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with the Trusts it is absolutely neces- a kind of Socialism, and dog does not sary that commercial confidence should eat dog. The Whig spirit of Mr. Taft not be destroyed. Commerce is sensi- has as good a chance as any influence tive and timid. It is easily paralyzed, we can conceive to carry on the Rooseor else it flees the country. It will be veltian crusade of public honesty, while a problem in tact for the Republican avoiding the incidental dangers which Party, with Mr. Taft at its head, to would end in reverses. The elections combine an unremitting onslaught on clearly show that it is the wish of corruption with the power to reassure Americans seriously to give this manthe innocent. Revolutionary methods date to Mr. Taft, and every Englishand ideas would be useless, and worse

will heartily wish him "Godthan useless. Trusts are themselves speed."

The Spectator.

man

BOOKS AND AUTHORS.

The cheering admonition, "Keep Up statistics brought down to date by one Your Courage," is the title of a little of the author's pupils and co-laborers, volume of selections in prose and Mary Roberts Coolidge. (Thomas Y. verse, edited by Mary Allette Ayer, Crowell & Co.) Nothing has occurred and published by the Lothrop, Lee & 'to affect the general principles or to Shepard Co. They are chosen from a change the conclusions in the work in wide variety of authors, well-known which Dr. Warner first formulated and little known, and it is a rational them fourteen years ago; but there has and well-grounded courage which they been a great increase of interest in the inculcate.

study of applied philanthropy and eco

nomics in that period, and students and Mr. Stewart Edward White's "The workers along these lines will find this Riverman" is one of his studies of un- new edition of Dr. Warner's work exrestrained human nature in situations tremely helpful and suggestive. so slightly influenced by convention that it is really free. The hero's field "A Woman's Way through Unknown of action is a river in one of the Lake Labrador," by Mrs. Leonidas HubStates, and his work combines the dan- bard, Jr., is a rare record of wifely gers of actually managing the spring devotion, for it is the story of the long journey of the logs and the more sub- hard days, and cold long nights, durtle perils of finance. The former part ing which she completed the journey in of the story is related with the ease Labrador, left unfinished by her hus. of thorough knowledge and excellent band Their joint work is recognized literary ability, and is the better; the by the geographical authorities of Eulatter, although less fluent, is consis. rope and America as the sole journey tent with the first, and the two make in this field. Mr. Hubbard's account is an admirable character study. The in the form of a diary; Mrs. Hubbard's McClure Co.

is the extended account written after

her return to civilization. A map of The late Amos G. Warner's “Ameri- Eastern Labrador shows the route of can Charities,” a pioneer work in its the brave pair, and their portraits and field, and still a standard authority, many pictures from photographs are has been revised and enlarged and its the illustrations. The McClure Co.

"The Carolyn Wells Year Book” has What song the sirens sang may be a memorandum space for each day a doubtful matter, but that which Miss somewhere between its covers, but Beatrice Grimshaw voices in "In the whether pages of those spaces shall al- Strange South Seas" so strongly sugternate with pages of fun, or shall be gests it, that it is best to appropriate separated by many pages of jokes is the wisdom of the great Ulysses and apparently decided by drawing lots or take a double turn of a good stout tossing up a cent, or some kindred rawhide rope about oue's ankle and method of literary selection. The Zo- the table-leg before one begins to read; diacal signs are quite new, but the otherwise one may be seen gayly cainterpretation thereof is not given ex- reering to the shore and embarking in cept in a frivolous way dishearten- a four-masted catboat, or anything else ing to a serious palmist; and the table that comes in sight. Yet it is not all of the metric system begins "Ten beauty which she finds in Tahiti, in mills make a million." The best thing Fiji, in Samoa or anywhere.

There is in the book is “The Defence of the leprosy: there are sharks, cockroaches Limerick” a succession of versions of and crabs: there are times when a "There was a young lady of Niger" woman sleeps with a revolver close to written by famous poets dead and liv- her fingers, but such things do not ing. Not one of them approaches the check Miss Grimshaw's eloquence and thrilling simplicity of the original, she ends as she begins. The call of and the limerick excelleth them all.' the East seems feeble compared to that Q. E. D. Henry Holt & Co.

of the South Seas as rendered in this

fascinating book. The illustrative phoThe chief result of Mr Hamlin Gar- tographs in the volume are less instrucland's "The Shadow World" will be to tive than the text, but some of them leave the subject precisely where he are excellent, and all confirin it. J. B. found it as far as the greater number Lippincott Co. of his readers is concerned, but nevertheless the experiments reported by the Mrs. Gertrude Atherton's "The Gorauthor are both valuable and interest- geous Isle" is mysterious in its title, ing, showing either that certain hu- but otherwise is far better than the man beings have wonderful powers not tales which she is accustomed to give yet analyzed or etined, or else that her readers. The

personages there are external, unclassified forces Byam Warner, a native poet, and Engcapable of influencing and even of di. lish visitors staying at Bath House, on recting human beings. Granting the Nevis Island, the "most ambitious former hypothesis, science is poor and structure ever erected in the West Inincomplete; granting the latter, it dies." The poet, not being able to seems necessary also to grant that the write without brandy, has taken the early Christian church was not so far stimulant in disastrous quantities, and wrong in regarding evil spirits as grim

has become a social outcast. His realities, and devising methods to de. friend, a certain Lord Hunsdon, perfend man against them, or even unto

suades the ladies of the island to atthis day maintaining the exorcist as tempt his reform and brings about bis one of the seven orders of the priest marriage with an athletic

young hood. Obviously if there be forces or Leauty born too soon in the early Vicbeings capable of subverting all natu- torian days. The young wife, having ral laws, it is at his peril that man worshipped his genius long before seemeddles with them. Harper & Bros. ing him, finds herself compelled to de.

are

never

cide between seeing him content with his readers to see that a new force is love-in-idleness, or giving him the poi- no tritle. A score of authors, hunson by which he may give full scope dreds of journalists, have babbled of to his best self, and she decides the aerial fighting. His “The War in the problem very promptly.

How sbe de- dir" show's New York after receiving cides it the last page of the story ex- the assault of the German air fleet, and plains. Doubleday, Page & Co. this is much; but he continues to show

the effect of the spectacle upon a Possibly if Sir W. H. Gilbert had world desirous of conquest, and then

written “Bab Ballads," Mr. inexorably demonstrates its further efThomas Ybarra would never have had fect upon individual greed; the inventhe courage to indite such verses as tion and employment of cheap individthose composing his "Davy Jones's nal flying machines, the collapse of civYarns and other Salted Songs," but in ilization, the extinction of manufacwriting them he has not imitated tures and arts, the reduction of man to either the English humorist or Mr. the condition of his ancestor, the caveGuy Wetmore Carryl, hitherto the dweller; the reduction of his luxuries American author most resembling him. and comforts to the things which he Sir W. H. Gilbert would hardly have can make with his own unaided, WWwritten a story of finding an Icecream- skilled fingers. The book is a genuine berg, and selling it to the Swiss Ad- Warning, but no one is going to heed it. miral, or the tale of the Mince Pirates Meanwhile it is a piece of excellent who escaped death from the deadly writing, and abounds in thrills. The Swiss battle buns by the special in- Macmillan ('o. tercession of Davy Jones because it was his birthday, for in each is an ele. Among the volumes of fiction inment of exaggeration purely American; cluded in the latest instalment of but he will certainly rejoice in them, Everyman's. Library (E. P. Dutton & and in the story of the Davy Jones's Co.) are George Eliot's "The Mill on the battle equipment of kittens, a kitten in Floss," for which Dr. Robertson Nicoll each pocket and a kitten in each hand, furnishes appreciative introducthirty-six lives besides his own. Mr. tion, partly biographical and partly Ybarra may look forward to very critical; Alexandre Dumas's "Marguergreat success in his chosen field; he is ite de Valois' or "La Reine Margot," not commonplace; he is not eccentric; one of the most dramatic and powerhe does not mistake coarse rudeness ful of the great novelist's books, which for fun; he writes fun as fastidiously depicts with a master's hand the tragic as he would indite a ballad to his mis- intrigues of the reign of Charles the tress' eyebrow. Henry Holt & Co. Ninth; Charlotte M. Yonge's striking

historical novel. "The Dove in the Mr. H. G. Wells is an admirable Eagle's Nest"; Thomas Love Peacock's brake on the fancy and the inaccuracy well-nigh forgotten "Headlong Hall" of English writing authors. When his and “Nightmare Abbey," with an Introcountrymen and Americans gayly write duction, longer than usual, by the late and sing of novel inventions, and half- Dr. Richard Garnett; John G. Edgar's fledged sciences, and picture them as thirteenth-century tale “Runnymede causing great disturbance, but, after and Lincoln Fair"; Anne Manning's all, leaving little change in their track. delightful “Maiden and Married Life he shows the same inventions and sci- of Mary Powell," and its sequel, “Debences in unchecked action, and compels orah's Diary," with their quaint and

an

intimate pictures of grim John Milton; Poe's “Tales of Mystery and Imagination,” with an introduction by Padraic Colum; Jules Verne's famous and bewildering tale “Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea"; and Florence Converse's romance of the England of Chaucer and Langland, “Long Will." Here is a variety which attests the broad scope of the Library.

them. He behaves according to bis kind and she according to hers, and their friends the guests at a country house play chorus. The company is remarkable; each one a twentieth cen. tury type and none profligate. It is good to find a British writer who can believe in the possibility of such a group, and very good to note that bis book is far more attractive than the scores which mimic the Lettered Elizabeth. E. P. Dutton & Co.

cessors.

S. MacNaughtan's “The Expensive Miss Du Cane" instantly challenges comparison with two other stories, Mr. F. J. Stimson's "In Cure of her Soul," and Miss Cecily Hamilton's “Diana of Dobson's," in which a poor girl, by lavish expenditure of money coming into her hands by chance, secures an opportunity to masquerade as a lily of the field, but it is much more agreeable than either of its prede

The American author found the substance of his story in real life, and it is said that Miss Hamilton was similarly fortunate; both of their hero. ines desired to shine in society to which they had no naturat right to be admitted, and curiosity was the warmest sentiment which either of them could evoke. Miss Du Cane, apparently condemned by her widowed mother's foolish second marriage and chronic bad health to a life of obscure drudgery, contrives, by the help of an influential friend, to secure an annual respite of three months, during which she is a much desired and extremely well-dressed visitor at the houses of her friends, and spends every penny of her personal income. She is an alto. gether charming girl; gentle, unselfish, courteous, charitable, with a voice as beautiful as her face, and naturally Geoffrey Arkwright, who after some years of hard work has succeeded to a fortune large enough to support a bachelor, is much chagrined when he discovers that she is not the wealthy young person indicated by her dress and by her habits as far as he knows

If Mr. Lauchlan Maclean Watt's “Attic and Elizabethan Tragedy" were shorn of its long translated and quoted passages its bulk would be greatly di. minished and it might be more effective with those fully qualified to judge of its subject matter, but the presence of these passages opens the book to all readers of English, so ample are they and so well interpreted. The volume is about equally divided between its two topics, the two developments of the drama being conceived by the author to originate in similar circumstances, among races for the time at least resembling one another in passions, feelings and hopes and in the high subjects towards which their thoughts were turned. The tragedies of the Atreidæ, the Labdaci and of the Heracleidæ are taken in groups, and the few on miscellaneous topics are set in separate chapters. Shakespeare occupies nearly all the space allotted to the Elizabethans although Mr. Watt renders due homage to the pathetic shade of Marlowe, dead ere his prime, and sketches both Peele and Greene with feeling and taste. Summary the book has none, nor can it be thought to need any, for its subjects are sufficiently linked by the introduction, and the cursory verification of the principles therein enunciated is ample. Mr. Watt's translations or paraphrases, as he truly calls them, are great improvements

many accepted versions, E. P. Dutton & Co.

on

BBVENTE SERIES
VOLUME XLI.

No. 3361 December 5, 1908.

FROM BEGINNING
Vol. CCLIX.

IV.

CONTENTS
1. The Problem of the Near East. By Calchas

FORTNIGHTLY REVIEW 579
Of a Spinning Wheel and a Rifle. By J. H. Yoxall, M. P. .

CORNHILL MAGAZINE 591 III, Sally: A Study. Chapter VIII. By Hugh Clifford, C. M. G. (To be continued.)

BLACKWOOD'S MAGAZINE 599 From a Poor Man's House. Chapters III and IV. By Stephen Reynolds. (To be concluded.)

ALBANY REVIEW 603 The Waning of the Punster. By Sir Francis Burnand .

PALL MALL MAGAZINE 608 VI. Marietta's Miracle : A Footnote to History. By Harrison Rhodes

CORNHILL MAGAZINE 616 VII. Future Prospect of Japanese Christianity. By Sakunoshin Motoda

INTERNATIONAL 623 VIII. National Character in Art. By Laurence Binyon

SATURDAY REVIEW 627 X. Heart of Fire.

NATION 629 X. A Hubbub of Words.

SPECTATOR 632

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A PAGE OF VERSE

XI. Compensations. By Dorothy Nevile Lees
XII. A Ballade.
XIII. The Good Moment. By Gerald Gould

BOOKS AND AUTHORS

PALL MALL MAGAZINE 578

ACADEMY 578 FORTNIGHTLY REVIEW 578

635

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