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most important subject. It was prepared | ing an analysis of subjects, and an index at the request of the Congregational | of the authors quoted or referred to. Mr. Union of the West Riding, and read at | Ragg's poetry has already gained for him their annual meeting of the Union held / a well deserved celebrity; and the preat Huddersfield in April, 1856. The sent treatise proves his capacity for de. Rev. Walter Scott, then President of voting his fine talents, and the fruits of Airedale College, moved the following careful reading, to the vindication of the resolution, which was seconded by the Christian faith from the attacks of sccpRev. Joseph Tattersfield, “That this tical smatterers in science. He writes for Assembly is deeply sensible of the im- | the many, in a luminous and impressive portance of the subject brought before its style, compressing the pith of numerous attention this morning, in the paper read / volumes into a manual of the physical ty the Rev, James Gregory; that its sciences, which exhibits the accordance cordial thanks be returned to him for of real science and true philosophy with his kindness in preparing that paper, and the Word of God; while, in the spirit of for the distinguished ability with which a believer who has known by experience he has performed his task ; and that he be the miseries of scepticisin, he meets the requested to place it at the disposal of doubter with facts, arguments, and manly the Executive Committee, with the view appeals to his mental and moral nature, of its being published for extensive and instead of arrogant assumptions of supepermanent usefulness in the third num- riority, or contemptuous menaces of the ber of the Congregational Register (of the consequences of unbelief. Union of the Riding).” This is, we are In the First Part, Mr. Ragg trcats of quite sure, commendative enough to Natural Religion; and through several secure the attention of our readers. We elaborate chapters shows how the material trust the extracts we have given will universe proves that all things are the pro. induce many heads of families and others ductions of an independent Creator; and to procure the pamphlet, and read it how the chemical constitution of unorthoughtfully, for it cannot but largely ganized matter, the distribution of elebenefit every family to which it shall be mentary substances, the mysteries of introduced.

vegetable life and physiology, the marvels

of the animal economy, and the mani. CREATION'S TESTIMONY TO ITS Gon; or, 1

festations of instinct and reason, all exthe Accordance of Science, Philosophy,

hibit the power, wisdom, and goodness of and Revelation : a Manual of the Evi

the Infinite Creator. He deals strongly dences of Natural and Revealed Religion, and wisely with the shadowy theories with especial reference to the Progress of

ress of which have ignorantly or perversely Science, and Advance of Knowledge. By placed chance, necessity, nature, or deThomas RagG, Author of The Incar

velopment in the throne of the living nation,” “ The Deity,Heber," &c.

God; and he demolishes both the ancient 8vo, pp. 506.

and modern attempts to account for the London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans, existence of natural and moral eril. We and Roberts.

have never met, in a single volume, with This volume is the sixth edition of a / a more masterly exposure of a great mass work which, in a duodecimo size, has of errors; and, at the same time, a more passed through five editions in two years. clear, instructive, and satisfactory exhibiOriginally written for the Burnett prize, tion of the proved truths which underlie which was gained by the authors of the revelation sent from God to man. “Christian Theism," and “God Revealed The second part sets out with a wellin the Process of Creation," but published written condensation of the arguments before them, it has been gradually en- for the possibility, probability, and moral larged by additions arising from the re- necessity of revelation, as the only mode cent advancements in discovery; and its of attaining to such knowledge of God as usefulness has been increased by append- can solve the perplexities in which man

is left by reason dealing with nature, and fatherly kindness, of unutterable love !” can satisfy the deepest instincts of hu- -p. 383. manity. The author fortifies his previous The Christian will not fail, we think, statements by a luminous deduction of a to be refreshed by the warm-hearted elolife to come, from the facts of the life quence in which Mr. Ragg expresses the which now is ; and proceeds to illustrate sentiments of one who has worked his the harmony of the deductions of reason, way through many perplexities to a fully as far as they go, with the teaching of the convinced understanding of Christianity, Christian revelation. The evidences of and the ardour with which he contends the divinity of that revelation are lucidly for its vital truths, as a man who has felt laid out in some pertinent observations their life-giving power, and labours to difon miracles, prophecies, and the cor fuse their blessings among his fellow-men. roboration of early Scripture history by He who seeks knowledge of physical scirecent discoveries in Egypt, Nineveh, and ence will find a large collection of facts other countries of the East. The six- scattered through several chapters—some teenth chapter is an able exposition of the of them new, and occurring in the expepremonitions of the triune God, and the rience of the writer, who has familiarised longings for a heavenly teacher, which himself with habits of observation as well may be gathered from the masters of ancient as with the facts registered in books. The philosophy; but, in showing how far the lover of philosophy will gather from the Christian system meets, while it tran- metaphysical reasonings, and from the scends, these premonitions and aspirations, examinations of well-known modern pubhe fully proves that this system could not lications, which abound in these pages, be the product of philosophy. His views the well-digested thoughts of a man who of the contents of revelation—the things proves his right to teach. The youthful revealed-are marked by their freshness or the busy reader may take encourageand their high healthiness :

ment from Mr. Ragg's modest acknow“The whole life of Christ may be con- | ledgment that this production, so full of sidered as a manifestation of deity. In excellences, and containing but slight in. his every uttered sentiment some revela dications of deficiency in early mental tion of the nature and character of God discipline, comes from one who started in may be discerned ; and, in his marvellous life as a humble mechanic, whose means acts--the mighty signs and wonders' of culture have been limited to such as which attested his power over the ele- he could use without the guidance of a ments of the physical universe—there superintending mind, and who has never was ever beaming forth the goodness of had opportunities for study but in those the Infinite to his suffering and dependent hours devoted by most men to rest and creatures. This is evident, if we only relaxation. We congratulate Mr. Rags consider Him as a human being--a pro- on having achieved so decided a phet of the Highest, endowed with a in thcological disquisition, and supernatural power for the confirmation added to the many proofs of the congeniof the doctrines He was sent forth into ality between genuine poetry, accurate the world to teach. But when we lift the science, true philosophy, and earnest Teil of His humanity, and see in this piety. We have read this book with un

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brother born for adversity,' this house- feigned admiration of his diligence, less sojourner upon earth's surface, an acuteness, accuracy, power of close, conother and a mightier Being-the Creator secutive reasoning, extensive and varied of the world upon whose face He wan information, force and brilliancy of exdered—the Maker of the creatures who pression, and of the manifestly benevolent despised and rejected Him—who volun tone in which he aims at the highest wel. tarily left the throne of His glory to seek fare of large classes among our interestthe lost wanderer, and restore him to ing industrial population. holiness and life, how marvellous then appears that act of condescension, of

cess

DR. DAVIDSON, HIS HERESIES, CONTRA- cations of one vigorous mind pervading it;

DICTIONS, AND PLAGIARISMS, By Two and we cannot but commend the rever. GRADUATES.

ence for the authority of the Holy ScripLondon: Wertheim and Macintosh. tures, the strong attachment to EvanDr. DAVIDSON's volume of Horne's In-gelical doctrines, the clear, forcible logic, troduction has called forth, in addition and the nervous diction by which it is to numberless reviews, three able works distinguished. in refutation of its errors-Thomson's By far the greater part of the publicaLectures on Inspiration; Kelly's Examina- tion is devoted to the exposure of the Doetion of Facts, Statements, and Explanations; tor's false views of inspiration. On these, and the pamphlet at the head of this notice. as the foundation of his errors, we have The present publication is not inferior in already commented; and the pamphlet aniability to its predecessors, but it is wider madverts on his exaggeration of the diffiin the range of its observation, and far culties involved in the question of inspimore severe in the spirit of its animadver- ration : the extensive learning which he sions. Its authors are generally under alleges is requisite to form an opinion on stood to be two Congregational Ministers, the subject; and the fewness of those both educated at the Lancashire Indepen- who possess the necessary qualifications. dent College, and formerly pupils of Dr. Against the Professor's theory of inspi. Davidson

ration they urge three serious objections: Of any connexion with him, however, it weakens our evidence for the authority the pamphlet bears no indication. In of the Holy Scriptures; it gives us a much vain do we search through it for any trace lower conception of the value of the sacred of gratitude for his past instructions; for writings; and it confounds the Divine and any kindly feeling towards their former the human in a way which altogether Professor; or for any disposition to put prevents their separation. The Graduates the most favourable construction upon contrast the utterances of the Doctor in his words, of which they are susceptible. | 1843, in his "Sacred Hermeneutics," with A tone of severity pervades the publica- statements in this volume, and point out, tion from beginning to end. Its title is in connexion with excessive dogmatism, a sufficient index to its character. There remarkable vacillations of opinion. In is certainly abundance of the fortiter in 1857 he strongly unsays what he then said, re; we wish there was more of the suaviter in and the comparison indicates a progress modo. The graduates fearlessly " speak towards rationalism, and shows how unthe truth;" We wish that they had more certain and unsafe a guide he is to theo. manifestly" spoken the truth in love." We logical students. An exposure is given cannot divest ourselves of the impression of the Doctor's unfair use of various theothat the spirit of the work is rather that logians on the subject of inspiration, and of the counsel engaged for the prosecu- a searching and rigorous investigation is tion, than the dispassionate, impartial air furnished of the leading objectionable of the judge summing up the evidence passages as to the books of Scripture. We and guiding the verdict of the jury. | would especially refer to the comments on

Yet while we regret the harshness of the Book of Jasher, and the miracle of the pamphlet, we are compelled to con- the standing still of the sun; on the alfess that few writers have less occasion leged errors of the Book of Chronicles; to complain of this than Dr. D., for both on the Solomonic authorship of the Book in his Introduction and in his Notices of of Ecclesiastes; on the highly objecWorks in the “Bibliotheca Sacra," he tionable passages relative to the Psalms, bas written in most disparaging and con- both Messianic and imprecatory ; on the temptuous terms of authors, many of assertion of a traditional element in the whom are held in the highest estimation gospels ; and of false reasonings in the for learning and piety. Though the pam- writings of Paul, and in the epistle to phlet of the Graduates professes to be the the Hebrews. production of two writers, there are indi- Dr. Davidson's doctrinal heresies are

represented as consisting in passages on the bitter and sweet. Wewere tempted, reasonTrinity ; on the sufficiency of Scripture; ing à priori, to the conclusion which we af. on original sin; on the atonement; and terwards found was sustained by an able on justification by faith. Many of these article in the British and Foreign Evanpassages we have previously criticised. gelical Review, that the writer was in many Some of them are erroneous; and the instances a translator, and that the comtheory of justification by love we de- plexion of his pages was regulated by the nounced as most unscriptural and peril- various sources from which they were ous. Yet there is a singular idiosyncrasy extracted. characteristic of the Doctor, for which we | The concluding portion of the pamphlet are at a loss to account, for in other pas- relates to Plagiarisms. sages he concedes all that we could de. The authors adduce several specimens sire, and asserts his full belief in the from the Exegitische Handbuch, and from doctrines “constituting the evangelical Cellerier's Manual d'Hermeneutique, from system." There seems much force in the which copious but unacknowledged transsolution furnished by one of his reviewers, lations have been made. These are sethat the Professor's intellectual sympathies rious impeachments of the Professor's appear to be in favour of heterodoxy, literary reputation, from which we canwhile his moral affinities are more in har- not see how he can vindicate himself. It mony with orthodox and evangelical re- is with regret that we write thus of one, ligion. The contradictions of the volume who, both from the Professor's chair, and form a prominent feature in it, and of in his previous writings, had rendered these the Graduates present specimens invaluable service to biblical learning. We the conflicting statements relative to our wish that, in the fulfilment of their task, Lord's argument with the Sadducees in the Graduates had made decided mention support of the resurrection ; passages re- of the merits of the volume, had adopted specting Jonah; the inspiration of the a milder tone and more courteous lanlater prophets; and the types and parallels guage; and had, in connexion with their of Scripture. These discrepancies greatly unsparing exposure of his errors, introsurprised us when we first read the Doc duced a reference to those portions of the tor's introduction. We could not under-work, which convey much valuable in. stand how the same oracle could give forth struction, and are calculated to be sersuch contradictory responses ; how the viceable to the biblical student. same fountain could send forth waters both

BRIEF NOTICES OF RECENT POBLICATIONS.

ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION OF THE EPISTLE or America, of Mr. Robert Haldane, of Dr. Chal

PAUL THE APOSTLE TO THE ROMANS. By mers, in his four volumes of Lectures on this JOHN BROWN, D.D., Professor of Exegetical Epistle, and of Mr. Walford. We hoped that Theology to the United Presbyterian Church, | before this time, another exposition would Edinburgh, October. pp. 624.

have been added to them, from which we have Or the importance of clear and correct views very high expectations. It is that from the of the doctrines and the reasonings of the pen of the late Dr. Wardlaw. We regret that Apostle Paul in this Epistle it is impossible to | it was not published immediately after the speak too strongly. Let a man well under | publication of his life, as we have scarcely stand and cordially love the truths taught in known any writer so highly qualified to be the this Epistle by the inspired Apostle, and he expositor of this Epistle. will find it to be a key both to th: rest of the Dr.John Brown has laid the Christian public New Testament and to the books of the Old under great obligations, by his numerous and Testament. In our own day valuable aids to valuable publications for the defence or the the study of the Epistle to the Romans have elucidation of the great verities of the Chrisbeen rendered by not a few judicious and en- tian faith. The work before us is worthy of lightened expositors. Among them we would | the excellent author. make honourable mention of Dr. Hodge, of! There are certainly advantages to be secured

by a lengthened and elaborate exposition of a | that most entertaining and instructive work, book of Sacred Scripture like that of the Epistle as the author of this book observes, was too to the Romans, especially if regarded as a book voluminous and costly for extensive circulafor continuous reading, for the purposes of tion." We do not agree with him in thinking edification and devotion.

it “not adapted to attract the general reader." If, however, the object be to facilitate a clear His own production is intended to supply a understanding of the meaning of the Apostle, deficiency, which he has been able to do by the to which we may turn with the greatest facility, mass of material placed in his hands, in ad. we cannot but think that a more concise and dition to the volumes just referred to. The condensed exposition has greater advantages. author's work seems to be carefully and dili. In this respect we think that Mr. Walford's gently done. It abounds, of course, in interest. Notes on the Epistle to the Romans, with a ing anecdotes, and deserves to be read by the revised translation, is exceedingly valuable, as religious community at large. We quite agree we thus obtain the opinion of the expositor with the remark in the Preface: "The example regariling the meaning of any passage with the of Lady Huntingdon is still needed to arouse greatest facility. We think also that in the and animate the Christian Church. Although interpretation of Scripture, conciseness greatly there is much that is bright and prosperous in contributes to clearness.

the religious condition of England, there is much that is dark and deadly. Errorin the form

either of rationalism, or of a refined Popery, is The BRITISII AND FORkIGN EVANGELICAL secretly poisoning many fair districts: a spirit Review. No. XXII.

of indifference is creeping over the people, and AMONG the contents of this valuable and in. a morbid taste is springing up, which readily teresting Number, we find the following sub turns from the Gospel to welcome any novelty jects :

in doctrine or practice. The times require the The Demoniacs the New Testament; services of sincere, zealous, evangelical ininis. Olshausen on the New Testament, and a

ters and laymen, who shall be instant in Glimpse of German Theology. There is also season and out of season,' to win souls; and, an article of great power on the question, like the illustrious lady, whose life is here re Will the Jews, as a Nation, be restored to corded, shall consecrate everything they postheir own Land ?

sess to secure the extension of Christ's king. Considerable strength of argument is em.

dom on earth." ployed, and we think with success, in favour of their restoration to the land of their fathers. The Miracles Of Our LOND AND SAVIOUR. As the subject was discussed at some length

By J. W. REYNOLDS, M.A. in our pages not long since, we cannot give

London: Wertheim and Macintosh. even the outline of the argument; but we will

We are sorry that we have not been able to no. quote a passage from the conclusion, which is

tice this book before, and that we are now comdeserving of attentive consideration :

" It is our impression that we do a great in pelled to compress what we have to say into a jury to the simple and natural interpretation very few words. It strikes us, on the whole, of Seripture, when, because the Millenarians ried thought. The illustrations are generally

as a very admirable work, full of fresh and va. incorporate upon this question of the restora. tion of the Jews certain judaizing and un worthy of the pernsal of all classes. It is not

very happy, and the book will be found well tenable theories, we give up the whole ques. tion, as of the same nature with Millenariansitions, no notes of reference to erudite books,

at all critical. There are no learned disquiism. But if Paul is correct, the national con. version of the Jews will usher in Millennial throughout, simple, earnest, good.

but it contains the result of study, and is, glory. "The conversion of the Jews,' says Mr. Barnes, “shall be attended with a removal of the obstruction to the Gospel, and to its rapid The FAMILY WICH JESUS Loven. By the Rer. spread among the nations.' For this he gives

J. H. STEWANT, A.M. three reasons:

London: Hatchard. 1. That they are scattered among all nations,

A New edition of an excellent book by an exand so an impulse communicated to them will

cellent man. reach the world.

2. They speak nearly all the languages of the world.

GEOLOGY AND GINESIS; a Reconciliation of the 3. They will make the best missionaries. "If Two Records. By the Rev. GEORGE KNIGUT. the casting away of them,” says the Apostle,

London : Snow. “ be the reconciling of the world, what shall This is an enlargement of a work published the receiving of them be but life from the some years ago, under the title of "The Modead?"

saic Creation, viewed in the light of Modern

Geology." It comes with a recommendation Tue Conoset AND THE Cross: or, Memorials deserves what he says in its favour. The prin

from Dr. Alexander, of Edinburghi, and well of the Right Honourable Selina, Countess of ciple of reconciliation is that adopted by Dr. Huntingdon. By the Rev. A. H. New.

l'ye Smith. It is here largely illustrated. We London: Partridge and Co.

have before expressed our difficulty in regard MAXT of our readers will remember the sen. to that scheinc; but there is a large poriion of ention produced by the" Life and Times” of the the prescut rolume which has our hearty Countese, published some years since. But, Approval.

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