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income, he refused to accept it ; in literature fo much as the display left its business should too much of a keen discrimination of human detach him from the pursuit of his character, a just apprehenfion of the favourite ftudies. His patrimonial principles of moral action, and that eltate was small; not affording a re- vigorous common sense which is the venue of more than 300l. a year; yet, most happily applicable to the ordihe would not raise the rents, would nary conduct of life. Monboddo denever dismiss a poor tenant for the lighted in the refinements, the subfake of any augmentation of emolu- tleties, the abstractions, the affectament offered by a richer ftranger; tions of literature; and, in compariand, indeed, shewed no particular so- fon with these, despised the grossness licitude to accomplish any improve- of modern taste and of common affairs. ment upon his lands, save that of Johofon thought learning and science having the number of persons who to be little valuable, except fo far as should reside upon them as tenants, they could be made subservient to the and be there fustained by their pro- purposes of living usefully and hapduce, to be, if pofsible, superior to the pily with the world, upon his owa population of any equal portion of terms. Monboddo's favourite science the lands of his neighbours.

taught him to look down with conThe vacation of the Court of Sef. tempt upon all sublunary, and espe. fion afforded bim fufficient leisure to cially upon all modern things ; and retire every year, in spring and in to fit life to literature and philosophy, autumn, to the country; and he used not literature and philosophy to life. then to dress in a style of fimplicity, James Boswell, therefore, in carrying as if he had been only a plain farmer; Johnson to visit Monboddo, probably and to live among the people upon thought of pitting them one against his eftate, with all the kind familia. another, as two game cocks, and prority and attention of an aged father mised himself much sport from the among his grown up children. Altho' colloquial contest which he expected the estate, from the old leases, did not to ensue between thein. But Monafford an income of more than three boddo was too hospitable and courteor four hundred pounds a year, he ous to enter into keen contention could never raise the rents upon his with a stranger in his own house. old tenants, nor displace an oid ten. There was much talk between them, ant, to make room for a new one who but no angry controversy, no exasoffered a higher rent. In imitation of peration of that dislike for each other's fome of the rural economy of some of well-known peculiarities with which the ancients, whom he chiefly ad- they had met. Johnson, it is true, mired, he accounted population the still continued to think Lord Montrue wealth of an estate, and was de boddo what he called a prig in literafirous of no improvement fo much as of increasing the dumber of souls Lord Monboddo used frequently to upon his lands, so as to make greater, visit London, to which he was allured in proportion to the extent, than that by the opportunity that great meof those upon the estate of any neigh- tropolis affords of enjoying the con. bouring landholder. It was there he versation of a vast number of men of had the pleasure of receiving Dr. profound erudition. A journey to the Samuel Johnson, with his friend James capital became a favourite amusement Boswell, at the time when these two of his periods of vacation from the Gentlemen were upon their well. business of the Court to which he beknown Tour through the Highlands longed; and, for a time, he made this of Scotland. Johnson admired nothing journey once a year. A carriage, a



vehicle that was not in common use be deeply broken in upon by those among the ancients, le considered as passions which consume ihe principles an engine of effeminacy and sloth, of life. In the country he has always which it was disgraceful for a man to used much the exercises of walking make use of in travelling. To be in the open air, and of riding. The dragged at the tail of a horse, instead cold bath was a means of preserving of mounting upon his back, seemed, the health, to which he had recourie in his eyes, to be a truly ludicrous in all seasons, amid every severity of degradation of the genuine dignity of the weather, under every inconhuman nature. In all his journies, venience of indisposition or bufiness, therefore, between Edinburgh and with a perseverance invincible. He London, he was wont to ride on has been accustomed, alike in winter horseback, with a fingle servant at. and in summer, to rise at a very early tending him. He continued this prac- hour in the morning, and, without tice, without finding it too fatiguing loss of time, to betake himself to for his strength, till he was upwards study or wholesome exercise. It is of eighty years of age. Within these said, that he has even found the use few years, on his return from a laft of what he called the air bath, or the visit, which he made on purpose to practiceofoccasionally walking about, take leave, before his death, of all his for some minutes, naked, in a room old friends in London, he became ex- filled with fresh and cool air, to be ceedingly ill upon the road, and was highly falutary. unable to proceed ; and had he not His eldest daughter became, many been overtaken by a Scotch friend, years fince, the wife of Kirkpatrick who prevailed upon him to travel the Williamson, Esq. a Gentleman who remainder of the way in a carriage, holds a respectable office in the Court he might, perhaps, have actually of Session, and is universally beloved perised by the way fide, or breathed and esteemed. His second daughter, his last in some dirty inn. Since that in personal loveliness one of the finest time, he has not again attempted an women of the age, was beheld in every equestrian journey to London. public place with general admiration,

In London, his visits were exceeds and was sought in marriage by many ingly acceptable to all his friends, suitors. Hér mind was endowed with whether of the literary or fashionable all her father's benevolence of temper, world. He delighted to thew himself aod with all his taste for elegant liat Court; and the King is said to terature, without any portion of his have taken a pleasure in conversing whim and caprice. It was her chief with the old man with a distinguish. delight to be the nurse and the coming notice that could not but be very panion of his declining age. flattering to him. He used to mingle, It is the who is elegantly praised with great fatisfaction, with the learn. in one of the papers of the Mirror, ed and the ingenious, at the house of as rejecting the most flattering and Mrs Montague. However, after the advantageous opportunities of settledeath of his friend, Mr Harris, he ment in marriage, that she might found a very sensible diminution of amuse a father's loneliness, nurse the the pleasure he had been wont to fickly infirmity of his age and cheer enjoy in the society of London. him with all the tender cares of filial

A conftitution of body, naturally affection and self-denial. Her preframed to wear well and lait long, fence contributed to draw around him, was strengthened to Lord Monboddo in his house, and at his table, all that by exercile, guarded by temperance, was truly respectable among the youth and by a tenor of mind too firm to of his country. She mingled in the world of fashion, without sharing its “ Fair Burnet strikes th’adoring eye; follies ; and heard those flatteries

world bout

“ Heav'n's beauties on my fancy shine, which are there addressed to youth

" I See the Sire of Love on high,

" And own bis work, indeed, divine!!! and beauty, without being betrayed to that light and selfish vanity which

She was the ornainent of the ele. is often the only fenciment that fills gant society of the city in which the the heart of the high-prailed beauty. comfort of his domestic life in his de:

relided, her father's pride, and the She delighted in reading, in literary comfort of his dometic life in his deconversation, in poetry, and in the clining years. Every amiable and fine arts, without contracting, from every noble sentiment was familiar to this taste, any of that pedantic felf. her heart, every female virtue was conceit and affectation which usually exemplified in her life. Yet, this wocharacterize literary ladies, and whose man, thus lovely, thus elegant, thus presence often frightens away the do wise and virtuous, whose life, for the mestic virtues, the graces, the delica

consolation of her father, should have cies, and all the more interesting

been prolonged till she had closed his charms of the sex. When Burns, the dying eyes in peace; who, for a bles: well-known Scottish

poet, first arrived

fing to society, should have beea from the plough in Ayrshire to pub- spared till she had set the fame ex. lith his poems in Edinburgh, there ample in the discharge of the duties was 'none by whom he was more zea

of a wife and mother which he had loully patronized than by Lord Mon. exlibited in performing those of a boddo and his lovely daughter. No daughter:-this woman was cut off in man's feelings were ever more power father bereft of the last tender tie

the lower of her age, and left her fully or exquisitely alive than those of the rustic bard, to the emotions of which bound him to fociety and to

life. She died about fix years fince, gratitude, or to the admiration of the good and fair. In a poem which he of a consumption ; a difease that in at that time wrote, as a panegyrical lovelielt and most promising among

Scotland proves too often fatal to the address to Edinburgh, he took fion to celebrate the beauty and ex

the fair and the young. Neither his cellence of Miss Burnet, i, perhaps, of the feelings of extreme old age;

philosophy, nor the necessary torpor the finest stanza of the whole :

were capable of preventing Lord • Thy daughters bright thy walks adorn, affected by fo grievous a loss; and

Monboddo from being very deeply Gay as the gilded suinmér fky, Sweet as the de:vy milk-white tlorn,

from that time he began to droop ex. “ Dear as the raptur'd thrill of joy! ceedingly in his health and spirits.


DR CAMPBELL'S ACCOUNT Of ike Manner in which Memoirs concerning the Affairs. of Scotland from

Queen Anne's Accession, to the Commencement of the Union of the two King. doms of Scotland and England in May 1707 ;-with an Account of the Ori. gin and Progress of the designed Invasion from France in March 1708, and fome Reflections on the ancient State of Scotland ;-to which is prefixed, an Introduction sewing the Reasons for publishing these Memoirs at this Juncture, 8vo. 1714," came to be published.


HE time in which thefe Me: as the fingular preface prefixed there. moirs were published; as well to, has ever created fome doubts a

bout the book. Now the truth of John Vere Kennedy had sold him the this bufiness stands thus:-Mr Lock- copy; upon which Mr Baker was hart actually wrote them, and, what discharged. Mr Kennedy was at the is more, continued them to the time same time fummoned and examined; up to his death, or very near it, as but, whether or no he made an in. his son informed me. In the last genuous confeffion about that matparliament of Queen Anne, while in ter, he was likewise dismissed : the town, he happened to lodge in the Book in question having made a great fame house with Sir John Houston, noise, and containing matters of the who desired the favour of perufing highest importance, both for the prethem, which being granted, he was sent age and pofterity, I defined one so unpolite as to order his palet to 'of my friends in Scotland to give me copy them. Sir John's valet telling what light he could concerning the Sir David Dalrymple’s valet what he same: upon which I received the was about, Sir. David directed his following answer : servant to propose giving him twenty guineas if he would copy them like

Edinburgh, Nov. 15, 1714. wise for him, which he did. Sir Da.

Sir, vid, having thus obtained them, • The Earl of Balcarras having, thought himself at full liberty to some years after the Revolution, writ publish them, and the preface was of Memoire giving ga account of perhis writing. By a very odd mistake, fons and things in Scotland, as they as my noble friend the Duke of Ar. were at and after that memorable gyle told me, Bishop Burnet mistook juncture, for the service and satisfacA in these Memoirs, for Ar. tion of the late King James, and his gyle, which in reality stands for An- Court at St Germains, his Lordship nandale; and, in consequence of that retired thither with his original mamistake, makes the Duke of Argyle nuscript, after having left several coiu King James's intereft.

pies of it behind him. In imitation Feb. 7th, 1760,

of the Earl of Balcarras, some perQueen's-square Ormond street.fons of the same Jacobite party did The fellowing Account, by Mr of Scotland, after the late Queen's

lately write other Memoirs of Affairs Boyer, is extracted from The Politi- accellion to the throne, with the cha. cal State, Nov. 1714:

racter of the most considerable per“ The Duke of Athole, and some sons concerned in those transactions, other Scotch Noblemen, having about calculated and designed for the serthis time made their complaints to vice of the Pretender, that he might the Government againft a Book, en. know how to treat both friends and tituled Memoirs concerning the Af. foes, when, as they fondly and firmfairs of Scotland, from Queen Anne's ly expected, he should come over, Acceflion to the throne, to the Com. upon, or even before, the Queen's mencement of the Union ; with an demise. The true Authors of these Account of the design'd Invasion,' last Memoirs are yet unknown ; nor &c. Mr J. Baker, who bad publish'd were my friends or myself able to the Book, was thereupon fummond trace the discovery farther backward:

before the Duke of Mon- than what follows. The Manuscript trose, one of his Majesty's principal was, it seems, first sent up last winSecretaries of State. Being examin- ter from Scotland to London, to Mr ed by his Grace, on Thursday the Lockhart, by a person knowo only fourth of November, he produced a to him, who gave copies of it to some note, by which it appeared that Mr_of his friends. Thele copies were afEd. Mag. July 1799.



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terwards multiplied by a surreptiti. you; and readily embrace all oppor. ous one, which one of his amanuen. tunities that may fall withio my small fes, Mr Brown, communicated to Sir sphere, to advance the reputation of Andrew Kennedy's eldeft fon, who, your useful and entertaining Journal. the quite contrary view to the

&c.' design of the original author, sold or gave other copies to other Noblemen “ To this letter I shall only add, and others, particularly to the Earl that the Memoirs mentioned in it, of Oxford. From one of these co- and said to be written by the Earl of pies the Book was printed and pub. Balcarras, were, about the beginning lished in London, immediately upon of this month, likewise published by King George's acceflion to the throne; Mr Baker, with this title, an Aca and because these Memoirs severally count of the Affairs of Scotland, rereflect on the Scotch Whigs, called lating to the Revolution in 1689. as here Squadrooi-Men, or such as made sent to the late King James II. when the Union, they all agree to father in France, by the Right Honourable .them upon Mr Lockhart, who op. the Earl of B--, &c. Both posed that transaction more stoutly these and the other Meinoirs, fa. and more violently than any other. thered upon Mr Lockhart, contain The Editor of the Memoirs, in the a full account of Scotch affairs from Introduction he has prefixed to them, the Revolution in 1688, to the disseems to embrace that opinion : but appointment of the Pretender's lova. those who are well acquainted with fion in 1708; and are so far enterthat Gentleman, think him most un- taining and useful, both to the Eng. fit for a work of so nice a nature: lish and foreigners, as they contain both because he is a young man (not bold, lively pictures and characters of much above thirty), and consequent. the most confiderable persons in Scotly cannot relate, upon his own know- land, written by Scotchmen them. ledge, matters that were transacted selves. How the latter can when he was a youth, and because their own consciences the bespatterhe wants those advantages of educa- ing so many men of honour, and the tion that qualify a man to be an au. laying such a load of infamy on their thor; being altogether ignorant of own country, let themselves deterthe Latin and polite modern langua. mine : I shall only here take notice ges; and speaking but indifferent of two or three remarkable paffages English. Upon this confideration, in the Earl of Balcarras's Meinoirs. some are apt to believe, that Mr The firft is page 108, 109, and 119, Lockhart collected the materials of as follows : Next day (says the these Memoirs, and that he after- Author) after che fight, an officer wards caused them to be digested in- riding by the place where my Lord to form by his chaplain, Mr Gullen : Dundee fell, found lying there a but men of the best sense judge them bundle of papers and commissions to be the production of a Club, of which he had about him. Those whom Mr Dowgal Stewart of Blair- who stripped him thought them but hal, brother to the Earl Bute and a of small concern, that they left them Lord of the Session deceased, was there lying. This officer, a little afthe Chief; and that he was assisted ter thewed them to several of

your by Mr Lockhart, his chaplain Mr friends (meaning King James's, to Gulen, Mr Houstoun, Mr Duadass whom these Meinoirs are addressed), of Arnitouil, and some others. If among which there was one paper I can make a further discovery, I did no small prejudice to your affairs; shall furthwith communicate it to and would have done much more,


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