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A LL

THE YEAR

RO U N D.

Conducted by CHARLES DICKENS.

THIS MONTH'S PART contains the Opening Chapters of a NEW SERIAL STORY, entitled
AT THE

THE MOMENT OF VICTORY.

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ALSO
LAMBETH PALACE.

BITS of NORMAN LONDON.
ANCIENT CROSSES.

FROM AFRICA DIRECT: the African

Mail.
READING and its BISCUITS: Huntley & STARLIGHT DREAMS: Signals to the

Palmer's.
NOCTURNAL BURIAL.

ROTTEN ROW.
A MONK'S RECREATION in the OLDEN The BOULEVARDE DIPLOMATIQUE.

LONDON EXHIBITIONS: Italian, Irish,
SLANG PHRASES.

Planets.

TIMES.

Danish.

ALSO
THE EXTRA SUMMER HOLIDAY NUMBER.

Containing EIGHT COMPLETE STORIES

Subscribers can be supplied direct from the Office.

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ocean.

LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 7, 1888.

sense here too. Unfortunately, too, neither bank

nor shoal possesses in Shakespeare the meaning

CONTENTS.-No 132.

which this interpretation gives them. Bank means

NOTES :-Shakspeariana, 1-Honorary Degrees, 3-Curlliana a "river- bank” or “sea-shore," never a “ bank

- Railway Tickets, 4-Steele and the Charterhouse-Abbott encircled by water.” Except the present passage

Family-Three Sovereigns in one Year-Order against Games, Dr. Murray quotes no example earlier than 1696

5-Miss Foote-Louvima-Verification of Quotations, 6.

of bank used in the latter sense. Shoal, used only

QUERIES :-Chaffer-Challis-Chaise-longue-Chad Pennies

once by Shakespeare—"the depths and shoals of

-Egotism-Macready, 7–Letting the Lightning out-E. J.

Conroy - Bishops Jackson and Lloyd - The Sorbonne

honour” (Henry VIII.,' III. ii. 437)— has its

Henry IV. and Mary de Bohun-Confucius-Hugo Lloyd- usual meaning of “ shallow water," pot“ land left

Title of Book of Hymns-Certifago, 8 - Rockall-Servants bare by the receding of shallow water.” In the

to Kings – Death of Charles I.-Westmorland Dialect, latter sense Shakespeare uses shelf, which, in fact,

Authors Wanted, 9.

REPLIES :-Mark Lemon, 9 – Tête-à-Tête Portraits - Row- for "schoole." I simply propose to read “this

with some plausibility, Warburton suggested here
landson-Moon-lore, 10—Sprig of Shillelah’-Booted Misc bank and shore of time." Compare 'Richard III.,'
sion-Up-Helly-A, 11 - Church Bells – Catsup-Reference
Wanted, 12- Caradoc-Book by General Outram-Royal IV. iv. 525 :-
Offering-Cathedrals — Berthold's 'Political Handkerchief'

Send out a boat

-Lapp Folk-Tales, 13-Snead-St. Malan-Scarron-Ver- Unto the shore, to ask those on the banks,

non-Norfolk Song, 14–Title of Novel—John Hamilton, I have noted seven other instances in Shakespeare

Sarum Missal-Shakspeare-Hide-Motion of the Sun, 15–

Rebecca—Hussar Pelisse, 16–Portraits - Sons of Edward in which the two words occur synonymously in

III.-Roman Wall

, 17—Standing up at the Lord's Prayer close connexion. Life is then regarded as the shore

Mr. Justice Rokeby-Lindsey House-Wills of Suicides, from which the blind leap is made into eternity's

Authors Wanted, 18.

The oft-repeated phrase of Latin poets, in

NOTES ON BOOKS :-Dictionary of National Biography,' luminis oras, occurs at once as a parallel, to which

Vol. XV.-Lang's Perrault's Popular Tales'-Clouston's
* The Book of Noodles'– The Encyclopædic Dictionary,' tality" (* Pericles,' V. i. 195).

we may add Shakespeare's own "shores of mor-

Notices to Correspondents, &c.

My last note on this subject shall be strictly

conservative. In V. ii. 14,-

For certain

He cannot buckle his distemper'd cause

Notes.

Within the belt of rule,

SHAKSPEARIANA,

the word cause has been quite undeservedly, I
The Text OF 'MACBETH.' (Concluded from 7th think, suspected, and by Sidney Walker, Collier,

S. v. 323.)—Since communicating my former notes Dyce, and Singer rejected in favour of course. The

on this subject to 'N. & Q.' it has occurred to me question of Rosencrantz, in 'Hamlet,' III. ii. 350,

to examine the text of a passage which I had pre-Good my lord, what is your cause of dis-

viously supposed to have been emended in so satis- temper ?” as well as 'John,' III. iv. 12, "Such

factory a manner as not to admit of further ques temperate order in so fierce a cause," should surely

tion. In Macbeth's soliloquy in I. vii. Theobald's give the rash emendator pause.

In what sense,

correction of “bank and shoal of time" for“Banke then, are we to take cause ? Surely not, as the
and Schoole of time ” finds place in almost every Clarendon Press editors do, as the disorganized
edition. The defence of the Folio reading by those party of Macbeth ; the context is fatal to such a
who interpret it as a sort of ev dià dvoîv, meaning view. Caithness says, “Some people call his con-
"on this school-bench of life,” cannot be regarded duct madness, others valiant fury”; at a loss which
seriously. On the other hand, there is much to be hypothesis to adopt, he chooses the word distemper,
said in favour of Theobald's reading, taking it, as which in Shakespeare is applied to both conditions.
the Clarendon Press editors do, as comparing There is no question at all of Macbeth's followers,
human life to “a narrow strip of land in an but only of the nature of his violence. In clas-

Yet examination will, I think, show con- sically-derived words used by Shakespeare it is

clusively that the reading and interpretation are always the safe plan to refer to the Latin dic-

equally untenable. Presumably the Clarendon tionary. Turning to Lewis and Short's Dic-

Press editors take bank as * sand-bank," and tionary'I find under “Causa," “ In medic. lang. a

shoal as its practical synonym, i. e., land covered cause for disease......Hence in late Latin for dis-

at times by shallow water. But if so, what a ease," for which various authorities are cited. Causa

strange notion is this of a man who jumps from a is, in fact, what in modern medical, as well as legal,

sand-bank into the shoaly waters of the sea! Is language is called a “case," i.e., the matter at

not this an extraordinary way of picturing the leap issue. Distemper'd cause," then, I take to mean

into eternity's gulf? Jump no doubt means his “malady of distemper,” and in the same sense

tropically “to risk," as the Clarendon Press the passage above quoted from 'Hamlet,' where it

editors demonstrate, but it clearly has its literal is to be noted that the expression is “your cause

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of distemper," not "the cause of your distemper." indubitably wrong in supposing that Leonatus, in With this last passage compare another passage in comparing the sighs of his wife and friend to "the Macbeth,' on which the emendator has fallen mort o'the deer," meant to describe their sighs as with heavy hand, viz., V. viii. 44:

“ artificial” and “forced.” To him they seemed Your cause of sorrow

neither artificial nor forced, but much too natural Must not be measured by his worth, for then and roal. The only expression in the soliloquy It hath no end.

which seems to imply artificiality is that which de cause of sorrow” is no more than" case of picts the twain as " making practised smiles as in sorrow or simply “sorrow" itself. The following a looking glass "; but this, in the connexion in two passages will, I trust, put beyond a doubt the which it stands, can mean only that they were as correctness of my interpretation. 'All's Well,' great adepts at smiling on each other as if they II. i. 114;

had practised it at a glass. In comparing their Hearing your high majesty is touch'd

sighs to “the mort o' the deer” he meant that With that malignant cause wherein the honour their sighs were “long-drawn as its notes." I think Of my dear father's gift stands chief in power MR. Hall, on reconsideration, will see that this is I come to tender it, &c.

the meaning. That he did not see so at once is the *Coriolanus,' III. i. 235:

cause of the only defect in his otherwise excellent First Sen, Leave us to cure this cause.

and useful note.

R. M. SPENCE, M.A. Men,

For 'tis & sore upon us Manse of Arbuthnott, N.B. You cannot tent yourself.

ARTHUR GRAY. In order to fully realize the difference between Jesus College, Cambridge.

the words mort and mot it is desirable to know

something about the hunting music of medieval 'HENRY VIII.,'III. i. 122(70 S. v.263).—The cor- times. Much valuable information is to be found rection of “Make me a cure like this,” in place of the in a very rare work by Sir H. Dryden, privately peculiarly ungracious and incongruous “make me a printed in 1843, The Art of Hunting,' by William curse like this," should have been further illustrated Twici, Huntsman to King Edward II. by phrases from the same play which are worth col.

ALBERT HARTSHORNE. lation. We have here examples of what would be worth further distinct elucidation—the aptness of of a passage which at first thought may seem para

'PERICLES,' I. i.-I send you an interpretation the poet to harp, so to say, in a particular play

doxical. But I think myself able to make it upon a certain metaphor:Therefore in him

good :

Thal.
It lies, to cure me: and the cure is to

My lord, if I
Remove these thoughts from you.

Can get him once within my pistol's length. Hen, VIII.,' II. iv, 100. There is a certain awkwardness in this which has Several other lines in this play are corrupt as to be accounted for. Pistol's range, not length, printed in the most pretentious editions, but since would have been correct. But I hold that the the requisite corrections are, and have been for pistol here spoken of is a dagger. The word is so decades, on record it were idle to cite them. I do construed in the notes to the enumeration of not trace the following as having been indicated :- weapons in the third book of Rabelais, Prologue:Wolsey, Please your highness, noto

“ Petits Poingars appelez ainsi de la ville de Pistoie This dangerous conception in this point.

en Italie, d'ou ils vinsent. Dans la suite le même nom Not friended by his wish, to your high person

a aussi été donné à cette petite arquebuse q'on appello His will is most malignant; and it stretches encore aujourd'hui pistolet de poche ; et il u'est pas Beyond you to your friends.

jusqu'aux petits écus d'Espagne et de l'Italie que les Globe, 'Hen. VIII.,' I. ii. 138. Espagnols et les Italiens n'aient aussi appelez Pistolets. Read rather :

Voiez Henri Etienne dans la préface de son traité de Please your highness note

la conformité du langage François avec le Grec."-Ed. His dangerous conception in this point:

Amsterdam, 1725.
Not ended by his wish to your high person,

In England the words have been interchanged
His will is most malignant and it stretches in the opposite way:
Beyond you, to your friends.

"He [Somerville) told them that he was going to That is to say, " His will, not limited by his wish London to shoot the Queen with his dagg, an he as affecting your highness, extends beyond you, 80 hoped to see her head set on a pole, for she was a malignant is it, to your friends."

serpent and & viper.”-Froude, Hist. of England,' W. WATKISS LLOYD.

vol. ii. p. 396.

I incline to think, because of the archaism, that “THE MORT O'THE DEER," "WINTER'S TALE,' the line in question must have belonged to the old I. i. 118 (76 S. v. 144).--MR. Hall is undoubtedly play of Pericles,' and was left untouched by right in his interpretation of "the mort o' the Shakspeare when he revised and rewrote. deer," as meaning not the death itself but the

Hugh CARLETON. horn-blast which announced it. He is, I think, as 25, Palace Square, Upper Norwood,

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HONORARY OXFORD DEGREES CONFERRED on account of his secoding from the “anti

ON NEW ENGLAND CLERGY IN THE EIGH- episcopales," "a suis, multimodis contumeliis et TEENTH CENTURY.

injuriis vexatum." (Continued from 7th 8. v. 423.)

The degree of D.D. was conferred on March 27, Degree conferred on June 4, 1753:

1759, upon William Smith, M.A., of Aberdeen,

and Provost of the College at Philadelphia, upon Mr. Vice-Chancellor and Gentlemen,-Whereas it bath been represented to me that the Reverend Mr. Thomas a representation on his behalf signed by the ArchBradbury Chandler, Master of Arts of Yale College in bishop of Canterbury and five bishops. As this New England, though bred a Dissenter, is now upon representation was printed at the time, and has sound principles a convert to the Church of England, been reprinted in America, and as it is a somewhat and appointed by the Society for the Propagation of the lengthy document, it need not be here reproduced. Gospel'in Foreign Parts missionary at Elizabeth Town in I will only quote that portion of the diploma which Jersey; and whereas he is recommended by the Bishop of London, Doctor Johnson of Connecticut, and several refers to Mr. Smith's exertions in stirring up repersons of the worthy Society aforesaid, as a porson for sistance to the French after the defeat of General his character and behaviour in the service of the Church Braddock, which had brought upon him much of England well deserving a mark of esteem from your odium amongst the Quakers, who maintained the University; I therefore, to give greater credit and countenance to his mission, give my consent that the unlawfulness even of this defensive war:degree of Master of Arts be conferred on him by “Necnon in gravissimo rerum discrimine, popularibus diplome. I am,

suis auctor atque hortator acerrimus extiterit, ut contra Mr. Vice-Chancellor and Gentlemen,

Gallorum impetus iniquissimos, arma pro Rege, pro your affectionate friend and servant, libertate, et communi omnium salute caponsorent, atque

ARRAN. adeo, cum suo ipsius damno, virum sese bonum patriæque Grosvenor Street, May 22, 1753.

amantem ostenderit." Degrees conferred April 28, 1756:

Degree conferred December 24, 1760 :Mr. Vice-Chancellor and Gentlemen,-Whereas it has Mr. Vice-Chancellor and Gentlemen,-I have been heen represented to me that the Reverend Mr. William moved on the behalf of the Rev. Mr. Henry Barclay, Jobneon took the degree of Master of Arts after seven Rector of Trinity Church, in the city of New York, who years residence at Yale College, Newhaven, in the pro- was sometime a missionary among the Mohock Indians vince of Connecticut, as appears by his diploma, and was bordering on that province, and by his indefatigable inafterwards admitted ad eundem at Harward College at dustry and perfect knowledge of their language had Cambridge, in New England, and that the said William more than common success in making converts to ChrisJohnson has been strongly recommended to the Society tianity; and as in his present situation he is esteemed as for Propagating the Gospel by Dr. Cutler and Dr. John: an accomplished divine, and an ornament and support to son, the two principal missionaries of the said Society; I the Church of England; and as his friends are pleased therefore, to give the greater credit and countenance his to tbink that some mark of the University's favour will mission, make it my request that the degree of Master of add influence and efficacy to his pious labours; I recom. Arts be conferred on him by diploma.

mend it to the Convocation to confer the degree of I am, &c., ut supra, Doctor in Divinity on the said Mr. Henry Barclay by

ARRAN. diploma, and, in consideration of his circumstances, Grosvenor Street, Apr. 13, 1756.

without the usual foes. I am, The diploma mentions that he is the son of Dr.

Mr, Vice-Chancellor and Gentlemen,

Your affectionate friend and servant, Samuel Johnson, Rector of the College lately

WESTMORLAND. founded in New York,

Mereworth Castle, December 14, 1760. Mr. Vice-Chancellor and Gentlemen,- It having been Degrees conferred January 23, 1766:represented to me that the Reverend Mr. Samuel Fayerweather took the degree of Master of Arts, being then [of] informed that Mr. (Henry) Caner, Master of Arts Lby

Mr. Vice-Chancellor and Gentlemen,-Having been seven years standing, at Harward College at Cambridge in New England, and was afterward admitted ad eundem at diploma, March 8, 1735, ut supra), Minister of the King's Yale College, Newhaven, in the province of Connecticut, as

Chapel at Boston, Mr. (Samuel Auchmuty, Master of appears by his diplomas ; and whereas the said Samuel Arts, Rector of Trinity Church in New York, and Mr. Fagerweather (formerly a member of the Dissenting Con- Thomas Bradbury] Chandler, Master of Arts (of Ch., gregation, but some time since a convert to the Church Ch., M.A. by diploma, May 25, 1753, ut supra), misof England, and at present a strenuous supporter of its sionary

at Elizabeth Town in New Jersey, have been rodoctrine and discipline) has been strongly recommended commended to the University by the two Archbishops, to the Society for Propagating the Gospel by Dr. Cutler and the Bishops of Durham and Winchester, as very fit and Dr. Johnson, the two principal missionaries of the persons to be honoured with the degrees of Doctor in said Society, in consequence whereof he hath been lately Divinity by diploma; and finding that the three clergyappointed a missionary of the said Society; I therefore, ferred

on them by our University are now dead; I give

men in America who had formerly the same degree con98 a testimony that may render his influence more weighty and his mission more successful, desire that the my consent to this their request, and recommend it to degree of Master of Arts may be conferred on him by you to confer on each of them the said degree of Doctor diploma.

I am, &c., ut supra,

in Divinity by diploma, not doubting but that this will ARRAN.

promote the interest of the Church of England in those Grosvenor Street, Apr. 13, 1756.

parts.

And as Mr. (William Samuel] Johnson, Master of The diploma states that Fayerweather had been, Arts (son of the learned and pious Dr. Jobnson, to whom

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our University gave that degree long ago), is I find, like- Prefixed to the work is a list of books printed wise recommended to you for the degree of Doctor of for Henry Curll, which is very curious. Curll adLaw by the above mentioned Bishops, who represent him vertises Miscellanea,' in four volumes, consisting as a religious man and well affected to our Established of Dryden's letters, Pope's letters, Whartoniana, Church, I also give my consent to this request, and am, Mr. Vice-Chancellor and Gentlemen,

and two original novels by Mrs. Plantin. Your affectionate friend and servant, For 12s. 6d. you can obtain a collection, in five

LITOHFIED,

volumes, of trials for divorce, impotency, sodomy, Hill Street, January 3, 1766.

rape, and the like. The diploma of Mr. Johnson describes him as "in Bound with the foregoing is “ Court Secrets ; or Nova Anglia juris consultum."

the Lady's Chronicle Historical and Gallant: from W. D. MACRAY. the year 1671 to 1690. Extracted from the letters (To be continued.)

of Madam De Sevigne, which have been suppressed

at Paris. London Printed in the year 1727. [No CORLLIANA.—At the end of last year I

publisher's name]." At the end of this little work

purchased from a London bookseller a production of is a lengthy (three pages) list of “Novels Printed Curll's press. It is a small work with the follow- for H. Curll in the Strand." Amongst them are ing title, “Atterburyana, being Miscellanies of the the following: “The Reward of Chastity illustrated late Bishop of Rochester, &c., with I. A Collection in the Adventures of Theagenes and Chariclia'; of Original Letters, &c.—11. The Virgin Seducer, “The entertaining Novels of Mrs. Jane Barker in a True History—III. The Bachelor Keeper, or 2 vols.”; 'A Patchwork Screen for the Ladies : or Modern Rake, by Philaretus, London printed in Love and Vertue recommended by Mrs. Barker”; the year 1727 (price 28. 6d.).” This is evidently a Mrs. Hearne ; "The Spanish Polecat : or, the Ad

'Honour the Victory, and Love the Price,' by second edition, as another copy (priced at 14s.) appears in the current number of the same bookseller's ventures of Seniora Rusina'; 'Memoirs of the catalogue. The date of this edition is 1721. A Life of Mrs. Manley'; and other curious works. former possessor has written on the fly-leaf of my

Can any correspondent give me any particulars copy, "This is a very entertaining and moral book, of the compiler of these works, which are curious profitable to be read by Old and Young.-I. N." and interesting for the lengthy list of Carll's

E. PARTINGTON. On another fly-leaf is written, by the same hand, publications?

Manchester, “Atterburyana, a Jacobo Rollin.” The work is dedicated to Dr. Towne. The opening lines of the RAILWAY TICKETS.-It would be of some interest dedication are as follows :

(before the passing away of the elder generation “Sir, Wishing you a happy New Year in form; I will makes it impossible) to obtain records of the early without any further Ceremony, request one Favour more of you: to let me place this Fifth Volume of Miscellanies first details were doubtless an inheritance from the

arrangements for booking railway passengers. The on the same Shelf with the Four preceding ones, it being the Pinbasket of my Collections for the year Seventeen way-bills which found favour in the coaching Hundred and Twenty Six (How can we account for the times. If my memory does not deceive me, I have date 1721 on the other copy]. And now my good Friend, a vision of the entry by a clerk of the sum paid by as I do, and sball upon all occasions make you my father- each passenger (perhaps of bis name) on the paper Confessor, I am in the first place to account for my TitlePage; which I thus defend: As the most glorious River slip, given to him and on the counterfoil in the in Europe derives its Name from two small springs, I, in book from which it was torn, the tearing being like manner, have ventured to name this Miscellany from regulated by a thin sheet of brass. There lies be two little, tho' the most polite Performances in it; which fore me a thin piece of pink paper, 41 in. long, and to silence all impertinent Cavils, I received from the 1} in. wide, thus worded :Authors Son, Mr. Osborn Atterbury, Student of Christ Church, Oxon.,” &c.

LIVERPOOL TO MANCHESTER.

No 52 The dedication is signed “E, Carll," and dated

12 Sep 1832

at 2 o'Clock from Railway Station New Year's Day, 1726/7. No name appears on Paid 5/6.

JH, Agent the title-page, but from the list of works I find it N.B.—When seated, be pleased to hold this ticket in was published by H. Curll. Doubtless E. Curll your hand till called for.

(Turn over) was in durance vile for his transgressions.

On the other side :The contents form a curious mixture. First there

NOTICE.-No gratuity allowed to be taken by any is “Mr. Pope's receipt to make Soup. For the use Guard, Porter, or other Servant of the Company. of Dr. Swift”; then a Latin oration by Dr. Atter- Smoking in the First Class Carriages is strictly probury, followed by a curious collection of letters hibited. signed “Pylades" and "Comma"; letters which The number of the ticket and signature of agent are passed between Capt. H-- and a Lady; and in MS.; the day and month are impressed by a poems by Suckling and others. Then come · The separate stamp. Virgin Seducer” and “The Batchelor Keeper," by It would, I think, be of service to a future hisPhilaretus.

torian of railway progress if some of our older

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