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should be able to exhibit every feature of sured they shall be, at his coming; and truth, and press you with the difficulties that, in both these respects, it conwhich must result from maintaining the tradicts the Old Testament. Those authority of the Mosaic dispensation only

passages which Christians adduce by principles which are every one of them applicable in the fullest extent to a system

as proofs that Messiah must have which you believe to be false.” Letter,

come, the author endeavours to expp. 37, 38.

plain away--but certainly without

success. He further reasons, from A Jew, of the name of Mayers, Deut. xiii., that the Jews were justihas written a "Reply to this Letter. fied in putting Christ to death; and

The greater part of it is occupied intimates with sufficient plainness, with proofs of the Divine authority that he considers our Lord to have and mission of Moses, which are been personally foretold in that proneither so strong nor so well ar- phetic admonition. On these, and ranged as those quoted by Mr. Hac other points, he is met by Mr. Hamilton from David Levi. He ob- milton, in his brief Reply; and so far jects to the Resurrection being com- as relates to verbal criticism, the pared in point of evidence with the Rabbi's claims to be considered as Exodus; because the latter was a a superior Hebrew scholar, are not public, transaction, while the eye. exhibited in a very favourable light : witnesses of the former were but indeed, if his translator has done few; but he does not take any no- him justice, (for his tract was writtice of his opponent's having antici- ten in Hebrew), he has committed pated and answered this objection. some mistakes that go very far to (pp. 22–24.) He would invalidate set aside his authority as a critic. the testimony of the Gospel bisto- The points at issue between these ries, on the ground that they were writers are two: whether the Prowritten long after the events which phets have foretold a single or a they relate ; that they were not twofold advent of the Messiah; and written on the spot; that they were whether the obligations of the Monever sufficiently promulgated; and saic Law are to cease or to continue that they were written in Greek: but, under his dispensation. On the first had he examined the leading ele. subject we have, in Mr. Hamilton's mentary treatises on the evidences “Observations," an enumeration of of Christianity, he would have found those passages which so strongly that these objections have been predict the humiliation of Messiah, satisfactorily refuted. This Letter, that the Jews, in order to reconcile without noticing the peculiar argu- them with passages of an opposite ment of that to which it is a reply, character, equally applicable to him, feebly re-produces old and oft-refut- have invented the fable of two Mesed objections to the Gospel History, siahs—the one suffering, the other and leaves untouched Mr. Hamil- triumphant. This fable is rejected ; ton's chief question, “ Why do you and it is argued, that as these pasreceive the Toldoth, and reject Ta- sages cannot relate to the same citus?"

person at the same time, and in the We pass on to a much more able same sense, they must relate to the adversary of the Christian faith-the same person at two different times, author of “ The Light of Israel.". and in different senses. The same This tract attacks and condemns inference is drawn from the distincour religion chiefly on the ground tion between the kingdom of the that it abolishes the Mosaic Law, Stone (Dan. ii.) and the kingdom and maintains that the advent of of the Son of Man (chap. vii.) This Messiah has taken place, although is a very decisive argument ; and it those predictions of peace and tri- is forcibly exhibited in Talib's Anumph which the Scriptures contain swer to David Levi, published by have not been fulfilled, as we are as- the Jews' Society in its infancy. We CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 259.

30

are sorry to perceive that a late specimen of the temper in which it writer on the second advent, has, ought to be conducted. Those dicontrary to all approved expositors, vines who attend to its progress made the kingdom of the Stone, will find that it involves almost all the commencement of Messiah's the topics on which the orthodox kingdom of Glory, and thereby at church maintains a warfare with the tempted to deprive us of this argu- enemies of the Christian faith. When ment: nay he has interpreted the we argue with a Jew, we argue with Desire of all nations as signifying a Deist, so far as the inspiration of those saints which shall accompany the New Testament is concerned; our Lord at his second appearance. we encounter also the erroneous It is the duty of all who value sober principles of Arians, Unitarians, and expositions of Prophecy, and who Socinians, as respects the essential feel how much they conduce to sup- Divinity of the Son of God; and we port our most holy faith, to protest uphold the authority of the written most solemnly against such novel word, in opposition to tradition, as and unsupported interpretations. much with the Rabbinical Jews, as

But to return; the negative of with the members of the Church of the second point-the perpetuity of Rome. The right conduct of this the Mosaic law-is maintained on controversy will require that the this ground, that “ the circumstances evidences of Christianity, and the under which the rites of the Old character and fulfilment of the Procovenant are introduced into the phetic writings should be more than New (Jer. xxxi.) are sufficient proof ever attentively investigated; while that the latter differs from the for- such a discussion must necessarily mer in those very things that were contribute to increase the number essential to its continuance." The of Hebrew scholars. For such renew covenant was to have a different sults as these the friends of the High Priest (Ps. cx. 4.); different Jews' Society, who have been the sacrifices (Ps. xl.); different in- champions in this warfare, certainly cense (Mal. i. 11.); different Levites have a claim on the respect and gra(Is. lxvi. 1921.); a different altar titude of the Christian public. And

Js. xix. 19, 20.); and different we may add, as concerns the operafeasts (Zach. xiv.) The argument tions of that Society, that we are drawn for the application of the glad to find its advocates guarding words for ever, to the Law, is set against anymistake or misrepresentaaside by reference to Ex. xix. 9; tion respecting its objects; explicitly 1 Sam.i. 22, xxvii.12; 1 Kings xii. 7. declaring that they have no view to Our author might here, perhaps, the restoration of the Jews to Pahave occupied higher ground; for so lestine; and that they look only to far from the ceremonial part of the the instruction of individuals. In Jewish law being perpetual and un- endeavouring " to save some," they alterable, very early changes were certainly cannot be deemed to conintroduced into it. Lev. xvii. 1-7, is travene the awful purposes of the virtually repealed by Deut. xii. 15, Almighty, by which he has cast off 20_22: the usury laws also were the nation, as a nation ; for even gradually modified ; compare Ex. He, who with tears pronounced of xxii. 25, Lev. xxv. 35-37, and Jerusalem that “the things belongDeut. xii. 19, 20. The law of resti- ing to her peace were hid from her tution, Ex. xxii. I, was changed be- eyes," commanded that the Gospel fore the time of Solomon, Prov.vi.31. should first be preached in that very

We cannot close this article withe city. Disappointments and hin, out expressing our hopes that this drances must be expected in all renewal of the Jewish controversy missionary exertions, but the effort may be attended with good, espe- must, ultimately succeed; for its cially as we have before us so fair a advocates may say, with the Jewish Psalmist, “ The Lord of hosts is be; “ Awake, awake, put on thy with us.” Jerusalem, now sitting strength, O Zion : put on thy beaua solitary captive, the scorn of her tiful garments, O Jerusalem : loose foes, shall one day, whether literally thyself from the bonds of thy is of quite secondary importance, neck, 0 captive daughter of Zion;" occupy a high eminence in the uni- “ Arise, shine, for thy light is come, versal church of Christ ; for the and the glory of the Lord is risen language of Jehovah, her God, shall upon thee.”

LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,

&c. &c.

GREAT BRITAIN.

Lord Grenville, Lord Morpeth, Sir T. PREPARING for publication :-A Transla- Acland, Bart., Sir A. Johnstone, Mr. tion of Humboldt's Geognostical Essay Chantrey, Mr. Combe, the, Rev. G. on the Super-position of the Rocks in Croly, Mr. Cumming, Mr. Empson, both Hemispheres ;-Brown's Vulgar Er- the Rev. Dr. Gray, Mr. P. Hoare, Mr. rors, with additions and corrections by Jerdan, Archdeacon Prosser, the Rev. the Editor.

Dr. Richards, and the Rev. C. Sumner. In the press :-Observations in Switzer- The Rev. H. Baber is the librarian, and land, &c.; by R. Bakewell ;--Tour in the Rev. R. Cattermole the secretary. France, by F. J. Carey ;Journal of Ten The objects of the institution have been Months' Residence in New Zealand; by already stated in our pages. . Capt. Cruise.

Mr. Platt, A.M., Fellow of Trinity col

lege, Cambridge, has just published a CaCambridge.-Sir Wm. Browne's gold talogue of the Ethiopic Biblical Manumedals were adjudged as follows:-Greek scripts, in the royal library of Paris, and Ode_“In Obitum Viri admodum Reve the library of the British and Foreign Bible rendi Doctissimique Thomas Fanshawe Society, with some account of those in the Middleton, Episcopi Calcuttensis"-To Vatican library, and remarks and extracts. W. M. Praed, Trin, Coll. Greek Epi. The greater part of those in the Bible gram: Edy is piagualis, con molunans. Society's library were recently published Latin Epigram ; *Os Devyei Tahir Maxnoltai: in Paris from a private source. They To J. Wilder, Fellow of King's Coll. consist of the Pentateuch, and three folLatinode: No prize adjudged.—The Mem- lowing books; the Psalter, with the Song bers' prizes were adjudged as follows: Se- of Solomon; the Gospels of St. Matthew NIOR BACHELORS..“Quænam sunt Eccle- and St. Luke; three copies of the Gospel size Legibus Stabilite beneficia, et quâ of St. John ; the Apocalypse ; Scripture ratione maximè promovenda ?" Alfred hymns currently appended to the Psalter ; Ollivant, B.A. Trinity College. No se- a fragment in Amharic; the hymns of cond prize adjudged. --MIDDLE BACHE- Jared; the entire Scriptures in Amharic, LORS. « Qui Fructus Historiæ Ecclesias- translated by Abu Rumi, under the ticæ Studiosis percipiendi sunt?” C. E. superintendence of M. Asselin; the GoKennaway, B.A., St. John's college ; G. spels of St. Mark and St. John in Tigré, in Long, B.A., Trinity college.--The Porson Roman characters; and the Gospel of St. prize to B.H.Kennedy,of St. John's college. Mark, in Amharic, in Roman characters.

The Rev. P. P. Dobree is elected Re- Mr. Platt's object in visiting the royal gius Greek Professor, in the room of Dr. library at Paris was to make investigations Monk resigned.

with a view to the adoption of the best The first general meeting of the Royal text of the Gospels in Ethiopic, an edition Society of Literature was held at the of wbich the Bible Society is about to apartments of the “Literary Fund So publish, together with the same portion ciety" on the 17th of June. The pro. of the Scriptures in the Amharic, or verceedings were opened by an appropriate nacular dialect, from their invaluable mainaugural address by the Bishop of St. nuscript. Mr. Platt has appended to his David's, who is chosen president. The work some specimens of versions of the council are, the Marquis of Lansdowne, New Testament, into the modern lan

guages of Abyssinia, and a grammatical has ordered the sale, by weight, of all the analysis of a chapter in the Amharic. fine libraries in Constantinople. The types and fac-similes are beautifully

UNITED STATES. executed, and the work is of considerable A suit has been just decided in the interest to Ethiopic and other Oriental Supreme Court of the United States, by scholarsa

which lands in Vermont have been reThe late Act“ to prevent the cruel and covered, to the amount, it is caleulated, improper treatment of horses, oxen, sheep, of 20,0001., to be devoted to religious and and other cattle," enacts, that upon a charitable purposes. These lands had been complaint being made before a magistrate formerly granted to the London Society upon oath, he shall issue a summons for for the Propagation of the Gospel, which the offender, and, the offence being proved, being a foreign corporation, it was urged shall adjudge a fine not exceeding five that they were lost at the Revolution. pounds, nor less than ten shillings; or, in The recovery of this property, it is stated, default of payment, commit the offender · will probably lead to the formation of the to prison for a period not exceeding three Protestant Episcopal Churches, in the months. The complaint must be made State of Vermont, into a separate diocese. within ten days from the offence. The Among the presentments by a late wording of the Act unhappily does not Charleston Grand Jury is steted to have apply to tock-fighting and several other been the following:-“We present, as a brutal sports; but it seems clearly to take, grievance, the number of schools which in bull-baiting,

are kept within the city by Persons of We learn, that in the Royal Marine Colour, and believe that a City Ordinance, corps at Plymouth, the tread-mill has prohibiting, under severe penalties, such superseded the lash. Except in extreme persons from being public instructors, cases, the invariable practice of the presi- would meet with general approbation !"dents of courts-martial is to send the pri. Of the injustice and inhumanity of such soner from one to four months to the tread a presentment, we say nothing, but we mill in the county bridewell, instead of to extract it as explanatory of the so-often the halberts; and the effect has been found alleged fact of the want of intellectual to be very salutary. Most cordially do we capacity in the Black and Coloured races. rejoice in every judicious effort made to Is it wonderful that stripes and abject debanish the disgraceful use of the scourge gradation and incessant toil impede inin oar army and navy.

tellectual development in a slave; or that HOLLAND.

even free Persons of Colour should be kept The town of Haerlem has just cele- from their due expansion of mind, when brated the fourth centenary festival in subjected to a cruel policy which would commemoration of the invention of print- inflict “severe penalties” for the exercise ing, which the Dutch lay claim to in be- of every species of mental effort beyond half of Coster, the early printer of Haer- what is absolutely necessary to form a lem. The wooden engraved plates used drudge for a White employer? in printing “ The Mirror of our Salvation,”

INDIA. are still preserved in that city, in a silver The East-India Company has liberally coffer, under the vigilant care of the Ma- determined that the period during which gistrates.

the Bishops of Calcutta, and the ArchRUSSIA.

deacons in his diocese, shall be required to Russia continues rapidly to advance in fill their office, in order to qualify them for a taste for literature. No less than three a retiring pension, shall be reduced from new journals have appeared at St. Peters- fifteen years to ten : that the period of burgh since the 1st of January last; de- the service of a Chaplain, nominated to an voted to history,political economy,voyages, Archdeaconry, shall count in the proportravels, bibliography,the sciences, fine arts, tion of five years to three up to five of the and general literature.

ten; and that in future the Bishop shall At Novoi Oskole, one of the most an- be provided with a suitable residence, and cient and obscure towns of the Ukraine, his visitation expenses be paid. there is said to be a very respectable li. , CHINA. brary of Russian publications, which all. On occasion of the late conflagration at the inhabitants may read, at very mode- Canton, a public proclamation was issued, rate prices. A school-house has been an- in which foreigners are addressed in the nexed to it.

following singular terms :TURKEY.

“ You, gentlemen, merchants, poor na· The Turkish government, it is said, tives, and foreigners, who have suffered

this Heaven-sent calamity, are not the from Heaven above. Repent of your sins; only persons whose hearts are grieved examine yourselves, and always preserve and wounded; I, the Foeyuen, since my impressed on your minds the words, 'heaears heard it, and my eyes saw it, have venly principles, good heart;' and really not for a moment ceased to feel bodily acting according to these, you will not be pain, and mental anguish, on account of ashamed before the discerning gods, and it. But the proverb says, Of every drink no doubt the high Heaven will silently and every filled cup, there are none that assist you; and how do you know but that are not previously fixed by fate. This the residue left by the fiery flames shall judgment of fire was no doubt occasioned re-arise in piles of gold, and heaps of gems, by the influence of the destiny of the Pearl and riches and honours ?” river, which runs past the city and suburbs. The remainder of the proclamation But I desire that you all, gentlemen, mer. warns persons not to encroach on their chants, poor natives, and foreigners, will neighbour's land in re-building their haevery one quietly submit to a righteous bitations; and directs that food and nedestiny. Do not sorrrow, grieve, lament, cessaries should be issued for the native and sigh: you must not repine at Heaven, sufferers, and a place “ to roost or rest in" nor criminate man, and so in vain add to for the foreigners “who have in barks your trouble and vexation ; but it is in- passed over seas several myriad miles in cumbent on you to receive the warning width to conse to the celestial empire.”

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THEOLOGY.

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