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and carried on with a mild and un: been discussed and adopted, and are deviating perseverance.
now ready, by precept and example, There is a pleasurable sensation to be carried into effect. arising from the drinking of spirit,
VACCINATION. for which it is essential to provide some substitutes for distilled liquor. stranger that people care very little
The smallpox has been so long a These may be smallbeer, coffee, tea, about it. The neglect may one of these chocolate ; various decoctions of our days be seriously repented of, for owa aromatic and exhilarating plants;
the disease is by no means extermi-
may our own wines, for those who occa
be hundreds in this town exposed to sionally need wine, and whatever
it. There is now at the pest house else can be brought into use, grate. a decided case of the smallpox. The fully to raise the animal spirits, with medical gentlemen in this town are out leaving behind them any of the all of them, we believe, provided
with vaccine matter.
The expense depressiog and injurious consequences of vaccination is very little, the sickof rum, brandy, gin, whiskey, and
ness produced by it a trifle, and the the whole catalogue of inebriating, evil to be prevented of very great debasing, and demoralizing potations. consequence. The old saying that There is a great- fallacy in the an ounce of prevention is worth a
pound of cure, never had a better idea that spirit is requisite to give application, or a more perfect exmen sufficient strength and anima- emplífication thau in this very mattion to enable them to work hard ter. Every head of a family should with impunity. The contrary is the consider it a duty to see that all un
der his authority are guarded in this truth. Who have lived the longest, way against the smallpox, not mereperformed the greatest amount of ly on their own account, but for the labor, muscular and inental? Wa- general safety. It is a kindness ter drinkers. Men of temperate, re. which Providence seems to offer, and
which like many other favors is but gular and sober habits. Ardent spirit does, indeed, in certain quantities, ror of November 6.
too little regarded.- Hartford Mir give an unnatural strength and acti
This admonition is greatly needvity; but as this is unnatural and ex• ed in Boston where there is much cessive, it must of course be of short apathy and a sense of false security duration, and must end in a corres
on the subject of smallpox. By and ponding state of depression, sad- by, if this negligence continues, we ness, exhaustion and derangement, shall be all in consternation and contending to disease and premature fusion. In the hurry in which vacdeath. This is demonstrated by eve- cination will then be pushed forward, ry day's observation.
Levery one wishing to be vaccinatLet us go on ; let us coctinue to ed at the same time, many mistakes meet and coofer till we can form a and failures will arise which the system of operations, and then sepa. physicians will not have time to corrate, and go forth, every one in his rect and supply. What will add to the way, and according to his ability, to disasters of this scene, whenever it ocexecute the measures which' bave curs, will be the fact, that many per
with offensive conduct, or disrespect J Washington-St. corner of Franklin-St.
sons in this city have been vaccinat NEW METHOD OF ROASTING COFFEE. ed who have not taken the cowpock. Mr Clarke, of Apothecaries' Hall,
has given us the following account EXCHANGE OF PAPERS.
of the process of roasting coffee by We should be happy to comply Evans & Co.
the new patent apparatus of Messrs
" The roasting still with the wish of every editor and
by which the process is effected is proprietor of a respectable newspa
new in chemical science; and by it per who is disposed to honor us with
we have the power of subjecting any an exchange, if we could do it without considerable loss and inconve- without injuring those qualities we
dry substance to the action of fire, dience. If we were sufficiently che- wish to preserve, and expelling othmical to extract an elixir of health, whether prophylactic or remedial, A considerable quantity of acetic ac
er properties we wish to get rid of. from shipnews, theatrical notices, id, which is injurious to the stomach, advertisements, ---local, temporary is formed during the process of roastand worthless politics, ---turning op ing; this acid dissolves a large proanything rather than the principles portion of the iron vessel used for and motives which should govern roasting the coffee, and destroys its the people and their rulers; we say, most valuable qualities. By the new if we were chemical enough to do
method the acid and other impurities all this, we would exchange at once. Papers may be very cle- are separated, and by a very inge
pious contrivance the aroma and fine ver in their way, aod wellsuited
flavor of the coffee are preserved and to answer the purpose for which they are intended, but quite useless ed. The patent roasted coffee is not
the deleterious qualities are destroyto us. But it is said to be uncivil, only rendered wholesome by the suimpolitic and disobliging to refuse an offer for exchange. For this argu agreeable and nutritious beverage.
perior process, but will be found an ment we bave very little respect. The patentee is entitled to universal This matter of exchange sbould be
patronage, as the discovery is most explained, and fairly understood to be a mere business arrangement, car
important to the public in general."
Boston Atheneum. ried on between the parties concerned like other negociations, accepted
DICTIONARY. or declined according to the free will
We have so few hard words this and good pleasure of those who make and receive, accept or decline
week, that we shall defer an explathe proposition submitted. The pro
nation of them till the next. prietor of a periodical publication should be just as much at liberty to ADVERTISEMENTS. accept or decline a proposal for exchange, as to buy or not to buy a
ATHENEUM: piece of cloth which is offered to him OR, SPIRIT OF THE ENGLISH MAGAZINES. for a coat, without being chargeable
FOR NOVEMBER 15,
UST published by John Cotton, 184 to anyone. We have, for several weeks been
CONTENTS.—The Fatal Mistake-The indebted for a number of papers for Shadow-Weddings : by a ParishClerkwhich we have made no return, and The Sorcerer. From the German of Weber we make this explanation because – The Animal Kingdom described and we are desirous that the views and arranged, by Baron Cuvier, &c.—Time's
Changes—The Mysterious Guests-- Wit motives which govern us should be in Painting—My Godmothers—The Draunderstood and approved.
ma-Tales in Verse, Illustrative of the
several Petitions of the Lord's Prayer. Regents of the University have filled the By the Rev. H. F. Lyte.
vacant Professorships in this Institution,
and that the College will be opened on MEDICAL SCHOOL IN BOSTON.
the first Monday of November next, by an
Address from the President. The THE LECTURES at the MASSA
tive courses of Lectures in the following CHUSETTS MEDICAL COL
order, viz. LEGE, in Boston, will commence on the
Joan AUGUSTINE SMITH, M. D. on Anthird Wednesday in November.
atomy and Physiology. Anat, and Surg. by Dr WARREN.
ALEXANDER H. STEVENS, M. D. on Chemistry, by DR GORHAM.
the Principles and Practice of Surgery. Midwifery and Med. Jurisprud, by DR
JAMES F. DANA, M. D. on Chemistry. CHANNING.
JOSEPH M. SMITH, M. D. on the TheoMateria Medica, by DR BIGELOW.
ry and Practice of Physic and Clini. Theory and Practice of Physic, by DR
cal Medicine. JACKSON.
EDWARD DELAFIELD, M. D. on Obstel. The advantages for attending Hospital rics and the Diseases of Women and practice at this Institution, are considered Children. equal to those afforded in any city of the
Jonn B. BECK, M. D. on Materia Med. United States.
ica and Botany.
The Trustees are assured that the serTO PHYSICIANS.
eral courses of instruction will be full and N preparation and will be published as complete, and that the means of illustraare completed.
The students who have already attendThe American Journal of Foreign Med- ed Lectures in this Institution, are notified icine, to consist of such selections from that the changes which have taken the periodical works on Medicine, pub- place in the College will not deprive lished in Europe as are of practical utility. them of any privileges or facilities hereto
The American Journal will be edited fore enjoyed. by an Association of Physicians in this
In conformity with the ordinances of city, and rejecting speculative discussions, the Honorable the Regents of the Uniwill contain the spirit of such improve- versity, and the Laws of the State of ments made abroad in the Medical Sci- New-York, every Student is required to ences as are likely to be useful in actual attend two full courses of all the Lectures practice. It is designed therefore exclu- delivered in the College, before he can be sively for professional men.
admitted as a candidate for the Doctor A number, of not less than forty pages, ate; unless said Student shall have aton fine paper and in fair type will be iso tended Lectures in this College prior to sued every month. Price to subscribers the Session of 1822-3, or shall have four dollars per annum.
attended one entire course of Lectures Instead of the enormous expense of sub- delivered in some incorporated Medical scribing for, and procuring the numerous
School or University. Aledical Journals of England, France,
The candidate must also have studied Switzerland, Germany, and Italy, a cheap three years with some respectable practiand compendious method of learning their tioner of Medicine, and have arrived at most valuable contents is here offered to the age of 21 years. the American Faculty; and those who In announcing the new organization of wish to avail themselves of the work will the College and its first session in Novemforward their names before the 15th No. ber next, the Board of Trustees believe vember inst. to HILLIARD,GRAY & CO. that the high expectations of the Profes
N. B.-All communications must be sion and the Public will be fully realized, post paid.
and sustained by the distinguished repu
tation and talents of the several GenileUNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF
men who have been appointed to fill the NEW-YORK,
By order of the Board of Trustees,
JOHN WATTS, Jr. M. D., Pres. announce that the Honorable thé NICOLL H. DERING,M. D., Kegist.
GOLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS.
Published weekly, by John Cotton, at 184, Washington-St. corner of Franklin-St., to whom all communications must be addressed (post-paid).--Price three dollars per annum, paid in advance, but, if not paid within three months, three dollars and a half will be required. and this will, in no case, be deviated from.-Advertisements,$ 1 a square.
JOHN G. COFFIN, M. D., EDITOR.
THE BEST PART OF THE MEDICAL ART, IS THE ART OF AVOIDIKG PAIN.
TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1826.
This will pro
Dr. Clutterbuck's Lecture on: formed chiefly from the state
Inflammation of the Substance of the functions, that is, from of the Lungs.
the state of respiration princi
pally, though other functions When the substance of the will be often disturbed also, as lungs is attacked by inflamma- I shall presently mention. tion, exclusive of the pleura,
Theory. Now to underthere is but little pain expe- stand this, you have only to rienced, and not at all in pro- recollect that inflammation, in portion to the degree of the so loose a texture as that of disease. There is commonly, the lungs, must of necessity be however, more or less of pain attended with a swelling of the felt, and which may be va
part inflamed. This will riously seated in the chest, ac- duce pressure on both the oording to the seat of the in- bloodvessels and airvessels of flammation. Sometimes the the part, and so doubly interpain shoots through from the fere with the process of respifront to the back, and is often ration; for neither can air enfelt under the shoulder blade; ter into the lungs at this part, sometimes about the top of nor can' the blood pass with the shoulder or clavicle ; and sufficient freedom through the not unfrequently about the minute branches of the pulmiddle of the arm. These
monary artery and vein in the pains in the back, shoulder, inflamed part. If the inflamand arm, are often mistaken mation be of small extent, no for rheumatism, especially by serious inconvenience may be the patient himself, so that experienced ; because there is you arust be on your guard do material impediment to the against this. Instead of pain, function of respiration altothere is at times only a sense gether; and the system may of weight or oppression com- not suffer in consequence. But plained of
in proportion as the disease is When you have not pain to extensive, so must be its imguide you to the seat of dis- portance in regard to the gencase, your jndgment must be eral health of the body, and
even to life itself. When the acters. The symptoms, then, lungs become generally or ex- of violent and dangerous intensively infamed, as is some- flammation in the lungs, are times the case, the symptoms various, and follow in a certain are of the most alarming and order, one arising out of, and dangerous kind ; for in addition depending on, another. Now to the common signs and ef- it is of importance that you fects of inflammation, namely, should mark the series and depain or uneasiness in the part, pendence; as, in practice, our with a general febrile state of chief attention should be dithe system, there is an impe- rected to the primary sympdiment or interruption of a toms, rather than the secondafunction that is immediately es- ry, or still more remote ores; sential to life, and which can- because the removal of the not be even partially interfered latter has no necessary tendenwith, at least in any considera- cy to relieve the essential part ble degree, without great dis- of the disease, the inflammatress to the patient, and much tion, but rather the contrary. injury to a variety of other Thus if, as is often done, you functions. These, I shall now were to give stimulants in orproceed to point out to you.
der to relieve the general prosIt is the bronchial artery- tration of strength that takes that vessel which is destined place in the advanced stage of to nourish the lungs—and not the disease, you would be likethe pulmonary artery, that is ly to aggravate the inflammaessentially the seat of the in- tion, and that without a possiflammation, the pulmonary ar- bility of accomplishing the obtery being passive on the oc- ject you had in view.
No doubt, the coats 1. Pain in the Chest - The of this vessel, as of any other, natural insensibility of the lungs may participate in the disease; renders pain an equivocal but this does not appear to be symptom, as I have already essential.
When present, it Symptoms.— The history I bears in fact no necessary proam now to give you must be portion to the degree of the considered as applying only to disease present, the worst cases the more severe and extensive of pneumonia being those in cases of inflammation of the which there is the least pain. lungs. The slighter affections. Your attention, therefore, of this sort, not interfering ma- should be chiefly directed to terially with the respiratory the state of functions, in order function, are, of course, mark- to form your judgment of the ed by fewer and trivial char- case.