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THE MONTH-JULY-ALMANAC OF NATURE.

to paint,

In attempting to fill the earth with life and and a few other birds of passage leave with beauty to repletion, Nature has exhausted him. Swallows and martins are now very busy herself, and now, in the fever of plethoric in teaching their young ones to fly, and imweakness, she pants for breath, and sees the mense broods of the little ones may be seen at exuberance around her to be almost a mockery; early morning trying their wings in short for the tender and deliciously fragrant flowers of flights. The goat-sucker flits about in the the spring are gone, the birds are nearly all warm evenings, and hovers around goats and silent, and amid all this luxuriance of deep cows, to prey upon the insects which infest green leaves, the spirit of life and beauty is not them. This is the bird called Night-jar, and to be found. The robin and the wren may it is the subject of many superstitious notions now and then be heard, but they are very i. country places. In this month gulls are very sparing of their songs. The chiff-chaif seems abundant on the sea shore. and the rocks to have been seized with fever of the brain, or around Freshwater and the Needles, at the temporary insanity, if we may judge from the Isie of Wight, are occupied by such immense new unearthly whistle which he now utters in Hocks, that it appears as though the very cliffs place of the two monotonous notes which he is were alive. content to repeat at other times. All the young Some very beautiful moths are to be seen birds are hatched, with the exception of the this month; and the most elegant of the beetle young of the meadow pipil, and the chief work tribe come out to sun themselves in pathways of seasonal production has been accomplished. and dry meadows. The observer of nature will There are fewer flowers, iess fragrance, greater find much to amuse and instruct him in his heat, and nature seems pausing to ripen the

woodland rambles in this month. Of the many fruits and to convert the green uplands into curious appearances which now present them- gold.

selves the excrescences on the branches of The chief flowers of this month are the field the rose tree are very curious. They look like poppies and the cruciferous plants. Wild cab- red tufted lichens, made up of moss-like fibres, bage, wild turnip, wild mustard, and a few of quite a diffcrent nature to the leaves of the others which give a cheerful appearance to bye- plants. When cut open they will be found to paths and hedge-rows with their bright yellow consist of aggregations of cells, usually amounblossoms. In this month woad is gathered. ting to a dozen in each, and each cell tenanted This plant was in great repute among the by the maggot of a kind of gnat. This gnat or ancient Britons, who used it for painting their gall insect, pierces the back of the rose tree, bodies, from which custom they obtained their with its ovpositor, and lays its eggs just name, Britho, in the Celtic tongue, signifying within the bark, and the juices of the tree

Woad is now used for dyeing thread being thus interrupted, bulge out into a kind and wool. The various kinds of Sedum are in of tumour, which forms a home for the grubs flower this month, -and the rocky surfaces which proceed from the eggs deposited, while where they grow look exceedingly picturesque. the bark separating from its woody' fibres, Nettles are also very abundant, and form thick forms into a kind of fringe, which covers the underwoods of a dark green, uninviting ap- tumour. The perfect insect is a formidable pearance in waste places, and on the sides of gnat, and in moist warm weather he seems unfrequented roads. The cuckoo leaves our well'inclined to indulge his propensities for shores this month, to migrate to other lands, Ibiting.

An occultation of Mars will take place on the 12th day of this month. The planet will disappear behind the
body of the moon, at 5h. 28m. P.m., and re-appear at th. 33m. p.m. Mercury is in the constellation Taurus till
the 9th, in Gemini till the 24th, and in Cancer after the 25th. He is a morning star. Venus is an evening star
and in the group Cancer till the 4th, and in Leo after the 5th. Mars is an evening star, and in the constellation.
Leo throughout the month. Jupiter is in the constellation Leo till the 29th, on which day he passes into Virgo,
Saturn is in the constellation Pisces during the month. Uranus is in the constellation Aries throughout.
the month.
M The mountain thyme“ purples the hassock of Jos. Hall. Divinity.,
T
2 Moon in Cetus.

(the mole." T. Cranmer. Reformation.
W Dis. of Sun from Earth, this day, 96,592,000 m. G. W. Leibnitz, Science,
Th Four species of Erica, fl. Titlarks & Wagtails
F
Moon in Taurus. Brown Rape, fi,

Sir T. S. Raffles. Zoological Soc.
S
Eight species of St. John's Wort t.

John Flaxman. Art.

1755 Su Frowds of Fern covered with seed.

J. M. Jacquard. Jacquard-loom. M 8 Moon enters Gemini.

J. La Fontaine, Fables, etc. T

Raspberry Beetle. (Byturus Tomentosus.) M.G. Lewis. Poetry and Novels. W 10 Moon in Cancer. Gnats come in clouds.

Sir W. Blackstone, Law. Th Moon in Leo. Wild thyme and sweet marj. il. J. B. B. D'Anville. Geography. 12 Clouds of perfume come from damp woods. J. Wedgwood. Porcelain.

1730 13 Moon in Virgo.

Rd, Cumberland. Metaphysics. Şu 14 Chicory, the sweet remembrancer" flows. Sir Robert Strange. Engraving.

1781 M 15 Lappet and Lobster Moths. T 16 Hank Moth, Water Beetles numerous.

Sir J. Reynolds. Artist,

5723 W 17 Moon in Libra. Meadow Sweet, fl.

I. Watts. Logic, etc.

1674 TL 18 Holy Thistle, Tamarisk, and Thrift, by sea-side G. White. Natural History of Sciborne. 19 Moon in Ophiucus. Pusę moth app.

G. Sheldon, D.D. Theatre Oxford.
20 Yellow Water Lily and Arran Head in streams F. Petroch, Poetry.
Su 21 Moon in Sagittarius. Brimstone Moth.

J. Picard. Astronomy.
M 22 Wild Sage, Teasel, Betany, &c. on skirts of G. C, F. Prony. Mathematics.
T 23

Sun passes from Cancer to Leo. [woods. C. G. von Anton. History.
W 24 Coi con Thistle. Young wild ducks.

G. Albertolli. Architecture. Th Asphodel, Equisetum, Scullcap.

H, Rigaud. Art.

1659 26 Moon in Aquarius Vervain Bindonk 27 Moon in Pis. Trefoils (Yarrow Lavenda.) Thomas Campbell. Poetry.

1777 Su 29 Sea Holly ft. Cranesbill in seed. M Moon in Cetus, Thorn apple, Hepbane, A. C. Mills. History.

1789 T 30 Nightshade, fl. Y. Teasel and other sea fowl. 31- The Corn changes colour.

N. Antonio. Literature.

1617

1574 1489 1646

3 4 5 6 7

1781

9

1752 1621 1755 1723

11

1697

F
S

1632

F

1720 1598 1304 1620 2755 1751 174

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the condacting of schools, and the nature of NOTICES OF BOOKS.

the education which should be imparted in The Soldier's Destiny. A Tale of the Times.

them. It is favourabe to a decidedly religious By Geo. Walter. London : Gilpin, Bishops- education,and, evidently, religion in the opinion

of its author means a belief in theological doggate. A WELL written and useful tale. It cannot be

mata, more than in purity of life and spiritual. read without creating a feeling against the

ity of character. It contains little that is whole system of war and its appurtenances.

new, but many of its suggestions and advice It is evidently written by a person who knew

are worth attention. The writer has little the subject on which he wrote. We hope it sympathy for modern “philanthropists” and will soon see a second edition. When it does, philanthropy,” or he would not go out of his we hope for the sake of the poor, who should way to sneer at them. He is evidently afraid be acquainted with its revelations, that it will that “philanthropy” is gaining ground, and be brought out a little cheaper.

occupying the place in which he thinks rePoems of Fritz and Liolett. London: Sher- ligion should stand. We think genuine phiwood and Co., Paternoster-row.

lanthropy is the offspring of genuine religion. This is the best little book of poems which, in

The Purpose of Existence popularly considered, our estimation, has issued from the press for in relation to the Origin, Development, and some time. We are not surprised that it has

Destiny of the Human Mind. London: John met with such a favourable reception by the

Chapman, Strand. press generally. Such a little visitor, in so

Tuis is a book which attempts to solve the neat a dress, is quite cheering in those days of

chief problems of human existence; and no: political economy and utilitarianism. On some

doubt, in the author's opinion, he has done it. future occasion we will give our readers a

We think otherwise. He tries to prove that specimen or two from its pages.

mind is evolved from matter-that the living, Health made Easy for the People, with thirty thinking, aspiring soul of man is elaborated Engravings. By Joseph Bentley. London:

by digestion, assimulation, &c., from the food Darton snd Co., Holborn-hill.

that is eaten and the liquids that are drank. This is an exceedingly cheap book, and it is as This is tried to be proved with scarcely a show useful as it is cheap. We should like to see a of warrantable evidence. The writer is ignocopy of it in the hands of every man and wo- rant of the common rudiments of chemisman in the empire. It is brim full of useful

try and physiology, or he would not have information, and good sound advice. It men written such nonsense as he has done, about and women knew more of their physical na- the spiritual part of man being manufactured ture, and attended more carefully to the laws of out of alcohol and the juices of animals. health, we have no hesitation in saying that

Starting wrong, the book, as might have been there could be but a comparatively small

expected, proceeds wrong. The author of the amount of disease and physical suffering to Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation” what is now endured. People want plain, tries to show, by an unbroken chain of evipractical information on the subject, and it is

dence, the progrses of animal and vegetable the object of “Health made Easy' to supply and human life. The author of the “ Purposes it. We most earnestly recommend this book of Existence" would show, if he could, without --which may be had for a shilling-to all per

any reliable evidence, the production of mind sons who wish to be instructed in the rudi.

out of matter. The book, however, displays ments of anatomy, physiology, and the laws of much reading, liberality, and thought. It is health.

very eloquently written. If the reasoning were Ince's Outlines of General Knowledge.

as good as the composition, it would be a valuInce's Outlines of General History. London: able addition to literature. Gilbert, Paternoster-ruw.

Man from the Cradle to the Grave, being ShakTHESE little books are stuffed full of useful spere's Seven Ages of Man, illustrated in facts. A person unacquainted with English

a series of seven original designs on wood, history may, with one of these volumes, ac- by Gilbert Claxton and M. Kewan ; engraved quaint himself in a few hours with all the by Thomas Gilks. London: W. H. Smith principal events, facts, and all the principal and Son, Strand. characters of our eventful annals. The man- A VERY spirited series of etchings, which do ner of condensation and arrangement is praise- credit to the designers and engraver; and worthy. The writer of the last-named volume which cannot but be remunerated with an falls into many of the mistakes of the histori- extensive sale, as the whole may be had for ans of the Hume school. For instance, one of one shilling. the attributes of Cromwell's character is said to be " profound dissimulation.” Animpartial

MUSIC. and comprehensive survey of his life and ac- 1. Clarke's Catechism of the Rudiments of Music. tions would not justify or sanction such an Nineteenth edition.-2. Hamilton's Dictionexpression. On the whole, these volumes are ary of 3,500 Musical Terms. By John Bishop. very cheap, very useful, and they deserve, as Thirty-fourth edition.--3. Clare's Psalmody. they have had, a very wide circulation.

Hamilton's Modern Instructor for the Christian Education. By Philo-ternus. Lon- Piano-forte. Enlarged and improved.--5. don: Nisbet and Co.

The Chanter's Hand Guide, for the use of A LITTLE book which contains many good churches, chapels, training colleges, schools, things, and, in our humble opinion, many &c. London: Messrs. Cocks and Co., 6, questionable things. It does not attempt to Burlington-street. settle the much-disputed question of State or We most cordially recommend the abore to the Anti-State education. It throws out hints on attention of the lovers of music,

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“ Young

Notices to Correspondents, &c.

THE PROVINCIAL PRESS. – The Editors of Editor's adress—" Public Good”

country newspapers who have so favourably

Office, noticed the Public Good and the Supplement, 20, Lovell Court, Paternoster Row.

have our thanks. They would oblige by direct Prize Tale.-- We fully hoped and expected ing the papers they send us to the Public Good that the present number would contain the office. first chapter of this tale ; but the adjudicators

ARGUs suggests that it would be a good thing have not yet aecided. It is almost certain

if “ booksellers would exhibit the page of their decision will be known in the next.

autographs in their window." Perhaps they PRIZE ESSAY ON WOMAN'S MISSION. - We re

would do so, if such persons as

Argus' would ceived sixteen competing manuscripts for this

request them to do so, and state the advantages prize, and two of the appointed adjudicators, af

resulting therefrom. ter carefully reading them, came to the conclu. sion that neither of the writers had really grap

T. S., F. R., C. H., B. G., and others, mis.

understood our observations on pled with the subject, and treated it in a man- Writers." We did not mean to insult or to ner which it deserved. On the 20th of June, we

wound their feelings, when we told them to received the following letter from one of the burn their productions. We merely suggested adjudicators :“10, Lincoln's Inn Fields, 19th June, 1850.

it as a mode of disciplining their minds. We “DEAR Sir,- I have read through all the

beg also to state that no mean threat about Essays on Woman's Mission, which you plaeed ceasing to subscribe from T. S., or any one in my hands ; and I regret to say that no one

else would for a moment influence us in keepof them appears to mo worthy of the title of a

ing back our opinion. Prize Essay. Most of them contain creditable

F. R. YOUNG, Diss, will get some very useful

information "on individuals who suffered thought, and good feeling ; but no one of them treats the subject in a complete or satisfactory capital punishment innocently” in one of the

Messrs. Chambers' Miscellaneous Tracts. manner, and the style of all is extremely faulty. They seem to be written by parties

All the Couplets contained in the present who may perhaps be apt scholars, but cer

number are not original. tainly are not yet competent to become

THE LEVER OF LIFE.-The seventh chapter will teachers. “I am, dear Sir, yours truly,

appear in our next. Pass. Edwards, Esq.” “WILLIAM SHAEN.

We hope to give the autographs of the most The receipt of this put us to our wit's end.

celebrated Americans in our next, including What should we do ? Our readers would

those of Washington, Benjamin Franklin, expect an Essay on the question, and we had

Jefferson, Emerson, Lloyd Garrison, Long. no one to give them. We immediately set

fellow, Cooper, Frederick Douglas, Channing, about writing, and, without stopping, pro

Theodore Parker, Whittier, Daniel Webduced the one contained in the present num

ster, &c. bcr. We shall resume the subject in our next

“PUBLIC Good" ACROSTIC –We beg to ac. impression, and can only add we are sorry the

knowledge the recept of several already.

ALSAN.There is such a work as Roman competitors did not bestow a little more attention on the subject, and prevent the neces

Catholic Martyrs,” and it may be had through sity of our writing on it.

any of the principal houses in Paternoster

Row, A. S., Newport.--A letter addressed to Elihu Burritt, 3, Winchester Buildings, City, London,

VULCAN. - It appears that Lord Byron was would reach him, who no doubt would gladly obliged to Vulcan and others for calling our

not born in Aberdeen, but in London. We are give the desired information.

attention to it. J. K., Ipswich, asks what is the best and simplest mode to preserve botanical speci.

“PLEASANT PAGES FOR YOUNG PEOPLE." - We mens ? Perhaps some one of our readers who

are glad to see that a new journal with this title have a practical knowledge on the subject will

is about to be started, and we sincerely hope favour J. K, with an answer.

it will meet with success. POETIC SUPPLEMENT.--A great many persons

J. B., Chester.- We will try and insert his have written us, asking when we intend bring- paper on Sunday Schools in our next number. ing out another Poetic Supplement. Some

CHINEZE's Letter, No. 3, is unavoidably put wish it to be brought out half-yearly, some

by till our next. quarterly, and others monthly. We shall

G. T. A., May send us the answers to the

conundrums in No. 2. certainly not bring it out monthly, and for two weighty reasons-we should want poets and

Q. R., J. P. L., W. W., and others, have not purchasers. At present we cannot promise to

sent us their names and addresses. bring it out quarterly ; but we will promise to

TESTIMONIAL TO JOSEPH HOME. - We are glad issue another at the end of the year, provided we

to find that our suggestion is likely to be carget sufficient suitable poems. Good as the last

ried into effect. One gentleman writes us, was, we should like to make the next much better. promising £1 1s.; another, 5s. Twenty workPUBLIC HOUSE SIGNS.-We have this week

ing men of Newcastle-upon-Tyne would devote given a page of serious and curious epitaphs.

the proceeds of one day's labour, provided

The ComWe should like in our next to give a page of 1,000 others would do the same. curious and quaint rhyme and doggerel on

mittee of a provincial Parliamentary Reform public house signs. Perhaps our teetotal

Association would be happy to co-operate. friends will assist us in the matter.

A teetotaler in Hayle would give half-a-guinea We are also glad to fird that our suggestion himself, and guarantee to get another halfabout Twopenpy Polytechnics is quite likely to

guinea in pennies. We are happy to find so be carried into practical operation some time

many who have looked upon the suggestion next winter, in London,

so warmly.

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THE PUBLIC GOOD.

ANOTHER GREETING.

A HAPPY new year to you, good reader! This is the second time we have been privileged to write these words. The Public Good has now existed twelve months. To have lived so long in such a world as ours, and in such a nation and age as ours, is something to be proud of and thankful for. And not to have lived in vain-to have done something worth doing during the time-to have encouraged and aided a fellow mortalto have assisted in developing his nature, or to have contributed to his enjoyment and strengthened his hopes and aspirations, or to have thrown into the bosom of a family a ray of that divine life which consecrates home, to have done this when no one else would have done it, is really worth living for, is a compensation for the cares and struggles which necessarily accompany life. Now, at the hazard of being supposed egotistic, we make bold to say we believe we have in many instances done this. Since we last wished our readers a happy new year, we have received about seven hundred letters from different places of England and other parts of the world, approving of and applauding our Magazine, and stating reasons for the opinions expressed.

Well, after twelve months of labour, with its accompanying anxieties and enjoyments, while we are as full of hope and promise as ever, it will be seen that like almost all young things we increase as we grow older. We have added twenty-five per cent. to our size and weight. We now give forty instead of thirty-two pages of matter for two pence; and all we ask is that our readers should co-operate with us in increasing our number of subscribers. If by giving more for the money we obtain an increased circulation no one will be the loser, but every one a gainer by the change. This is a new way to enrich all without impoverishing any. The alteration entails on us additional labour, but what of that if we have the additional satisfaction of working for an increased family of readers. Whether we have performed our promises or not during the year just departed is not for us to say, all we know is that we have done our best with the limited space at our command. Having now more elbow room, we will try not to be unfaithful to our expanded space and enlarged freedom.

We have said in another place, “ every book should bear upon its front not merely the assertion but the proof of its right to be printed, circulated, and read.” We base our right to be somon the fact that no other journal occupies that position amid our periodical literature which is filled by the Public Good. Our ostensible purpose is to educate man and elevate society by the aid of philanthropic literature. According to our way of thinking literature only answers its highest purposes but when it is consecrated to the advancement of humanity. The press Great Britain teems with periodicals of the highest description, but they are more or less entertaining for the sake of entertainment, We say interest the reader by all means, but interest him to elevate him; and in the prosecution of our design we would call to our aid fact, fiction, the revelation of science, the inspiration of art, and the light gossip; we would use the essay, the comment, the report, and at the same time we would weave everything together with the thread of a good purpose; we would subordinate the most substantial and the most imaginative reading to the political, social, mental, and moral elevation of human society.

WHAT IS THE HOUR

ON THE WORLD'S CLOCK.

BY J. PASSMORE EDWARDS.

new

TIME has dropped another feather from place, one mile nearer home. So comes its wing ; the year 1850 is gone into new year's day, and suggests to us that the eternity of the past. The world's time is short-that life is fleeting-that clock, anno domini, strikes one thousand the past is irrevocable—that destiny is eight hundred and fifty-one. Whilst we inexorable. It is a point of time from are on the threshold of the second half which retrospective and prospective views of the nineteenth century of the Chris- are taken ; the past is reflected on, the tian era, let us, good reader, pause for a present is appreciated, the future is conmoment and reflect. Let us ask our- templated. The beginning of a selves the questions—who are we? year is when a great many people turn whence came we? where are we? and over a new leaf in life ; it is the starting whither go' we? Important questions point of new resolutions, the burial-time these, and a fit and proper occasion is the of sorrows, and the birth-time of hopes. present to revolve them in our minds. The young man frequently celebrates

The dawning of every new day, though his twenty-first birth-day with a deeper of so frequent occurrence, is an import- feeling, and more forceful reflection, ant event in the life of a human being. than he does his twentieth birthday. The Who does not feel when he opens his consciousness of his having lived twentyeyes in the morning, (and especially if one years impresses him with a respect he were not laden with food and wine the for his manhood, and impresses him with a preceding evening), that another day is sense of his responsibility as a citizen ; gone, and another is come, that he is he is at that age when he is recognised one day further from the time of his in the eye of the law as a distinct, indebirth, and another day nearer the time pendent, responsible being, consequently of his death, that time sweeps by heed- such a period is looked upon with less of the heads it whitens and the brows unusual interest, and remembered with it wrinkles. How frequently do such unusual delight. So it is in the history thoughts, accompanied alternately with of people. In the life of nations some sorrowful and sunshiny emotions, pass ages are more important than others. through the mind of the reflective man The commencement of a new year is as he journeys through the vale of life. sometimes the commencement of a new But how much more deeply do sueh re- era ; and the commencement of a new flections impress the mind, when the century is accompanied with deeper last day of an old year falls into the emotions, and profounder thoughts than grave of the past, and when the first day the commencement of ordinary periods. of a new year opens upon the world. As But time, after all, is a relative thing. a year is a more important part of a To estimate its value rightly, it must be man's life than a day, so does the depar- considered relatively; there is sometimes ture of a year impress men's ininds more more done for the world in one year deeply than the departure of a day. than at other times in ten, and it is not There is nothing more important about unfrequently the case when a human a new year's day in itself, than there is being does more for his emancipation about any other day in the year any and his enthronement in right in one year, more than there is a particular import- than he performed in a preceding life. One ance attached to the foot of ground on man lives fifty lives while another man which the milestone stands, from any only lives one. . Life is not to be conother on the road. But the man who is sidered merely by the number of mowalking a long journey, passes the mile- ments, or days a human being remains stone with a very different feeling to that on the earth; we should ask what he which impressed him as he passed other has done, how the moments were empoints of the way. He says within him- ployed during the time he lived ? Two self, one mile farther from my starting men live through a day, one of them

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