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called " the Evangelical Clergy” has, in some particular instances ought not in fairness to be visited had just ground of offence, and has with the faults or absurdities of these somewhat hastily visited it upon the erratic illuminati.
whole body--a class of persons, we From Mr. Irving, this sort of ac- are happy to say, very numerous, cusation comes with a peculiarly and daily increasing; and which bad grace, and he is one of the last comprises some of the most learned, persons who ought to have made it. zealous, prudent, and useful minisPossessing, as he does, the opporters in the Christian church. “Oh!" tunity to be better informed, he says Mr. Irving, adverting still to the ought to have known that the asser- same class, "I hate such ignorant tion could not be supported. The prating, because it taketh the high other accusers, who suppose every airs of orthodoxy, and would blast man whom they find it convenient me as a heretical liar, if I go to to brand as Evangelical to be a teach the people that the word of Calvinist of course, have, on the God is a well-spring of life, unto whole subject, a plea of ignorance which they have but to stoop their which will hardly avail the minister lips in order to taste its sweet and of “the Caledonian Church.” They refreshing waters, and be nourished have persuaded each other that the unto life eternal. But these high Evangelical preachers are their na. airs and pitiful pelting words are tural enemies. Mr. Irving ought very trilling to me,” &c. &c. We to know, that if the principles of hope they are: but who has assumed Divine truth which he labours to them? Some ignorant enthusiast, inculcate are held and enforced by whom party spirit, with its usual any members of the Church of talent for discrimination, has deEngland, they are taught by the signated as “ evangelical ?" That very class “ whom he loves so well,” Mr. Irving has met with such treatbut whom he has, nevertheless, soment we doubt not : but let him strangely misunderstood. The ac- visit the injury upon the head of the cusers noticed above have a great delinquent; and not, after holding object in traducing the so-called up some individuals of this class as “ Evangelicals;" for, if successful men who would grace a mitre, then in their schemes, they will not only speak, almost in the same breath, be delivered from doctrines which of the whole body, with hatred of they would not willingly tolerate, their ignorant prating, and their but they will secure, as they think, airs of insolent orthodoxy. the stability of that church which We are not friendly to the lanthose teachers are so wickedly un- guage of challenge and defiance in dermining, These men, therefore, religious controversy: it seems to however ignorant on the subject of us sadly out of place : and yet their affirmation, have, according to there is something in the decisive their own notions at least, a reason and unhesitating tone of Mr. Irving for their conduct. Mr. Irving can have on this point, which induces us to none; and by discrediting on such call upon him, as he values his chagrounds the preachers stigmatized racter for discernment, either to reas Evangelical, he not only violates tract his accusations, or to produce truth and justice, but does injury to the instances, from among the acthe cause of genuine religion. credited writers of the Evangelical
In stating that Mr. Irving can school, on which they are founded. have no reason for the charge, We have turned, without anxiety inwhich with so much labour he deed, to the works of many of them; connects with the Evangelical and among them, to those of the elder preachers, we must be understood Venn, and especially to his Whole to speak of them under a general Duty of Man, and to the Sermons view. The probability is, that he of his revered son; to the Essays
and the Commentary and the Ser- ence upon Christ, instead of more mons of Thomas Scott; to the writ- scriptural and sound-minded calls to ings of Gisborne; to the works of activity and perseverance after perNewton; to the discourses of Cooper, fection? (p. 365.) He has, doubtless, of the two Milners, of Wilson, met with some such characters, and and Cecil, and Cunningham, and heard this species of disquisition : Hoare, and Robinson, and many but to say that such are the features others dead and living; and we of “ the evangelical part of men,” or have not only not discovered in them to ascribe to them generally such a any statements calculated to sub- mode of teaching, is only to place stantiate such a charge, but we in a very questionable light his own could produce from every one of knowledge or his candour. Is it fair, them the most triumphant evidence or reasonable, that those learned, of its injustice.
zealous, pious, and most valuable To speak fairly our sentiments on men, who preach the truth in the these matters : we are very sorry to love of it, and conform their lives to observe the tone which is frequently the rule of the Gospel, and submit, adopted in this volume against per- without a murmur, to every sort of sons of religious character and re- proscription which can take place ligious profession. We have as little under a free government, in order respect as our author himself enter to circulate the Scriptures ;-is it tains, for party spirit, and dogmatiz- reasonable, we ask, to include them ing shibboleths, and refined and all in one sweeping and undiscrifinical creeds; but we like not the minating sentence, because some contemptuous way in which reli- babbler, some tyro, furnished pergious men are often held up in these haps with eighty-seven questions and pages to derision and contempt. eighty-seven answers, and utterly Is it true, that the pious have fore unable to stir a step beyond that sworn all interest in civil affairs (p. horn-book of orthodoxy, has offended 245); that there is a constant demand Mr. Irving ? on the part of the religious world for It is one great fault of this writer the preaching of faith and forgive a great fault, amidst many reness, and that they are constantly deeming excellencies that he gives kicking against the preaching of so freely, and without apparent suChrist's morals (p. 363); that their spicion, the reins to his imagination; appetite is only for mercy, whilst and that, even on questions of grave they disrelish righteousness and judg- and serious discussion, in which it is ment ; or if righteousness, that the impossible to proceed with steps too constant demand is, that it should be cautious and reverent, he deals in the imputed righteousness of Christ, theories which are sometimes, to say not our own personal righteousness ? the least, of a very doubtful descripAre these indeed “ the features of tion. We advert more particularly the evangelical part of men?” Is it to his sentiments, previously noticed, their custom to “lay asleep the ac- about the intermediate state. His tive spirit of man, by the constant discussion on this subject is not charm of a few words sounded and only, to our minds, a gratuitous prysounded and eternally sounded about ing into things withheld from mortal Christ's sufficiency to save?” (p. 364). inquisition, a hazardous attempt to And is it Mr. Irving's misfortune be wise above what is written ; but -the consequence of his being cast in its effect on the mind, as far as amongst “the degenerate spirits of any effect is likely to be produced this groveling age”-to listen to the by it, far more injurious than useful. monotonous, unimaginative dogma. But our limits absolutely forbid us tizings of modern saints (p. 246); to to enter at present on this wide field hear the constant babbling about of remark. simple reliance and simple depend. Had we not already extended
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this article to an unusual length, we hope, therefore, that we shall never should have added a few remarks see this style, even if it were otherupon Mr. Irving's notions about the wise faultless, adopted in those former Arcadian simplicity of our churches and chapels which are countrymen ;-about the condition, attended by mixed congregations: as respects the future world, of vir- but in the particular case of Mr. tuous heathens, and of the brute Irving, we know too little of his creation ;-and- should especially congregation to offer on this head have noticed a subject, to which we any very pointed objection. If he have already very briefly adverted, can reach the dignified classes of the use of religious ministrations to society, and bring to Hatton Garden the sick, and the efficacy of a death the intellectual sinners and infidels bed repentance. Upon this last of the West; and impart a due sense question our author expresses him- of the value of true religion to perself in very strong terms towards the sons who, from some unhappy circlose of the volume. His object is cumstances attendant upon rank, most laudable,to warn men of the suffer in this respect all the mismischief of putting off to a period of chiefs of extreme degradation in sickness the momentous concerns society; he will have rendered a of eternity: but if all his observa- great service, both to the individuals tions were to be literally understood, themselves, and to the cause of and to be generally admitted as truth. He pleads, for instance, for correct, their tendency, as we ap- the promotion to ecclesiastical places prehend, would be, to dishearten of trust and authority of such men ministers in the prosecution of a as our Newtons and our Scotts. If most important duty, and drive the he can prevail upon the dispensers trembling sinner to despair. If the of this sort of patronage to attend author would qualify a few of his to the interests of religion ; if he assertions on this point, he might, can induce them to inform their without detracting in any notable minds upon this most grave and sedegree from the force of his argu- rious subject; can persuade them ment, speak in terms more accord- that they are deeply responsible for ant, not only with the word of God, the sacred trust committed to them ; but with the suggestions of Christian and that they must render an achope, and the testimony of at least count-an account, in this case, occasional experience. Into these above most others, tremendously topics, however, we shall not enter : awful;it is difficult to say how for it is time to bring this article to great may be the benefit conferred a close..
upon society at large. We will If we be correct in supposing that hope the best; and would therethis volume furnishes not an unfair fore, in this particular instance, view of Mr. Irving's powerful and object nothing to the preacher on impressive manner of preaching the ground of his discourses being (although it comprises several die above the level of vulgar apprehengressions, and several points of dis- sion. But we are not sure that they cussion, such as that about the value may not be rendered yet more useof the press, the excellence of ful, even to the great, by cultivating words, &c. &c. which could scarcely a purer taste and a milder temper. find a commodious place in an or. We are not sure, although Mr. Irving dinary sermon)—we are surprised urges, and most impressively urges, neither at his alleged popularity, nor when he sees occasion, the great at the class of persons who frequent truths of the Gospel, that he is not his chapel. That his discourses are too much under the guidance of the not adapted to the poor, is obvious : ignis fatuus of human intellect, and to the poor man they must be ab- that he does not walk too much by solutely in an unknown tongue. We this light; and we should deprecate
it as a serious evil, if the doctrines as they do, in their elevated places, of the Gospel of Christ were in any like the lights and beacons of a way to be rendered less prominent dreary world, like “ cities get on in his sermons, or be less likely to a hill, which cannot be hid," may, gain attention, on account of his both by their influence and exlove of ranging in the fields of mere ample, impart essential benefit to intellectual speculation. We will others. not adopt Mr. Irving's rather singu. To conclude: Mr. Irving, it must lar image, introduced by him on be admitted, is placed in a situation another occasion, and call intellect of great difficulty, both as it respects the night-mare of religion : but we friends and foes; assailed on the are not without apprehension, lest one hand by intemperate hostility, many of his fashionable hearers and caressed and flattered, on the should be caught rather by the other, beyond any example of motinsel decorations of the truth than dern times. We certainly hope to by the truth itself; should be de- see him stand his ground, unaffected lighted with the impressive elo- alike by malignant censure, or by quence of the preacher, rather than misjudging praise. Calumny will, instructed and really moved by his ere long, find some other object of doctrines : should revel in an intel- attack, and the tide of popularity, lectual banquet, while their under which at present sets in so strongly standings are, in reference to true toward Hatton Garden, will cease religion, as dark as before, their to flow, and a reflux may be exhearts unaffected, their consciences pected to commence. Our author at ease and asleep. We say not will then find his proper level, and this to discourage Mr. Irving, but in it will not be a low one. If he avail the way of friendly admonition. His himself of the benefit to be derived object, we are persuaded, is, not to from friendly criticism, and, retainplease the imagination, but to bring ing his zeal in enforcing the great home to the bosoins and consciences truths of religion, continue to put of men the things which belong forth his whole strength in the unto their peace; and this object, cause, unmoved by the frowns or we trust, he will keep steadily in the flattery of any human being, he view, as the one paramount end of will probably become, under the his ministerial labours. If it ever Divine blessing, an instrument of has happened, that “those who extensive good; and find, in the came to scoff remained to pray," it success of his Christian labours, a may likewise happen that persons reward, in comparison with which all who come in the first instance to be earthly honours and distinctions, gratified with the display of talent, the praise of eloquence, the repumay be made partakers of that tation of talent, and the caresses of wisdom about which they neither the great and the noble, are lighter cared nor thought ; and, standing, than dust in the balance.
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
or West-Indian Sketchings ;- The Star in PREPARING for publication :-Horæ Cra- the East, and other Poems, by Josiah venæ; or, the Craven Dialect exempli- Conder ;- The Young Naturalist, by Alicia fied ;-Suggestions on Christian Educa- Mant;-Life of Salvator Rosa, by Lady tion, by the late Amos Green.
Morgan. In the press :— The Koromantyn Slaves, .
Not less than thirty small weekly mis- various aëriform substances, namely, cellanies have been started within these nitrous oxide, carbonic acid, sulphurous few months, and some of them have ai- acid, sulphuretted hydrogen, and cyanotained a large extent of circulation. Not gen. The gases are caused to be evolved coming under the direct regulations of from substances containing them in sealed stamp duty, they are afforded at the low glass tubes, when the pressure of the price of two-pence, and some even at a evolved gas occasions its condensation penny, each. They shew the great demand into a fluid. The same thing, it is stated, for supplies of reading, arising from the has been effected by mechanically forcing wide extension of education. Many of the gases into a strong vessel immersed them, however, we fear, are not of a cha- in a frigorific mixture. racter to turn the faculty of reading to The length of streets now lighted with much profit; though some of them ap- gas in London extends over 215 miles; pear to be of a higher character.
the main pipes belonging to the four As we did not announce the commence- companies reaching to this distance; and ment of a periodical work entitled “ The from these branch off smaller pipes, conLiberal," a work devoted to the cause of veying the light to shops, private dwellobscenity, radicalism, and infidelity, we ings, &c., which may be calculated at a scarcely know whether it is worth while distance greater than the length of the to state that it is now defunct. Four mains. The quantity of coal used for numbers only have satiated or disgusted supplying gas amounts yearly to between the public; and it is pleasing to find that thirty and forty thousand chaldrons. not even the pen of Lord Byron has been able to gain a sale for a work of such dis
IRELAND. gracefully bad principles, and equally bad A circumstance scarcely credible has taste.
transpired before the Commissioners of Recent sales of valuable pictures in Government respecting Ireland, which London, would not seem to indicate in casts great light on the state of that unour countrymen either a want of money, happy country, and proves at least that or of taste for the fine arts. Garrick's education and literature are not among Pictures, lately sold, produced nearly the causes of its maladies ;-it is, that in 40001. The four “Election" pictures, by eleven counties there is not a single bookHogarth, fetched 1,650 guineas.-Mr. W. seller's shop! Those who argue that eduTaylor's collection, lately sold, produced cation tends to excite a spirit of discon25,0001. The following are a few items: tent and insubordination among the poor, The Vision of St. Jerome, by Parmegiano, will find it somewhat difficult to apply 3050 guineas; Landscape, by Rubens, their theory to the actual state of 2603 guineas; two Landscapes, by Hob- Ireland. The friends of education, on bima, 1750 guineas; Cattle, by Paul Pot. the contrary, will feel themselves encouter, 1210 guineas; Mrs. Siddons, as the raged to renewed zeal and exertion in Tragic Muse, by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1750 diffusing this invaluable boon, from every guineas.-- The sale of the late Mr. Nolle- new proof either of the evils which result kins's Statuary produced such prices as from its absence, or of the blessings the following: A Bust of Sterne, by which, when rightly directed, it invariably Nollekins, 601.; four Terra-cottas, by confers. John of Boulogne, 531. ; Venus pouring The rotation in which the Irish PreAmbrosia, by Nollekins, 2311. ; an an- lates sit in Parliament is according to a tique Minerva, 1621.; Bust of Com- double cycle; the one consisting of the modus, 3361.; Mercury, 1471.
four Archbishops, and the other of the The Library of Bonaparte has lately eighteen Bishops. The cycle of the been sold by auction in London. Many Archbishops is completed in four sesof the books had marginal notes in the sions; that of the Bishops in six, there hand-writing of the owner. They did being three Bishops in rotation every not, however, rise to such high prices as session. The two cycles commenced tomight have been expected. Several let- gether the first session after the Union. ters, signed by Bonaparte, fetched sums At the end of twelve sessions they again not exceeding 1l. 16s. each. His walk- commence together, and will constantly ing-stick, formed of tortoise-shell, with a continue so to do at the end of twelve musical-head, sold for 381.
sessions. The following list, which comIt is stated that a gentleman of the pletes the whole of twelve sessions, may Royal Institution has exhibited, in a liquid be useful for reference: form, limpid and colourless like water, 1. Primate, Meath, Kildare, Derry.