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order to take away the defence of the face of the have a much greater attraction for water than opposite bastion.

any other; yet it would appear from what is re*FLANNEL, n s. Fr. flanelle ; Swed. flanell; lated above, that those bodies which receive Belg. flanel ; Welsh, gwlanen (i. e. woollen). A water in its unelastic form with the greatest ease, soft woollen stuff or cloth, for which Wales has or are most easily wet, are not those which in all been long famous.

cases attract the moisture of the atmosphere with I cannot answer the Welch flannel.

the greatest avidity. • Perhaps the apparent

Shakspeare. dampness of linen to the touch, arises more from Before her kitchen hearth the nodding dame, the ease with which that substance parts with the In flannel mantle wrapt, enjoys the flame;

water it contains, than from the quantity of water Hov'ring upon her feeble knees she bends,

it actually holds : in the same manner as a body And all around the grateful warmth ascends. Gay.

appears hot to the touch, in consequence of its FLANNEL, or Flanel, a kind of slight, loose, parting freely with its heat; while another body woollen stuff, composed of a woof and warp, which is really at the same temperature, but and woven on a loom with two treadles, after which withholds its heat with greater obstinacy, the manner of baize. Dr. Black assigns as a affects the sense of feeling much less violently. reason why flannel and other substances of the It is well known that woollen clothes, such as kind keep our bodies warm, that they compose flannels, &c., worn near the skin, greatly proa rare and spongy mass, the fibres of which mote insensible perspiration. May not this arise touch each other so slightly, that the heat moves principally from the strong attraction which subslowly through the interstices, which being filled sists between wool and the watery vapor which only with air, and that in a stagnant stage, give is continually issuing from the human body? little assistance in conducting the heat. Count That it does not depend entirely on the warmth Rumford has enquired farther into the matter, of that covering, is clear; for the same degree and finds that there is a relation betwixt the of warmth produced by wearing more clothing power which the substances usually worn as cloth- of a different kind, does not produce the same ing have of absorbing moisture, and that of effect. The perspiration of the human body keeping our bodies warm. Having provided a being absorbed by a covering of flannel, it is imquantity of each of the substances mentioned mediately distributed through the whole thickbelow, he exposed them, spread out upon clean ness of that substance, and by that means exChina plates, for the space of twenty-four hours, posed, by a very large surface to be carried off to the warm and dry air of a room which had by the atmosphere; and the loss of this watery been heated by a German stove for several vapor, which the flannel sustains on the one months, and during the last six hours had raised side by evaporation, being immediately restored the thermometer to 84° of Fahrenheit; after from the other, in consequence of the strong atwhich he weighed equal quantities of the dif- traction between the fannel and this vapor, the ferent substances with a very accurate balance. pores of the skin are disencumbered, and they They were then spread out upon a China plate, are continually surrounded by a dry and saluand removed into a very large uninhabited room brious atmosphere.' Our author expresses his upon the second floor,.where they were exposed surprise, that the custom of wearing flannel next forty-eight hours upon a table in the middle of the skin should not have prevailed more univerthe room, the air of which was 45°. At the end sally. He is confident it would prevent a numof this space they were weighed, and then re- ber of diseases; and he thinks there is no greater moved into a damp cellar, and placed on a table luxury than the comfortable sensation which in the middle of the vault, where the air was at arises from wearing it, especially after one is a the temperature of 45°, and which by the hy- little accustomed to it.' It is a mistaken notion' grometer seemed to be fully saturated with mois- says he, that it is too warm a clothing for sumture. In this situation they were allowed to re- mer. I have worn it in the hottest climates, and main three days and three nights ; the vault at all seasons of the year; and never found the being all the time hung round with wet linen least inconvenience from it. It is the warm bath cloths, to render the air as completely damp as of a perspiration confined by a linen shirt, wet possible. At the end of three days they were with sweat, which renders the summer heats of weighed, and the weights at the different times southern climates so insupportable; but flannel were found as in the following table.

promotes perspiration, and favors its evapora1000 parts dried in the Weighed on coming out of tion; and evaporation, as is well known, prohot roonof the cold room, the vault,

duces positive cold. It has been observed that Sheep's wool

1084 1163

new flannel, after some time wearing, acquires Beaver's fur

1072

1125

the property of shining in the dark, but loses it Fur of a Russian hare. 1065

1115

on being washed. Eider down

Teut. flabbe ; 1067 1112

FLAP, n. s., v. a. & v. n. Raw single silk thread. 1057 1107

Belg. flap; Dan.

FLAP'DRAGON, n. s. & v.a. Ravellings of white taffety 1054

and Swed. lap, FLAP-ERED, adj.

1103 Fine lint

FLAP-JACK, n. S.
1046
1102

lappe. See FLABRavellings of fine linen 1044 1082

BY. Any thing

FLAP MOUTHED, adj Cotton wool

Flap'per, n. s.

pendulous, or 1043

1089

hanging loose: hence the motion of that which On these experiments he observes, that though hangs loose; a disease in horses. To flap is to linen, from the apparent ease with which it re- strike with something light or loose; to move with ceives dampness from the atmosphere, seems to a flap-like-noise of motion. As a verb neuter, to ply the wings with a noise ; to fall with flaps or FLASH, n. ., v. n. & v. a. Belg. vlengic broad pendulous parts. Flap-dragon is a curi- FLASH'ILY, adv.

(a flash); Goth, ous synonyme of snap-dragon; a play at catching FLASH'Y.

loga(see FLAME): raisins out of burning spirits : hence to flap- Skinner says from blaze; but Minsheu suggests dragon is to devour eagerly. A flap-jack is a the Gr. ploč, flame, as the origin of this word, provincial name for a pan-cake. A flapper, a and Dr. Johnson adopts that etymology. Mr. remonstrancer, as if with a flap or slight stroke Todd's conjecture that it must be connected with of the hand.

flas (Icel.) ' tumbling down from a high place, But to make an end of the ship, to see how the sea as where it means a body of water driven with fupdragoned it. Shakspeare. Winter's Tale. violence, appears quite superfluous : water

He plays at quoits well, and eats conger and fennel, flashes, or is made to flash when its surface is and drinks candles' ends for flapdragons, and rides the driven into a thousand luminous planes that wild mare with the boys.

Shakspeare. reflect the light. A sudden, transitory blaze or A whoreson, beetle-headed, flapeared knave. Id.

gleam of light: any short transient state of things. We'll have moreover puddings and flap-jacks, and Dr. Johnson says, “a body of water driven by thou shalt be welcome.

Id. Pericles.

violence;' but supplies no instance of this apAnother flap-outhed mourner. Id. Venus and A doris.

plication of the word, and we find none: as a There is a peculiar provision for the windpipe, that

verb neuter, to flash means to glitter with a tranis, a cartilaginous flap upon the opening of the larinx, sient blaze or gleam of light; to burst out into which hath an open cavity for the admission of the violence or into sallies of wit, or bright thought: air.

Broune. as a verb active, to dash water into motion, and The dire flapping on the shield of Turnus, and thus cause the light to flash from it; to adom or Auttering about his head, disheartened him in the dress up in a showy manner: hence flashy is duel.

Dryden's Æneid.

glittering; empty; showy; without substance ; A hare, hard put to it by an eagle, took sanctuary insipid. in a ditch with a beetle : the eagle flapt off the former, and devoured the other.

L'Estrange.

With his raging arms he rudely flashea

The waves about, and all his armour swept, Tis common for a duck to run flapping and futter

That all the blood and filth away was washed. ing away, as if maimed, to carry people from her

Faerie Queene. yourg

Id.

When tbe cross blue lightning seemed to open
With fruitless toil

The breast of heaven, I did present myself
Flap filmy pinions oft, to extricate

Even in the aim and very flash of it. Shakspeare.
Their feet in liquid shackles bound. Philips.
Forbidding airs might thin the place;

Where be your gibes now ? your gambols ! your The slightest flap a fly can chase.

songs? your flashes of merriment, that were wont to When suffocating mists obscure the morn,

set the table in a roar ?

Id. Let thy worst wig, long used to storms, be worn;

By day and night he wrongs me ; every hour This knows the powdered footman, and with care He flushes into one gross crime or other, Beneath his flapping hat secures his hair. Id. That sets us all at odds.

Id. King Lear. Some surgeons make a crucial incision, upon the We see a flush of a piece is seen sooner than the supposition that the wound will more easily heal by noise is heard.

Bacon's Natural History. turning down the flaps.

Sharp.

The tastes that most offend in fruits, herbs and Three times, all in the dead of night,

roots, are bitter, harsh, sour, waterish, or flashy. Id. A bell was heard to ring ; And shrieking at her window thrice

The Persians and Macedonians had it for a flash.

Bacon. The raven flapped his wing.

Tickel. Yet let me flap this bug with gilded wings,

If the sea-water be flashed with a stick or oar, the This painted child of dirt, that stiuks and stings

same casteth a shining colour, and the drops resemble

Carew. sparkles of fire.

Pope.
I write to you by way of flapper, to put you in mind,

Flashy wits cannot fathom the whole extent of a &c.

Chesterfield.

large discourse, Digby on the Soul, Dedication, When a horse has the flaps, you may perceive his

When they list, their lean and flashy songs lips swelled on both sides of his mouth; and that Grate on their scrannel pipes of wretched straw. which is in the blisters is like the white of an egg :

Milton. cut some slashes with a knife, and rub it once with The proper objects of common mirth and sportful salt, and it will cure. Farrier's Dictionary. divertisement are mean and petty matters; any thing

FLARE, v.n. From Dutch flederen, to flutter, at best is by playing there with made such great (Skinner): Lat. flagro: to glitter with transient things are thereby diminished and debased; especially or unsteady light or splendor.

sacred things when they become the subjects of flashy

wit, or the entertainments of frothy merriment. She shall be loose enrobed,

Barrow. With ribbands pendant flaring 'bout her head.

One with a flash begins, and ends in smoak; Shakspeare.

The other cut of smoak brings glorious light. Doctrine and life, colours and light, in one

Roscommon. When they combine and mingle, bring

This salt powdered, and put into a crucible, vas, A strong regard and awe; but speech alone Doth vanish like a flaring thing,

by the injection of well kindled charcoal, made to flash

divers times, almost like melted nitre. Bayle.

Herbert.
And in the ear, not conscience, ring.
When the sun begins to fling

And as Ægeon, when with heaven be strove, His flaring beams, me, goddess, bring

Defyed the forky lightning from afar, 'To arched walks of twilight groves.

Milton. At fifty Inouths his flaming breath expires,
I cannot stay

And flash for flash returns, and fires for fires.
Flaring in sunshine all the day. Prior.

Dryden.

Gay.

ves.

his mean conceit, this darling mystery,

Thou, all-shaking thunder, ich thou think'st nothing, friend! thou shalt not Strike flat the thick rotundity o' the world.

Id. buy ; will I change for all the flashy wit.

Id. Now pile your dust upon the quick and dead, Vicked men prefer the light flashes of a wanton 'Till of this flat a mountain you have made, th, which for a while suspend reflection, and hide T'o'ertop old Pelion, or the skyish head

Id. Hamlet. sinner from himself, to such discourses as awaken of blue Olympus. science.

Rogers.

You start away, They flash out sometimes into an irregular great

And lend no ear unto my purposes; s of thought. Felton on the Classicks.

Those prisoners you shall keep :

-I will, that's flat. Id. Henry IV. Are we carried down by the torrent of vanity and

I should not see the sandy hour-glass run, 2 ? Will a flash of wit or a brilliant fancy make us

But I should think of sballows and of flats. use a profane expression ? If so, we shall soon

Shakspeare. ne to relish it when thus seasoned, and use it our

What a blow was there given !
Mason.

-An it had fallen flatlong. Id. T'empest. To read froth and trifles all our life, is the way

The emperor of Russia was my father; vays to retain a flashy and juvenile turn; and only

Oh, that he were alive, and here beholding contemplate our first (which is generally our worst).

His daughter's trial! that he did but see

Id. Red rockets rise, loud cracks are heard on high,

The flatness of my misery! Id. Winter's Tale. ad showers of stars rush headlong from the sky,

The difficulty is very great to bring them in or out irst, as in silver lines they hiss along,

through so many flats and sands, if wind and weather ad the quick flush unfolds the gazing throng.

be not very favourable.

Raleigh's Essays. Darwin. In the dawning of the next day we might plainly Were I to compare Milton's genius with Tasso's, I discern it was a land flat to our sight, and full of bospuld say, that the sublime of the latter is flashy and cage.

Bacon. actuating, while that of the former diffuses an uni- Because the air receiveth great tincture from the rm, steady, and vigorous blaze; Milton is more earth, expose flesh or fish, both upon a stake of wood ajestic, Tasso more dazzling.

Beattie. some height above the earth, and upon the flat of the FLASK, n. s. ? Sax. flaxa; Goth. Swed. earth.

Id. FLAS'KET. j and Arab.flaska ; Teut.

flasche ; Short speeches fly abroad like darts, and are Jan. flaske ; Welsh flasg; Span. flasco; French thought to be shot out of secret intentions; but as for asque, flasquet ; Ital. fiasco, perhaps from the large discourses, they are flat things, and not so much

noted.

Id. ir. (barb.) paow. Å flat bottle, basket, or

If you stop the holes of a hawk's bell, it will make rinking vessel; a powder-horn; a vessel in

no ring, but a flat noise or rattle.

Id. which viands are served up. Powder in a skilless soldier's flask

The ancients say, if you take two twigs of several Is set on fire.

Shakspeare.

fruit-trees, and flat them on the sides, and bind them Then for the Bourdeaux you may freely ask ;

close, and set them in the ground, they will come up in one stock.

Id. But the Champaigne is to each man his flask.

King.

Take two saucers, and strike the edge of the one Another placed

against the bottom of the other within a pail of water, The silver stands with golden flaskets graced.

and you shall find the sound groweth more flat, even Pope. while part of the saucer is above the water ; but that

Id. FLAT, adj., n. s., v. a. &0. n. Goth. & Swed. flatness of sound is joined with a harshness. FLAT’LONG, adj.

| flat; Danish An orange, lemon, and apple, wrapt in a linen cloth, FLATLY, adv.

flode ; Teuton.

being buried for a fortnight four feet deep within the

Belg. and Fr. earth, though in a moist place and rainy time, were FLAT'TEN, v. a. & v. n.

hecome a little harder than they were; otherwise fresh plat ; all of Gr.

in their colour, but their juice somewhat flatted. FLAT'TISH, πλατυς (broad)

Id. Natural History. FLAT'WISE.

perhaps. Le vel; horizontal; smooth; low; even with the distinct eminences appear a flat by force of shadows,

It comes near an artificial miracle to make divers ground; prostrate : metaphorically, and in works and yet the shadows themselves not to appear. of art, wanting character or relief; depressed;

Wotton's Architecture. wanting spirits; insipid ; tasteless; dull; unqua- Nor are constant forms of prayer more likely to flat lified; absolute : as a substantive, a level or ex- and hinder the spirit of prayer and devotion, than untended plane; a shore or low ground; the side premeditated and confused variety to distract and lose of a sword or sabre; depression of thought or it.

King Charles. language: to ftat, is to make or grow flat; level; Frailty gets pardon by submissiveness, vapid, or depressed; better expressed, both in

But he that boasts, shuts that out of his story, the active and neuter sense, by to flatten · flat

He makes flat war with God, and doth defy, long is with the flat side downwards, as is ftat

With his mere clod of earth, the spacious sky. wise: flattish, somewhat or inclining to be, flat.

Herbert. It is a flat wrong to punish the thought or purpose

Thereupon they flatly disavouch of any before it be enacted; for true justice punisheth

To yield him more obedience, or support.

Daniel. nothing but the evil act or wicked word. Spenser. The wood-born people fall before her flat,

With horrid shapes she does her sons expose, And worship her as goddess of the wood.

Distends their swelling lips, and flats their nose.

Creech. Id. Faerie Queene. He, like a puling cuckold, would drink up

In them is plainest taught, and easiest learnt, The lees and dregs of a flat tanned piece.

What makes a nation happy, and keeps it so,
Shakspeure.

What ruins kingdoms, and lays cities flat. Milton.

FLAI NESS,

Taste so divine! that wbat of sweet before

Flat is a character in music, expressed by a Hath touched my sense, flat seems to this and harsh. small b, of which the effect is lowering the note

Milton.

to which it is affixed, a semicone minor. Flats The way is ready and not long

on keyed instruments are the notes on the left Beyond a row of myrtles, on a flat,

hand of the natural notes, as sharps are on the Fast by a mountain. Milton's Paradise Lost.

right hand. There are two ways of using flats, Thus repulsed, our final hope Is flat despair.

Id.

the one accidental, which has no effect beyond Having newly left these grammatick flats and shal. the single bar in which it occurs; the other is lows, where they stuck unreasonably, they are now

the flat or flats placed at the clef, which affect turmoiled with their unballasted wits in fathomless all the notes on the same line or space throughand unquiet deeps of controversy.

Milton. out a movement, unless accidentally discharged He that flatly, against the rules of duty and reason, by a natural, . The placing the flats at the will swear vainly, what can engage him to speak clef is not arbitrary, as the first necessarily is on truly ?

Barrow.

B, the second on E, the fourth above or fifth You had broke and robbed his house,

below, &c. And stole his talismanique louse;

For these five flats upon keyed instruments, And all his new-found old inventions,

there are five short keys; fats, however, someWith flat felonious intentions.

Hudibras. His horse with flat tiring taught him that discreet times occur in C and F, but for these the two stays make speedy journeys.

Sidney.

long keys are obliged to be used of B and E í burnt it the second time, and observed the skin natural, the two half notes below C and F nashrink, and the swelling to flut yet more than at first. tural.

Temple. Flat, of Dr. Boyce, in some parts of his MS., Some short excursions of a broken vow

in the library of the Royal Institution, is = S, He made indeed, but flat insipid stuff. Dryden. or 57 +f+ 5 m. A darted mandate came

Flat, of Liston, to the notes D, G, B, or C, From that great will which moves this mighty frame,

is = S, or 47 9 + f + 4 m; and to the notes Bid me to thee, my royal charge, repair,

E, F, or A, is = , or 36 9 +f + 3m, the To guard thee from the dæmons of the air;

second flat of any note being always the reverse My flaming sword above 'em to display,

of its first one. All keen and ground upon the edge of day,

Flat, of Marsh, = 3, or 36 2+1 + 3m. The flat to sweep the visions from thy mind, The edge to cut 'em through that stay behind. Id.

Flat, of Maxwell, = S, or 47 =f+ 3m. Milton's Paradise Lost is admirable; but am I

FLAT, of Overend, and Dr. Callcott Mus. therefore bound to maintain, that there are no flats Gram. 1st ed. p. 112, = P, or 58 +f+ 5 m; amongst his elevations, when 'tis evident he creeps this corresponds with perfect fifths. See the along sometimes for above an hundred lines together ? theorems below:

Flat, of some writers, = L, or 46 +ft Here joys that endure for ever, fresh and in vigour, 4 m. are opposed to satisfactions that are attended with

Flat,of regularly tempered scales, is the minor satiety and surfeits, and flatten in the very tasting.

limna of Dr. R. Smith, which, according to Mr. The upper end the windpipe is endued wiih Farey's theorems, Phil

. Mag. vol. xxxix, p. 44,

is = 58 2 +7 + 5m-seven times the tempeseveral cartilages and muscles to contract or dilate it, as we would have our voice flat or sharp. Ray.

rament of the fifth; or, = 38.7519656 2 +f+ Deadness or flatness in cyder is often occasioned by

3 m + seven-fourths of the temperament of the the too free admission of air into the vessel.

third ; or, = 32.3228500 2 + + 2m + sevenMortimer's Husbandry. thirds of the temperament of the sixth. The miry fields,

Flat, double, (bb), of Chambers and OverRejoicing in rich mould, most ample fruit

end; sometimes 2 P, or 116 3 + 2f + 10 g; Of beauteous form produce; pleasing to sight, at others, P + S, or 105 3 + 2 + 9m. But to the tongue inelegant and flat. Philips. FLAT, double of Liston, is invariably S+$, The houses are flat-roofed to walk upon, so that

or 83 2 + 2f.+ 7m. every bomb that fell on them would take effect.

FLAT-BottomED Boats are such as are made

Addison on Italy. How fast does obscurity, flatness, and impertinency, to sail in shallow water, and to carry a great

number of troops, artillery, ammunition, &c. flow in upon our meditations? 'Tis a difficult task io talk to the purpose, and to put life and perspicuity They are constructed with a twelve-pounder into our discourses.

Collier. bow-chase, and an eighteen-pounder stern-chase; Its posture in the earth was flatwise, and parallel their keel is from ninety to 100 feet, and from to the site of the stratum in which it was reposited. twelve to twenty-four feet beam : they have one

Woodward on Fossils. mast, a large square main-sail, and a jib-sail; These are from three inches over to six or seven, are rowed by eighteen or twenty oars, and can and of a flattish shape.

Id. Are there then such ravishing charms in a dull bow, and a bridge the other, along which the

carry 400 men each. The gun takes up one unvaried fiat, to make a sufficient compensation for troops are to march. Those that carry horses the chief things of the ancient mountains, and for the

have the fore part of the boat made to open precious things of the lasting hills ? Bentley. Not any interpreters allow it to be spoken of such when the men are to mount, and ride along a

bridge. as flatly deny the being of God; but of them that, believing his existence, seclude him from directing the

FIATA ISLANDS, a cluster of small islands world.

La.

of Scotland, near the south-east of North list, Some of Homer's translators have swelled into fus- and one mile north-east of Rona. lian, and others suuk into flatness.

Pope. FLATBUSII, a town of New York, capital of

Id:

ness,

King's county, Long Island. It contains a which is a man's self. But if he be an impudent court-house, a flourishing academy, a Dutch flatterer, look wherein a man is conscious to himselt

that he is most defective, and is most out of countechurch, and many elegant houses. On the 27th of August, 1776, a bloody battle was foughtnance in himself, that will the flatterer entitle him to

perforce.

Bacon. near it, between the Americans, under general

He, always vacant, always amiable, Putnam, and the British and Hessians, under

Hopes thee, of flattering gales lord Piercy, and generals Clinton and Grant,

Unmindful.

Milton. wherein the latter were victorious. Flatbush is

A consort of voices supporting themselves by their pleasantly situated on a small bay, five miles different parts makes a harmony, pleasingly fills the south by east of New York.

ears and flatters them. Dryden's Dufresnoy. FLATMAN (Thomas), an English poet of If we from wealth to poverty descend, some repute, born at London about 1633. He

Want gives to know the flatterer from the friend. studied at the Inner Temple, and became a bar

Dryden. rister; but having a turn for the fine arts, he fol- Minds, by nature great, are conscious of their greatlowed his inclination, and acquired reputation both as a poet and a painter. He published, in And hold it mean to borrow aught from flattery.

Rowe. 1682, a third edition of his poems and songs, dedicated to the duke of Ormond; and a satirical

After treating her like a goddess, the husband uses

her like a woman; what is still worse, the most abject romance in prose, on Richard Cromwell, soon

flatterers degenerate into the greatest tyrants. after the Restoration. In his youth he wrote a

Addison's Guardian. curious satire against matrimony, beginning,

I scorn to flatter you or any man.

Newton. Like a dog with a bottle tied close to his tail,

Faction embroils the world, and every tongue, Like a Tory in a bog, or a thief in a jail.

Is moved by flattery, or with scandal huug. Gay. Ile died about 1688.

Averse alike to flatter or offend.

Pope.

The publick should know this : yet whoever goes FLATTER, v. a. French, flatter; Teut. about to inform them, shall be censured for a flatterer. FLAT'TEBER, n. s. flechan ; Minsheu says, ' à

Swift. FLAT'TERY. SLat. flatare, frequentative, Such is the encouragement given to flattery in the à flare, to blow': but the word has probably been present times, that it is made to sit in the parlour, fórnied from flat,' smooth: in Swed. flat is both while honesty is turned out of doors. Flattery is smooth and indulgent; as in Scot. to stroke is never so agreeable as to our blind side: commend a also to flatter; and we know that flatterers of all fool for his wit, or a knave for his honesty, and they countries are well acquainted with smooth things. will receive you into their bosom. Fielding. To soothe, or please, with praise, false, or true; Flattered crimes of a liccntious age to gratify with obsequious, or servile compliment. Provoke our censure.

Young. He flattereth himself in his own eyes, until his ini. See how they beg an alms of flattery! quity be found hateful.

Psalm xxxvi. 2. They languish, O! support them with a lye. Id. While either partye laboureth to be chiefe, flattery Of all wild beasts preserve me from a tyrant, and shall have more place than plaine and faithfull aduyse. of all tame, a flatterer.

Johnson. Sir T. More.

Flattery corrupts both the receiver and the giver, His cumbersome fetches are seldom behind :

and adulation not of more service to the people than His fetch is to flatter, to get what he can;

to kings.

Burke. His purpose once gotten, a pin for thee then.

I never framed a wish, or formed a plan,
Tusser.

That flattered me with hopes of earthly bliss,
Alas! what are we kings ?

But there I laid the scene.

Cowper. Why do our gods place us above the rest,

FLATULENT, adj. Old Fr. flatulent ; To be served, flattered, and adored, till we Believe we hold within our hands your thunder,

FLAT'ULENCY, n. s. Ital. and Span. flatuAnd when we come to try the power we have,

Flatuos'Ity, lento; Lat. flatulentus, There's not a leaf shakes at our threatenings.

FLAT'uous, adj.

flatus, a puff, or blast, of Beaumont and Fletcher. FLA’TUS, n. s. wind. Windy; turgid I cannot flatter and look fair,

with air; hence, metaphorically, empty; vain; Smile in men's faces, smooth, deceive, and cog, unmeaning: flatuosity, from the Fr. flatuosité is Duck with French nods, and apish courtesy.

synonymous with flatulency: flatus is used both

Shakspeare. in the latter sense, for a puff, or breeze of wind; When I tell him he hates flatterers,

and, medically, for wind gathered in any of the He says he does; being then most flattered. Id.

cavities of the body. Pere feel we but the penalty of Adam,

Rhubarb in the stomach, in a small quantity, doth The season's difference, as the icy fang,

digest and overcome, being not flatuous nor loathsome; And churlish chiding of the winter's wind; Which when it bites and blows upon my body,

and so sendeth it to the mesentery veins, and, being opening, it helpeth down urine.

Bacon. Ev'n 'till I shrink with cold, I smile and say This is no flattery.

Id. As You Like It. The cause is flatuosity; for wind stirred, moveth to A flatterer is compared to an ape, who, because she expel; and all purges have in them a raw spirit of cannot defend the house like a dog, Jabour as an ox,

wind, which is the principal cause of tension in the

Id. or bear burdens as a horse, doth therefore yet play stomach and belly. tricks, and provoke laughter.

Raleigh. You make the soul a mere flatus. Some praises proceed merely of fluttery; and if

Clarke to Dodwell. he be an ordinary flatterer, he will have certain com- How many of these flatulent writers have sunk in mon attributes, which may serve every man : if he be their tepalation, after seven or eight editions of iheir a cunning flatterer, he will follow the arch flatterer, works.

Dryden.

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