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pulmonalis, that may not exift independently of any injury to the ftructure of the lungs. Extreme weaknefs, for inftance, emaciation, morning fweats, coughs, difficulty of breathing, are often found in connection with amenorrhoea and other conditions of debility, without any local diforgianzation. Hurry, irregularity, and an inexpreffible peculiarity in the pulfe, to one experienced in the difeafe, are of all others the moft alarming and unequivocal indications of its exiftence. This fpecific action of the artery, is the only circumstance which demonftrates beyond all doubt an irreparable detriment to the more immediate organ of refpiration.
Several cafes of acute rheumatifm have recently occurred, in which an indifcreet venefection, accompanied with other debilitating applications, induced that form of the difeafe called chronic, which, although unattendedwith the exquifite pain peculiar to the former, is much more formidable, in confequence of its comparative infufceptibility of being acted upon by remedial agents. Next to paralyfis there is fcarcely a more obftiunte affection. In paralyfis, indeed, it often terminates, unlefs that disastrous event be averted by means exactly oppofite to thofe ufually employed. Deducting from the phyfical faculties of life, by emptying the veins, evacuating the bowels, or by forcibly producing an unnatural, and enfeebling perfpiration for a fhort time, relieves a paroxyfin of local agony, but accelerates its return, and exafperates the violence of a repeated attack. At length, morbid irritability is converted into a state of difeafed torpor. The nerves are exhaufted by fenfation, in the fame manner as the muscles are by voluntary fatigue. In the inverfe ratio of the acutenefs of our feelings, is the chance of our longevity.
Paralyfis teaches to the man of genius more efpecially a profitable leffon of humiliation it is that clafs of men which
is more immediately liable to its attack. Too early a difplay of intellect menaces its premature or unfeafonable extinction. Of a life fignalized by mental exercife and fplendor, pally too frequently marks the humiliating conclufion. Marlborough, in his laft years, a victim to this dreadful malady, to one admiring his picture remarked "Yes, that was a great man." That remnant of understanding was left, that enabled him to recollect the bril liancy of his former career. In confequence of its alliance with paralysis, the Reporter thinks it particularly important to itate, what, in his opinion, conftiture the proper treatment of rheumatic affection. Weakening and evacuating remedies, are in fuch cafes, for the most part, injurious. On the other hand, bark, wine, and fteel, he has found invariably beneficial. He is confcious of deviating from the ordinary practice in this difeafe. To thofe who have long travelled in the beaten track, he may appear in the too frequently calumniated character of a reformer. It is almost an univerfal, and perhaps a wife provifion in our nature, that after a certain period of life, our habits, with regard to thinking, as well as acting, fhould be almoft incapable of change. There is an epoch in our exitence, when the mind clofes against the introduction of a new idea, whatever may be the evidence of its truth, or the practical importance of its application. It was remarked, fays a philofophic historian,* that no phyfician in Europe, who had reached forty years of age, ever to the end of life, adopted Hervey's doctrine of the circulation of the blood, and that his practice in London diminished extremely from the reproach drawn upon him, by that great and fignal discovery.
JOHN REID. Grenville-freet, Brunswick-fquare, March 26, 1807.
ALPHABETICAL LIST of BANKRUPTCIES and DIVIDENDS announced between the 20th of February and the 20th of March, extracted from the London Gazettes.
Blower Samuel, Ellingham, miller. (Cufande, Halefworth
Claughton John, Love-lane, ship rigger. (Jones, Temple
Culmaw Ralph, Wrightington, coal merchant. (Windle, John-Greet
Cox William, Leicester, cotton spinner. (Taylor, Southampton Buildings
Coles John, Banbury, mealman. (Bignele, Banbury
Daniels John, Liverpool, flopfeller. (Medowcroft and Co.
Dennett John, Northumberland-Øreet, wine merchant. (Palmer and Co. Throgmorton-street
Devenith Ann and Henry Newport, Villiers-ftreet, up. holfterers. (Bleafale New isn (Ellis. Curfitor.freet Tage Willam. Saltore, brewer Eerbrooke John, Exeter, hatter. (Drew and Co. New
Emmett Thomas, Bell's Gardens, cow keeper. (Cross, King-frest
Fox Hudfon. Kiugfton upon Hull, watch maker. (WilDans. Red 1yen-fquare
Fewer Rilph. Mortimer-treet, upholder. (Taylor, Mortarer Arcet
Fratars Renry, Mancheter, tea dealer. (Parker and Co. & fex-feet
Frankis John, Hamlet of Hueclecote, dealer and chapman. (Years, Gray's inn
Fletcher Samuel, Great Ruffell-ftreet, china man. (Dove, 1incoln's Inn fields
Gregory George. Compton freet. cheesemonger. (Stevenfon, Chequer cou.t
Gillain homes and William Weaver, Worcester. (ConHale and Co Gray's inn
Hill fehr, Rotherhi he, merchant. (Rivington, Fenchurch
Hartney John, Ironmonger-lane, merchant. (Palmer and Co Thruptorton rect
Hellam Hu,h, Boton muffin manufacturer. (Medow. cinft and Co. Gray's inn
Horrocks Wilham and John Horrocks, Stockport, muflin manufacturers (Medowcroft and Co Gray's inn Heah William, Rugeley, ihopkeeper. (Allen and Co. Furnival's inn
Hepworth William, Manchester, cotron merchant. (Ellis, Curficor Greet
Hyde James and John Chadwick, Manchester, dyers. (Wilis, Warnford-court
Raikne Johir, Addie Breet, merchant. (Gregson and Dixon. Angel-court
Borner Luke, Lancafer, common brewer. (Bleafdale and Co New inn
Hollowell Samuel and Charles Hollowell, Cheadle-Bulkeley. builders. [1ingard and Co. Stockport Hancock Jofeph, Sheffield, merchant. (Chamber, Temple lane
Iogledew William, Leeds, ftarch maker. (Battie, Chancery-lane
Joy our Rueben Ellis, Briftol, merchant. (Platt, Temple
Jours Thomas, Birmingham, coal merchant. (Punton,
Kershaw Joho, Shaw Chapel, cotton manufacturer. (Chippendale. Temple
liby Charles. Watford, dealer and chapman. (Greenwell. Beaumont-treet
Kelly John, Manchefter, manufacturer. (Ellis, Chancery
Leonard Samuel, Gloucefter, victualler. (Gabell, Lincoln's inn
Leonard William, Coppice-row, tailor. (Hant, SurreyAreet
Linley John, Sheffield, grocer. (Bigg, Hatton Garden Marfden Henry, Ecclefton, corn merchant. (Windle, John-freet
Morgan David, Cardiff, fhopkeeper. (James, Gray's ing
Nabbs James, Newington Butts, linen draper. (Hurd, Temple
Niblett John, Bowbridge, clothier. (Conftable, Symond's ins
Newbury Edward, Old Bond-freet, bui'der. (Smith and Co Chapter House
Ogilvy William the Younger, George Mylne, and John Chalmers, Jeffery-square, merchants. (Crowder and Co. Old Jewry
oner william, Birmingham, baker. (Swaine and Co. Old Jewry
Purbrick John. Fairford, dealer and chapinan. (Meredith and Co Lincon's inu
Pritty John Hadleigh, grocer.
Procter Samuel, Leeds, oilman.
Adams Jams, Srow Maret, uphil erer, March 28 Agate Thomas Eat Cheap, chefemonger. March 31 Brewis James, Southwick, thip builder, March 73 Bolingbroke James Barnard and Mary Ann Bolingbroke, Norwich, linen draper. April 6
Bawdin Thom43. Re'ruth draper, April 14
Baric Andrew. Newcastle upon Tyne, grocer, April 11, Bidwell Charles, Brick-lane, Christchurch, victualler, April 1
Bridgman George. Dartmouth, money fcrivener, May 19 Baillie George and John Jaffray, Finsbury-place, mer. chants. May 7
Beddoes George. Bishop's Cattle. tanner, April 5
Colombine Francis. David Colombine, David Combine the younger, and Peter Colombine the younger, Nurwich, merchants. April 6
Cottingham Jha Liverpool, merchant. April t
Francis John and John Jofeph Francis, Rochester, piem bers, March 24
Fearon James Peter. Upper Grafton-ftreer, dealer and chapman. March 28
Favil Michael, High-freet, linen draper. April
Nicholls John George, Moulfey, merchant, March 31
(Ledington and Co.
Pollard John and John Thompson, Preiton, muflia manus facturers, April 16
fhborne, ftationer. (Alexauder and Co.
Steynor The Mas, Walfali, gingerbread baker. (Turner, Warwick curt
Standerwick John, Bourton, fike manufacturer. (Barten Yeovil
St. John Henry. Pennyrroís, dealer and chapman. (Bone and Plymouth
Traynor Wiliam. Frainynetreet, tailor. (Dawn and Co. Warwick fireet
Tijou Henry Mishadi, Mitre-court, vinter. (Wadefon and Co. Aufhin Fitars
Turner james. Too cy-freet, warehouseman. (Brooks, Mian @reet
Tayfur Fogmas, Monewearmouth Shore, bread baker. 'slackton Semeno's 00
Vufe John, Preden, cotton manufacturer, (Barrets, Hul
Fuillips Benjamin and William Beacon, Ewerehrect, levi•
gators. March 31
Paterfon James the younger, Great Yarmouth, keeper, April 6
Pafteur John Lewis. Stoney Stratford, grocer, March 18 Purdie Edward, St. James's Walk, working jeweller, March 8
Packe William. Chamber-freet, tailor. March ja Richardfon Thomas and Thomas Worthington, Mancheë ter, merchants, March 3
Redd Edmund, London-street, merchant. March 31
Sherratt Thomas, Birmingham, currier, April 1
Severn Luke. Coleman street, trunk maker, May z Trewhite Nathaniel, Appleton upon Wik, linea ruasu facturers March i
Thomas Ihn, it James's Place, taylor, April 16
Wilford John Pall Mal basurdasher. April 14
Waightman Thomas, Newgatę freet, mategar,Apri
STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS IN MARCII.
N our laft we announced the adoption and progrefs of a series of great pulhe meafures, which had been undertaken by the patriotic and enlightened. Adminiftration which has directed the affairs of this country, fince the death of Mr. Pitt; but this month we have to perform the afflicting tafk of recording the termnination of that administration, by a fudden exercife of the royal prerogative.
Future historians may have to record the calamities which may refult to this country and to Europe, from to unforefeen a fluctuation in our national councils, and from our being deprived, at fuch a crisis, of that union of experience, talents, and integrity, which ferved as the balis of unanimity and public confideuce, and which, during the last fifteen months, rendered this country happy at home, and great and refpectable abroad.
Future Liftorians will alfo be able to develope the real caufes of thefe changes; for the prefent, we must be content with the explanations formally made in Parliament by Lords GRENVILLE and HowICK, nearly in the following terms:
Lord GRENVILLE (in the House of Lords, March 26, 1807)-My Lords, I do not rife to object to the motion of adjournment, but to fate, what your Lordships are aware it is perfectly regular for me to do, circumftances connected with the prefent ftate of public affairs. 1 with to ftate plainly thofe circumftances which have led to the prefent fituation of public affairs, and to the change in his Majefty's government; and I am the more anxious to do this in order to obviate thofe mifreprefentations which have gone abroad relative to the conduct of my colleagues and myfelf, and that to your Lordships, and through you to the public and the country, my conduct and character may be justified from thofe afperfions which have been thrown upon them. In the year 1801, when the Adminiftration, at the head of which was the late Mr. Pitt, refigned their offices, it was not thought expedient, from circumstances which then exifted, to ftate in any public manner the caufes of that refignation. The confequence was, that much mifreprefentation took place with refpect to the circumftances which led to that, refignation; but as I never repented my concurrence in the refolution to -"which I have adverted, fo I have never regretted the confequences to which it gave hith. But, my Lords, from the nature of the circumstances which have led to the recent change in his Majesty's government, and om the nature of the milieprefentations
which have been directed against those from
country, where, by the wisdom and firmness of the Noble Duke who reprefents his Majesty in Ireland, the commotions which arofe were fuppreffed, by the interference of the Civil Power, and without having recourfe to thofe measures of coercion and reftraint, which could only tend to irritate the minds of the people, and which his Majefty's Ministers were moft folicitous to avoid. The Catholic Question-the large Question I mean, was alfo prevented from preffing upon the confideration of Parliament during the last session. Subfequently, however, my Lords, the queftion of further conceffions to the Catholics of Ireland preffed itfelf upon the confideration of his Majesty's Minifters from a variety of caufes. The overthrow of the kingdom of Pruflia by the inveterate enemy of this country, placed in the power of that enemy a larger portion of Continental territory, a greater extent of coaft, and a greater number of points, from whence an attack might be directed against this country than had ever before been in the poffeffion of any power with whom we were at war. It naturally, therefore, became an object of the greatest importance to place the United Empire in a ftill greater ftate of fecurity, and to leave, if poflible, no vulne
the fituation of one of his Majesty's Minifters.
part. This could only effectually be done by calling to our aid the whole popula tion of the Empire, and rendering them effective for the purpose of refiiting any fuch attempt, on whatever point it might be made. The most effectual means of attaining so defirable, fo neceffary an object, appeared to us to be the recruiting the fuperabundant population of Ireland into the military service of the Empire. Ireland, increafing in commerce and in agriculture, alfo increases in population, beyond the means which the country affords for the fupport of that increased population. Our object was to conciliate four millions of people, and to knit together, in one common bond of union, the whole of his Majefty's fubjects. In this view of the subject, the next confideration was the means by which this was to be effected. In the year 1793, in confequence of a speech made from the Throne, by his Majefty's authority, to the Irish Parliament, an Act was paffed empowering his Majefty to grant commiffions in the military fervice in Ireland, to Catholics, with the exception that they fhould not be Generals on the Staff, and that they should not hold the offices of Commander in Chief or Mafter General of the Ordnance. This Act, my Lords, I contend, in the liberal construction which ought to be given to it, extends equally to the naval fervice. Various important confiderations pressed upon his Majefty's Minifters the necellity of not merely extending the provifions of this Act toGreatBritain, but also of enlarging them. In looking forward to any attempt of our enemy to execute his threats of invafion, it of course must be an object of the greateft importance that all the troops of the Empire should be difpofable to be fent to any point
which may be threatened. To this defirable object, however, the fubfifting law formed an infurmountable obftacle. Catholics might be come in Ireland, Majors, Lieutenant-colonels, or Colonels, but the moment fuch officers landed in England, however preffing the exigencies of the public fervice, they muft either do that, which in any other fituation would be disgraceful to a foldier; namely, quit their regiments, or act in defiance of the law of the land and be fubject to all its penalties. The fame difability applied to the navy. Another grofs and glaring incongruity was, that Catholics after having rifen to a high rank in the army, and difplayed the greatest military kill and fcience, could not, on account of their difference of opinion in religious matters, be entrufted with a command. Not merely this view of the subject, but, I was then, and still am of opinion, that the Catholic gentry and higher order of Yeomanry in Ireland, never can be conciliated, unless they have the means afforded them of providing for their younger fons by fending them into the military or naval fervice of the Empire. Of the peasantry of that country, the number in our military fervice is inconceivably fmall, thofe from whom they receive their religious opinions, objecting to their entering into a fervice where they are debarred the free exercife of their religion. Under all these circumstances, and confidering thefe diftinétions to be wholly inconfiftent with the idea of an United Kingdom; knowing at the fame time that the Catholics of Ireland were confidering of petitioning Parliament, in order to bring the great question respecting them again before the Legiflature, his Majefty's Minifters thought it expedient to frame a meafure for the purpose of extending the provifions of the Act of 1793 to this country; and, at the fame time, enlarging its benefits, in the hope of inducing the Catholics to poftpone bringing under confideration the large queftion, which they proposed, and at the fame time of adding effentially to the frength of the country. I do not wish to conceal my opinion, that the Catholics of Ireland in perfifting to bring that question again into difcuffion at the prefent moment, are injuring their own caufe, and injuring the general interefts of the Empire. It having been determined by his Majesty's Minifters to frame a meafure, as I have already stated, it was found upon confideration that it must also be extended to Proteftant Diffenters. It would have been unjust to have given privileges to the Catholics, which were denied to the Proteftant Diffenters; and in this country where Proteftant Reformed Religion is the established religion, if it were to become a question between that body and the Catholics, I certainly thould feel it my duty to give a preference to the former. His Majelty's Ministers having thus determined to extend thofe privileges to the Proteftant Diffenters, which it would have been unjust to have withheld from them, at the fame time that they were granted to the Catholics, the MONTHLY MAG. No. 155.
Bill was fo framed as to extend to all his Majefty's fubjects without diftinction, enabling them to hold Commisions in the army or navy, on taking the oath of allegiance, and an oath to fupport the Conftitution as by law established. I now come, my Lords, to the points more immediately connected with the circumftances that have recently happened. His Majefty's Minifters conceiving the measure to which I have alluded to be indifpenfally neceflary, felt it alfo to be their duty to reprefent that opinion to his Majesty, and to propofe the measure for his Majesty's approbation. It is undoubtedly true, my Lords that it is the right, as it is the duty, of a Member of Parliament to bring forward any measure which he conceives to be conducive to the weltare or interefts of the country; but it is alfo true, in the practical frame of our Conftitution, that thofe Members of Parliament who are likewife his Majefty's Ministers, ought not to bring forward any measure which may be conceived, in confequence of its being fo brought forward, to be a measure of Government, without first obtaining his . Majefty's approbation. On prefenting this meature for his Majesty's previous approbation, I conceived that his Majesty had fignified his affent to its propofal. My Lords, there has been on this fubject a misunderftanding and a nuisapprehenfion.-This I have from a quarter which not only I am inclined to believe, but which it is my duty to believe. Understanding, however, my Lords, as I certainly did at that time, that his Majefty had affented to the propofed measure to the extent ftated, a difpatch was prepared to be fent to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland to be communicated by him to the Catholics with whom he had been in the habit of communicating, a draft of which I laid before his Majefty for his approbation. This draft referred, in its commencement, to the Act of the Irish Parliament of 1793, and then stated that it was intended to propose to Parliament, to extend and enlarge the provisions of that Act in the manner I have already ftated. To this draft fome repugnance was expreffed by his Majefty, and his Minifters felt it to be their duty to make a reprefentation to his Majefty on the fubject, who received it with the utmoft kindness and benignity, and afterwards affented to the dispatch, which was, in confequence, fent to the Duke of Bedford, and is expreffed in the terms which I have already stated. The Catholics, on receiving the communication, expressed a doubt whether it was intended to enable them to become Generals on the Staff, and, in confequence of an application to the Lord Lieutenant, he fent over a dispatch, requesting an anfwer upon that point. This difpatch, as it is the duty of Ministers "ith respect to all dispatches, was laid before his Majesty. An answer was prepared, ftating that it was intended to enable Catholics to become Generals on the Staff, and to open to them all commiflions in the army and navy. To the draft of this dispatch NA 1 underflood