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and she conceived: and when she saw that she had conceived, her 5 mistress was despised in her eyes. And Sarai said unto Abram,

My wrong be upon thee: I have given my maid into thy bosom;

and when she saw that she had conceived, I was despised in her 6 eyes: the Lord judge between me and thee. But Abram said unto

Sarai, Behold, thy maid is in thy hand; do to her as it pleaseth

thee. And when Sarai dealt hardly with her, she fled from her 7 face. And the angel of the Lord found her by a fountain of water 8 in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur. And he

princesses, and three hundred concubines; Saul), and judge between me and thee, and and his wives turned away his heart. 1 Kings see and plead my cause, and deliver me out of xi. 3. For this Agar is Mount Sina, in Arabia, thine hand. 1 Sam. 24. 12. 15. Thas the and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and king (Joash) remembered not the kindness is in bondage with her children. Gal. iv. 25. which Jehoiada, "his" ("Zechariah's") father,

4 Her mistress was despised, &c.] And her had done to him, but slew his son ; and when adversary (Peninnah, Elkanah's second wife) he died he said, the Lord look upon it, and realso provoked “her” (Hannah), for to make quire it. 2 Chron. xxiv. 22. The Lord shall her fret, because the Lord had shut up her judge the people : judge me, O Lord, accordwomb. 1 Sam. i. 6. Saul's daughter (Michal) ing to my righteousness, and according to looked through a window, and saw king David mine integrity that is in me. Ps. vii. 8. Judge leaping and dancing before the Lord, as the me, O Lord, for I have walked in mine inark of the Lord came into the city of David, tegrity. Ps. xxvi. I. Judge me and plead my and she despised him in her heart. 2 Sam. vi. cause against an ungodly nation. Ps. xlii. l. 16. Such is the way of an adulterous woman ; 6 Abram said unto Sarai, &c.] And Abram she eateth and wipeth her mouth, and saith, I said unto Lot, let there be no strife, I pray have done no wickedness : for three things the thee, between me and thee: is not the whole earth is disquieted, and for four which it cannot land before thee? separate thyself, I pray thee, bear: for a servant when he reigneth, and a from me. Gen. xiii. 8, 9. He that is slow to fool when he is filled with meat; for an odious wrath is of great understanding; but ke that woman when she is married, and an handmaid is hasty of spirit exalteth folly. Prov. xiv. 2. that is heir to her mistress. Prov. xxx. 20, A soft answer turneth away wrath, but grievous 21, 22, 23. And these things, brethren, I words stir up anger: better is a dinner of have in a figure transferred to myself, and to herbs where love is, than a stalled ox and Apollos for your sakes, that ye might learn in hatred therewith : a wrathful man stirreth up us not to think of men above that which is strife, but he that is slow to anger appeaseth written, that no one of you be puffed up strife. Prov. xv. 1. 17. 18. Likewise, ye husone against another. I Cor. iv. 6. Charity bands, dwell with “ them(with your wiver") suffereth long, and is kind ; charity envieth according to knowledge, giving honour unto the not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed wife as unto the weaker vessel. 1 Pet. in. 7. up, doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh In thy hand, &c.] For all the goods of his not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh master, (Abraham) were in his (the servant's) no evil. 1 Cor. xiii. 4. 5.

hand. Gen. xxiv. 10. And the Lord said 5 My wrong be upon thee, &c.) But Martha unto Satan, behold he (Job) is in thine hand, was cumbered about much serving, and came (but save his life). Job ii. 6. And he gave to him, and said, Lord, dost thou not care that “them" (" Israel") into the hand of the my sister hath left me to serve alone? bid heathen, and they that hated them ruled over her therefore that she help me; and Jesus them ; their enemies also oppressed them, and answered and said unto her, Martha, Martha, they were brought into subjection under their thou art careful and troubled about many hand. Ps. cvi. 41, 42. Then Zedekiah the things; but one thing is needful. Luke x. 40, king said, behold he (Jeremiak) is in your 41, 42.

hand. Jer. xxxviii. 5. The Lord judge between me and thee.) The Fled from her face.] But Moses fled from God of Abraham, and the God of Nahor, the the face of Pharaoh. Exod. ii. 15. As a bird God of their father, judge betwixt us (said that wandereth from her nest, so is a man that Laban to Jacob). Gen. xxxi. 53. And “they" wandereth from his place. Prov. xxvii. 8. If ("the officers of the Israelites”) said unto the spirit of the ruler rise up against thee, à them" ("Moses and Aaron"), the Lord look leave not thy place, for yielding pacifieth great upon you, and judge, &c. Erod. v. 21. The offences. Eccles. X. 4. Lord judge between me and thee (said David 7 Found her, &c.] The eyes of the Lord to Saul), and the Lord avenge me of thee: are in every place, beholding the evil and the the Lord therefore be judge (said David to good. Prov. xv. 3.

said, Hagar, Sarai's maid, whence camest thou? and whither wilt thou go? And she said, I flee from the face of my mistress Sarai. And the angel of the Lord said unto her, Return to thy mistress, 9 and submit thyself under her hands. And the angel of the Lord 10


Fountain in the way, &c.] And they (the one to another, and be clothed with humility, descendants of Ishmael) dwelt from Havilah to for God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace Shur. Gen. xxv. 18. So Moses brought to the humble; humble yourselves therefore Israel from the Red Sea, and they went out under the mighty hand of God, that he may into the wilderness of Shur. Exod. xv. 22. exalt you due time. 1 Pet. v. 5, 6. And Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah, 10 The angel of the Lord, &c.] And the until thou comest to Shur. 1 Sam. xv. 7. angel of the Lord called unto Abraham out of

8 Sarai's maid, &c.] See verses 1. 4. Ser- heaven the second time (and said, in blessing vants, be obedient to them that are your I will bless thee, fc.). And in thy seed shall masters according to the flesh, with fear and all the nations of the earth be blessed, because trembling; knowing that whatsoever good thou hast obeyed my voice. Gen. xxii. 15. 18. thing any man doeth, the same shall be re And the angel of God spake unto me in a ceive of the Lord, whether he be bond or free. dream, saying, Jacob! And I said, here am I. Ephes. vi. 5. 8. Let as many servants as are And he said, I am the God of Bethel, where under the yoke count their own

thou anointedst the pillar, and where thou worthy of all honour; and they that have vowedst a vow unto me; now arise, get thee believing masters, let them not despise them out from this land, and return unto the land because they are brethren, but rather do them of thy kindred. Gen. xxxi. 11. 13. And Jaservice because they are faithful and beloved, cob was left alone; and there wrestled a man partakers of the benefit. 1 Tim. vi. 1, 2. with him until the breaking of the day. • And

Whence camest thou? &c.] And the Lord Jacob called the name of the place Penuel; God called unto Adam, and said unto him, for I have seen God face to face, and my life where art thou? Gen. iii. 9. What hast thou is preserved. Gen. xxxii. 24. 30. And “he" done? (said God to Cain). Gen. iv. 10. If (Israel) blessed Joseph, and said, God, the spirit of the ruler rise up against thee, before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac leave not thy place, for yielding pacifieth great did walk, the God which fed me all my life offences. Eccles. X. 4. Hast thou not pro- long unto this day, the angel which redeemed cured this unto thyself (Israel), in that thou me from all evil, bless “the lads” (“Ephraim hast forsaken the Lord thy God, when he led and Manasseh"); and let my name be named thee by the way ? and now what hast thou to on them, and the name of my fathers, Abrado in the way of Egypt ? Jer. ii. 17, 18. ham and Isaac, and let them grow into a mul, I fee, &c.] Now therefore, I pray thee, lettitude in the midst of the earth. Gen. xlviji. my lord the “ king” (“ Saul) hear the words 15, 16. And the angel of the Lord appeared of his servant (David): if the Lord have stirred unto “him” (“ Moses"') in a flame of fire, out thee up against me, let him accept an offering; of the midst of a bush. Moreover he said, but if they be the children of men, cursed be I am the God of thy father, the God of Abrathey before the Lord, for they have driven me ham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. out this day from abiding in the inheritance And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to of the Lord, saying, Go and serve other gods. look upon God. Exod. iii. 2. 6. And an 1 Sam. xxvi. 19.,

angel of the Lord came up from Gilgal to 9 Submit thyself, &c.] See Eccles. x. 4. Bochim, and said, I will never break my preced. com. Be filled with the Spirit, &c.; covenant with you. Wherefore I also said, submitting yourselves one to another, in the I will not drive them (the inhabitants of the fear of God. Ephes. v. 21. Servants, be obe- land) out from before you; but they shall be dient to them that are your masters according as thorns in your sides, and their gods shall to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in single- be a snare unto you. Judges ii. 1. 3. And ness of your heart, as unto Christ; not with there came an angel of the Lord, and sat eye service, as men-pleasers, but as the ser under an oak which was in Ophrah, that pervants of Christ, doing the will of God from the tained unto Joash, the Abi-ezrite, and his heart. Ephes. vi. 5, 6. Exhort servants to be son Gideon thrashed wheat by the wine-press. obedient unto their own masters, and to please And the Lord said unto him, surely I will be them well in all things, not answering again with thee, and thou shalt smite the Midianites Titus ii. 9. Servants, be subject to your masters

Then the angel put forth the with all fear, not only to the good and gentle, end of the staff that was in his hand, and but also to the froward : for ye were as sheep touched the flesh, and the unleavened cakes going astray, but are now returned unto the (which Gideon had made ready as an offering); shepherd and bishop of your souls. 1 Pet. ii. and there rose up fire out of the rock, and 18. 25, Likewise ye younger submit your consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes, selves unto the elder; yea, all of you be subject Then the angel of the Lord departed out of

as one man.

said unto her, I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall 11 not be numbered for multitude. And the angel of the Lord said

unto her, Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael; because the Lord hath heard thy

his sight. Then Gideon built an altar there thou goest toward Assyria. Gen. Ixv. 12. 18. unto the Lord. Judges vi. 11. 16. 21. 24. The tabernacles of Edom, and the Ishmaelites; And the angel of the Lord said unto Manoah, of Moab, and the Hagarenes ; Gebal, and though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy Ammon, and Amalek; the Philistines, with bread; and if thou wilt offer a burnt-offering, the inhabitants of Tyre. Assur also is joined thou must offer it unto the Lord: and Manoah with them (the enemies of God): they have said unto his wife, we shall surely die, because holpen the children of Lot. Ps. lxxxiii. 6, we have seen God. Judges xiii. 16. 22. In 7, 8. all their (Israel's) affliction he was afflicted ; 11 Shalt call, &c.] And God said (unto and the angel of his presence saved them; in Abraham), Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a his love and his pity he redeemed them, and son indeed ; and thou shalt call his name he bare them and carried them all the days of Isaac. Gen. xvii. 19. And Leah conceived, old. Isa. Ixiii. 9. “He” (Jacob") had power and bare a son, and she called his name Reu. with God; he had power over the angel, and ben ; and she conceived again, and bare a son, prevailed ; he wept and made supplication and she said, now will I praise the Lord; unto him, even the Lord God of hosts : the therefore she called his name Judah, and left Lord is his memorial. Hosea xii. 4, 5. For bearing. Gen. xxix. 32. 35. Behold a virgin thus saith the Lord God of hosts, After the shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call glory hath he sent me unto the nations which his name Immanuel. Isa. vii. 14. She (Mary) spoiled you ; for he that toucheth you, toucheth shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his the apple of his eye; for behold I will shake name Jesus. Behold a virgin shall be with mine hand upon them, and they shall be a child (as said the Lord by the prophet), and spoil to their servants : and ye shall know that shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his the Lord of hosts hath sent me. Zech. ii. 8, name Emmanuel; which, being interpreted, 9. Behold, I will send my messenger, and he is “God with us.” Matt. i. 21. 23. Thy shall prepare the way before me. Mal. iii. 1. wife, Elizabeth, shall bear thee a son (said No man hath seen God at any time; the only Gabriel to Zacharias), and thou shalt call his begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the name John. Behold (said the angel to Mary), Father, he hath declared him. John i. 18. thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring And when forty years were expired, there forth a son, and shalt call his name Jesus. appeared to him (Moses) in the wilderness of And he (Zacharias) asked for a writing-table, mount Sina an angel of the Lord in a flame and wrote, saying, his name is John. Luke of fire, in a bush. This is he that was in the i. 13. 31. 63. church in the wilderness, with the angel Because the Lord hath heard, &c.] And which spake to him in the mount Sina, and Joseph called the name of the first-born Mawith our fathers, who received the lively nasseh ; for God, said he, hath made me fororacles to give unto us. Acts vii. 30. 38. get all my toil, and all my father's house. Keep this commandment, which in his times And the name of the second called he he (Christ) shall shew, who is the blessed and Ephraim; for God hath caused me to be fruitonly potentate, the King of kings and Lord of ful in the land of my affliction. Gen. xli. 5), lords, who only hath immortality, dwelling in 52. When the time was come about, after the light which no man can approach unto; Hannah had conceived, she bare a son, and whom no man hath seen, nor can see. 1 Tim. called his name Samuel, saying, because I have vi. 15, 16.

" asked” him of the Lord. 1 Sam. i. 23. I will multiply, &c.] And as for Ishmael, Hath heard thy affliction.] Surely she I have heard thee; behold I have blessed him, (Leah) said, the Lord hath looked upon my and will make him fruitful, and will multiply affliction. And she conceived again, and bare him exceedingly: twelve princes shall he a son, and said, because the Lord hath heard beget, and I will make him a great nation. that I was hated. Gen. xxix. 32, 33. The Gen. xvii. 20. And also of the son of the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bond-woman will I make a nation, because bondage ; and they cried, and their cry came he is thy seed. And she went and sat her up unto God, by reason of the bondage; and down over against him, a good way off, as it God heard their groaning; and God rememwere a bow-shot; for she said, let me not see bered his covenant with Abraham, with Isase, the death of the child : and she sat over against and with Jacob. Exod. ii. 23, 24. And the him, and lift up her voice and wept. Gen. Lord said, I have surely seen the affliction of xxi. 13. 16. Now these are the generations my people, which are in Egypt, and have of Ishmael, &c. &c. And they dwelt from heard their cry, by reason of their taskHavilah unto Shur, that is before Egypt, as masters, for I know their sorrows. Erod. in.

affliction. And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against 12 every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren. And she called the name of 13 the Lord that spake unto her, Thou God seest me: for she said, Have I also here looked after him that seeth me? Wherefore the 14 well was called Beer-lahai-roi; behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered. And Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called his 15 son's name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael. And Abram was four- 16 score and six years old, when Hagar bare Ishmael to Abram.

7. Who provideth for the raven his food ? he said, I will make all my goodness to pass When his young ones cry unto God, they before thee, &c. And I will take away mine wander for lack of meat. Job xxxviii. 41. hand (saith the Lord), and thou shalt see my For he hath not despised nor abhorred the back parts, but my face shall not be seen. affliction of the afflicted, neither hath he hid Erod. xxxiii. 18. 23. And the Lord dehis face from him; but when he cried unto scended in the cloud, and stood with him him he heard. Ps. xxii. 24.

there, and proclaimed the name of the Lord : 12 A wild man.] And God was with the the Lord, the Lord God, merciful and gra“lad" ("Ishmael'), and he grew, and dwelt in cious, long-suffering, abundant in goodness and the wilderness, and became an archer. Gen. truth, keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving xxi. 20. For vain man would be wise, though iniquity, and transgression, and sin, and that man be born like as a wild ass’s colt. Job xi. will by no means clear the guilty: visiting the 12. Who hath sent out the wild ass free? iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and or who hath loosed the bands of the wild ass? upon the children's children, unto the third The range of the mountains is his pasture, and to the fourth generation. Exod. xxxiv. 5.7. and he searcheth after every green thing, O Lord, thou hast searched me, and known Job xxxix. 5. 8.

me : yea, the darkness hideth not from thee, His hand, &c.] By thy sword shalt thou but the night shineth as the day: the darklive, and shalt serve thy brother: and it shall ness and the light are both alike to thee. Ps. come to pass, when thou shalt have dominion, cxxxix. 1. 12. For the ways of man are bethat thou shalt break his yoke from off thy fore the eyes of the Lord, and he pondereth neck, Gen. xxvii, 40.

all his goings. Prov. v. 21. The eyes of the He shall dwell, &c.] And they dwelt from Lord are in every place, beholding the evil Havilah unto Shur that is before Egypt, as and the good. Prov. xv. 3. thou goest toward Assyria. Gen. xxv. 18. That seeth me.] Except the God of my

13 Called the name, &c.] See verses 7.9, father, the God of Abraham, and the fear of 10. And Abraham called the name of that Isaac, had been with me, surely thou hadst place (where he offered the ram in the stead of sent me away now empty. God hath seen Isaac) Jehovah-jireh ; as it is said to this day, mine affliction, and the labour of my hands, in the mount of the Lord it shall be seen. and rebuked thee yesternight (said Jacob to Gen. xxii. 14. And he (Jacob) was afraid, Laban). Gen. xxxi. 42. and said, how dreadful is this place! (where he 14 Kadesh, &c.] And they (who were sent had the vision of the ladder). This is none to search the land) went and came to Moses, other but the house of God, and this is the and to Aaron, and to all the congregation of gate of heaven. And he called the name of the children of Israel, unto the widerness of that place Bethel, but the name of that city Paran, to Kadesh, and brought back word was called Luz at the first. Gen, xxviii. 17. unto them, and unto all the congregation, and 19. And Jacob called the name of the place shewed them the fruit of the land. Numb. Peniel (where he wrestled with the angel), for xii. 26. I have seen God face to face, and my life is 15 And Hagar, &c.] See verse 11. Now preserved. Gen. xxxii. 30. Then Gideon these are the generations of Ishmael, Abrabuilt an altar there (where the Lord shewed ham's son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah's him a sign) unto the Lord, and called it Je- handmaid, bare unto Abraham, &c. Gen. hovah Shalom. Judges vi. 24.

The sons of Abraham ; Isaac, and Thou God seest me.] And when Jacob saw Ishmael. 1 Chron. i. 28. Abraham had two them (the angels), he said, this is God's host; sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a and he called the name of that place Maha- free-woman. But he who was of the bondnaim. Gen. xxxii. 2. And the Lord said woman was born after the flesh, but he of the into Moses, I will do this thing also that thou free-woman was by promise. Gal. iv. 22, 23. hast spoken, for thou hast found grace in my Ishmael.] And Abraham said unto God, O sight, and I know thee by name. And he that Ishmael might live before thee. And as said, I beseech thee shew me thy glory. And for Ishmael (God said) I have heard thee:

xxv. 12.


1 And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the Lord ap

peared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God; 2 walk before me, and be thou perfect. And I will make my cove

nant between me and thee, and will multiply thee exceedingly.

behold, I have blessed him, and will make him there is nothing too hard for thee. Jer. xxxi. fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; 17. And he doeth according to his will in twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make the army of heaven, and among the inbahim a great nation. And Ishmael, his son, bitants of the earth, and none can stay his was thirteen years old when he was circum- hand, or say unto him, what doest thou ? cised. In the self-same day was Abraham Dan. iv. 35. With God all things are pos circumcised, and Ishmael his son. Gen. xvii. sible. Matt. xix. 26. Now unto him that is 18. 20. 25; 26. And Sarah saw the son of able to do exceeding abundantly above all Hagar, the Egyptian, which she had born that we ask or think, aceording to the power unto Abraham, mocking. And God said unto that worketh in us; unto him be glory, &c. Abraham, let it not be grievous in thy sight, Eph. iii. 20, 21. I can do all things through because of the lad, because of thy bond- Christ which strengtheneth me. Phil. iv. 13. woman. Gen. xxi. 9. 12. Then went Esau Wherefore he (Christ) is able to save them to unto Ishmael, and took unto the wives which the uttermost that come unto God by him. he had, Mahalath, the daughter of Ishmael, Heb. vii. 25. Abraham's son, the sister of Nebajoth, to be Walk before me.] See com. on chap. v. 22. his wife. Gen. xxviii. 9. Come (said Judah) and 24. And Solomon said (to God), thou and let us sell “him” (Joseph") to the Ish- hast shewed unto thy servant David my famaelites, and let not our hand be upon him, ther great mercy, according as he walked for he is our brother, and our flesh. Gen. before thee, in truth, and in righteousness, xxxvii. 27.

and in uprightness of heart with thee. 1 Kings

iii. 6. Lord, keep with thy servant Darid Chap. XVII.-1 See Gen. xii. I.

my father (said Solomon), that thou promisedst Ninety years old and nine, &c.] And Abram him, saying, there shall not fail thee a man was fourscore and six years old when Hagar in my sight, to sit on the throne of Israel, so bare Ishmael to Abram. Gen. xvi. 16. that thy children take heed to their way,

Almighty God, &c.] Is any thing too hard that they walk before me as thou hast walked for the Lord ? At the time appointed I will before me. 1 Kings viii. 25. And (Hezekiak) return unto thee, according to the time of life, said, remember now, O Lord, I beseech thee, and Sarah shall have a son. Gen. xviii. 14. how I have walked before thee in truth, and And Isaac said unto “him” (Jacob"), God with a perfect heart. Isa. xxxviii. 3. And Almighty bless thee, and make thee fruitful, Paul, earnestly beholding the council, said, and multiply thee, that thou mayest be a men and brethren, I have lived in all good multitude of people. Gen. xxviii. 3. And conscience before God until this day. dets God said unto him (Jacob), I am God Al- xxiii. 1. And herein do I exercise myself, to mighty, be fruitful and multiply. Gen. xxxv. have always a conscience void of offence toward 11. And I appeared (said God to Moses) God, and toward men. Acts xxiv. 16. Whereunto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, fore, we receiving a kingdom which cannot be by the name of God Almighty; but by my moved, let us have grace, whereby we may name Jehovah was I not known to them. serve God acceptably, with reverence and Ecod. vi. 3. And the Lord said unto Moses, godly fear. Heb. xii. 28. Is the Lord's hand waxed short? Thou shalt Perfect, &c.] See com. on chap. vi. 9. Thou see now whether my word shall come to pass shalt be perfect with the Lord thy God. unto thee or not. Numb. xi. 23. For the Deut. xviii. 13. Be ye therefore perfect, even Lord your God (said Moses to the children of as your Father which is in heaven is perfect. Israel) is God of gods, and Lord of lords ; a Matt. v. 48. great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which 2 Will make my covenant, &c.] See verse regardeth not persons, nor taketh reward. 4. 6. and com. on chap. ix. 9. And in that Deut. x. 17. Canst thou by searching find same day the Lord made a covenant with out God ? canst thou find out the Almighty Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given unto perfection! Job xi. 7. But our God is this land, from the river of Egypt unto the in the heavens : he hath done whatsoever he great river, the river Euphrates. Gen. xv. 18. hath pleased. Ps. cxv. 3. Ah Lord, behold He hath remembered his covenant for ever, thou hast made the heaven and the earth by the word which he commanded to a thousand thy great power, and stretched-out arm; and generations, saying, unto thee will I give the

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