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BOOKS AND AUTHORS.

A Dictionary of English Literature, ble ruin of the speculator, and the corby M. Croben, is published in the rupt practices of those labor leaders pretty little Miniature Reference Li- who originate and terminate strikes brary (E. P. Dutton & Co.). The work at the convenience of employers are of selection and compression in prepar- the principal subjects as to which the ing this tiny handbook is surprisingly author desires to disturb the prevailing well done.

American self-complacency. He writes

with sufficient force to effect his object Two volumes of Mark Pattison's

as far as ordinary readers are conEssays appear in the New Universal

cerned, and produces an interesting Library (E. P. Dutton & Co.). They

book. A. C. McClurg & Co. are upon historical, literary and religious subjects, and are thoughtful

The last Victorian war and the conand somewhat recondite. It is a pity

templation of English society in the that the exigencies of space made it

reign of the first of the Coburgs seem necessary to present them, in this edi

to have changed Miss Marie Corelli's tion, with a page which exacts so much

early ambition to blend the literary of the reader's eyesight.

traits of Ouida and the author of "The "The Millers and Their New Home,"

Prince of the House of David" into a by Mrs. Clara Dillingham Pierson, is

genuine desire to correct evil practices the fourth volume of the series in and to neutralize or destroy evil influwhich the adventures and experiences

ences, and her later novels are missionof the three little Miller children are ary efforts. Her newest book, "Holy described. The author has learned the Orders," although by far too despondway to the hearts of children through

ent in tone, inasmuch as it entirely the best possible school, the care of

overlooks the great improvement in children in her own home; and she the drinking habits of Englishmen writes accordingly with a naturalness,

since King George's glorious days, is a simplicity and interest which appeal powerful ally for the leaders of the strongly to young readers. The little total abstinence movement, and book is prettily illustrated. E. P. Dut- such will doubtless be duly valued. tou & Co.

The hero is an Anglican clergyman,

and it is through his sermons, given at Mr. Arthur J. Eddy's "Ganton & length, that Miss Corelli sends her Co." is a study of Chicago morals and message to her readers. They altermanners of such a temper as would nate with melodramatic incidents, one have infuriated the Windy City in the of which, an evil woman's fatal balloon days when “The Cliff Dwellers" was voyage, is undeniably original and well written, although when compared imagined. As a story, the novel has with a certain recent notorious compo- merit, although it is often verbose; and sition it seems moderate. The king of the social and political lessons of the packers and his sons; the entire which it is the vehicle will not be in. subordination of the men constituting effectual although destructive of its arthe machinery of a modern industry; tistic value. To this any reader of inthe behavior of women intent upon be- sight will perceive that the author is ing conspicuous in public places and profoundly indifferent, and he will lay at private entertainments, the inevita- the book aside trusting that it will in

as

some measure accomplish her purpose. Rives's "bibliognoste, bibliographe, bibFrederick A. Stokes Company.

liomane, bibliophile, and bibliotaphe,"

and added bibliologue, and bibliotacte, Although Rev. M. R. J. Campbell's and also bibliolyte, a destroyer of religious opinions, or rather his denials books. For himself, Burton preferred of religious opinion have

not yet

the name of book-hunter, and divided greatly disturbed Americans, still, as bis class into private prowlers and aucevery English aberration of thought, tion-haunters, and in the four sections. scientific, literary or religious, inva- of his book he described the book-hunt. riably finds a reflection, less or more er's "Nature" and "Functions," "His. distorted, in American thought, it is Club," and "Book Club Literature." hardly to be supposed that the present Now the man to whom books are subject of popular discussion in Eng- more than his fellow creatures necesland will be an exception. As a Con- sarily stands somewhat apart from gregationalist, Mr. Campbell occupies them, is in their eyes, eccentric, odd, a position of less importance in his "queer," he manifests his peculiar own country than might be his in the taste, and a book about him must "United States; but the secular newspa- abound in matter amusing to the averpers have given him so much notoriety age commonplace mind. He may be that any reader dependent entirely learned, wise, a master of style, or a upon them for knowledge might well man of the world, or a miracle of posuppose that both the English church litical wisdom, but stories of his relaand the English creed were in danger tion to books bring a smile to all faces. of destruction and extinction. Those Even to himself he is matter for mirth who find this prospect disagreeable when he reflects upon his extravamay discover its fallaciousness by read

gances, although shrewdly conscious ing Mr. Hakling Egerton's two papers that true literature and the diffusion of "Liberal Theology” and “The Ground literature are deeply indebted to him of Faith," now brought together in one for producing those financial conditions volume, to which the former paper in which money circulates freely in gives the title. To summarize either the trade. He sees himself much as Mr. Campbell's body of unbelief or Mr. others see him, but respects himself Egerton's learned technical essays, is thoroughly. Burton wrote the delightto risk adding one more element of ful English of that last century period error to a conflict already abounding in preceding the days in which critics in. misconception, but from the latter one nocent of classical learning corrupted may drag the suggestion of meeting the popular mind with theories as to those intent on discussing “Campbell- the superiority of twenty-nine sucism" with a lofty "Don't you think it is cessive monosyllables to the most slightly tainted with Hegelian ideas?” melodious and rhythmical array of That will disperse their battalions into polysyllables and declared thenithin air. Persons really pained and selves to be the prophets of simdisturbed by Mr. Campbell will find re- plicity. Yo word is too good for lief in Mr. Egerton's confident, and him and no care in arrangement is too. argued argument. The Macmillan Co. trivial, and, not only his anecdotes but

their wording remains long in the John Hill Burton's “The Book mind, and this book which now appears Hunter"

written for all those in the "London Library" at an agreefriends of books whose names he enum- ably reduced price is a treasure to theerates, following Disraeli, who fol. lover of good words and good stories lowed Rives, and Peignot, who accepted E. P. Dutton & Co.

was

BRVEXTR BKIES
VOLUMS XLI.

}

No. 3354 October 17, 1908.

FROM BEGINNING

Vol. CCLIX.

1.

II.

Ill.

IV.

CONTENTS
Women and the Suffrage: A Reply. By Eva Gore-Booth

NINETEENTH CENTURY AND AFTER 131
Salomon Gessner and the Alps. By J. H. Yoxall, M.P.

CORNHILL MAGAZINE 140 Hardy-on-the-Hill. Chapter III. By M. E. Francis (Mrs. Francis Blundell) (To be continued)

TIMES 149 The Turkish Revolution. By Alfred de Bilinski (late Turkish Chargé d'Affaires in Washington.) (Concluded.)

NINETEENTH CENTURY AND AFTER 154 A Difference of Fifteen Years. By Rosamund Langbridge

LONDON MAGAZINE 161 Sixty Years in the Wilderness : Some Passages by the Way.

By Henry W. Lucy. (To be continued.) CORNHILL MAGAZINE 165 Fair Play for Japan. By W. T. R. Preston NATIONAL REVIEW 178 The Pleasures of Re-Reading.

SPECTATOR 185 Fifty Years of Evolution.

NATION 187

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A PAGE OF VERSE

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X. XI. XII.

Starlight Distilleth. By Herbert Trench

NATION 130 lo Time of Mourning. By A. T.

ACADEMY 130
A Welsh Lyric After -- Ceiriog.” By Alfred Perceval Graves

ATHENÆUM
BOOKS AND AUTHORS

190

130

XIII.

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STARLIGHT DISTILLETA

You live in deeds, not in our vain re

grets, And life at most is for a little while! The Academy.

A. T.

Tree by tree filleth,

What do they sigh at? Field by field thrilleth,

Low comes the fiat: “Let him that willett,

Cease from his riot. Starlight distilleth;

Do thou be quiet! Night the tremendous

Grasps thee and veils thee, Slow thy stupendous

Intelligence fails thee.

I, the star-crowded,

Outsoar and outsink thee; No more care-clouded

Need'st thou bethink thee! Let my priniordial

Stupor that seizes Cure, with the cordial

For all thy diseases . . Tree by tree. thrilleth

What do they sigh at?
Sleep the soul filleth,

Man no more willeth,
Starlight distilleth;
All earth is quiet.

Herbert Trench. Th Sativu.

A WELSH LYRIC AFTER

CEIRIOG."
WHEN I WAS A SHEEP-BOY

(Air, Hobed o Hilion.") When I was a sheep-boy in Hafod-y

Rhyd. In hayfield and cornfield my flock

chewed the cud; While blissfully dreaming at noon we

would lie Under ash-tree or beech-tree, my collie

and I!

Nothing I view now,

Nothing I do now,
Dims the glowing fancies
Caught by childhood's glances

Fresh from the rays
That color with enchantment

Those long summer days.
At home of an evening my heart's one

desire Was for cutting and carving before the

red fire, While Nesta's four needles, my moth

er's flax wheel, Kept time to the cadence our voices

would peal.

No new affection

Dulls that recollection;
Still on wings of longing
Loving thoughts go thronging

Home to that hearth,
The dearest and sincerest

And warmest on earth.
The swallows that autumn whirls out

of the West With springtime, sweet springtime, flut

ter home to their nest; But Cymru's poor exiles a lifetime may

roam, And only in fancy fly back to their

home.

Woes in black bevy

Turn our hearts heavy,
Yet in life's December
Still will we remember,

Smiling in sight,
By sun shine or moon-shine,
Our cottage lime-white!

Alfred Perceval Graves.
The Atheneum.

IN TIMIC OF MOURNING.

If you might break the silence of the

tomb, You would not crave an increase of

my tears, Nor bid me draw the curtains of my

room Nor count once more the tale of van

ished years.

The love of lost ones breathes in our

desires. It is not hidden in the cloistered

heart, There to be quenched by Time's con

suming fires When we have wept and played the

mourner's part.

If I march forward when the dark

besets, You, watching from your prison

house, will smile,

WOMEN AND THE SUFFRAGE: A REPLY.

a

In the July number of this Review, Lady Lovat quotes various writers, ancient and modern, in support of her skilful defence of what she calls the old-fashioned side of the Women's Suffrage question. And indeed she has a wide range of choice, for probably there have been more theories advanced on this and kindred subjects than on any other in the world. To judge from folklore sayings and proverbs alone, women seem to have been the victims from the earliest times of the first crude efforts of the savage intelligence to make a large generalization out of a small and very narrow experience, and of the fatal facility that first enabled people to conceive of a great multitude of various human beings as one simple abstract personality, governed by easily attainable mechanical laws and called “Woman." *Woman" in the abstract bas indeed been the "Aunt Sally" of the world's childhood, pelted by many missiles.

And age does not seem to stale the infinite variety of this exercise of the imagination. Since the days of Solomon's Proverbs to those of Ruskin's Sesame and Lilies these generalizations have been and still are the stock in trade of imaginative writers. Time has brought one change, however. In old days the subject was considered a simple one, and certain well-worn maxinns were thought sufficient to nieet all needs. Now everybody who is anybody is bound to have a different interpretation of "Woman" and her place in the scheme of things. Thus to those who take such speculation and theorizing seriously, the world is full of confusion and contradiction on this subject. But to anyone who is interested in the growth of thought and understanding among individuals or nations, the interest is mainly a psychological

one, for it may be safely presumed that these theories reveal more of the mental calibre and nature of the theorist than of the unfortunate human beings who, since the world began, have been ceaselessly vivisected, with varying degrees of success, by everybody who is trying to be intellectual. Thus, when Solomon says that women's value is above rubies, whilst the Kaffirs decree a wife is worth ten cows, we are not so much struck with the truth or wis. dom of either pronouncement as with the difference of the point of view between Solomon and the Kaffirs. And when we hear that some Eastern nations believe women to have no souls, whilst a council of the Church decided by a small majority that they may really hope for a humble share of man's privilege of immortality, woman may perhaps be pardoned if she thinks less of her own no doubt remote chances of salvation, than of that precious and enlightening sense of humor that seems to have been denied to so many learned and law-making assemblies of men. Souls are not thought so important in this generation, and we are allowed to possess them in peace; but when some men say women have inferior brain capacity, we can always comfort ourselves with the thought that so little do they believe this that they find it necessary to protect themselves legally and artificially from women's coinpetition. As Mill said long ago, you do not have to make laws to prevent people without muscles being blacksmiths. The people who want to restrict women because they are inferior mentally are really those who believe no such comfortable doctrine, but are, in simple English, afraid of their competition. Just in the same way the men

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