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Mr Livingston, and the processes recommended by him. It is objected, however, to the Code, that its punishments are, in many instances, defective, since they do not extend to the compensation of the sufferers by the crime, which, in the opinion of the reviewer, ought to form fundamental part of every penal infliction. Very large extracts are made in the course of the article, which concludes with the following tribute to Mr Livingston.
“We cannot conclude this notice of his labours, without joining our feeble voice to that of the legislative assembly for which he is preparing this code, and earnestly soliciting Mr Livingston to prosecute his work' in the spirit of this Report. In England the eyes of its most enlightened philosophers, of its best statesmen, and of its most devoted philanthropists, will be fixed upon him; and in his own country, his name must be had • in everlasting remembrance,' venerated and loved. He is one of those extraordinary individuals whom nature has gifted with the power, and whom circumstances have afforded the opportunity, of shedding true glory and conferring lasting happiness on his country; and of identifying his own name with its freest, and most noble and most perfect institutions.”
SIR WALTER SCOTT. The students of the University of St Andrews have unanimously elected Sir Walter Scott Rector of that University. But the Senatus Academicus have declared the election void, by the statutes of the University, which, they contend, restrict the choice to persons holding certain situations within its precincts. This construction, they assert, has the sanction of four hundred years' usage, and cannot now be modified by the University itself. This subject is under investigation before a committee, in order to settle the principle of the eligibility of persons not holding said “certain situations within its precincts.” In the mean time Sir Walter has declined the honor intended him, on the score of increasing years and aversion to business.
A great sensation has been produced throughout Germany by the appearance of a work entitled, “ The Disgraceful Proceedings of the Universities, Lyceums, and Gymnasia of Germany; or, History of the Conspiracies of the Schools against Royalty, Christianity, and Virtue, by K.M. E. Fabricius.” This work, of about 200 pages, is dedicated to the German members of the Holy Alliance, and to their ministers and ambassadors at the Diet, and it denounces and vituperates the most enlightened and estimable of the German literati and men of science. It proposes to abolish all universities, or to put them under a more severe surveillance.
ANCIENT CHRONICLES OF THE NORTH. There exists, in manuscript, in the Royal Library, and in several other collections in Copenhagen, a great number of Sagas, or chronicles, written in the Icelandic language, the publication of which is the more desirable, as they would throw a powerful light on the ancient history of the North, and as there is reason to fear that they will perish by decay, if they are not soon withdrawn from the dust of the libraries. These considerations have induced three learned Icelanders to associate themselves, in the task of publishing these precious relics of antiquity, with M. Rafu, who has just edited a tract called “ The Chronicle of the Warriors of loonsburg." The intended publication will be in three different languages-in the original Icelandic, accompanied by two translations, the one in Danish and the other in Latin. The work just mentioned, which was copied from a manuscript of the 12th century, collated with two others of the 14th century, has been published only in Danish, as a specimen, in order to give the public an idea of the utility, as well as of the nature of the projected work, which is to be commenced in 1825.
STATISTICS OF HAYTI.
The population of Hayti, in 1824, amounted to 935,335. The whole number of inhabitants in the island, before the revolution, did not exceed 660,000. The regular army, for the same year, is stated at 45,520 men, and the national guards at 113,328.
DISCOVERY OF AN ANCIENT WELL AT ATHENS. Pausanias, in his “ Attics," chap. xxvi. mentions a well in the citadel in the temple of Erechtheus, cut in the rock, said to contain salt water, and to yield the sound of waves when the south wind blows. This well, after remaining closed up and unknown for perhaps a thousand years, was discovered in 1823.
Want of provisions, and, still more, want of water, had compelled the Turks to surrender. The Greeks, after they got the fortress in their hands, foresaw that similar privations might operate against themselves, and having observed, while engaged in the seige, some water filtering through the soil at the foot of the rock, they dug down from above towards the spot whence it seemed to proceed, and soon came to a subterraneous stair of 150 steps, conducting to a small square chamber, in which was a well yielding a copious supply of fine water.
ARTS AND SCIENCES.
Five Hundred Questions, selected from a full course of Illustrations and Experiments upon Chemistry. Applied to the Useful Arts, given at the Agricultural Seminary at Derby, Connecticut; with a short statement of the Course of Instruction pursued at that Institution. 12mo. New Haven.
Memoir of the Life of Josiah Quincy, Jun. of Massachusetts : by his son, Josiah Quincy. 8vo. Boston. Cummings, Hilliard, & Co.
COMMERCE AND MANUFACTURES.
An Essay on the Manufacture of Straw Bonnets, containing an Historical Account of the Introduction of the Manufacture, &c.: with Moral, Political, and Miscellaneous Remarks. 18mo. pp. 69. Provi. dence. Barnum, Field, & Co.
A Poiyglot Grammar of the Hebrew, Chaldee, Syriac, Greek, Latin, English, French, Italian, Spanish, and German Languages, reduced to one Common Rule of Syntax, &c. with an extensive Index, intended to simplify the Study of the Languages. By Samuel Barnard. 8vo. pp. 312. New York. Wilder & Campbell.
The History of New England, from 1630 to 1649. By John Winthrop, first Governor of Massachusetts, with Notes by James Savage, with an elegant Engraving of the Author. Vol. I. 8vo. Price $3. Boston.
A Particular Account of the Battle of Bunker, or Breed's Hill, on the 17th of June, 1775. By a Citizen of Boston. 8vo. Boston. Cummings, Hilliard, and Co.
The Carolina Journal of Medicine, Science, and Agriculture, conducted by Thomas Y. Simons, M. D. and William Michel, M. D. Vol. I. No. I. for January, 1825.
The Philadelphia Journal of the Medical and Physical Sciences. No. XIX. Philadelphia. Carey & Lea.
An Oration delivered at Concord, April the Ninteenth, 1825. By Edward Everett. 8vo. Boston. Cummings, Hilliard, & Co.
The African Repository and Colonial Journal. Vol. I. No. II, for April, 1825.
A Dissertation on the Nature, Obligations, and Form of a Civil Oath. By William Craig Brownlee, D. D. 8vo. pp. 44.
The Pleasures of Friendship, and other Poems. M'Henry. 12mo. Philadelphia. A. R. Poole.
By Dr James
The Christia Spectator: conducted by an Association of Gentlemen. Vol. VII. No 5, for May, 1825.
Redeeming the Time; a Sermon by the Rev. Samuel M. Emerson, Pastor of a Church in Manchester.
The American Baptist Magazine. Vol. V. No. 5, for May, 1825.
Discussion of Universalism; or, a Defence of Orthodoxy against the Heresy of Universalism, as advocated by Mr Abner Kneeland, in the Debate in the Universalist Church, Lombard-street, July, 1824, and in his various Publications, as also in those of Mr Ballou and others. By W. L. McCalla. Philadelphia.
The Christian Journal and Literary Register, for May, 1825. New York. T. & J. Swords.
The Christian Examiner and Theological Review, No. VIII. for March and April. Boston. Cummings, Hilliard, & Co.
The Literary and Evangelical Magazine, Vol. VIII. No. V, for May, 1825. Richmond, Va.
Cunningham's Morning Thoughts on St Matthew. Philadelphia. A. Finley.
The Journal of Madame Knight and the Rev. Mr Buckingham, from the original Manuscript. Written in 1704 and 1710. 12mo. pp. 129. New York. Wilder & Campbell.
AMERICAN EDITIONS OF FOREIGN WORKS.
The Lady of the Manor, being a Series of Conversations on the subject of Confirmations, intended for the Use of the Middle and Higher Ranks of Young Females. By Mrs Sherwood, author of Little Henry and his Bearer. 2 vols. 12mo. New York. E. Bliss & E. White.
On the Importance of the Study of Anatomy; from the Westminster Review, with some Additional Remarks. 8vo. pp. 12. Boston. Wells & Lilly.
Quotations from the British Poets, being a Pocket Dictionary of their most admired passages; the whole being Alphabetically Arranged according to their subjects. Philadelphia. Carey & Lea.
Lempriere's Universal Biography; with Selections from Watkins, and American additions. 2 vols. 8vo. $8,25.
New Monthly Magazine. No. LI.
LIST OF WORKS IN PRESS. A Treatise on the Law of Husband and Wife. By R. S. Donnison Roper, Esq. of Gray's Inn, Barrister at Law. New York. E. B. Gould.
Magee on the Atonement. From the last London edition. In 2 vols. 3vo. Philadelphia. S. Potter & Co.
Commentaries on the Laws of England, by Sir William Blackstone; a new edition, with the last corrections of the author; and with Notes and Additions by Edward Christian, Esq. Also containing Analyses and an Epitome of the whole work, with Notes, by John Frederick Archbold, Esq: In 4 vols. 8vo. Philadelphia. R. H. Small.
An Address to the Members of the Suffolk Bar, Boston, Mass. at their stated Meeting, on the first Tuesday of March, 1824. By William Sullivan. Boston.
Discourses on the Offices and Character of Jesus Christ. By Henry Ware, Jun. Minister of the Second Church in Boston.
Tadeuskund, the Last King of the Lenape. An Historical Tale. 12mo. Boston. Cummings, Hilliard, & Co.
Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & Co., No. 134 Washington-Street, Boston, for the Proprietors. Terms, $5 per
Cambridge: Printed at the University Press, by Hilliard & Metcalf.
Travels in the Central Portions of the Mississippi Valley: com
prising observations on the Mineral Geography, Internal Resources, and Aboriginal Population. Performed under the sanction of Government, in the Year 1821. By HENRY R. SCHOOLCRAFT, U.S. I. A., &c. &c. New York. 1825. 8vo.
By the treaties concluded between the United States and the Indians, at Spring Wells, St Mary's, and Saginaw, we acquired the larger and better part of the Michigan peninsula. But we had not yet gotten the whole—and as the Indian tribes had melted away until they were too few to hunt through the land reserved by them, and the game was getting very scarce, our national rulers, who, in their purchases of territory, illustrate the “nil actum credens, dum quid superesset agendum” admirably, thought it might be well to “extinguish the Indian title” to so much of the territory between the Lakes and the northern boundary of Indiana, as it still embraced. Accordingly, Governor Cass and Solomon Sibley were appointed, in 1821, commissioners to meet the Indians at Chicago, and make the contemplated purchase ; Mr Schoolcraft was secretary of the commission, and this volume is the record of his journey from Detroit to Chicago. The commissioners chose rather a circuitous route ;-the Indian trail, from the sources of the Raisin to Chicago, is computed to be about three hundred miles, but they saw fit to go down the Wabash to Shawnee-town, thence across Illinois to