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fic to be given, or the physician to be reduces itself to these few and easily obcalled to children, especially if he be a fervable rules: : plenty of open air, exerbusy man, that will presently fill their cise, and fleep, plain diet, no wine, or windows with gallipois, and their komnachs strong drink, and very little or no phywith drugs." Vide Thoughts on Educa- lic." "Ibid. p. 33. tion, p. 32.
John REID. * And thus I have done with what Grenville-sireet, Brunswick-square, cuncerns the body and hicalth, which
Feb. 25, 1807.
STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS IN FEBRUARY,
Contuining official Papers and Authentic Documents.
maintenance of a new system, are juftly TOU'R great objects hare occupied the to be attributed to the wise, provident, of them bonourable to the administration made by the new adminiftration, and in which has encouraged or brought thein which they have been fu liberally supforward.
ported by the voice of the people. 1. The Abolition of the Ifrican Slate The plan is adapted to meet a scale of Trade, a bill for which was brought into expenditure nearly equal to that of the the llouse of Lords by Lord Grenville, year 1806; and it affumes, that during in which House it has palied, attendcol by the war, the annual produce of the perno other oppolition than such as ferved manent and temporary revenues will conto bring into action the great talents by tinue equal to the produce of the fame which the abolition was lupported. The year 1806. It is undertiood, that any bill is now passing through its various further or unforeseen charge, or any detistages in the Commons, and humanity ciency of revenue, fhall be separately and has never known a more exalted triumph specially provided for. than it will enjoy on the annihilation of Keeping these premises in view, it is a trafic in the human fpecies which fü- proposed, that the war loans for the years ture ages can fearcely believe to have 1807, 1808, and 1809, thall be twelve erited.
millions annually; for the year 1810, 2. The formation of a Committee for fourteen millions; and for each of the ten reducing Sinecure und ufelejs Offices, and following years, fixteen millions. for diminishing the unnecessary Expences Thore several loans, amounting for the of the State. A motion to this eifect was fourteen years to 210 millions, are to be made and carried by Lord llenry Petty, made a charge on the war taxes, which the Chancellor of the Exchequer; and a are estimated to produce 21 millions Incalare more honourable to men in of- annually. fice, and more demonstrative of the pa- The charge thus thrown on the war mnotifin and integrity of the present idini- taxes is meant to be at the rate of ten miflration, could not bave been proposed. per cent. on each loan. Every duch loan
3. A new difpofition of the Financial will therefore pledge to much of the war, Rejources of the Country, hy means of taxes as will be equal to meet this whicti
, even if the war continue, 10 ad- charge:--that is, a loan of 12 millions ditional taxes will be necellary within will pledye 1,200,0001. of the war taxes. three years, and none of any confequence, And in each year, if the war ihould be (probably none,) within the sublequent continued, a further portion of the war írsen years, and none at all during the taxes will, in the fame inanuer, le piest ten ycars. This proposed meulue pledged. And consequently, at the end is gruoaded on the flourishing state of the of fourteen years, if the war ihould laft permanent revenue; ou the great pro- bolony, 21 inillions, the whole produce of duce of the war taxes; on the righ and the war taxes, would be pledged for che ficrunnlating amount of the sinking total of the loans, which would at that Fund; and on fume iuferior aids to he tige have amounted to 210 milions. derived from revenues fet free by annui- The ten per cent, charge thus accomlies originally granted for a terru of years, Panyang each luan will be applied to pay Rad now expiring. Tiefe circunttances, the intereti of the loan, and to turn fu fuvuarable to the intruda&tion and Sinking rund, which Sinkiug Fund will MOXTHLY MAG. No. 154.
evidently be more than five per cent. on the increased preffures which it muk
years, a charge must be provided for,
It is, however, mewn by the printed of actual expenditure, for ten years of calculations and tables, that, whatever war, if it ihould be neceflary, without any may be the continuance of the operation, additional taxes, except to the inconlidethe property tax will not be payable be- rable amount above linied. At the close yond the period for which it is now of that period, taking the three per cents. granted by the 46 Geo. III. ch.65, but at 60, and reducing the whole of the pube will, in every case, be in force only dur- lic debts at that rate to a money capital, ing the war, and until the 6th day of the combined amount of the public debts April next after the ratification of a defi- will be 387,360,000). and the combined nitive treaty of peace, and no longer. amount of the several Sitking Funds then
It is next to be observed, that the existing will be 22,720,0001., whereas the charge for the interest and Sinking Fund prefent amount of the whole public debt of the proposed loans, being taken from taken on the fame scale of calculation the annual produce of the war taxes, a is 352,793,0001. and the present amount deficiency equal to that charye will be of the Sinking Fund is no more than created in the amount of the temporary 8,335,0001. revenue applicable to the war expenditure. It'the war fhould still be continued be
Supplementary loans will be requisite yond the ten years thus provided for, it is to make good that deficiency.
proposed to take in aid of the public burThose lupplementary loans must in- thens certain excesses to accrue from the crease in proportion to the increaling de present Sinking Fund. That fund, which ficiency, if the war should be continued; Mr. Pitt (the great author of a system that but the whole amount of the loan, in any will immortalize his name) originally proone year, including that charged upon posed to limit to four inillions aununlly, the war taxes, and the supplementary will
, with the very large additions derived loan, will never, even in a period of to it from this vew plan, have accumutwenty years war from the present time, lated in 1817 to fo large an amount as exceed five millions in any year, beyond 24 millions sterling; In the application the amount to which the combined Sink- of such a' fum, neither the true principles ing Fund of that year will have been of Mr. Pitt's system, nor any juit view of raised; and upon an average of those 20 the real interefis of the public, or even of years, will not exceed 3,800,0001. the stock holder himself, can be confider
It is proposed that the supplementary ed as any longer oppofing an obftacle loans thall be formed on the establified to the means of obtaining at fuch a mofyltem of a Sinking Fund of one per cent. ment foine aid in alleviation of the buron the nominal capital.
thens and becellities of the country. But The charge fo created will be provided it is not proposed in any cale to apply to for, during the firit three years, by the the charge of new loans a larger portion cxpiring annuities : and during that pe of the Sinking Fund than such as will alriod the country will have the great be. ways leave an anjount of Sinking Fund nefit of an exemption from all additional equal to the interest payable on such burthens. A new spring may thus be part of the present debt us fhall remain giren to the energy of our commerce: at unredeemned. Nor is it ineant that this all events it will obtain a security from or any other operation of finance hall
erer prevent the redemption of a fum igencies must at all events be comparaequal to the present debit in as Mort a tively small, whatever may still be the period as that in which it would have troubled and precarious circumstances of been redeemed if this new plan had not Europe. been brought forwards. Nor will the Undoubtedly there prevails in the final redemption of any supplementary country a disposition to make any further loans be postponed beyond the period of sacrifices that the safety, independence, forty-five years prescribed by the act of and honour of the nation may require: 1792 for the extinctiou of all ficure loans. but it would be an abufc of that difpoli, While each of the annual war loans will tion, to apply it to unnecessary and overbe succeilively redeemed in fourteen strained exertions. And it must not pass years from the date of its creation, so unobserved, that in the supposition of a long as war shall continue; and when- continued war, if the loans for the anerer peace shall come, will be redeemed nual expenditure fhould be raised accor. always within a period far thort of the ding to the systein hitherto pursued, per, forty-five years required by the above- manent taxes must be imposed, amountmentioned act.
ing in the period assumed, to thirteen lo the result therefore of the whole millions additional revenue. Such an Bienfure, there will not be imposed any addition would add heavily to the public new taxes for the first three years from burthens, and would be more felt after this time. New taxes of less than 300,0001. the return of peace than a ternporary conon an average of seven years from 1810 tinuance of the war-taxes. In the incan La 1816, both inclusive, are all that will time and amidst the other evils of war, le neceffary, in order to procure for the country would be subjected to the acthe country the full benefit and advan- cumulated pressure of all the old revenues, tages of the plan here described; which and of the war-taxes, and of new perwill continue for twenty years; during manent taxes. the last ten of which again no new taxes The means of effectuating a plan of whatever will be required.
such immense importance, arise partly It appears, therefore, that parliament from the extent to which the system of will be enabled to provide for the pro- the Sinking Fund has already been care Inaged expeoditure of a necessary war, ried in pursuance of the intentions of its without violating any right or intereft author; and partly from the great exerstratever, and without imposing further tions made by parliament, during the burdens on the country, except to a small war, to raise the war taxes to their present and limited amount: and these purposes very large amount.' It now appears that will be attained with benefit to the pub- the strong measure adopted in the last lic creditor, and in strict conformity both session, by which all the war taxes, and in the wise principles on which the particularly the property tax, were fo Sinking Fund was etiablished, and to the much augmented, was a ttep taken not several uts of parliament by which it has merely with a view to provide for present been regulated.
neceflities, but in order to lay the foun. It is adınitted that if the war should be dution of a systein which should be adeprolonged, certain portions of the war quate to the full exigencies of this unextaxes, with the exception of the property pećted crilis, and thould combine the two tax, will be more or less pledged for pe- apparently irreconcileable objects, of reriuds, iu no cafe exceeding fourteen lieving the public from all future pressure years. How far some parts of those taxes of taxation, and of exhibiting to the are of a descriptiou to remain in force enemy resources by which we may defy after the war; and what may be the pro- his implacable holtility to whatever pevifion to be made hereafter for a peace riod it may be prolonged. ettablidunent, probably much larger than 4. A neue System of Puor Lows eloin former periods of peace; are confidere quently incroduced by Mr. Whitbread, ations which at prefent need not be and a subject of too great magnitude tó anticipated.
be prematurely difcuted within the space It is recfonable to affure, that the which we can this month allow. Our means and refources which can now correspondents will, however, please to tuaintain the prolongeul expenditure of an consider this miscellauy as being open to extensive war, svill be in vigorated and in their temperate practical observations. created by the return of peace, and will The following is the apportionment of then be found amply fufficient for the ex- 200,000 men, out of 820,420; being the igencies of the public fervice. Those ex- whole number returned as liable to
serve in the counties of England and Return of the effective strength of the Wales, under an art to enable his Ma Regular and Militia Forces, made out to jelly annually to train and exercise a. the 1st of January. proportion of his subjecte in England un- Cavalry
22,652 der certain regulations, and more ef
8,090 fertually to provide for the defence of Infantry
101,008 the realu..
6,757 Counties. No. liable No, to serve Veteran Battalions *
5,621 Anglesea 24-19 597
Foreign and Local Corps Cavalry
Infantry 19,501 Berks 19,439
Infantry 7,858 11,996 2924
547 Cambridge 8996 2192
Intantry 7,858 Cardigan 4174 1318
At the Army Depota General Se:vice, 2 Carmarthen 5538 1350
Deserters, and 383 Carnarvon
21,185 5164 Cornwall 15,402 3755
Total (Regular Army) 178,506 Cumberland 9720 2370
54,686 Dennigh 4841 1180
Irith 21,573 Derby
14,954 3646 Devon 28.954 7058
General Total 2.11,665 Dorset
7072 1794 Durham 18,033 4.396
86,144 Enex 23,179 5651
The fupplies for Great Britain and Glamorgan 10,832 2638
Ireland, voted for the ensuing year, are Gloucester 21,124 5152
For the Navy, exclusive of the Hants 15,538 $781 extraordinaries
16,977,883 Hereford 6556 1598 For the ARMY
13,643,098 Hertford 10,418 2510
For the Barrack Department 975,687 Huntingdon
For the Commillary General's
801,527 Lancaster 58,051 14,151 For Ordnance
3,743,760 Leicester 19,469 3283
For Miscellaneous Service 7,866,000 Lincoln 24,174 5893 Votes of Credit
3,000,000 Middlesex 67,135 16,366
The amount of the annual expences of Merioneth
Great Britain and Ireland is, therefore, nearly Monmouth 5551 1353
forty-four millions for 1807. Montgomery 4145 1010
POLAND. Norfolk 18,152 4425
The following is the Russian account Northampton
8891 2108 Northumberland 44,718 3:18
of the battle of the 26th of December, Nottingham 15,245 3716
to which the report of a great victory Oxford
10,863 2572 mentioned in our last had reference : Pembroke,
4964 1064 “I have the happiness most respectfully to Radnor
1561 385 acquaint your Majesty (the king of Piuftia), Rutland
that I have succeeded in repulling the enemy, Salop
15,587 4041 who yesterday morning attacked me on every Somerset
17,937 4973 point near Pultus. The main attack was Stafford
23,638 5762 made by General Souchet, at the head of Suffolk
5314 15,000 men, on my left wing near FarmguarSurrey
30,319 7319 ka, in the view of getting poffeffion of that Suitex
4081 town ; I had only 5,000 men under General Tower Hamlets
3654 Baggonaut to oppose the eneiny on that fide; Warwick
21,108 5146 they made a brave defence, till I rent a reinWeftmoreland
4134 1008 furcement of three battalions of reserve, and Wilts
15,062 9814 afterwards three more under General Tolituy, Wight, Ile of 1532 374 by which means the right wing of the French Worcester 17,811 4349 was totally deicated
The second stuck, York, North Riding 12,401 3023 equally brik, was made on my right flank,
East Riding 13,899 3388 where General Barkelay de 'Tolly was pofled
14,007 with the van-guard. This wing extraded on
the road towards Stzegocyn to a small wood, 820,120 200,000 where I had placed a covered battery, which the
esemy attempted to turn. I therefore made hundred combats, would have purified it, the a moremeno backwards on the right, which soldiers, animated with an inconceivable ar. fucceeded io well that I not only frustrated the dour, precipitated themselves on the enemy, attempt of the enemy, but was alto fo tortu. whom they routed, and recovered their eagle. date as to reinforce General Burkelay de Tolly, “In the mean while the French line, com. with three battalions, ten squadrons, and one posed of the 8th of the line, of the 27th of bariery, to repulfe the enemy; on which the light infantry, and of the 94th, were formed, enemy retreated from the wood.
and attacked the Ruffian linc, which had “ The attack commenced at eleven in the taken its position on a rifing ground. The fire morning, and lasted till dark. From the re- of the musketry was very brisk, and at point lation of all the prisoners, I was opposed by blank distance. Mefsrs. Murat, Davouit and Laines, with an " At this moment General Dupont appeared army exceeding 50.000 men. They have lost on the road, with the 32d and 96th regiments. about 5,000, according to their own account. He turned the right wing of the enemy. A
“All my troops fought with the greatest battalion of the 32d rushed upon the enemy bravery The following Generals particularly with its usual impetuofity, put them to the diftinguished themselves :-Otterman, Tell- fight, killing several of them. The only toy, Barkelay de Tolly, Prince Dolgorucky, prisoners they made were those who were in Baggonaut, Somnoff and Sitoff of the intantry, the houses. The Ru Tians were pursued for a:lo Colonels Davidduffky and Gondoft, &c. two leagues, and were it not for the coming
on of night, the pursuit would have been ('ne "Field Marshal Kamenskoy departed from tinued. Counts Pahlen and Callitzia conPultusk for OAralenska on the morning of the manded the Russians. They left 1209 dead foth December, previous to the attack, and on the field of batile, and lost 300 prisoners again gave up the whole command to me, fo and several howitzers. Our loss was, 200 that I have had the good fortune to conmand killed, and 500 wounded. alone in this affair, and to beat the enemy. “ Laplanche, General of Brigade, diftin
"I have to lument that the long expected guilhed himself. The 19th dragoons made a foccour of General Buxhovden had not ar- fine charge against the Ruffian inrantry. It rived, although he was only two German miles is not only the good conduct of the soldiers, diftant, and even halted bali way. I should and the talents of the Gencrals, which are otherwise have been able to follow up my vic- mo't worthy of remark, but the expedition tory. I have further to lanient that the to- with which the troops broke up from their tal want of proviluns and forage oblige ne to cantonments, and performed a march which retire with my corps to Rozaw; the enemy would be reckoned extraordinary for any other has not molefted me in my retreat.
troops, without a man being milling in the (Signed) “ BENNIGSEN." field of battle. It is this which eminently “ Rozaw, the 27th (15th) Dec. 1806." distinguishes foldiers who have no other
impulse but that of honor. Fifty-fib Bulletin of ibe Grand Army.
« A Tartar Messenger is just arrived froia “Warfazu, Yán. 29. Conftantinople, which place he let on tric "The details of the battle of Mohringen ist of this month. e as follow:
“ Or the 30th of December, war with Ruflia "The Marthal Prince of Porite Corvo ar- had been folemnly proclaimed. The Peliste rived at Mohringen with the division of and the Sword had been tent to the Grand Drouet, os the 25th of this month, at eleven Vizier. Twenty-eight regiments of Janifiao'clock in the morning, at the very moment ries set out for Constantin pie; several others when the General of Brigade, Pactod, was at passed from Alia to Europe.” trcked by the enemy.
The Ruilians clam: a decisive viétory * The Märthal Prince of Punte Corvo ore in this Battle of Muhringen. Their of dered an immediate attack of the village official account bad, however, not reached Pfarres feldebes, by a battalion of the ninth this country when this Magazine was put of light infantry. The village was deiended
to press. by three Ruflian battalions, which were fup. ported by three others. The Prince of Ponte
WEST INDIES. Carro caused allo two other battalions to On the first of January, the Dutch much, to fupport that of the ninth. The Island of Curacoa surrendered to a fjuaaction was very harp: The eagle of the ninth dion of foar Britith frigates, whicb, in regiment of light infantry was taken by the a very gallant and ably conducted caemy; but un the aspect of the altront with attack, lad 'three killed and eleven which this brave regiment was on the point of wounded. A Dutch frigate and some being envered in ever, und from which nei. Other velfels were taken in the harbour, te vi&tory, nor the glory acquired in an