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perience may prompt as to the best! Notwithstanding the entreaties of his means of engrafting a scheme like wife, the duke departed for Rouen; and this upon the Freehold land Socie
shutting himself up in that unfortunate city, he applied all his powers to succour those whom the plague had already seized, and to preserve those who were
yet untainte). By degrees the fury of the HEROIC HUMANITY.
pestilence declined; several persons who AFTER the reduction of Franche-Courte
had been attacked by it, were saved as if in 1668, Louis XIV. came to St. Germaine,
by miracle. In less than two months the to enjoy the fruit of his labours. He was
contagion was entirely stopped, the air was accompanied by the illustrious warriors
perfectly purified, and a whole people acwho had shared the glory of this ex
knowledged, with lively gratitude, that pedition. The duke de Montausier shone
their salvation was owing to the zeal and distinguished amongst those heroes; and
the intrepidity of their governor. all the court, either from true esteem, or
From that memorable period the duke to please their sovereign, were eager to
de Montausier was regarded by the incelebrate the praises of the duke. Far
habitants of Rouen as the father of the pro. from being dazzled with such eulogiums,
vince. The memory of his virtues will enMontausier thought only how to deserve
dure as long as that city continues to renew ones; and he soon merited them, by
member the dreadful scourge which called exposing himself to a different sort of
it into action. peril, demanding not less intrepidity and olevation of soul, than the danger of sieges and battles. It was reported that the
NO CLOUD-NO RAIN. plague was then raging with destructive fury, in every quarter of the city of Rouen. If the glorious sunshine More attentive to the interests of the city
Smiled upon us ever, than any other person; the duke was Autumn's golden harvest-fields officially informed of its situation, when he We should welcome never. resolved to fly to its relief. Every one Clouds must dim the radient light, represented to him that it was a proof of
Or refreshing rain rashness rather than judgment, to expose Never upon tree or flower himself, thus uselessly, to danger.
Would descend again. Alarmed at his resolution, but not dar Earth would be a barren waste, ing to attack it openly, his duchess gave
Birds and flowers die, way to the terrors which agitated her heart,
If the dark-winged cloud should never and by the silent eloquence of sighs and Veil the azure sky. tears, sought to turn him from his purpose, but the duke was not to be seduced from
Human hearts are like the earth ;his duty, even by tenderness. He was more
If no tear-drops fall, touched by her heroic example in a similar
Love's own sweetest spirit-fiowers. situation, than by the tears she now shed ;
Would not bloom at all. he loved rather to imitate her virtue, than
Sigh not then if sorrow's cloud to yield to her weakness.
Sometimes hide the sun ; It so happened that this illustrious
Richest blessings are in store, woman, when in the bloom of youth and
When the rain-drops come. beauty, singly enclosed herself in a house
Drearier than earth's barren wastes, where her young brother and all his
Human hearts would be, servants were dying of the plague. She
Were sweet feeling's fount unfilled allowed no other person to share her dan
From the cloud's dark treasury. ger, but continued to attend the sufferers until most of them died, and the remainder were given to her pious cares. Amongst the former, alas ! was her brother. To this heroic tenderness she owed the heart
Weight Of THE HUMAN BODY.-M. of Montausier ; until then he had heard of | Chaussir dried a human body in an the beautiful Julie, marchioness de Rou- | the original weight of which was bouillet, without emotion; but from the / when dry, it was reduced to 12108. moment in which he listened to the nar- |
the solid matter of the body was to water, rative of her virtuous courage, love united as one to nine, or one-tenth. For with admiration, and he hastened to be- it will be seen how great a prop old and win her.
fluids of the body bear to the solids.
uman body in an oven,
120 lbs.; 3. Hence
en how great a proportion the
VERSATILITY OF GENIUS.—THE STUDY OF CREATION.
VERSATILITY OF GENIUS.
THE STUDY OF CREATION.
BY J. P. WRIGHT. FARABIUS, a Turkish philosopher, one of
No. 11. . the most celebrated of his sect, was a native of Farab and Offrar: he was the Coryphyæus
ANOTHER remarkable characteristic of of philosophers of his day, and one whom
| creation is vastness. Among trees, the Avicenna acknowledged had exhausted all cedars of Lebanon have long been famous the sciences. He died in the year of the for size.. But the withering breath of time Hegira 343, on his return from Mecca to is reducing their number. Early travellers Syria, where he had made a pilgrimage. counted from thirty to forty, afterwards Seifed Doulat reigning, he came to the
seventeen, then twelve, and when Lamarcourt of this prince at a time when the lat
tine visited Palestine he noted only seven. ter was present at a celebrated dispute,
Maundrel measured one of these celebrated and being unknown to any person, Farabius, relics of antiquity, and found it twelve on his first coming in, stood up 'till the
yards six inches in girt, and thirty-seven sultan desired him to be seated: then ask- |
yards in the spread of its boughs. But ing where he should take his place the the most extraordinary is the Banian tree former answered where he found it most
of India. There is one close to the river convenient. Farabius, without ceremony,
Narbudda, in the province of Guzzerat. seated himself next the prince upon a
Large portions of it have been destroyed sopha; when the sultan, surprised at his
by rushing floods, but it is still of amazing rudeness, spoke to one of his officers in his magnitude. Around the largest stems, it vernacular tongue. saving. “ Since this measures nearly two thousand feet. Its Turk is so indiscreet, go and reprimand
| main trunks number three hundred and him, and make him quit the place he has
fifty, and its small ones more than three taken." Farabius. hearing this. said to l thousand. It is, also, constantly enlarging the sultan, softly, “Seigneur, he who gives
by its branches hanging down, sending orders rashly, is subject to repentance:" | out roots, and forming fresh stems, whose the prince, still more surprised at hearing | young boughs
young boughs are covered with rich foliage. this observation, said, “Do you understand
Caverns. -The Peak in Derbyshire is my language? To which Farabiusanswered, nearly half a mile long, and at its lowest "Yes, and many others also :” and im- | part, six hundred feet deep. In the island mediately entering into a dispute with the
of Atiu, the lamented Williams explored a doctors then present, soon silenced them splendid cave to the distance of a mile, but all, compelling them to hear him, and re
could not discover the end of its windings. ceive information of things of which they
Fredericshall, in Norway, is eleven thouwere ignorant.
sand feet in depth. Nichojack, in Georgia, The dispute being ended, the prince did | is fifty feet high, one hundred wide, and Farabius much honour, and retained him three miles in length. Mammoth, in Kennear him, while the musicians began to
tucky, extends from nine to ten miles. sing. Farabius joined in concert, and
Mountains.--Ben Nevis, iu Scotland, is accompanying them with a lute which he | more than three thousand feet above the had in his hand, excited the admiration of level of the sea.
level of the sea. Sinai, in Arabia, rises ne sultan to such a degree, that he asked | nearly nine thousand. The Peak of Tenehim if he had not some music of his own
riffe is twelve thousand. Mount Blanc, in composition. Taking some music from
the Alps, is fifteen thousand eight hundred. his pocket without any hesitation, he dis
Sorata, the highest in the Andes, is twentytributed it among the singers, and con
five thousand. And the loftiest in the tinued to accompany them with his lute,
Himalaya range reaches the sublime altiuntil the whole assembly got into such a gay
tude of twenty-nine thousand. humour, that they all laughed most heart. The Desert.-Sahara, in Africa, is the ly. After playing another of his pieces
largest desert in the world. Its extreme he made them all weep, and lastly chang
length is about three thousand miles, and ing his melody and measure, he threw
its breadth is nearly one thousand. It them all into an agreeable slumber.
covers a superficial extent of one million The prince wished in vain to retain
eight hundred thousand squares miles. Farabius during life. A considerable time
The name, however, is generally used to after quitting the court of Syria, he was
denominate the main body of the desert, attacked by robbers, and whilst valiantly
which is two thousand miles long. The defending himself, was struck by an arrow, I driven before the wind, are very en
moving sands of this desolate region, when
crific in of which he died on the spot,
appearance; and not uncommonly over
whelm large caravans of camels and mer- , too wide for man to grasp. Many of them chants.
| not only exhaust physical strength, but, alThe Ocean. That immense body of wa- so, tower above the fight, and tire, the ter, which fills up the spaces between the energies of the most vigorous eagle-winged several portions of the earth, is calculated intellect. The temples and pyramids of to be three times more extensive than the human workmanship, at which travellers land; and to comprise a surface of one hun- | look with admiration, wonder, and awe, dred and forty-eight millions of square | dwindle into utter insignificance-intó miles. What a wilderness of waves is the tiny trifles of vanity, when contrasted with broad and fathomless deep! Who has not the gigantic monuments of power and felt impressions of majesty and might, grandeur which stand out in bold relief infinitude and eternity, at the sight and and meet the astonished vision of humanity, sound of its resistless swellings?
| as it ranges over the immense and massive Celestial Orbs. The magnitude of most amphitheatre of creation, of these moving masses is prodigious. The Creation presents a singular contrast to diameter of the planet Saturn is about its vastness, in its minuteness. The solid seventy-eight thousand miles, and that of earth on which we dwell, is composed of his outer ring more than two hundred and exceedingly diminutive atoms. A controfour thousand. The Sun is nearly eight versy has long e
existed amongst hundred and eighty thousand miles in phers, on the question of the infinite divisidiameter. It contains a quantity of matter, bility of these atoms. Some assert that equal to thirteen hundred thousand globes they may be divided without end. Others as large as the Earth. The Comet of attest with equal confidence that they can1811 was calculated, by Dr. Herschel, to not be divided at all. The discoveries of be one hundred and twenty-seven thou- | modern chemistry appear favourable to sand miles in diameter, and the length of the latter opinion. Apart from this disits tail to be upwards of one hundred mil- | puted point, one fact is certain, and fraught lions. Sirius, the nearest of the fixed stars, with interest. The tiniest atom has all the is conjectured to be no less in diameter essential properties of the great globe itself; than the amazing extent of ninety-five namely, gravitation, affinity, repulsion, and millions of miles.
attraction. Dalton, the celebrated chemist, Space.--Mercu ry, though nearer to the entertains the opinion that atoms are Sun than any other planet, describes his spherical, and he has invented symbolic orbit round that splendid luminary at the representations of the manner in which inmense distance of nearly thirty-seven they are combined. The vast ocean, also, millions of miles. Herschel, the most dis- is made up of small globules. Every one tant, makes the magnificent sweep of his of these globules is a world in minutia. periodi: revolution at the astonishing re- Thus, in a solitary drop of water sparkling moteness of one thousand eight hundred in the sunbeam, we have a most interesting millions of miles. To form an adequate emblem of a shining sphere in the depths idea of this fact, a centre should be pic- of space. But these are mere specimens tured whose outer-most circle marks a of the wonders brought to light by the similar expansion. The eccentric orbits of microscope. That instrument makes us the comets, when at their aphelion, are as extensively acquainted with the minute, still more remote. Newton supposed that as the telescope does with the vast. A sinthe comet of 1680, when farthest off, had gle microscope is a lens of any transparrolled away from the sun no less than ent substance, placed between the object eleven thousand millions of miles. The intended to be magnified, and the naked fixed stars are so distant as to defy all our eye, Plate glass is generally employed in powers of calculation. When viewed its construction. Any person, however, with telescopes that magnify six thousand | may easily construct one, by boring a small times, they do not increase in size. Yet circular hole in a flat piece of metal, and they are almost innumerable. If every filling it wi
it with water. The water thus susone of these stars, as is generally believed pended will take the form of a sphere, and by astronomers, is like our sun, the centre possess a magnifying power. It is even of a system of spheres that roll around it, expected that the scientific experiments of and if, as conjectured by Halley, all these Sir David Brewster, will issue in the forsystems are but parts of one grand im mation of fluid lenses equal to the best of ' measurable system, revolving round some any other description. The compound unknown centre, imagination itself is mas- microscopes in general use, are called tered by the immensity of the universe. | Doublets and Triplets. A Doublet whose How stupendous and marvellous are these focus is one thirtieth of an inch, magnifies developments of material majesty! They / a tiny object to an extent as large as would rise too high for man to reach, they sweep | be exhibited to the unassisted vision, by
THE STUDY OF CREATION-DEMAGOGUES.
the blending into one of twenty-seven mil- | Beneath our eye, in the hollow of the hand, lions of such objects. Before the invention myriad worlds are seen, minute beyond of the microscope, the mite was considered description, and known to be the habitathe smallest of animated beings; but by tions of life with its varied instincts and the use of this valuable instrument, living satisfactions. Such a contrast is startling, forms have been discovered, in comparison amazing, overwhelming, yet it is as easily with which the mite may be pronounced of discoverable as any contrast with which we gigantic dimensions. Every one of these are acquainted, and it finds as firm a lodgeindescribably diminutive creatures is per ment in the faith of the understanding, as fectly organized. The amazing number of does the fact of our own existence. fourteen thousand mirrors, have been coun
(To be continued.) ted in the eye of an insect. A single drop of stagnant water contains myriads of animalcula. There are veins in the human body through which the blood rolls,
DEMAGOGUES. that are less than the finest hair. The
BY ALPIIONSE DE LAMARTINE. pores of the skin from which the perspiration oozes are so small, that one hundred | DEMAGOGUES are the courtiers of the and twenty-five thousand would be covered
people, when the people is sovereign. by a grain of sand. A spider's thread con
They lead it astray that they may profit sists of the union of more than four thousand finer threads. Spiders no larger than
by its vices and its crimes. They ina grain of sand spin a thread so thin, that toxicate it to precipitate it mto every thousands must be conjoined to equal a species of excess. They magnify its hatreds, hair in thickness. The motion of the fluids its miseries, its ambition, so as to lead it to in a goat is discernible. The eyes, mouth, tyrannize over all other classes of citizens. and even the number of the teeth of an They excite it to conspiracies and violence animalcule have been clearly traced. The
against its own government, the very hair of a mouse is covered with dark trans
next day after the occurrence of a revoluverse stripes. The hair of a bat often pre
| tion which has conferred upon it legal sents the appearance of a screw, with striped marks upon it. The hair of a bee is
| liberty, and possible equality. They arm like a jointed bamboo cane, and from the
it against its representatives, its coustijoints project a number of delicate spikes. tution, against universal suffrage, against One of the most beautiful microscopic ob- | the citizens, against industry, against jects is found in the wing case of the dia- | commerce, against property, against the mond beetle. Its appearance may be fitly family, against society, against itself, compared to the ancient Jewish breast
against all that which coustitutes the plate. Numerous cavaties cover the sursloh face, filled with a multitude of tiny scales,
| labour, the production, the consumption, which flash and glow with lights and hues,
the remuneration, the welfare, and the that dim the lustre of the richest jewelry.
life of a people. They advise it to comThe trunk of a bee is similar to the trunk mit suicide. They supply it with arms, of an elephant in the parallel rings, by that it may put an end to its existence which it is contracted or extended in with its own hands! the collection of honey. A snow flake Such are the court ers of the multitude. presents innumerable complicate figures of Worse, if possible, than the courtiers of a most wonderful description. Some kings. For the latter, at least, pervert animalcula are round, others are oval,
only one man, while the former strive to others are like fruit, others like serpents, and others are moulded into all sorts of !
pervert a whole nation! Yes, your clubs, grotesque shapes. The wings of a silk | if they be not radically reformed, will worm moth are covered with particles of make us regret the loss of courts. For dust which are so many perfect feathers, the courts of kings are thirsty only after in such variety, that on the examination of gold, but these courts of the people are more than a hundred, every one was found thirsty after blood! of a different shape from the others. How ! These demagogues have been the singularly interesting are these novel reali
scourge of the people at all times and in ties! What a beautiful and joyous surprise
all places. They caused the destruction steals over the intellect, when they first arrest its attention, and pass under its obser
of Athens. They effected the fall of Rume. vation! Above the head, in the heights of They brought about the downfal of the the firmament, countless worlds, enormous first French Republic in 1793. They beyond all calculation, are ever rolling. I attacked the second on the very next day
after its establishment, and have since renewed their attempt five times in fifteen
THE LEVER OF LIFE. months. And finally, they almost succeeded in overthrowing, a year after its
CHAPTER III. foundation, that magnificent American Republic, which is the example and the MANY were the prognostications, whilst admiration of the world at the present he was at school, that George Angus day.
would turn out a keen man of business. Scarcely had Washington, its virtuous He was the best hand at figures in his founder, conquered the independence of class, and would at any time rather his country, and convoked the Congress, work out a whole page of Walkingame, the sovereign National Assembly of the than construe a single line of Virgil. United States, before demagogues, organ
His school-fellows nick-named him the izing everywhere clubs similar to our pedlar; for he was always dabbling in own, began, as here, to gather the people small ventures of toffee, gingerbread, together; to excite it against the true and and marbles, which he retailed to his only sovereignty, the Congress; to calum- / less provident companions, at profits, niate the great citizens, to accuse of treason which he adopted, with rare cunning, to that very Washington who had just built the risks which he ran of payment on up, with his moderate fortune and with the following Saturday. His bargains his generous blood, the liberty of the Re- at the village shop, drove the old public; to proscribe him, to dishonour dame, who kept it, very nearly to him, to inflict on him a species of moral | distraction. The rigour with which banishment from public affairs, to fill his he exacted the turn of the scale, and place with a pack of unruly soldiers, street the odd one over. The way in which agitators, and Boston bankrupts, the he talked about the allowance on scum of Europe cast by public contempt wholesale orders, and his reference to on the shores of the Atlantic.
discounts and cash payments, put her, “ My friend,” then wrote Washington, | as she said, “ in a perfect warrill,” the friend of Lafayette, to one of his com every time he came into her shop; and panions in arms: “ I shed tears of blood yet he had such a good tempered cannie for the future of my country, if the wisdom way with him, and always paid, as he of the American people does not succeed said, ready money for everything, that in withdrawing it from the influence of though she feared, she at the same such men. Demagogues are harder for time could not help liking her best but us to conquer than the English; they | most troublesome customer. George compromise all that we have done; they inlerited this intense appreciation of a set up a government of permanent agita- | bargain from his father, a snug mercer tion, and demagogic societies in the face in a small country town in Scotland, of the National Congress. Imperium in who was well known by all the comimperio. And what an empire! The mercial travellers on the road as their empire of the most audacious, of the most shrewdest customer north of the impudent, and of the most perverse. If | Tweed. Every one sought the Baillie's America permits this anarchy, if the Con- | custom, for he was known to be a safe gress does not curb the clubs, it is all over man, and dealt largely, but the settlewith the Republic !”
ment of an account was an affair which America, after a year of agitation and invariably put the keenest faculties on folly, which did, in fact, compromise her | each side to the test. The following independence, had the wisdom to curb and story was narrated with great zest in even to interdict the clubs. And when I the commercial room as an instance once the demagogues were conquered, she l of the Baillie's sharp witted skill in became the greatest and the most solid of getting the advantage of a southern democracies.
dealer. A traveller having called and Beware, then, of demagogues! If you presented his account, which was rather listen to their counsels, you will speedily | a heavy one, it was closely scrutinized have to weep over the downfal of your / by the wily Scotchman, and after every liberty and your country!
possible allowance and deduction had