractions in the SOLEURE, a canton of Switzerland, lying subsequent history of that country, and was voted chiefly between the river Aar and the Jura illegal by parliament, and provision made against mountains. Its shape is irregular, and its exit-Stat. i4. Car. II. c. 4.

tent about 275 square miles; the Jura mountains SOLEN, in zoology, the spout-fish, razor- here rise to the height of 3000 or 4000 feet above sheath, or knife-handle shell ; a genus belonging the level of the sea. The rest of the canton is to the class of vermes, and order of testacea. level and fertile. The inhabitants well underThe animal is an ascidia. The shell is bivalve, stand the art of irrigating, and their cattle are oblong, and opening at both sides : the hinge has reckoned the best in Switzerland. The manua tooth shaped like an awl, bent back, often factures embrace, on a small scale, the spinning double, not inserted into the opposite shell; the and weaving of woollen, linen, and cotton. The rim at the sides somewhat worn away, and has a only places deserving the name of towns are horny cartilaginous hinge. There are twenty- Soleure and Olten. In religion this canton is three species. Of these, three, viz.

almost wholly Catholic. The constitution is 1. S. ensis, 2. S. siliqua, 3. S. vagina, are aristocratic; the criminal code nearly the same found on the British coasts, and lurk in the sand as in France; but great part of the decisions are near the low-water mark in a perpendicular di- regulated by local usages. Population 50,000. rection. When in want of food they elevate one SOLEURE, or SOLOTHURN, the capital of the end a little above the surface, and protrude their above canton, stands at the foot of Mount Jura, 'bodies far out of the shell. On the approach on both sides of the Aar. It is fortified with of danger they dart deep into the sand, sometimes walls and bastions, and, though built in bad taste, two feet. Their place is known by a small dim- has several good edifices, such as the hotel de ple on the surface. Sometimes they are dug out ville, the mint, the public library, Jesuits' church, with a shovel; at other times they are taken by and that of St. Urse, considered one of the best striking a barbed dart suddenly into them. churches in Switzerland. Several Roman antiWhen the sea is down, these fish usually run quities have also been found here. The trade deep into the sand; and, to bring them up, the of the place is limited ; and consists partly in the common custom is to throw a little salt into the manufacture of cotton and stuffs, and partly in the holes, on which the fish raises itself, and in a few transit business between Bale and Italy: The minutes appears at the mouth of its hole. When environs are pleasant. Population 4200. Eighhalf the shell is discovered, the fisherman has teen miles north by east of Bern, and twenty-six nothing more to do than to take hold of it with south of Bale. his fingers, and draw it out; but he must be SOLFAING, in music, the naming or procautious not to lose the occasion, for the crea- nouncing the several notes of a song by the sylture does not continue a moment in that state ; lables ut, re, mi, fa, sol, &c., in learning to sing and if by any means the fisherman has touched it, it. Of the seven notes in the French scale ut, and let it slip away, it! gone for ever; for it re, mi, fa, sol, la, si, only four are used among us will not be decoyed again out of its hole by salt; in singing, as mi, fa, sol, la ; their office is prinso that there is then no way of getting it but by cipally in singing, that by applying them to every digging under it, and throwing it up with the note of the scale, it may not only be pronouncsand. The fish has two pipes, each composed ed with more ease, but chiefly that by them the of four or five rings or portions of a hollow cy- tones and semitones of the natural scale may be linder, of unequal lengths, joined one to another; better marked out and distinguished. This deand the places where they join are marked by a sign is obtained by four syllables fa, sol, la, mi. number of fine streaks or rays. Now the reason Thus from fu to sol is a tone, also from sol to la, why the salt makes these

atures come up

ut and from la to mi, without distinguishing the of their holes is, that it gives them violent pain, greater or less tone; but from la to fa, also from and even corrodes these pipes. This is some- mi to fa, is only a semitone. If then these be what strange, as the creature is nourished by applied in this order, fa, sol, la, fa, sol, la, mi, fa, means of salt water ; but it is very evident that &c., they express the natural series from C; and, if a little salt be strewed upon these pipes, in a if that be repeated to a second or third octave, fish taken out of its habitation, it will corrode we see by them how to express all the different the joinings of the rings, and often make one or orders of tones and semitones in the diatonic more joints drop off: the creature, to avoid this scale; and still above mi will stand fa, sol, lu, mischief, arises out of its hole and throws off the and below it the same inverted la, sol, fa, and salt, and then retires back again. The use of one mi is always distant from another an octave; these pipes to the animal is the same with that which cannot be said of any of the rest, because of many other pipes a like kind

other shell- after mi ascending come always fa, sol, la, which fish; they all serve to take in water ; they are are repeated invertedly descending. The first only a continuation of the outer membrane of thing in learning to sing is to make one raise

a scale of notes by tones and semitones to an oc cano now extinct. The mountains around are of tave, and descend again by the same; and then a crescent form. The soil is warm and white, and, lo rise and fall by greater intervals at a leap, as if opened to some depth, is insupportable from the thirds and fourths, &c., and to do all this by heat. The ground being in many parts hollow, beginning at notes of different pitch. Then it is supposed that there may be a subterraneous those notes are represented by lines and spaces, communication with Vesuvius. It furnishes to which these syllables are applied, and the sulphur, vitriol, and alum. learners taught to name each live and space SOLI, or Soloe, in ancient geography, a town thereby, which makes what we call solfaing; the of Cyprus built on the borders of the Clarius, by a use whereof is, that while they are learning to colony from Athens. It was first called Epeia, tune the degrees and intervals of sound express- till Solon visited the island, and advised its ed by notes on a line or space, or learning a song prince Philocyprus to change the situation of to which no words are applied, they may not only his capital. Accordingly a new town was built

, do it the better by means of articulate sounds, in a fine plain, and named Soli or Soloe, after but chiefly that by knowing the degrees and in- Solon.-Sirabo, 14. Plut. tervals expressed by those syllables, they may Sols, or Soloe, a town of Silesia, on the sea more readily know the places of the semitones, coast, built by a colony of Greeks and Rhodians; and the true distance of the notes. See SINGING. afterwards called Pompeiopolis, from Pompey

Though this system was not fully developed in the Great, who settled a colony of pirates in it the writings of Guido, to whom the invention of —Plin. v. 27. the gammut and harmonical hand has been com Soli, the inhabitants of both the above towns, monly ascribed; yet Dr. Burney observes that one or other, or both of whom, forgetting the writers very near the period in which he lived purity of their original language, gave rise to give him the honor of its discovery; and parti- the term Solecism. cularly Sigebert, a monk of Gemblours, in the SOLICIT, v. a. า Lat. solicito. To imdiocese of Namur, in Brabant, in his Chronicle SOLICITA’TION, n. s. I portune; entreat; erunder the year 1028. Cotton also, who lived Solicitor,

cite; awake to action; about a century after Guido, says that solmisa Solicitous, adj. disturb (a Latinism): 50tion by the six syllables, ut, re, mi, fa, &c., was SOLICITOUSLY, adv. licitation is the act of practised by the English, French, and Germans; SOLICITUDE, n. s. soliciting: solicitor, be but the Italians, he adds, made use of other syl SOLICITRESS. j who petitions (strictly) lables; and by a passage from the Chronicle of for another: hence the legal attorney of the court Tours, under the year 1033, cited by Carpentier, of Chancery, the adjective and two noua subin his Supplement to the Latin Glossary of Du- stantives following correspond with the verb. Cange, article Gamma, Guido is put in full pos With that she wept again ; till he again soliciting session of the scale and solmisation. About the the conclusion of her story, Then must you, said she, end of the seventeenth century, the additional know the story of Amphialus ?

Sidney. syllable si was universally received in France for

We heartily solicit the seventh of the key of C. The earliest En

Your gracious self to take on you the charge glish writer, mentioned by Dr. Burney, who

And kingly government of this your land. takes notice of the omission of ut and re in sol

Shakspeare, Richard III.

This supernatural soliciting, misation, is Mr. Charles Butler, in his Princi

Cannot be ill, cannot be good. Id. Maebeih. ples of Music, published in 1636, and after his

Be merry,

Cassio ; time the ut and re were rejected by all the Eng

For thy solicitor shall rather die lish singing-masters; Dr. Holder, Dr. Wallis,

Than give thy cause away:

Id, Othella. and every writer on music in this kingdom, were In this, by comparison, we behold the many cares unanimous in excommunicating these two syllables and great labours of worldly men, their solicitude, till Dr. Pepusch endeavoured, not unsuccess and outward shews, and publick ostentation, ther fully, to have them restored.

pride and vanities.

Raleigh. SOLFATARA, or Lago di Bagni, a small For the king's attorney and solicitor general, their lake in the Campagna di Roma, Italy, near Tivoli, continual use for the king's service requires men

Bacon. formerly the Lacus Albulus. It is remarkable for every way fit. containing several floating islets, formed of matted learning as ever he obstructed it.

He would surely have as solicitously promoted their

Decay of Piety. sedge and herbage, with a soil of dust and sand blown from the adjacent country, and cemented the opinion and censures of men, but only that we

Our hearts are pure, when we are not solicitous of by the bitumen and sulphur of the water. Some do our duty.

Taylor. of these islets are fifteen yards long, and will Enjoy the present, whatsoever it be, and be not bear five or six people, who, by means of a pole, solicitous for the future. Taylor's Holy Liting. move to different parts of the lake. From the The colonel had been intent upon other things, water issues a whitish stream, which emits a and not enough solicitous to finish the fortifications. sulphureous vapor, until it reaches the small river

Clarendas, Teverone. The water of this rivulet has a pe

Laud attended on his majesty, which he would trifying quality, which seems to increase in have been excused from, if that design had not been strength the farther it has flowed from the lake. in view, to accomplish which he was solicitous for his


1d. Fish are found in the Teverone, till it receives the waters of the lake.

Did I request thee, Maker ! from my clay

To mold me man? Did I solicit thee SOLFATARA, a mountain in the Terra di La

From darkness to promote me? voro, Naples. It has a kind of cavity, about a

Milton's Paradise Lost. mile in diameter, the crater, doubtless, of a vol Solicit not thy thoughts with matters hid. Milton.

I can produce a man

A complete brave man ought to know solidly the Of semale seed, far abler to resist

main end he is in the world for.

Digby. All his solicitations, and at length

It is built with that unusual solidness, that it seems All his vast force, and drive him back to hell. Id. he intended to make a sacrifice to perpetuity, and to Without sign of boast, or sign of joy,

contest with the iron teeth of time.

Howel. Solicitors and blank, he thus began.

Thin airy things extend themselves in place, Id. Paradise Regained.

Things solid take up but little space. Cowley. The medical art beiug conversant about the health

Land that ever burned and life of man, doctrinal errours in it are to be so With solid, as the lake with liquid fire. Milton. licitously avoided.


These, wanting wit, affect gravity, and goby the If they would but provide for eternity with the name of solid men; and a solid man is, in plain Ensame solicitude, and real care, as they do for this life, glish, a solid solemn fool.

Dryden. they could not fail of heaven.

Tillotson. That which hinders the approach of two bodies, The guardian of my faith so false dia prove,

when they are moving one towards another, I call As to solicit me with lawless love.


Locke. Dryden's Aurung.

I look upon this as a sufficient ground for any You have not only been careful of my fortune, the

rational man to take up his religion upon, and which effect of your nobleness ; but you have been solicitous

I defy the subtlest atheist in the world solidly to

South. of my reputation, which is that of your kindness.

answer; namely, that it is good to be sure. Dryden.

The duke's new palace is a noble pile, built after I had the most earnest solicitress, as well as the this manner, which makes it look very solid and ma. fairest; and nothing could be refused to my lady


Addison. Hyde,


The most known rules are placed in so beautiful Sounds and some tangible qualities solicit their make the reader, who was before acquainted with

a light that they have all the graces of novelty; and proper senses, and force an entrance to the inind.

them, still more convinced of their truth and solidity.

Locke. Children are surrounded with new things, which,

Id. Spectator. by a constant solicitution of their senses, draw the have been convinced by the solidity of his reasoning.

His fellow-peers have attended to his eloquence, and mind constantly to them. Id.

Prior. They are to be known by a wonderful solicitude for the reputation of their friends.


The stone itself, whether naked or invested with No man is solicitous about the event of that which earth, is not by its solidity secured, but washed down.

Woodward. he has in his power to dispose of.

South. Honest minds will consider poverty as a recom

In a solid foot are 1728 solid inches, weighing 76

Arbuthnot on Coins, mendation in the person who applies himself to them, pounds of rain water. and make the justice of his cause the most powerful perhaps merely terrestrial, and incapable of any

The first and most simple solids of our body are solicitur in his behalf.

Addison. The tender dame, solicitous to know

change or disease. Whether her child should reach old age or no,

This pretence has a great deal more of art than of Consults the sage Tiresias.

Waterland. Id.

solidity in it. He is solicited by popular custom to indulge him- should be well assured of a solid and strong constitu

If persons devote themselves to science, they self in forbidden liberties. Rogers's Sermons. I view my crime, but kindle at the view;

tion of body to bear the fatigue. Watts on the Mind. Repent old pleasures, and solicit new.


A Solid, in philosophy, is a body whose parts How lawful and praiseworthy is the care of a are so firmly connected together, as not easily to family! And yet how certainly are many people give way or slip from each other; in which rendered incapable of all virtue, by a worldly solici sense solid stands opposed to fluid. Geometritous temper!

Law. cians define a solid to be the third species of SOLICITOR General, a great officer of the magnitude, or that which has three dimensions, law, next to the attorney general, who holds his viz. length, breadth, and thickness or depth. office by patent during the king's pleasure, lias Solids are commonly divided into regular and the care and concern for managing the king's af- irregular. The regular solids are those terminated fairs, and has fees for pleading, besides other by regular and equal planes, and are only five; fees arising by patents, &c. He attends on the viz. the tetrahedron which consists of four equal privy council; and the attorney general and he triangles; the cube or hexahedron, of six equal were anciently reckoned among the officers of squares; the octahedron, of eight equal triangles; the exchequer; they have their audience, and the dodecahedron, of twelve; and the icosahecome within the bar in all other courts.

dron, of twenty equal triangles. The irregular SOL'ID, adj. &,n. s. Fr. solide ; Lat. solidus. solids are almost infinite, comprehending all Solid'ity, n. s.

Substantial; not liquid such as do not come under the definition of reSol'ldly, adv. or fluid; strong; firm: gular solids; as the sphere, cylinder, cone, pa

SOL'IDNESS, n. s. hence real; not weak or rallelogram, prism, parellelopiped, &c. imaginary: the derivatives all corresponding. A SOLID ANGLE is that formed by three or It beareth misseltoe : the cause may be the close. angle of a die, or the point of a diamond well

more plane angles meeting in a point; like an ness and solidness of the wood and pith of the oak.


cut. Or more generally it may be defined the This might satisfy sober and wise men, not with angular space included between several plane soft and specious words, but with pregnant and solid surfaces, or one or more curved surfaces, meet

King Charles. ing in the point which forms the summit of the Either not define at all, or seek out other solider angle. methods, and more catholick grounds of defining. Solid angles bear just the same relation to the

Hammond. surfaces which comprise them as plane angles


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