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NOTES. « some of these judges, taken its ultimate tendency? Surely " and condemned for the WITH REGARD TO GOD; " action which he had own- for he tells us his design is to “ed to be right, he must have vindicate the ways of God to “ cried out this is doubly right.Man. Surely, with regard to Never was any thing more a- its ULTIMATE TENDENCY; mazing than that the absurdi- for he tells us again, all parties arising from the sense in tial ill is universal good, ý 291. which this critic takes the Now is this any encouragement grand principle, of whatever to Vice? Or does it take off is, is right, did not fhew him from the crime of him who his mistake: For could any commits it, that God provione in his senses employ a dentially produces Good out proposition in a meaning from of Evil? Had Mr. Pope abwhence such evident absur- ruptly said in his conclusion, dities immediately arife? I have the result of all is, that whatobserved, that this conclusion, ever is, is right, the objector whatever is, is right, is a con- had even then been inexcufasequence of these premisses, ble for putting fo absurd a that partial Evil tends to uni- senfe upon the words, when he verfal Good; which the au- might have seen that it was a thor employs as a principle to conclufion from the general humble the pride of Man, who principle abovementioned; and would impiously make God therefore muft neceffarily have accountable for his creation. another meaning. But what What then does common sense must we think of him, when teach us to understand by what- the poet, to prevent mistakes, fuer is, is right? Did the poet had delivered, in this very mean right with regard to place, the principle itself, toMan, or right with regard to gether with this conclufion as God; right with regard to it- the consequence of it? self, or right with regard to

All Discord, Harmony not understood;
All partial Evil, universal Good:
And, spite of Pride, in erring Reason's spitez

One truth is clear, " Whatever is, is Right.He could not have told his that principle, unlefs he had reader plainer that this conclu- written THEREFORE in great fion was the consequence of l Church letters.



E Of the Nature and State of Man with respect to

Himself, as an Individual.

I. THE business of Man not to pry into God, but to

study himself. His Middle Nature ; bis Powers and Frailties, x i to 19. The Limits of his Capacity, * 19, &c. II. The two Principles of Man, Self-love and Reason, both necessary, x 53, &c. Self-love the stronger, and why, x 67, &c. Their end the same, x 81, &c. III. The Passions, and their use, Ý 93 to 130. The predominant Passion, and its force, X 132 to 160.

Its Necessity, in directing Men to different purposes, x 165, Eic. Its providential Use, in fixing our Principle, and ascertaining our Virtue, x 177. IV. Virtue and Vice joined in our mixed Nature; the limits near, yet the things separate and evident : What is the Office of Reason, x 202 to 216. V. How odious Vice in itself, and how we deceive ourselves into it, Ý 217. VI. That, however, the Ends of Providence and general Good are answered in our Pasions and Imperfections, 238, &c. How usefully these are distributed to all Orders of Men, x 241. How useful they are to Society, Ý 251. And to the Individuals, x 263: In every state, and every age of life, x 273, &c.

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Self Love still stronger, as its Objects nigh, Reason's at distance, and in prospectlyél in

That sees immediate lood, boy presentSense, Reason the future, and the Consequence 7


von Man, Ap.II.



I. NOW then thyself, presume not to God

to fcan;
The proper study of Mankind is Man.
Plac'd on this isthmus of a middle state,
A Being darkly wise, and rudely great:

VARIATIONS. VER. 2. Ed. ist.

The only science of Mankind is Man.

COMMENTAR Y. VER. 2. The proper siudy &c.] The poet having shewn, in the first epistle, that the Ways of God are too high for our comprehension, rightly draws this conclusion: and methodically makes it the subject of his Introduction to the second, which treats of the Nature of Man.

But here immediately the accusers of Providence would be apt to object, and say, Admit that we had run into an excefs, while we pretended to cenfure or penetrate the designs of Providence, a matter indeed too high for us; yet have you gone as far into the opposite extreme, while you only send us to the

NOTES. VER. 3. Plac'd on this ifth- represented Man as doubting mus &c.] As the Poet hath and wavering between the given us this description of right and wrong object; from man for the very contrary pur

which state there are great pose to which Sceptics are wont hopes he may be relieved by to employ such kind of paint- a careful and circumspect use ings, namely not to deter men of Reason. On the contrary, from the search, but to excite had he supposed Man so blind them to the discovery of truth;

as to be busied in chusing, or he hath, with great judgment, | doubtful in his choice, between

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