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puniflıment defeats itself, and atrocious room where the man and his wife Nept criminals are enabled and encouraged to in one bed, and two beautiful girls in despise the restraints of law.

another, fo near my bed-lide that, had While at Warren, one of the million- I been so difpofed, I could have touched aries sent by the state of Connecticut to them with iny hand. The novelty of instruct the Indians in the dogmas of this situatiou to atfected my rivble facalChriftianity, othciated after the Preiby- tics, that I could not fleep, to the 10 terian forin. We attended; his nanic finall annoyance of my bed-fellow, who, is Robbins : he is a little man, loaded accustomed to fimilar scenes, was very with lighi-church doctrine, but delivered much difpoted to sleep. The rest of the with conliderable eloquence a plain mo- party, alto, appeared inconscious of any ral extemporary sermon. About eighty peculiarity in the circunstance, and flepic perfons were present. The next niglit with as mach compofure as if every perthe inhabitants requeried our attendance son in the room had been of the fame at a ball, at which were present about fex. There were then but ien fanilies fixteen or seventeen couple, includmg fettled in Mesopotamia. In every part fome

very landfome, and one (my part of the l'uited States with which I have Der) as handsome a woman as ever en- any acquaintance, cattle more anxioutly teed a ball-room. We spent a very feck for ialt thun in Pugland: this deliri pleasant evening; and the next morni- encreates as you proceed froin the ocean; ing, being the 7th of May, lett Warren and in Western America, if you do not for Mesopotamia, eighteen iniles. For occasionally give your horses falt, they the firii fix or eight iniles, the land did will cat their bridies, the slaps of their not seem quite so good as to the east of faddles, and such other parts of their Warren; it also appeared to labour un- furniture as being moittened with their der the want of a due fupply of water, pertpiration they can get at with their an evil which probably will be remedied mouthis. May not tliis be occalioned b when the country becuines more open, the want of a due portion of faline paras it is very cutiomary to find numerous ticles in the atidutphere, in coatequence springs upon clearing of wood-lands. of its remoteness from the foa; and it The latter part of vur journey was fo, may it not account for another fact, through a very rich country. For the mentioned with a view to disparage this first five miles we travelled along the country, by tuch authors as Weld and neanderings of the Mohaning branch of Parkinton, (the first of wbom asserted the Beevor ; the next three miles was on that musquitoes would bite through a an apparently flat country, at the extie. Loot, on the authority of General Wafmity of which we reached the sources of thington, who I am intormed actually told Grand River, which emptics itself into him fo, to ridicule his credulity; and Lake Erie, and so through the river St. the second boldly affures his readers, Lawrence into the Atlantic; whilst the that there is no bread in America), that waters of the Beevor pass down the Obio, our horned cattle will eat the lorie-Jung into the Millillippi, and thence into the in the treets: the fact is fo, and I pre Gulf of Mexico. It is certainly extra- fume they do so in pursuit of the salt ordinary, that the fources of thefe rivers, contained in the excrement. so near to each other, thould be undis From Melipotamia to Windfor is seven vided by any ridge or bigh land; for the miles ; the country very little cleared, eye alone could not ascertain why either and covered with lofty timber, of which of these waters purfies the course it does, we counted, belides innumerable !maller rather thau an opposite one, the ground oncs, twenty-three different kind of being there fo very level. Although all trees, viz. white, black, and yellow onk, the lands in this county may with truth chetnut, black walnut, figar, inaple, lott be called goud, yet a preferenc: is un- maple, cherry, yellow birch, papaw (very durbtedly to be given to those which are plentiful), white walnut, or butter-mut, watered by the rirers which empty thiem- bitter or finooth-barked lickory, lou or folves into the lake, rather than t the bass, white poplar or fattin wood, culands on the different branches of the curbber, white elin, whire all, lippery Beevor. We slept at Mefopotarnia; and or red elin, black afli

, and iron wood. as the good people of the houfe at which Wiudfor container! fourteen families, we stopped had only one spare bed-rooni, twelve of which, conhiting of feventy we surrendered it to Mr. G, who on that persons, had einigrated from Counecticut day lead been very nowell, winlit invielf that spring. Emigrants generally preand companion will to bed in the fante ferred the beech and maple lands, us

the roots of those trees foon rot in the Proper officers, like the ædiles of ancient earth, and after four or five years cease Rome, should be appointed to superinto obitruct the plough, whilst those of the tend thic erection of new buildings; and osk and chesnut are inany years before I am not tie but the legillature should ibe furiner can clear his lands of them. so far interfere as to oblige the builder Graind River pales through, and becomes to foor certain rooms in the manner I na alle for finall craft at, Windfor; recomiend. Such an act night perad it will be read with surprite, when I has appear arbitrary, and be thought to are you that good i'rench brandy and livour of delpotilin; but when the lives ainaica rum were purchatible at Wind- and properties of many valuable citizens for as reafinable as at New York, the are expofed to deftrucion from the carecause of which is that the Canadians letineis or mulice of a vicious or drunken diangle there articles on to the Oores of fervant, there would be no just cause Lalu Frie; a practice to injurious to our for complaint. In this fattidious age, minou revenue, that it was one of the objections might be made to fu vulgar a objects of the treaty, contemplated to floor as tiles; a modern bean or belle lave been held at Cleveland, to prevent would perhaps be thocked at the idea of it; and I have rcason to believe that, al- letting a foot upon any thing but boarus. ihuzh that treaty did not obtain every Let them then cover their floors with object de'irect, it has leffened the prac. mats or carpets; and if the legislatiile ficc of Couggling into at leait this part ihould allow thein boarded floors in their of the coali on tee lake.

parlours and drawing-rooms, they should I rema!, Sir, your's, &c. be thanktist, and difpense with tiles or Alesandria,

R. DINMORT. computition in their upper and lower Dec. 21, 1806.

rooms. In Italy noble, and even royal, feet tread either upon marble, brick, or

tiles : to the indulgence of boards they To the Editor of the Monthly liugacine, are strangers. SIR,

If the hints, which I have thus thrown to me, that fo ingenious a people as deration by fome ikiltul builder or archidhe Englith Mould never have itruck out tect, my imperfect plan may, perhaps, a nude of checking the progress of fire be improved to a degreo of perfection in their metropolis, fince they cannot that may save the lives and properties of prevent its occafional ravages. A very thoufands of our tellow-creatures. To fimple method has occurred to me. It the hints already sugyetted, I shall beg is this: 10 foor all hops, warehoufes, Icare to add, that the legislature thould purseries, hed-chambers, particularly the intill upon a little division between the roans in which servants fleep, with brick walls of houses : I mean, that neighor tiles, or some kind of hard compori- bouring houses should not touch; nor Lion, fich as we find in the best boufes thould one wall, as I fear is too often (uas, in the palaces) of Italy. If, in a the case, become what is calleu a partyrouru fo fored, fome article of furniture wall; that is, two houses ihould not rest fhould take-fire, it may (hould it be too upon the fame wall by means of" inserted large to be thrown out of the window, or beams. I would also recommend stone to be reinoved through the door) be or marble flairs, as oficn as such matedrawn into the middle of the room, and rials can be obtained ; and above all there allowed to burn, while the fur- things, stone or marble landing-places, muoding inflammable articles are remov- to allig in escape from the pursuing or 15. Thus the progress of the fames approaching flame. I would further rewould be completely liopped; for the cominend the use of iron, or cast metal, hard door fetting fire at detiance, the in window-frames, window-lluiters, furfaunilt would more with confidence about bases, and all the projecting, ornaments the training objeit, and confine the con- of rooms; alto thin plates of iron under fanıption to itself. This plau, however, such floors as may be boarded. cannot be carried into execution in such I think, too, much might depend on brufes ils are already built, except in the choice of wood in Hoors and 'in fairthe ground or lower apartments : but cafes. Deal, which is generally used, duaufes (hould, i fiiture, be su construct- is the most inflammable of all wood; eft az eo adunit of the nte of brick, tiles, vah, or some tow-urning wood, Bhould of composition in the upper stories. be preferred. Perhaps fome cheinical



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preparation may be devised, to render his usual laconicism : “ I am sensible of wood, in general, less liable to become a them; but a few words by way of prespeedy prey to fire. The great object is face may announce to the public that I to gain time. Against the accident of am no adept in such matters." He was fire it is iinpossible to guard completely; not only uncouth in his manners, but but the progress of its ravages may by forbidding in his appearance; and he precautions be checked ; and if time be had with him a great filthy dog, who gained, lives and properties may be never quitted his fide, and was extremely Javed.

A. B. troublesome at table. Upon my once

telling Lelling, I could put up with the

philofopher, but not with his dog, he To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. replied with confiderable warmth, “ You SIR,

do not know the history that attends S

your excellent Miscellany with va- greatest ornament. rious particulars respecting that enlight- grinations he found him feeble and emaoned philosopher and keen satirist, Lef- ciated, lying by the waylide. The phifing, I am induced to tranfinit the fol- losopher had but two small loaves in his lowing anecdotes of him, as related by

pocket. He threw one of them to the one of his intimate friends, who, from poor creature, who greedily devoured it: experience, can truly fay with the poet,

fince that time the grateful animal has

never forsaken him. Consider, that in “ Lirge was his bounty, and his foul sincere.” those two loaves confifted the philofo

When Lesling resided in Wolfenbüttel, pher's wbole stock of provisions : he dihe was one day waited upon by a Livo- vided thein honestly.-50 long as I have nian, of uncouth appearance, whose pale a loaf,” added Letting, “ the philosopher and emaciated countenance bespoke him shall have half of it." “ the child of sorrow and of misery." The Livonian remained about five Lessing asked him, who he was? “I am months under Lelling's roof during the a philosopher,” replied the tiranger. At inclemency of the winter seafon. When, that time (now more than thirty years lowever, spring appeared, with its long ago) philosophical scribblers were ins- days and genial lunthine, he one evennitely less numerous than they are at ing after fupper unexpectedly said to present, and Lesing was therefore much Lelling: “ To-morrow morning early I îtruck by this fingular reply. Upon re- shall take my departure.” The good man, questing to know the object of his visit, knowing his gueit's resolute mind, there he put his hand into his bofom, drew upon took him into a room adjoining, forth a dirty manuscript, and answered, and gave him wherewith to pay his trawith the energetic warmth of a philofo- velling expences. The next morning, pher, “I have here begun a treatise on before the family was risen, the philofothe future Destiny of Man, which I want pher took up his staff, and, accompanied to complete; but I am without a home, by his faithful companiun, again collie and deftitute of sustenance. Grant me menced his rambles. a room, and some bread, and I will here Lelling was extremely attentive wben finish my treatise.” Tew breasts ever in a theatre, and could not bear to be glowed with a purer spirit of benevo- disturbed. If tle most wretched actor lence, than did Lessing's: he granted was performing, he alone would pay the stranger's request without hesitation, hin the moft marked attention, although A chamber was allotied to his use, and the rest of the audience was clamorous he received, not only a general invitation in its disapprobation. When he was to his benefactor's table, but also a fum alked, how he could fuffer his attentioa of money for his pocke:- xpences. Here to be engrofled by so miserable a bunhe passed his time in unrestrained cheer- gler? Bungler?" Lelling woulil far fuluess, being looked upon and treated caftically reply, “ do yo think fo? Well, as one of the family. Lesling told, me I am of opinion that this bungler, us that his treatise poflefled many good you call hiin, plays liis part better than points, but that its diction was both you or I could; confequently we may harth and ungrammatical. When he one both of us learn foinething from him." day pointed out these defects to him,

I am, Sir, &c. the philosopher (for he was never known

S. by any other appellation) replied with 9 February, 1807.


To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. infancy; the present prospect, however, SIR,

is encouraging. I REGARDulhe formation of societies The following is the plan on which the

for the cultivation of science and above fociety is formed and conducted. pluilofophy to be of contiderable import- The sum of two guineas is required as a ance to mankiud. Such associations are term of adıniffion, and every member calculated to stimulate the exertions of pays a fmall subscription moothly. The individuals in the pursuit of knowledge, money is expended in purchasing philo to afsift them in their enquiries, and to fophical apparatus, books, &c. A prepromote a taste for rational iinprovement fident, treasurer, and secretary, are chosen in the places where they exist. It is annually. The menabers of the fociety pleating to find that such focieties are hold a ineeting every Monday evening. increaling; and your widely-circulated Al cach meeting some scientific or phia and truly valuable Magazine is certainly losophical subject is discussed, and, when a proper channel for communicating to it will admit of it, illustrated by experithe world notices of their existence and ments. Regular minutes of the proceedproceedings. I now send you a short ac- ings are preserved in a bouk provided count of a Scientific Society, lately for the purpose. No subject but what forined in Wilbeach, the publication of answers to the name and nature of the which, it is hoped, may promote the society can be discusfed during the time formation of limilar focieties in places of meeting : consequently all the difwhere they do not at present exist. cuflions are absolutely reltricted to what

This fociety comnenced in January is scientific, &c. 1804, under circumstances highly discou- Wishing that useful knowledge may raging, and with but little profpect of every where increaie, I requert you will success. At first it consisted of only four give this short communication a place ia persons, and very few new meinbers your miscellany. were added during the ycars 1804 and

Your's, &c. 1805: however, small as their number Wisbeach,

R. WRIGHT. was, they had the virtue to persevere; March 3, 1807. they continued to hold weekly meetings for the discussion of scientific and philo- To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. fopbical subjects, and their efforts have been successful beyond what the most SIR, fanguine among them expected in the

N the Vanity of Human Wilhes, by time. These circumstances are men

Dr. Johnson, he cites as one of his tioned with a view to stimulate the friends examples the celebrated Lady Vane, of science in other places, however sinall their oumber, or however discouraging

“ For Vane can tell what ills from beauty appearances may be, to attempt the

spring." formation of such focieties; as their do- I shall be extremely obliged to any of ing this may draw others to them, and your correspondents for the fequel of her excite enquiry on philofophical subjects, hittory: it is left unfinished by Smollet as well as accelerate cheir own progref- in the Memoirs of a Lady of Quality live knowledge.

(confidered as her genuine history), which During the last year, the above-men- he has introduced in Peregrine Pickle; tioned society added nine new members, and to be informed where and when the besides two honorary inembers,* fitted died. In the same novel, the history of up a room in which its meetings are the Annefley claimant is related, but left beld, and procured an air-puinp, fonie unfinished. I have seen the original electrical and other apparatus, and a trial, in the Irish courts, between Richard few philofophical books. The president Earl of Annelley and James Annetley, performed a number of curious and in- Esq. in whose favour a verdict was given, itructive, and some originni, experiments. but a rule for a new trial was immediAn the meetings have been conducted ately granted. Some of your corresponwith much good nature, friendship, and dents, conversant in the decisions of the unanimity. Still the fociety is yet in its courts of law, will perbaps have the

goodness to inform me, through the The honorary members are gentlemen Monthly Magazine, what was the finat refiding too far from Wifbeach to attend the terinination of the afair. maçetings of the society,

December 8, 1806.




To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. for the threshing machines of the preferit

day? N TOTICING, in your Magazine for I beg pardon for so long trespassing on

November, thic with of 1. P. for your time, and am, Sir, your's, &c. information as to the utility of the fruit Lillington,

R, RUFFHEAD. of the borte-chetnut, I am induced to near Woburn, Bedfordshire, lend you the following obfervations, if Feb. 16, 1807. you decin them worthy of infertion.

“ The horte-chelnut was brought from the northern parts of Asia, about the To the Editor of the Monthly Magosine, year 1550. It was called rufianea fruin

SIR, the thape of its fruit, and the title of TY learned friend, Dr. Mitchill, of equine was added to it from its being a New York, the respectable repregood food for horfes, when ground. In tentative of that city in the American Turkry the nuts of this trec are ground, or Fredevian government, has comune and mixed with the provender for their nicRied to me the following prosulal for horfes; especially those which are trou- delignating that immerle republic; which, bled with cougls, or are broken-sindhud, from the bigh character and great influin both which disorders tev are reckon- ence of the doctor, will probably be some ed very good. Deer are very find of time adopted; and if you think it of the fruit, and at the time of thcir ripen- importance or curiosity enough to occuiny will keep much about the trees, and py a space in your valuable Miscellany, greeduy devour them as they fall." - it is at your command. The Doctor conMiller's Gardener's Dici. 410.

cludes his letter to me in the following Mortimer, in his Art of Husbandry, words : “ Iwith that in writing, berce8vo. vol. ii. page S2, corroborates the forward, you would liftingu th the United above relpecting tood for houses.

States by the name of Freddon, and the And Welton, in his Tracts on Agri- inhabitants as lredes, pursuant to the culture and Gardening, page 192, speak- enclosed nomenclature." ing of rearing and fattening poultry, The communication of this proposal amongfi other cheap foods which he re- may perhups be acceptable to the pula corumends, expreties hintelt thus, "ard lic. (what I thould apprehend the bett of all)

Joun COAKLEY Lrusom, horse-chesnuts: these lati Ghould be either Sambrook Court, Nov. 20. steeped in boiling water, or boiled a lie ile, to take off the bitternels; to tempt GENERIC Names for the COUNTRY and fowls to eat there at tirti, a little barley PEOPLE of the UNITED STATES OF AME meal fhould be inixed with them," &c.

In your Magazine for November last, The portion of terraqueous globe comprepage $82, you mention the Polyauto- bended by the great Likes, the Saint Law. graphic art. I do not recollect your

rence, the Ocean, and the Millillippi, luas having ever published any account of it

no general denonination by which it can be amonytt the New Patents. I could with conveniently diftinguished in geography. Its to be informed, through the channel of enough, and fuficiently well undersiood. But

subdivisions and local names are appropriate your useful Miscellany, what are the fub- there is still wanting one broad and univertal jects of the nunibers already published appellation, to defignate and characterize the as fpecimens of the art, by Nir André whole appropriated and unappropriated terriand Mr. Vollwciter, and the size of each, tory of the United States. and where fold. Toinany of my brother It was a great over light in the convention ruftics this information would be as of 1787, that they did not give a name ta pleasing ns to wylelt, no doubi.

the country for which they devised a frame I recollect having fern veution made of government. Its citizens are suffering in some old agriculture book of a threthin every day for lack of such a generio term. ing machine, Puid to have becl inrented Defitute or a priper name for their own foil at Dalkeith in Scotland, which in a die and region, they express themselves vagueis

and awh wardly on the fubject. By some it nute yave 1320 Arukes, as many as

is termed United States; this, however, is thirty-three men. It was fiud to go wbile

a political, and not a geograpinal title. By a water-mill was grinding, but might be others it is called Anieties, and the inhabi. turued either with wind or horie. Query, tunes Americans. But these epithets equally ou what construction was it, and whe- belong to Labrador and Paruguay, and theit ther it is the foundativa or the plans natives. New England and dew Englana na


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