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half of the Dual Monarchy. That among the Serbs immediately under movement would well deserve a sep- German or Magyar ascendency, the polarate chapter, and has never suffi- icy of dividing to conquer is ceasing to ciently attracted the general attention act. Croats are Catholics. Serbs are of Europe. Within the last twelve Orthodox. The former use the Latin months, in the Croatian elections, the character, the latter the Cyrillic alphaanti-Magyar movement swept the polls. bet. Until lately the difference in the The Hungarian Premier, Dr. Wekerlé, alphabets had proved more effective had intended the dissolution to be a than the identity of speech. The differ. coercive coup. It turned out a very se- ence in creeds was stronger to keep the rious disaster for the coalition at Buda- sections of the race at enmity than was pest. This was not all. Upon the the sense of their common language to Cisleithan side the spirit of South Slav unite them. For the first time, hownationalism is fully awakened in Dal- ever, Croats and Serbs are showing matia and elsewhere. Only a few that they have learned not only the weeks ago at Laibach, among the necessity of supporting each other, but neighboring Slavenes, there were vio- the capacity for working together. lent anti-German riots. Above all, the In Bosnia-Herzegovina the conditions demand for constitutional government are more complicated. Kallay, afterin Bosnia and Herzegovina was already wards the famous administrator of the certain to acquire, sooner or later, an provinces, wrote in his History of the irresistible force. In spite of the bene- Servians that "in Bosnia and Herzegofits conferred upon them by the Aus- vina there are three religions, but there trian occupation, four-fifths at least of is only one people.” On account of this the population in Bosnia and Herzego- statement of an undeniable truth, it vina hate the Austrian bureaucratic was afterwards part of Kallay's official régime as much as British rule is de- duty to prohibit the circulation of his tested in a neighboring island. The own book. At the present moment overwhelming majority in the prov. “lhe one people" is numerically divided inces demanded complete autonomy as follows:-Orthodox more than 700,with universal suffrage and the secret 000, Mahommedans about 600,000, Cathballot. By the suppression of newspa- olics about 300,000. Even before the pers and the imprisonment of agitators. Young Turkish revolution broke out the Baron Aehrenthal and Baron Burian, demand for autonomy in the occupied in reality though not in name these provinces was universal, and the camare jointly responsible for the policy paign of bureaucratic repression was pursued-made every effort to stifle fierce. All the considerations what was regarded as the most danger- tioned throughout this article worked ous of all the manifestations connected together in the excitement aroused by with the recrudescence of South Slav the assertions of the informer Mastich, nationalism. The reason has been in- who recently appeared at Cettigne to dicated. Without Bosnia-Herzegovina maintain that the pretended bomb-plot -lying in the centre of all the Serbo- against Prince Nicholas had been Croat lands-there can be no “Greater hatched at Belgrade with the complicServia." A nationalist parliament at ity of King Peter and his Government. Serajevo would do more than anything This dubious witness has since pubelse to make the dream of Greater lished at Agram a pamphlet in which Servia, so lately but a visionary and he professes to reveal the existence of fantastic ideal, a formidable factor in a vast pan-Serb conspiracy against the practical politics. The reason is that existence of Austria-Hungary. He de
clares that the conspirators include peration. We have only strengthened King Peter, the Serb deputies at Buda- Baron Aehrenthal's personal position pest, the members of the Croatian Diet and weakened our power to turn the at Agram, and many other Serb nota- crisis to the best account. There is bles. M. Kossuth vaguely declared the sufficient significance in the Minister's other day that the knowledge possessed declaration to the Committee of the by the Hungarian Government of the Austrian Delegation on October 11th: existence of pan-Serb plots would have -"He was no tip-toe diplomatist, but justified hundreds of arrests. The he did not wish to be thought a HotHungarian Premier puts this statement spur. Austria had been compelled to forward as a reason for the definite take matters in hand by a situation annexation of the occupied provinces.
which might have developed against There is no cause to think the reason her." At the same time, the aim of devoid of force, though the rumors of keeping an iron grip upon the Serbopan-Serb conspiracy are enormously ex- Croat populations has not for a moaggerated.
inent been relaxed. Not sufficient at. Nothing is to be gained by ignoring tention has been paid to the terms in the gravity of the question with which which the concession of autonomy is Baron Aebrenthal had to deal. The announced. In the parliament of the restoration of constitutionalism in Tur- annexed provinces there will be sepakey made absolutely inevitable the con- rate representation for the three reli. cession of representative institutions in gions—Mahommedans, Orthodox and Bosnia-Herzegovina. They would be Catholics-as well as for different soconceded to a hostile population, more cial classes. Thus the Constitution itthan a third of it Mahommedan. In self will be turned if possible into a these circumstances the reservation of new means of “dividing to conquer." the Sultan's suzerainty might create The significance of the annexation is embarrassments and perils.
in reality immense. · It makes no imcase, the Servian temperament being mediate change in the concrete facts. what it is, Servian nationalism would It will make a very momentous change be encouraged by the semi-separate sta- when self-government follows. There tus of the province. Annexation, while can be no surprise that mad passion difficult to carry through, would at has raved at Belgrade, and that wild least be more easily effected before the threats are hurled down from Monte. concession of representative institu- negro. To the hopes of these countries tions than afterwards. It had long Baron Aehrenthal's action been determined, therefore, that before death-blow. They are utterly helpless. a Constitution could be granted annex- The fundamental calculation at Vienna ation must be definitely declared. We is that Russia cannot help them. Incan now realize at once how the Turk deed, M. Isvolsky confesses his assurish revolution forced Baron Aehren- ance at Buchlau that in no circumthal's hands. For the particular act of stances would Russia regard the anannexation Baron Aehrenthal has been nexation of the occupied provinces as excessively denounced. It
a justification for war. Upon the other worse than that reunion of Eastern side, the understanding with Bulgaria Roumelia with Bulgaria upon which was prepared in order to hold the British politicians, Liberal and Con- Servians in a vice the first desperate servative alike, looked more than in hour of their resentment. This is the dulgently in 1885. We have not been real reason for the brilliancy of the rewise in resorting to that sort of vitu. ception the other day given to King
Ferdinand at Budapest, and for Aus- member of that party, Prince Alexis trian support of the declaration of Liechtenstein, declared the other day Bulgarian independence.
that the great mass of the Serbo-Croats port was meant by the Ballplatz as an are already under the Hapsburg scepanti-Serb rather than as a pro-Bulgar tre, since Montenegro and the kingdom maneuvre. The independence of Bul- of Servia only include a small minorgaria, and the growth of that nation in ity of the race. “The centre of gravstrength, are in themselves regarded ity around which Southern Slav unity by Baron Aehrenthal with a feeling will crystallize lies in Austria, not in much less than that of enthusiasm. Servia or Montenegro, since, according But it was the best move at the mo- to the law of gravitation and mass, the ment from the point of view of the greater attracts the smaller and not policy of dividing to conquer.
Serbs vioe versâ.” A whole policy is conwould once more regard Bulgars with tained in these words. The heir-apa lively jealousy and hatred. Upon the parent and Baron Aehrenthal in their other hand, Turks and Bulgars would private minds undoubtedly agree with be effectually separated. Baron Aeh it. Nor does Prince Liechenstein forerenthal encourages the Bulgars to de- shadow any impossible plans. A Croat clare their independence; Baron deputy in the Austrian Delegation has Marschall Bieberstein tells the already secured the consent of his Turks that King Ferdinand's aggres- Slovene, Tsech, and Polish colleagues sion is unpardonable. Yet Vienna and to a significant motion. It urges that Berlin are at one, and their apparently Bosnia and Herzegovina shall never be contradictory courses support each attached to Hungary-in spite of the other. Turks and Bulgars, standing traditional claim of the wearers of St. apart, must each be more or less depen. Stephen's Crown to these lands—but dent upon their benevolent advisers. that the annexed provinces shall be Together they would be invincible. Let joined to Croatia and Dalmatia in ordissension be sown between them. der that the old triune kingdom of the
We are very far from the end of this South Slavs may be restored. Hungary drama, and for the remainder of this would be held fast on both sides, and generation, and perhaps for long after the independence movement among the it, the Eastern question will be with Magyars would be inevitably extinus as constantly as the poor, and the guished. Austrian question will be an insepara- The Dual system would be converted ble part of it. If Bulgaria is supported into a triple system leading perhaps to by the Ballplatz it is only in order to a final reorganization by which Boherender impossible the realization of the mia and Poland would become autonoardent dreams cherished at Belgrade mous kingdoms. To a great scheme of and Cettigne. Henceforth there will this kind the Archduke Franz Ferdibe a steady attempt from the Austrian nand is believed to incline. When side to spread the view that the vis- Magyars declare that the results of ion of a "Greater Servia" might be mag. Baron Aehrenthal's policy may be the nificently realized under the Hapsburg most disastrous calamity suffered by Crown. The annexation of Bosnia and their race since the battle of Mohacs, Herzegovina has been most vigorously their language is exaggerated, but their advocated from the first by the Chris- sentiments are intelligible. Whether tian Socialists—the party with which the
Hapsburg Imperialism the Archduke Franz Ferdinand is sup- achieves a splendid triumph or precipposed to be most in sympathy. A itates the very catastrophe that might
otherwise have been avoided, the evolu- nish material for chapter after chapter tion of the Austrian question and its of events among the most dramatic and interaction through the South Slavs momentous in the whole of modern with the Eastern question, will yet fur- history. The Fortnightly Review.
OF A SPINNING WHEEL AND A RIFLE.
Wise persons going Savoy wards, or Snap it up at once!" I said “Absurd!" the swallow-flight, break the journey to him. “How am I to get home an at Dijon, which for an indolent halt is awkwardly packing concern such as a very capital indolent halt indeed. that? Observe the enormously long And still wiser persons stop a day or distaff-thing, or whatever you call it! two in Dijon, for Dijon of Burgundy Go to, I will collect no spiuning-wheel is almost as fine an old dowager- inwrought of subtlest brain and deftest duchess of a city as is Nancy of Lor
hand!" And I didn't. And I have often raine. And one may kindly remem- repented it since. Alack, for our tranber Dijon for many reasons. I re- sient opportunities missed and our unmember Dijon for two in particular: availing regrets! for the finding of Captain Fluellen's The finding of Captain Fluellen's baggage, and for the missing of a wal- luggage was quite another pair of nut spinning-wheel.
boots, however. Often I go to Dijon, 'Tis plain I was not in the humor and once when I was thinking of going the day I missed that spinning-wheel. to Dijon my friend the Captain said, at Hobbinol, even Hobbinol my familiar, the Club, “There's a palace-tower at was powerless with me just then. For Dijon.” I am not the slave of Hobbinol, let me “There is," I agreed. "Tower of boast; there are hours, there are whole the Hôtel de Ville.” days when—but no matter. “Go to!" “No! Tower of the palace of the I said to Hobbinol that Whitsun day, Dukes of Burgundy. It's a hundred almost in the words of a certain poet and forty-four feet high,” he said. "I who is not the Laureate, though he know; I ought to know. I spent the writes for the Court Journal by-the-by: best part of a hot October day on the
top of that tower, worse luck!" Go to! I will collect no precious thing "Did you, indeed? But whatever on Inwrought of subtlest brain and deft
earth made you do it, my dear Fluelest hand:
len? Up a gross of feet like that?" The young May sunshine warms th'
"Superior orders,” he answered awakened land,
gravely. “I was signalling, you see The Spring is here I will collect the Spring!
orders from the Etat-major below.”
And then I remembered; I looked at So when I saw in the window of a his handsome soldierly face that still timber-fronted bit of old Dijon a deli. wears the Louis-Napoleonic impériale, cately light and spindly spinning though that is snow-white now, and I wheel, as dainty an implement as ever remembered. I remembered that he, al was turned out of walnut for the fin- Welsh Catholic of the vieille roche, in gers and toes of a Madame du Deffand, 1870 had fought for France. yet on sale for thirty-five francs only; "Exactly,” said L. “Dijon has altered and when Hobbinol said "Absurd! a good deal since then, don't you tind?"
"I haven't seen it," he said. "I've mildly. “Would Monsieur wish to see never been near the place again.
Madame X?" Since you're going there shortly, how- Monsieur would. Monsieur did.
.. you might—" He paused. And Madame X-dark, portly, pleas"I should rather like to know, after ant, but fifty-five, I imagine-said, all," he went on. Then he paused "Oh, Monsieur, you mean my poor again.
dead mother!" "Anything I can do for you there, “Dead, is she, poor lady?" I stamFluellen-"
mered. "But, Madame
we "Well," he said suddenly, "you might never think old friends can die or perhaps call at the Hôtel Sonnez for change, do we? Captain Fluellen never
see Madame, and ask if reflected that Madame, your mother—". they've still got my baggage?"
"Le Capitaine Fluellen !" She inter“' _ ? ? ?" I looked the query.
rupted me, she positively cried the "My kit, you know; I left it there,”
“The Capitaine Fluellen!" So he said. "We had to quit in a hurry. correctly she pronounced the name And I've never been near Dijon since." that I guessed how well she must have Something came into his eyes just then learned it in the old days, how often --not tears, but rue, "for remem- she must have uttered it, and with brance," and I looked out of window inflections how caressing then. Now, a moment, at the "sweet, shady side of as she said it again, and murmuringly, Pall Mall."
her eyes also filled full with rue and reAs I strolled about Dijon a few days membrance. “Ah, Monsieur, I recall after that I came to the Hôtel Son- him well! He was of the most handnez, and stared at it; for the Hôtel some, and of the most good Sonnez is quite a monster caravan- But as for his baggage-" serai, that you enter by a Palladian “Bother his baggage, Madame!" said portal, and is clearly a good deal less I, but she refused to bother it. She than a generation old. Yet it is thirty bothered herself; she meditated; then -well, you can count the exact num- she hunted in a drawer for a key, I ber of years for yourself, John Bull, protesting in vain. Diligently searchsince you made the cardinal and irre- ing, she found. Perseverance had its trievable blunder of letting the Goth reward. Her hand with the weddingtriumph over the Gaul; it is a good ring on it reappeared, and jutting out deal more than a generation next Oc- of that hand-for it was quite a small tober thirtieth since, from the top of hand, by-the-by-I saw a key. "If the Ducal tower, my gallant friend Monsieur will give himself the trouble Fluellen signalled down to the Etat- to follow?" she said, with the sweet major the stages of General Werder's clearness which is in Frenchwomen's approach. I marched into that magni. voices, and she led the way out at the ficent hotel almost as cautiously as back of the caravanserai, and across a Werder did into Dijon, and screwing petrol-spotted paved yard, till we came up my courage to address a magnifi- to a low old building which used to be cent portier, I asked for Madame Son- the Hôtel Sonnez in days when Fluelnez. He stared and I flinched like len lived there en pension, and Madame Mr. Toots. “It is of no consequence," I X
Mademoiselle. And there, was about to say, retreating in a way within an otherwise empty room of that Werder would have scorned. But that deserted hostel, she showed me a the magnificent portier spoke. "It is pell-mell lumber of mouldering trunks Madame X now," he said, quite and peeling valises, rotting jackboots,