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To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. I should also be glad to know if any SIR,

account has been published of the natuI

gazine for November last in time to any, in what work it may be niet with. make an earlier reply to the request of a

Deby, Your's, &c. B.A. correspondent, relative to a preparation December 25, 1806. of the vitriolic acid, for cleanmg tanned leather.

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. The receipt was intended for a prepa- SIR, ration of the vitriolic acid only. The R. Walker, in the Principles of Promuistake arose from purting down the uunciation prebaci w huis Dictir nitrous, instead of the vitriolic acid: the wory, says that the regular sound of the receipt ought to have run timp :

dipisthing eu is that wi te; and gine's the Take holt'a pint of water, a quarter of folioung in a calidatie of words in which a pint of vitriolic acid, &c.

that sound is beid:-stil, tea, mead, The specific gravity of the acid should pleaci, lespeak, iscak, appeal, local, team, be 1,850.

cream, chiall, dean, cierp, real', dicit, I beg leare also to repeat, that it will tear, pease, lase, beat, kuat, sleazy, be more sale on all racajons to go over uura y. the leather first nith soft water, ninch In the words which compose that cabaving in soine measure saturateit it, talogue, I have ever considered the dipirprevents any corroding effects whichother- thung tu as a strictly proper diphtung; Wise might be experienced from too tie- wilici (ccording to Mr. Smith's detine quently repeating this powerful men- tion, quoted by Mr. W.), “[Wu simple am, &c.

vocal sounds uiteraad by one and the supe Hinckley,

J. W. emission o), breat, and joined in such a December 2, 1806.

manner, that each loses a portion of its

natural lengil: but fiom the junction To the Editor of the Monthly Maguzine. producetla a compoun. souvd, equal in the SIR,

tunc of pronouncing to either of it ra HAVE somewhere, in the course of taken separately, and so making still

my reading, learned tbat the sun- but one syilable:” and with all deti. flower, by a proper process, is capable of rence to such bigo authority as Mr. producing an oil equally excelent as Walker, and the late Mr. Gairich (si bo that which is brought from Florence, and cou d not find any difference in ibe used bcre for sallads, &c.; that the dreys sounds of flea and her, meat and weet, or husks which then remain are superior though we in Yorkshire cun), I am to many other articles for lattening pigs nevertheless of opinion, that ea is a pro and poultry; and that thiç flower, when per dipl.thong, according to the pregrowing, possesses in a great deyrce the ceding very accurate definition; and properties of purifying fuul air,

oughi, in every word of the catalogue beThe air of my neighbourhood not being fore mentioned, to retain the sound, which salubrious, I have succeeded in recom- to me, appears to be so essentially its meuding its growth to my neiglibours. Qwn; aur wbich, I think, will be found, Those which I have ever since annually on comparison, equally agreeable to the raised in my own garden, I have found to car as its substitute ee; and besides, it produce seed which by my fowis has al- tends to keep up a just distinction beways been preferred to their ordinary food; tween words of different meanings. but the experiment of extracting the o.ll

Your's, &c. have never made, though not from a dis

KXARESBURGENSIS. Lelief of its possiblity.

J. M. Fundad. To tke Editor of the Monthly Magazinc, To the Editor of the Monthly Hıgazine. Milvan once in your Miscelitoy of

been SIR, Fairy of your readers could give me sone late legislative measure respectu

iutormation on the origin of ihe cus- inhumanity to animals, I shall be ubliged ton of placing sprigs of holly and ivy in to any one who will inform me u baitut our churches, and the windous of our measure is; for I know lut of uns duo dwelling bensis, it: Christmas, I should be tuin, or even notice ot' a mano, un that greatly wbilgid ! v their communicating it sulyject in either Louse of Parliament throulb ile adiun of your valuable ruing last session. Certainly the r muy Misceluiy

buve been such gotice, tuul way not hare

I am, &c.

SIR,

I

seen it in the papers. It appears to me informed, that the indefatigable Dr. that, although there inay be some objec- Olbers, at Breinen, has, on the 29th of tions raised against an interference in March last, main discovered another matters which may be called quite of a new planet, to which he has given private nature, and which sertaps it may the name of Vrsa. I huve subhe thought that the pulpit rather than the joined the obseivations hitherto made legisiai ure should correct, still where of this plantt; tirst by Dr. Olbers himthere is already a legislative in:erference, selt, at Bremen; and those m de afteras is the case with post horses, &c. &c. waris by the astronomer royal, Professor the same objections cannot be brought Bole, at the Royal Observatory, at Berkurward. It generaliy would be a fair ob- Im. iect of such mterference were there a Mr. Bo le tells me, that this planet law. passed to restrict the number of was first discovered in the north wing of mies wbichi a post-horse shuulil go in one Virgo; that it belonged to that group of day. Might not the blasters of post- planets, which revolve round t're Sun, borses be liable to lose their licence to between Mars and Jupiter; that its size let horses for inisconduct in like manner appeared to be that of a star of the sixth as keepers of public houses are?

magnitude, and might be seen with the Quere. When and by whom was the naked eye; that its present place was annual sermon on Humanity to Anunu's, between 8, , and o, me; that its prescut which is preached at Southampton, instie motion was still retrovrade; but that it luteu? Your's, &c.

Soon would become stationary, and after An occasional CORRESPONDENT. that it would go on forward in its course,

or orbit.

Your's, &c. To the Editor of the alonthly Magazine.

A. F. TUOELDEX.

St. Alban's-street, Pall-Mull,
Y
JOUR astronomical readers will no May 18, 1807.

doubt be highly gratified by being

SIR,

Obsei putions on the nea Planet, by Dr. Olbers a! Bremen.

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PULCI.

For the Monthly Magazine. quietly restored to her father, and that REMARKS on the MORGANTE MAGGIORE Morgante and Margutte, after expeof' LUIGI

riencing all the buspitality that they had W TITIOL'I pursuing our self-created imagined to themselves, are again on

kunghts and their fair companion their way in search of Orlando. In the through all the particulars of their pile course of this journey, the latter of these Itunaye, (wiuch however is not void of boon companions comes to an end not very lassement) we will suppose the lady bervical though well suited to his former life ; for he actually bursts himself with the grief and despair of the unhappy laughing at a trick which Morgante bad Gerard who beholds him for the first put upon him.

time then already dying of his wound, Qur traveller, now left alone, soon after contain a great number of beautiful cirarrived before the walls of Babylon; cumstances for which I would have found where he met Oriando, to the great de- a place if I had not thought myself to light of both, and where, by his personal have dwelt too long already on the minor strength and in a truly giant-like manner, parts of this poem, and did I not basten he made the Paladins masters of t place, to the grand catastrophe, in which the and set the crown on the head of his whole strength of the poet is shewni, and noble friend.

for which he begins to prepare us by This is the last action of the hero whose many bold and abrubt prophecies of appaine is given to the poem. The Pala- proaching evils. dins, tired of inglorious ease, were already

I therefore basten without ceremony on the seas in quest of new adventures, over the meeting of Anthea with Rinaldo, when a storm overtakes them ; and, to who has conducted her to Babylon, and lighten the ship, Morgante leaps over- placed her there upon her father's t'vone, board on the back of a dolphin. Borne and omitting entirely all mention of the by this strange conveyance, like Arion of many other adventures which the Palaold, he comes safe to shore; but, when dins encounter, and the wanderings of just landing, is bit in the heel by an Rinaldo and his brothers through Africa enorinous sca-crab, and shortly after (to and Egypt, proceed to the fatal war the inexpressible grief of the christian that was kindled throughout Paganin champions) dies of the inortification that against Charles and the Christian Enrensued. Orlando erects a monument for pire. him on the strand, enumerates all his The restless Anthea, whose love for virtues in an appropriate epitaph, and Rinaldo had wasted away by time and finally has his body embalmed and sent absence, but whose spirit of ambition back to Babylon to be interred.

and conquest encreased with her years, In the port at which they are now had long considered the Christians in arrived, the Paladins are attacked by no other light than as the murderers of a vast host of Pagans, the subjects of the her father, and her own hereditary cneEmperor of Massa. The rabble is soon inies. Marsilius, king of Spain, bad defeated; but a valiant youth who is formerly been obliged, much against Lis among them still keeps the field, un- will, to submit to the power of Charles, horses Richardetto and Oliver, but at and the irresistible valour of Orlando, Inst, presuming to encounter Rinaldo, but had always watched his opportunities is overtbrown by him and desperately for rebellion and revenge. These two wounded. The generous Paladins, who powerful sovereigns joined in a league admired liis youth and courage and pitied against France; and the Empress of his fall, took all possible care of, and at Babylop soon poured juto the devoted last succeeded in reviving, him; while country an army of 50,000 soldiers. Orlando discovers by the letters inarked This war, however tremendous in its on the punuinel of his sword that he is commencement, did not terminate su of the house of Clermont. On enquiry, fatally as the ('lıristians had began to the young man informs him that his name expect. Marsilius preferred waiting to is Aldinghieri; that his mother was the see the success of first impressions; and, fair Rosaspina, who brought him forth owing to his weakuess and timidity, the on the sea-coast, and educated hiin intrepid Anthen was overthrown. In among the Saracens; but that she had the dreadful battle to which Paris was, always told him that his father was on this occasion a witness, Charles liiniGerard of Rousillon, a bear relation to self was fighting on borseback with his the famous Paladins of France.

good sword Joyeuse, the Scine rah purple Aldinghieri from this time becomes with the blood of Pagans and Christians, one of the most interesting characters but the victory was owing to the invice in the romance. His first discovery to ble arm of Orlando, aided by the gallant his relations the Paladins, his introduc- and affectionate Baldwin, a baro (thung a tion at the court of Charles, to which son of Gano) tud always detested the they conduct him, his expedition to treachery of his father aud nitarted his Montauban to see his father the ve- seli to the fame and fortunes of thic hitst Derable Gerard, luis denth (overpowered of the Paladins. Authen nav gires Bus by numbers of the infainous Maganzescs) ear to the sulicitacions of Marsh to 1

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continue the war, bit humbly receives Gano unfolds his project, which is that the blessing of the Christian Emperor Orlando shall be invited to Roncesvalles, and returns with all her remaining forces (a spot commodious for the purpose, to Babylon, while Marsilius continues being among the Alps, and on the frontiers to delude the Christians by feigned nego- of the two kingdoms, there to receive tiations and waits for further oppor- from the hands of Marsilius the tribute tunities of vengeance.

which, after a former war, he had engaged His designs were furthered by the to pay, but had for many years neglected; blindness and obstinacy of the eniperor and that Charles himselt shall be requested himself, who had at this time not only to meet the Spanish prince, after this restored the traitor Gano to liis favour, ceremony is completed,' at the town of but, contrary to the advice and earnest St. Jean'au pied de Port, there to accept entreaties of all his court, sent him as his homage for the crown he wears, and his ambassador to the court of Saragossa to settle the remaining articles of the to negotiate the peace with Marsilius. peace on a firm and lasting basis. Under By this rash act he signed the destruction this fair exterior, Marsilius was secretly of Orlando and all his noblest Paladins. to ann all the forces of Pagania to second The traitor's first care was to contirm his design; and then, after dispatching Marsilius in his hatred to the Christian Orlando (which, they flattered themselves name, hy representing the demands of must be an easy task, engaged as he Charles as to the highest degree insulting would be annong the inountains), Charles and degrading The first article (as himself and all his court would be at the delivered by Gano) was a change of mercy of the Spanish monarch. religion, to which Marsilius answers by Scarcely was the plot announced, a very extraordinary fable: “ I was when a thunderbolt descending from once informed that in a wood near the clouds destroyed a laurel close by Saragossa there is a cavern, straight and Marsilius's scat; and, at the same instant, narrow at the entrance, but very spacious an apple was shaken from the Carob-tree in the midst, where six pilars are erected, and fell upon the head of our second each of which is guarded by a peculiar Judas ; but, not daunted with these spirit. These pillars are typical of the fearful omens, the treacherous king and sir Religions; that of gold is the principal count sealed and ratified by oaths their and the purest. The others are of silver, bloody bargain; and Gano, returning to brass, iron, tin, and lead. All souls, Paris, delivers the magnificent presents previous to entering on their corporeal of Marsilius, together with the treacherous habitations, must here make choice of proposals that they had invented, which their faith ; and, in making the important are, by the generous and unsuspecting choice, are beset by the guardian spirits emperor and his knights, accepted with who throng round them, each with a great joy and willingness. desire to make them embrace their own Malagigi alone, of all the court at particular pillar. The souls, yet simple Paris, suspects the sincerity of Gano's and ignorant, but having by nature a mission, and retires to Montauban, there freedom of action, are generally deter- to discover by his art the secrets that he mined by the force of these solicitations wished to know. A dæmon named in their choice; and, whichever of the Astaroth, is raised by his incantations; pillars they embrace is typical of the a dæmon wise, terrible, and fierce; not religion they are to follow through life. a familiar spirit, but one of a higher Happy are they who embrace the golden order, and black as his native hell. He pillar!" I do nut remember baving any for some time atlects disobedience and where met with this metaphysical chimera contempt; but, being at last brought to before; nor is it easy to discover the reason by the terrors of the magical ring, peculiar application which Marsilius, discovers to him that liis cousin Rinaldo or Puli, ineant to be derived from it. (iu whom alone Malagigi confided to

Ilowever that may be, the traitor avert the impending evils) is at that having secured Marsilius in the truu of moment viewing the pyramids of Egypt thought in which he wished him to in company with his three brothers. In reinnin, drew him aside the next tiine answer to his enquiry concerning the they luuuted together to a retired place, success of the proposed interview at where, close to a fountain, there grew a Roncesvalles, he tells him, that God Carob (the species of trec on which alone knows all things, and that no legendary tradition asserts that Judas creature, not even the son, is omniscients Iscariot hung himself). In this fit place but, that the air is full of spirits, and MONTHLY Mag. No. 157.

3L

that

ensue.

VEGETATION SUSPENDED.

that all kinds of signs, portents, or pro- for it. It appears now like a star of the
digies, are visible among the celestial sixth magnitude, according to the ac-
bodies, which incline bim to imagine count,
that something most tremendous will

R. A. 1790 12' 30
Part of this speech was sufficient

D. N. 120 57' 46' to alarm Malagiyi's Catholic faith, and It will consequently be seen in the his deinands on this subject are answered part of the evening most convenient for by the dæmon in a long train of theological observation ; and, advantageously from and metaphysical reasoning, the tendency its vicinity to the earth, and with a fine of which has inclined coinmentators to star to direct the eye to it. attribute this canto (as I before observed) to Ficinus, or some other philosopher of I have a fine plant, the double Saxithe aye, and a favourite with the great. frage (Suxifrugum granulatum) now in Astaroth, however, concludes by pro- great beauty. In May, 1804, it flowered mising to fly with a fellow-damon over

in my study. It withered after flowering, to Egypt, and bring Rinaldo and Richar- being exposed to too much heat. I let detto in three days to the fatal ground it remain pertectly dry, setting it aside of Roncesvalles. Ile then takes his in a shay part of the room. About leare, and darts rapidly away like a stone sixteen inonths after, I took it out of the from its sling, or the thunderbolt itself; would; and with difficulty found one or and the earth trembled with his motion. two of its small bulb-like tubers less than

Meanwhile, Orlando took his stand at half the size of the seed of a sweet pea; Roncesvalles, together with his dear which I replanted. It soon revegetated; friends, Oliver, and Count Anselmo, and powered weakly in 1806 ; and, very was soon after joined there by Berlinger strongly blossoms at present: it has lost (a Paladin who is marked through all nothing of its doubleness. The “ Latcat the Italian romances by the epithet of Scintillula forsan," should never be forgentle, il gentil Berlinghieri), by the gotten. It is of most extensive applicabrave and honourable Astolpho, by San- tion to vegetable and animal life, to sonetto, a youth of Damascus who had political and moral reform. become a Christian out of love and ad

ATMOSPHERIC VARIATIONS. miration of Orlando, and by the faithful These have rarely been so great, from and affectionate Baldwin, who had been cold and wet, to heat and dryness (most decorated by his father with a vest of intense heat for the season,) and again king Marsilius, which (unknown to him- back to cold and wet. self) was a mark agreed upon between From a succession of snow, and of that monarch and Cano to protect himn chill days, the mediurn of the first three through the ensuing massacre from the days of May, was 701; the thunderfury of the soldiers. The innumerable storm, Saturday the 2d, would have becu host of Pagans was by this time fast ap- no common one even in July. And now proaching, and Blanchardin the principal we are down again to the ordinary temgeneral of Sarayossa sent before with peratute of March. CAPEL LOFFT. presents to keep up the delusion of the

Troston, May 6, 1807. Christians, and make sure of Orlando's awaiting the issue.-- To be continued.) For the Monthly Magozine.

LYCEUM OF ANCIENT LITERA. For the Monthly Asagazine.

TURE.No. VI.

VIRGIL. A sublime bindes an objects or peneris

N attention, by his annual publications, Life and Poems of Virgil, the writer has favoured me with the position, within is perfectly aware that he is treading on these few days, of the Olbers planet; very common ground; and he ulinost and by which, as it is so bigh in the despairs of presenting either novelty or system, (between Mars and Jupiter) and, interest to the reader. Virgil is an 4° consequently has little absolute motion, thor very early placed in the student's it may be found for some weeks to come. hands, and is more known, and beliet Its present situation in a clear part of understood, than any other writer of a the beavens, between the head of Vir- tiquity. There are few, indeed, wboxe go and the tail of the Lion, is uncom- classical studies have not enabled them ionly favourable; thore being few stars to comprehend the lnggunge of this Port, in that region that could be mistaken more particularly in his neid. The

ASTRONOMY.

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