« ZurückWeiter »
gentleman boxer," was patronized by royalty, and plays, yet be achieved a beneficial reform in stage had Mendoza, " the Professor of Self-defence," as dress, though at the expense of antiquarian correcta pupil, as well as an antagonist. “Big Ben" was ness and truth. In the first two acts as Lady Macthe name given to a noted prizefighter named beth, Mrs. Siddons appeared in a costume that was Bryant, wbo“ flourished” between the years 1786 said to be copied from “the bridal suit” of Mary, and 1791. One of his victories, at Dartford, Dec., Queen of Scots. From her shoulders to her feet 1789, was over Tring, “the big Porter at Carlton fell a black velvet robe, with a broad border of House." It is satisfactory to think that the modern crimson velvet; she had a richly jewelled stomacher, stage does not condemn its favourite tragic actresses with a jewelled necklace, and jewels on her head, to utter such lines “in character” within a minute from which fell a long white veil, partially covering or two of melting their audience into tears. Who her robe. She wore this costume on her first was “the Honourable John St. John," who wrote appearance as Lady Macbeth, in 1785, and also on the this tragedy? Did he perpetrate any other tragedy; first night of the famous “O.Þ.” riot, Sept. 18, 1809. and what • run” had his Mary, Queen of Scots’i Her sleep-walking dress had been designed by Sir Did it run to twelve nights, as did the very poor Joshua Reynolds, but Kemble may have suggested play. The Regent,' by Mrs. Siddons's friend, Mr. the Mary Stuart costume in the earlier acts. Bertie Greatheed, of Guy's Cliff, which play was
In a volume of some fifty or sixty contemporary produced at Drury Lane Theatre in 1788, when the water-colour sketches made by an Irish lady, Miss part of the heroine, Dianora, was performed by the Sackville Hamilton, representing Mrs. Siddons in great actress whose home for two years bad been at ber various characters, she is depicted as appearthat romantic spot where the author of the play ing in Mary, Queen of Scots,' in yellow (Fitzresided! The Regent' of 1788 was consigned to gerald's 'Lives of the Kembles,' ii. 193). Among oblivion; and possibly the ‘Mary, Queen of Scots,' the numerous portraits of Mary Stuart in last of 1789 shared the same fate, despite the command year's relic exhibition at Peterborough I cannot ing powers of the chief actress and also of the im- recall one that represented her in yellow. In Mr. personators of Queen Elizabeth and the Duke of St. John's tragedy there is nothing to indicate the Norfolk.
costume, or its colour, of Mary Stuart; only in the Thomas Campbell, in his 'Life of Mrs. Siddons' last scene, after she bas retired to her oratory, there (ii. 158), after mentioning Mrs. Siddons's appear is the stage direction, “Enter Mary from her Oraance in Jephson's 'Law of Lombardy,' says: " A tory, dressed gorgeously, with a Cross and
Beads." still humbler piece taxed her powers soon after- Mr. Boaden, in his 'Memoirs of J. P. Kemble,' wards (March 20th) in the Hon. Mr. Jobo St. says :-John's 'Mary, Queen of Scots.' Unfortunate “ The Honourable Jobn St. John had ventured to con. Mary! the historians distract us about her memory, pose a tragedy upon the subject of Mary, Queen of Scots, and the bad poets will not let her alone.” From and Kemble and Mrs. Siddons condescended to act the the date here given by the poet Campbell-scriptions of Robertson, and thinking without a catholic
parts of Norfolk and the Queen. But versifying the deMarch 20, 1789—it would appear that Mr. St. mind, and with no enthusiasm, either for Mary or ancient John published his tragedy at the end of the next times, will do nothing in this drama. There can be no month, April 30; and, in his dedication to the sort of doubt as to the philosophic candour, and tho Hon. Mrs. Bouverie (tó whom, he says, the com- beautiful language that distinguish both Hume and position of the play was in a great measure infinitely better suited to the dramatic poot" (i. 431).
Robertson. But the rudest chronicler of past ages is due), he speaks of the performance having“ been honoured with so great an attendance." Was it In the following year, 1790, performed more than once ?
“ the Hon. J. St. John, proud of his achievement, Mary, I have not been able to light upon any men- used to say, 'wanting him to do something for them," he
Queen of Scots, and the people of Drury, as Skeffington tion of Mrs. Siddons's performance of the Queen did the romantic incident called, perhaps with more proof Scots in her son's work, ' Practical Illustrations priety than is suspected, Voltaire's Masque de Fer,' or of Rhetorical Gesture and Action, &c.,' by Henry Man in the Iron Masque" (ii, 11). Siddons (second edition, 1822). Nor can I trace Speaking of John P. Kemble, Mr. Percy Fitzany representation of the character in the numer- gerald says :ous illustrations to the work, unless it is the vignette (p. 77) of the uplifted head with the hands rebuke to a foolish play-writer, who was connected with
“There was more dignity, as well as morality, in his clasped in prayer. We know how Kemble improved the aristocracy-the Hon. Mr. St. John-who had the costumes of the stage at a time when it was written one of the innumerable' Mary, Queen of Scots,' deemed the right and proper thing for the leading plays, and was impertinent to the manager in the greentragedian to appear as Othello in the cocked hat call out, eaid Mr. St. John, insolently. But you are
room. High words followed. “You are a person I cannot and crimson trousers of an English general. And person I can turn out !' was the ready reply; and you although Kemble deliberately voted for ana- shall leave this place at once. The offender had the good chronism when he adopted the Charles I. cos- sense to return and offer his apologies” (i. 299). tumes for the group of Sbakspeare's bistorical In the work from which I have just quoted Mr.
Percy Fitzgerald gives me but very scant justice (W. H. Allen & Co.
, 1887), also quotes them, and (his work is published without any date). În the very naturally attributes them to Mr. Percy Fitzmagazine called Titan (James Hogg, Edinburgh), gerald instead of to
COTHBERT BEDE. 1857, I had an article entitled 'Siddoniana,' which
[The play was first acted at Drury Lane March 20, was subsequently reprinted in my volume of mis- 1789. How many times it was acted is not known. Its cellanies, The Curate of Cranston : with other author is said in the Biograpbia Dramatica' (1812) to Prose and Verse' (Saunders & Otley, 1862). This have been brother of the late, and uncle to the present article took up twenty-three octavo pages of the veyor of the Crown Lands, and to have died October 8,
Viscount Bolingbroke, to have been many years Surbook. It was the result of at least four years' 1793. He wrote one other play, The Island of St. Mar. inquiry into the subject, chiefly in Worcester and guerite,' 8vo., 1789, a musical romance, dealing with Vol. Wolverhampton; and I was enabled to print for taire's account of the Man in the Iron Mask. It was the first time many interesting points in Mrs. Sid acted at Drury Lane November 13, 1789, by Kelly, Suett, dons's earlier years.
Bannister, jun., Barrymore, Miss Romanzini, Mrs. I personally knew the lady Crouch, &c.,
and as it gave a picture of actual events in with whom she had been at school at Worcester, Paris (taking the Bastile, &c.) had a great success. St. and who told to me the interesting anecdotes of John al:o wrote Observations on the Land Revenue of her early girlhood ; I got copies of the very scarce the Crown,' 4to., 1787.] and curious playbills issued by Kemble at Worcester in 1767, showing that the future Mrs. Sid.
ENGLISH GRAMMARS. dons was singing and acting on the Worcester
(Continued from p. 122.) stage before she was twelve years of age ; and I Hall's Lessons on the Analogy and Syntax of the E. was able to show that her first_Shakspearian Language. 1833. 12mo. character was that of Ariel in “The Tempest; Haltrop, J. E. and Dutch Grammar. Dort, 1791. 8vo. or, the Inchanted Island : as Altered from Shak
Hampton, Barnaby. Prosodia construed. 1657, 12mo.
Harris, J. Hermes; or, Inquiry concerning Lan. speare by Mr. Dryden and Sir W. D'Avenant," guage. London, 1751. 8vo.' Also 1765, 1771, 1777, 1781, up when, in the storm scene, there were “monsters 1786.
and other decorations," with a “ Beautiful shower Verbs of the E. Language explained. 1830. 8vo. of Fire," and "the Whole to Conclude with a Calm Hart, John, Chester Herault, An Orthographie. Sea, on which appears Neptune, Poetick God of London, 1569. 16mo.
Hazlitt, Wm. G, of the E, Tongue. 1810. 12mo. the Ocean, and his Royal Consort, Amphitrite, in
Head, Sir E. “Shall” and “ Will." 1858, 12mo. a Chariot drawn by Seahorses, accompanied with H[eath], W[m]. Grammatical Drollery. [An acci- ; . Mermaids, Tritons, &c.” This was produced by dence in rhyme). 1682. 8vo. Kemble, in “the faithful City," on April 16, 1767,
Henley, J. The Compleat Linguist. London, 1719.
21. 8vo. when “Miss Kemble” was not yet in her teens. I
Anglo-Saxon Grammar. 1726. 8vo. was also able to give copies of the Worcester play- Henshall, s. The Anglo-Saxon and E. Languages bills, when, in recognition of the law, 1770, the reciprocally illustrative of each other. London, 1798. 4to. “Concert" and the “Comic Opera, called Love in a Etymological Organic Reasoner. London, 1807. Village,” in which Miss Kemble and her future 8vo. husband sustained the characters of Rosetta and Saxonicae
, &c. Oxford, 1689. 4to.
Hickes, Dr. Geo. Institutiones Grammaticæ AngloYoung Meadows, had to be given gratis; but, that
Linguarum Veterum Septentrionalium The"a quantity of Tootb-powder, from London," was saurus. Oxford, 1705. 3 vols., folio. to be sold at the theatre doors" in papers at 28., 18.,
Grammatica Anglo Saxonica. Oxford, 1711. 8vo. or 6d." I also was able to give copies of an address
Hill, W. Fifteen Le 38008 on the......E. Language. written by herself and of another written by her
Huddersfield, 1833. 8vo.
Hodges, Rich. A Special Help to Orthographie, These were published for the first time in London, 1683. Small 4to. Titan, 1857, with various other scraps of informa- The Plainest Directions for True Writing of tion that were given to me by Mrs. Siddons's English. London, 1649. 12mo. friends and contemporaries, which will be found in
Holder, W. Elements of Speech. London, 1669. 8vo.
Hollyband, Claudius. The French Schoolemaster, my paper ‘Siddoniana.'
London, 1573. 12mo. Also 1631, But when Mr. Percy Fitzgerald in his dateless work The Italian Schoolemaster, London, 1575. 12mo, has to speak of the early years of the future Mre. Aleo 1583, 1591, 1897, 1608. Siddons, he quotes one of my discoveries and says
The French Littleton. London, 1625, 18mo. in a footnote :
Treatise for Declining of [French) Verbs. Lon.
don, 1641. 8vo. “Some of the following details will be found in the Hunter, W. Anglo-Saxon Grammar. 1832, 8vo. "Siddoniana,' a paper contributed to Titan in 1857 by Hutchinson, F. Many Advantages of a Good Lana gentleman who writes under the title of Cuthbert guage, with the Present State of our own. 1724. 8vo. Bede,' who collected a few traditions in Worcester and Irving, David. Elements of E. Composition. London, diligently searched some of the local newspapers." 1801, and 1820, 12mo. And he then, without further designating his
Jamieson, John. Hermes Scythicus. Edinburgh, 1814.
8vo. authority, appropriates the other items in my
Jodrell, Rich. Paul. Philology of the E. Language, article. Mrs. A. Kennard, in her 'Mrs. Siddons' (Really a dictionary of quotations.) London, 1820. 4to
That Cromwell's foopers, in their mistaken, zeal
Johnson, R. The Scholar's Guide from the Accidence to the University. 1665.
OLIVER CROMWELL AND CARLISLE
CANON VENABLES speaks of "the stump of the
nave of Carlisle Cathedral-all that was left by 1704. 4to.
Jones, Rowland. The Origins of Languages and 1872, and 1873, there was a great deal of discussion
in 'N. & Q.' on the subject of Oliver Cromwell
and the cathedrals, of which I was, if not pars
English, as a Universal Language. London, 1771. was then brought forward by various corre8vo.
spondents tending to clear the Protector from this
cathedral destruction." That a large portion of Language. 1700, 1705, 1706. 12mo.
Language, a Dissertation on; more particularly..... unfortunately too true, as I know from ocular the E. Language, Paris, 1805. 12mo.
demonstration, having lived in and near Carlisle Latham, Dr. R. G. E. G. (Several editions.)
for many years ; but who destroyed it is another Leigh, Edw. A Philologicall Commentary......of Law
« Cromwell's Words. London, 1652. 8vo. Also 1658 and 1671.
Leibnitz, G. W. Collectanea Etymologia. Hanover, troopers,” which is tantamount to saying Crom1717. 8vo.
well himself, as “ qui facit per alium facit per se." Lewis, M. Essay to facilitate......the Rudiments of Who is Canon VENABLES's authority for this ? G. 1674, 8vo.
Lexipbanes. See Campbell, A.
broke , for Vol. 1. Folio. [No second volume.)
Lilly, Wm. Short Introduction of Grammar, London, they could not have undertaken so great a work as 1574. 4to. [Several editions.)
the demolition of a large portion of the fabric of a E. G., with preface by John Ward. London, cathedral without special orders from their com1732. 8vo.
Loughton, W. Practical G. of the E. Tongue. 1739. mander. These orders it is incumbent on CANON
VENABLES to prove that they received.
chapter-house of Salisbury Cathedral in 'N. & Q.;'
4th S. x. 402, confirming my suspicions as to the Maittaire, Michael. Essay on the Art of E. G. 1712. unfounded coq-à-l'âne of the Salisbary verger ? 8vo.
(See also the incisive articles in 1867, 1871, and
name I never see in 'N. & Q.' now.) Much the Also 1766.
same thing may be said to have happened, and is Martin, T. Philological E. G. 1824,
probably still happening every day, in nearly every Mitford, W. Essay upon the Harmony of Language. cathedral in England. The damage done at the London, 1774. 8vo.
time of the Reformation, that to be ascribed to Monboddo, Lord of the Origin and Progress of Commonwealth men with whom Cromwell had Language. Edinburgh, 1774. 6 vols. 8vo.
Murray, Dr. Alex History of the European Lan- nothing to do, that which is due to eighteenth guagee. Edinburgh, 1823. 2 vols. 8vo.
century neglect, and to the “ destructive" architect Murray, Lindley. E. G. First edition, York, 1795. Wyatt, who died in 1813, is all laid on Oliver 12mo. (See the long list in Lowndes.)
Cromwell's shoulders. I believe Carlisle is the
only cathedral whose fabric suffered to any great Nares, Rob. (Archdeacon). Elements of Orthoepy. extent in the civil wars, and even in this instance London, 1784. 8vo. Reprinted 1792.
Nelmo, L. D. An Essay on the Origin and Elements it is all but-perhaps I may say quite-certain that
Cromwell had nothing to do with it. As, however,
correspondent MR. EDWARD PEACOCK, wbo, as all London, 1825. 8vo. Also 1826.
history of the civil ware. He said that he believes WALTER W. SKEAT.
the charge against Oliver Cromwell in connexion (To be continued.)
with Carlisle Cathedral is untrue ; but he referred
me, oddly enough, to a friend of his, a gentleman "With 1648, 1649, order was restored to Carlisle; civic in Carlisle, whom I knew when I lived there, namely government resumed; a mayor elected; maces and a Mr. Richard S. Ferguson, whom MR. PEACOCK removed from the ruined nave of St. Mary's to St. Cuth.
state sword purchased; the mayor's chapel-or pewdescribed as a most accomplished antiquary.". I bert's; orders issued for the Town Council to attend accordingly wrote to Mr. Ferguson, and he has church; and any design of destroying the cathedral came very kindly taken the trouble to go into the matter to an end. That, at least, is my impression. closely, and I now, with his permission, forward
“ The above, I think, clears Oliver Cromwell." you the notes he has sent me. As Mr. Ferguson is I need add nothing further to Mr. Ferguson's thoronghly conversant with the history of the notes ; and I shall now wait with interest to see border city, CANON VENABLES will have to what evidence-if any-Canon VENABLES probring forward some pretty strong evidence to poses to bring forward in support of his charge refute his. Vergers and beadles speak according against Cromwell's troopers that they destroyed to their knowledge ; but in this late age, when 80 the nave of Carlisle Cathedral much light has been thrown on Oliver Cromwell's
JONATHAN BOUCHIER. history and character, it is sad to find highly Ropley, Alresford, Hante. educated people_still repeating the old scandals against one of England's greatest men and her
PORTRAITS OF WILLIAM PENN.- According to very greatest ruler.
an article in Scribner for May, 1876 (vol. xii. p. 1, I will now let Mr. Ferguson speak in his own et seq.), by Mr. Frank Etting, only two original words:
portraits of Penn are known to exist. One “One of the articles under which Carlisle surrendered, (authenticated I cannot find upon what ground) June 25, 1645, to the Scottish troops under General David
was that of the great Quaker at the age of twentyLeslie, was .No. 3, that no church be defaced.' The articles are printed in the preface to "Tullie's
Narrative two, which, presented to the Historical Society of of the Siege of Carlisle in 1644 and 1645,' published in Pennsylvania, has been engraved by Schoff and 1840 by Jefferson of Carlisle.
adopted by Bancroft into his ‘History of the “The editor of the tract says that, in spite of the United States.' This is said to have been the nave of the cathedral; but he does not say, who the other is stated by Surtees, in his ' History articles of surrender, they pulled down a large portion of painted from the life, it is believed in Ireland.” 'they' were. Jefferson, in his History of Carlisle,' published 1838, says the same, but adds a note,' Tradition of Durham,' to have formed part of the collection imputes the destruction of the west end of the cathedral of George Allen, Esq., of Blackwell Grange, on to Cromwell; but he does not appear to have been con- the Tees, which contained several admirable cerned in it.
" Dr. Todd, prebend of Carlisle, 1685 to 1728, in his crayon drawings by Francis Place (mentioned by MS. history of Carlisle gives the 'articles of surrender, Horace Walpole in his 'Anecdotes '), amongst
which were “fine heads of Charles II. and of "Upon these articles the place was surrendered, and William Penn and his wife.” This (of Penn ætat. putt into yo hands of ye Parliame Officers, who took fifty-two) was copied for the National Museum. possession of it for the Rebells. And notwithstanding The original is described as "eminently bandsome, the Condic'on they came in upon, either they or those that succeeded yu committed violences and Injustices the expression of his countenance remarkably upon both p'sons and places within yo walls.
pleasing and sweet, his eye dark and lively, and " • The Abbey Cloister, part of yo Deanery, Chapter- his hair gracefully flowing over his shoulders." houses, and houses built for yo Prebendaries and ye rest West's portrait, for his picture of Penn's Treaty of y® members of yo College, which were stately buildings, with the Indians, seems to have been got from a they pulled downe, and imployed yo stones to build a maine Guard, and a Guard-house at every Gate, to repairs miniature carved (from memory) in ivory by Sylye Walls, and other secular uses as they thought fitt. vanus Bevan, an old Quaker apothecary, many
". The Westward of St. Marye's Church [i. e., the years after Penn's death, and sent to old Lord Cathedral) they demolished, which was after built Cobham, who had a marble bust made from it for shorter, as it now stands, and they were so moved with his garden at Stowe. From this bust West obzeal and somewl else aget magnificent Churches, that they were designed to pull down the whole Cathedrall, tained the face for his picture, a face which Inman and to have noe Church but only St. Cuthbert's, but ye copied for the Society for Commemorating the king's hapie Restaurac'on putt an end to these and such Landing of Penn ; this again being used for the like Sacrilegious Intenc'ons. Domine, ne Statuas illis head on the stock certificates of the United States hoc Peccatum.' "Dr. Todd distributes the blame rather too widely.
bank and for all official effigies. In this and other "Up to 1648, Carlisle was held—not continuously-by pictures Penn is shown wearing a costame which Scottish garrisons ; civic government disappeared; no did not come into vogue, and really was not known, mayors appear to have been elected. I expect the until half a century afterwards, if at all. It wilí mischief was done then, either under David Leslie, or thus be seen a doubt attaches even to one of the the Duke of Hamilton, or his deputy, Sir W. Livingston, two original pictures of Penn said to exist. Now assisted by local fanatics. In October, 1643, Carlisle was surrendered by the Scottish forces under Livingston a friend of mine, at the sale of a Quaker lady's to Cromwell, i. e. to his forces. There is no conclusive effects a few months ago, purchased a picture-an evidence that Cromwell ever was in Carlisle until 1651. old one, undoubtedly-which contains on the back
the following entry, in handwriting which I judge the ancient Church. In turning over the leaves of to be of the end of last or the beginning of the the Retrospective Review I have come upon an inpresent century. It is on a slip of paper pasted stance of this kind which is not mentioned by the upon one of the transverse sections of the frame writer I have referred to. It occurs in vol. ii. on which the canvas is stretched, and reads :- p. 136, in a review of an Eoglish version of a
“Portrait of William Penn. W. Penn born 1644. Spanish novel called 'The Life and Adventures of On 4th of March, 1681, a Royal charter was granted to Lazarillo Gonsales, surnamed De Tormes.' I have him for land in America, On 1st Sept., 1682, Wm. Penn never read either the Spanish original or the sailed in the Welcome from Deal. In six or eight weeks English translation, so cannot tell who is re. 'he reached America, and his Treaty with the Indians was in 1682. He was then 38 years old, and in full vigor sponsible for the mistake. It is not probable that of body and health, as represented in West's picture. it can occur in the original, for every Spaniard After 30 years of toil
, travelling, voyaging, bodily afflic. must have known the difference between the two tion, and mental anxiety, he was seized by an apoplectic things. fit May, 1712. In 1715 he went to Bath for the benefit
The tale is one of Spanish cheating, and from of the waters. In 1716, in Sept., at Bristol, he had a second fit. He was then 72 years old. In 1718, on the the extracts furnished it seems to be just of 30th of July, he died at Rushcomb, in Berkshire, aged the kind to entertain our ancestors who flourished 74 years."
in the middle of the last century. At one time Along the top edge of the old oak frame runs a Lazarillo was in the service of an old priest, who strip, portions of which have been worn or cut had an ancient chest in which he “ deposited the away, containing this inscription :
sacrament-bread." This chest, with the aid of a "To preserve the history of this portrait the following tinker, Lazarillo opened, and gave the tinker one particulars may be depended on. It was in the family loaf for his pains and used the rest to satisfy his of Sturge, of the Society of Friends, at Bath, for two of hunger. It is quite clear that whut is meant is the three generations, and was inherited by them from old bread intended to be used for the Eulogia. In family relatives, also belonging to the Society, back to the period when the portrait was painted, at' the time Spain, as elsewhere throughout Western Christenwhen William Penn was in that city for the benefit of dom, the Roman Catholic Church has for ages his health in 1715."
used wafer for the holy Eucharist. ASTARTE. With a few other words which are illegible, with
PRIVATELY PRINTED WORKS.-You have often the exception of, perhaps, “very” and “Sturge.” lately commented in your columns on the augThe portrait is that of an elderly, good-looking mented literary and historical value attaching to man, firm jawed, with well-cut nose and sharp and the privately printed volumes of to-day above thoughtful eyes, bewigged, large hatted, and wear. those issued years ago, and this opinion must be ing an eight-buttoned coat of mauve velvet, with corroborated by every one interested in works of a white stock atop: I take it that Penn in 1715, that class. Every advantage, however, seems to at the height of his fame and in the fashionable city of Bath, would hardly have sat to any bat a is the case with regard to these volumes. With
carry with it a corresponding drawback, and euch first-rate painter for his portrait, for any fresh light this increased importance they have become dearer with regard to which I shall feel exceedingly in- in the market, and the difficulty of acquiring them debted.
JAMES HARRIS. Neuadd Wen, Canton, Cardiff,
proves a greater stumbling-block than ever to
students. It has happened to me of late to require “Rosticus Expectat,” &c.—There are two the following works, and to find them wanting
from the British Museum : lines of Horace which seem to refer to a fable:Rusticus expectat dum defluat amnis ; at ille
1. Adam, W. Gift of a Grandfather, 1836; and sequel,
1839. Labitur, et labetur in omne volubilis ævum.
2. Baker, Sir G. S. Office of Vice-Admiral. Is there any classical fable or story to this effect? 3. Lowe, Rachel J. Farm and its Inhabitants. There is no such fable in Phædrus. There is such To these volumes I may add the privately-printed a fable in L'Estrange, but he, or the author be Memoirs of Miss Fanshawe and the Australian translates, may have manufactured it out of volume of poetry by Barron Field. My own case Horace. La Fontaine, who has versified almost is no doubt that of many others, and we should be all the fables, old or new, has not got it, nor is it glad if you would continue at reasonable intervals in Croxall's ' Fables. Had it been in Babrius, I to impress on those at the cost of printing such it would hardly have been omitted from these volumes the need of copies being deposited in the modern collections.
National Library, where they will be within the reach of every student.
WESTMONAST. HOLY BREAD.-The last volume of the Antiquary (pp. 191–194) contains an article on holy-bread, in Watch MENDING 1608.- In the accounts of which the writer points out that this blessed bread the Earl of Northumberland, Historical MSS. has often been mistaken for the holy Eucharist by Commission, vol. v. p. 229, is a charge, under persons who are not acquainted with the rites of February 3, for "mending of a watch and string