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is becoming a prime organ of teaching to spirit of so acting has been caught by the the religious world. Many Christians Church, and many have more love to serve spend much time over its pages, and read God in the crowded congregation, than it, apparently, with deeper interest than in privacy of retirement. they do the Bible. Newspaper reading “Public worship, as to form, is an easy in excess has had an injurious effect, im- thing, but homestead godliness requires paring the vigour of family godliness, and real-heartedness and constant watchful-has given rise to a deep craving for a kindness, or its glow soon departs. The lamp of photographic writing and preaching, must be daily trimmed and fed with oil, which we do not think the strongest thing the fire daily tended and supplied with in our world. Literature with its charms, fuel, or both will expire. And equal and politics with all their interest, can never constancy is demanded in keeping alive become a substitute for Bible teaching. the kindled coals of devotion on the altar They cannot nourish the root of Domestic of the heart. Religious parents, in the Piety. They contain no sentiments to majority of instances, do not feel deeply sanctify and save the soul. In many their family responsibility, nor apprehend religious families, evangelical truth is not clearly the far-reaching consequences of earnestly taught as an indispensable ele- home influences. The public ordinances ment of spiritual life. The children have of grace are valuable and indispensablenothing more, daily, than a chapter hur- the service of song is attractive-pulpit riedly read, and a prayer as hurriedly appeals and teaching stir up hearts and said. And THIS course of instruction is intellect-the fellowship of the saints is curtailed, by sad omissions arising from profitable—the godly gatherings to ply domestic disorder and the professedly the people with appeals to liberality on urgent calls of business, as if prayer and behalf of our religious institutions are provender hindered a journey.' The same needed-acting in concert with likechildren are carried through a round of minded men and genial spirits is stimuSunday teaching from the pulpit, but it lating and praiseworthy-the works of palls upon them, because it is not spoken benevolence must have their largehearted of at home with solemn interest ; and workers. In these things many religious there is no effort to simplify it, and suit men find all the religion they have. But it to their capacities. So far from this, these can never be a substitute for doit is often openly and coarsely handled, mestic piety. Where this is sedulously and gives rise to caustic, ill-timed remark. cultivated, we find the pith, the marrow, Real Bibleteaching requires us to go into and the back-bone of our common Christidetails to put ourselves into sympathy anity, Multitudes, by thus acting, rewith those we teach, and also with the verse the order of a true religion, which truth taught-to give forth the precious inserts its leaven in the centre, working food in morsels, not in masses, and as is thence to the circumference-from the most adapted to the opening mind of individual to the mass; but many prefer youth. In doing thus we are to be un- , working from the circumference to the wearied, as if diligence could never be centre—from the mass to the individual. sick at heart, and teaching our own, never “In professedly religious families there sore of foot. In a fastidious, book-sur- | is, oftentimes, a sad lack of needful feited age like ours, there is a danger of authority and obedience. There is no the Bible being a too much unused, under- aptitude on the part of parents to govern. valued volume in the religious dwellings Their rightful moral influence has graduof the land. There are weighty reasons ally diminished in their households. for dealing with it far otherwise.
They hold the reins so loosely, as almost “ We are passing through a busy bustling to invite their children to wrest them from age, one of ceaseless activity and of na- their hands. They give their commands tional enterprise. Men have learnt to in so feeble, faltering a tone, as to waract in concert with each other, and by so rant early disobedience. Their counsels doing have reached great results. The are ill-conned, ill-timed lessons, as far as
possible removed from wisdom, and with-, whole world shall be blessed indeed. It out even a glimpe of insight into humanity. is a solemn thought that every child we When their authority is wantonly trifled train up in our homes, may be 'a savour with, they seem utterly unconsious of the of life unto life,' or 'a savour of death wrong done to themselves and to their unto death,' in his influence upon fallen children. Commands and threatenings humanity. The pebble thrown into the are unheeded as an idle tale, by the oldest smooth-faced lake, produces circle after and the youngest around them. Such circle, and ring rises out of ring; so that parents know nothing of 'ruling well from the centre to the circumference, a their own house, and of having their considerable width of water is agitated. children in subjection. Under such do- Each child going forth from our respectmestic management, disorder and con ive homesteads is as a pebble in the great fusion are the rule, not the exception. sea of society, a common 'centre from What unsightly scenes arise! What un which waves of influence will incessantly seemly strivings of sons and daughters flow forth, some more near and some for mastery! What perilous yielding of more remote, and all for good or for fathers and mothers to the claim! What evil in this fallen world of ours. a giving up in despair of parental authority, “How solemn is our position-how under the stress of frequent family feuds ! responsible our duties as parents! When And if recovery of it be attempted for we are laid in the grave, and sleep beneath order's sake, it is by some coaxing pro- the green sod, we shall not be dead, but mise—by the sacrifice of some principle living and speaking. The counsels we -or by the application of an ill-judged have given ; the prayers we have physical force, which loosens the domestic uttered; the examples we have shown ; bond, and shakes to the foundation the will be re-embodied in our sons and domestic constitution.
daughters, and will be a living presence “Pious households are lights shining in in the world, on the side of virtue or of a dark place; they are the salt of the vice. May we have grace given to earth to season it; they cannot be behave so holily and unblameably in our
families, that our last review of domestic 'Like snow-falls in the river,
| life shall cast no dark shadow on our A moment white, then melt for ever.'
dying day, and plant no sharp thorns in “They are fountains from whence in our dying pillow; but may the legacy of numerable tributary waters flow into the prayers, counsels, and example, we have great gulf-stream of life and salvation, left our children, help to a peaceful to a dying, guilty world. They are as parting with them, and as we stand on Jordan sending its living waters through the border of two worlds, may the last the heart of the Dead Sea, disturbing rush of parental affection show itself in and vivifying the domain of death. When heartfelt yearnings for the salvation of the families of the earth are blessed, the our households."
Reviews of Religious Publications.
MISSIONARY TRAVELS AND RESEARCHES | large number of our readers are beforehand
IN SOUTH AFRICA, by David LIVING- with us, having already perused the work STONE, LL.D., D.C.L.
and formed an opinion for themselves. London; John Murray.
Such, however, in all probability, is the It is hardly ever the case when we re- fact in the present instance. The popuview a book, that we are pretty sure a larity of this publication is wonderful.
There it stands, in its brown binding, | fruits, birds, insects and animals of all in erery bookseller's window. In num kinds were submitted by the lecturer to berless drawing-rooms and boudoirs it the close inspection of the audience. Dr. may be found-thanks to Mr. Mudie for Livingstone's style is as easy and inartimuch of this-not lying there for show, ficial as it can be. He makes no attempt but, by the cut page and thumbed cover, at fine writing, but yet there is a correctshowing it has been read. The avidity ness, a compactness, a force in every with which the work seized by all sentence, which conveys to our minds classes of people shows a strange revo. impressions more vivid and distinct than lution in the history of missionary litera
we have been wont to receive sometimes ture, and betokens rapid progress, as we
from authors much more imaginative and fondly hope, in the onward course of the pictorial. Occasionally a gleam of poctgood cause. The volume is worthy of ical feeling, however, lights up the de. its popularity. In all respects it appears scription with a peculiar charm. For to us most admirable. It is quite out of example, in describing insect life in the the question that, in our limited space, Mopane country, not very far from Iete, we should give anything like a competent on the western side of Africa, he says, review of its 683 pages. Our sense of its “ In the quietest parts of the forest there merits must not be estimated by the num- | is heard a faint but distant hum, which ber of lines we devote to the discharge of tells of insect joy. One may see many our present very agreeable duty. Indeed, whisking about in the clear sunshine in the extent to which the book has been patches among the green glancing leaves; purchased, and circulated, and read, ren but there are invisible myriads working ders it superfluous for us to say much. with never-tiring mandibles, on leaves, The humiliating necessity—under which and stalks, and beneath the soil. They most of the brethren of the craft unfor are all brimful of enjoyment. Indeed, tunately labour—that something should the universality of organic life may be be done to excite iosity in regard to called a mantle of happy existence entheir productions, and to commend them circling the world, and imparts the idea to the public as worthy of favour, has no of its being caused by the consciousness existence in this case. Dr. Livingstone's of our benignant Father's smile on all well-acquired fame has been the best the works of his hands." pioneer of his writings, and prepared the But on the literary merits of the volume British nation at large to welcome them. we cannot dwell, nor are we able to point
The readers of our Magazine will have out the vast stores of scientific and general been previously acquainted with the out- knowledge which it contains. Our busiline of Dr. Livingstone's journeys and ness must be to indicate its great value in discoveries, as traced in the pages of reference to missionary operations. And the Missionary Chronicle soon after his here we may be permitted to observe that return to England: but between that we have never read anything which inoutline and the present book there is all spires a more impressive conviction of the difference there can be between a truthfulness than does every page of the rough diagram and a finished model, a book. There is not only a total absence mere sketch and an elaborate picture. of everything which the most fastidious As one here follows the faithful and la- and prejudiced against religion could call borious man, it is as if a moving panorama cant, but there is continually manifest a of the country of the Makalolo, the city conscientiousness bordering on what of Linyante, the banks of the Zambesi, might be termed the scrupulous, in every, the Victoria falls, the coast of Loanda, even the least statement of fact. All the and the mouths of the great river on the descriptions of natural objects are most eastern shores of Africa, were before us, rigidly exact, and one feels that not less and we could see the whole depicted on rigidly exact are statements in reference
whilc specimens of pro- to missionary labours and their results. duce and spoil, of grain and game, of Men who have no sympathy with us in
our religious views, have at times sus one point, that no mere profession of pected writers on missions of over-colour- Christianity is sufficient to entitle the ing their pictures ; but we are persuaded converts to the Christian name. They that no one will attribute this fault to Dr. are all anxious to place the Bible in the Livingstone. Men of science, men of the hands of the natives, and, with ability to severest habits of investigation, will feel read that, there can be little doubt as to as they read these pages, that they have the future. We believe Christianity to to do with a witness as honest as he is in- be divine, and equal to all it has to telligent. We cannot but augur great perform; then let the good seed be good from such a book being in the hands widely sown ; and, no matter to what of such men.
sect the converts may belong, the harvest Take the following general testimony, will be glorious. Let nothing that I have p. 107:
said be interpreted as indicative of feelMany hundreds of both Griquas and ings inimical to any body of Christians, Bechuanas have become Christians, and for I never as a missionary felt myself to partially civilized through the teaching of be either Presbyterian, Episcopalian, or English missionaries. My first impres- Independent, or called upon in any way sions of the progress made were, that the to love one denomination more than accounts of the effects of the Gospel another. My earnest desire is, that those among them had been too highly coloured. who really have the best interests of the I expected a higher degree of Christian heathen at heart should go to them; and simplicity and purity than exists either assuredly, in Africa at least, self-denying among them or among ourselves. I was labours among real heathen will not fail not anxious for a deeper insight in de to be appreciated. Christians have never tecting shams than others, but I expected yet dealt fairly by the heathen, and been character, such as we imagine the primi- disappointed. tive disciples had, and was disappointed. “I would earnestly recommend all When, however, I passed on to the true young missionaries to go at once to real heathen in the countries beyond the heathen, and never be content with what sphere of missionary influence, and could has been made ready to their hands by compare the people there with the Chris
men of greater enterprise. The idea of tian natives, I came to the conclusion making model Christians of the young that, if the questions were examined in need not be entertained by any one who the most rigidly severe or scientific way, is secretly convinced, as most men who the change effected by the missionary know their own hearts are, that he is not movement would be considered unques a model Christian himself. The Israelitish tionably great. We cannot fairly com slaves brought out of Egypt by Moses pare these poor people with ourselves, were not converted and elevated in one who have an atmosphere of Christianity generation, though under the direct teachand enlightened public opinion, the ing of God himself.” growth of centuries, around us, to in The disinterestedness of Dr. Livingfluence our deportment; but let any one stone in his great work, is beyond all from the natural and proper point of view praise ; and we are happy to be able to behold the public morality of Griqua state, from what we know, that his conTown, Kuruman, Likatlong, and other duct in this respect is a specimen of what villages, and remember what even London may be found in the history of a large was a century ago, and he must confess number of his brethren of all denominathat the Christian mode of treating the tions. aborigines is incomparably the best.” The following incident is most charac
The following observations are con teristic, p. 189:ceived in an admirably catholic spirit,
“As I had declined to name anything and are full of practical wisdom : as a present from Sekeletu, except a
“Protestant missionaries of every de- canoe to take me up the river, he brought nomination in South Africa all agree in | ten fine elephants' tusks and laid them
down beside my waggon. He would take and a fresh source of income having been no denial, though I told him I should opened to me without my asking, I had prefer to see him trading with Fleming, no hesitation in accepting what would ena man of colour from the West Indies, able me to fulfil my duty to my aged who had come for the purpose. I had parent as well as to the heathen." during the eleven years of my previous We have left the author almost entirely course invariably abstained from taking to speak for himself, in a few extracts, presents of ivory, from an idea that a re convinced that no better recommendation ligious instructor degraded himself by of the book can be given, and that no accepting gifts from those whose spiritual general resumé of its contents in such a welfare he professed to seek. My prece- space as we can afford would do justice to dence of all traders in the line of dis- its extraordinary merits. covery, put me often in the way of very Though there are few details of spihandsome offers, but I always ad- ritual experience—the nature of the vised the donors to sell their ivory to book not requiring them—the testimony traders, who would be sure to follow, and to the power of the Gospel just at the outwhen at some future time they had be set of the narrative, is so full of beauty come rich by barter, they might remember and manly feeling, so clear, so brief, so me or my children. When Lake Ngami unaffected, yet so powerful, that we canwas discovered I might have refused per not but insert it. mission to a trader who accompanied us; “Great pains had been taken by my but when he applied for leave to form parents to instil the doctrines of Chrispart of our company, knowing that Mr. tianity into my mind, and I had no diffiOswell would no more trade than myself, culty in understanding the theory of our and that the people of the lake would be free salvation, by the atonement of our disappointed if they could not dispose Saviour ; but it was only about this time of their ivory, I willingly granted a sanc that I really began to feel the necessity tion, without which his people would not and value of a personal application of the at that time have ventured so far. This provisions of that atonement to my own was surely preferring the interests of case. The change was like what
be another to my own. The return I got for supposed would take place were it posthis was, a notice in one of the Cape sible to cure a case of colour blindness.' papers that this ‘man was the true dis- The perfect freeness with which the parcoverer of the lake!'”
don of all our guilt is offered in God's So many of our readers are feeling book, drew forth feelings of affectionate anxious to know what are Dr. Living, love to Him who bought us with his stone's intentions with regard to the fu- blood, and a sense of great obligation to ture, that we feel it a duty to extract the Him for his mercy has influenced, in following passage on that subject, p. 677: some small measure, my conduct ever
“While I hope to continue the same since. But I shall not again refer to the cordial co-operation and friendship which inner spiritual life which I believe then hare always characterised our intercourse, began, nor do I intend to specify with any various reasons induce me to withdraw prominence the evangelistic labours to from pecuniary dependence on any so which the love of Christ has since im. ciety. I have done something for the pelled me. This book will speak not so heathen ; but for an aged mother, who has much of what has been done, as of what still more sacred claims than they, I have still remains to be performed before the been able to do nothing, and a continuance Gospel can be said to be preached to all of the connexion would be a perpetua nations." tion of my inability to make any provision for her declining years. In addition FAMILY GODliness. By the Rev. JAMES to clergyman's sore throat,' which par
GREGORY. tially disabled me from my work, my
London : Snow. father's death imposed new obligations ; This is an Essay of great merit on a