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mountains, whose brows are continually I bend not,' returned the obstinate bathed with the dews of heaven; in the buckwheat. innumerable charms of valleys dimpled Shut up thy boasted flowers, and bend and studded by the fingers of grace, and thee,' quoth the willow-tree; look not the usefulness of mighty streams puritying at the flashes of lightning, even mortal and fertilizing as they roll on, to melt into man dares not do that ; for though the the bosom of eternal waters. Farewell. flashing fluid of God's heaven is seen, and

CARLO BLANCO. such a sight is too grand for humanity.

What then can we vegetables expect if we

do that which man may not practise ?' AN ALLEGORY.

“Tush !' said the buckwheat, 'I will SHOULD you, after a thunder storm, go gaze into God's own heaven.' into a field of buckwheat, you will probably

And the presumptuous plant did as it find the crop quite black, just as though it had threatened. Lightning came so fiercehad been burnt. The farmer attributes ly, that the wide heavens appeared as one this blackness to the lightning ; but what, mighty expanse of flame. The storm passed in truth, is the actual cause? 'You shall

over. The flowers and corn stood in the hear what the sparrow told me, and the fresh pure air, invigorated by the rain ; but bird had it of a willow-tree that stood in

the lightning had singed the buckwheat to a field of buckwheat, and stands there still.

a mere cinder, and it lay dead and useless The tree bends till its branches almost upon the earth.

The willow was agitated by the gensweep the ground ; and its foliage has very much the appearance of long green trembling boughs as though the old tree

tle breeze, and drops of liquid fell from its hair. In the neighbouring fields crops of

were weeping, And the sparrows chirped, rye, buckwheat, oats, &c., were flourishing. Why are you weeping It is delicious There the grain stood in golden fulness, here. Look at the bright sun and passing putting one in mind of a dense flock of clouds ! Inhale the sweet fragrance of bright canaries ; and, as the fruit waxed the hedgerows and flowers! Why then heavier, the stalks would bend with their

are you woful, venerable tree? load in a spirit of patient humility. The

And the willow told the sad story of buckwheat field lay around the willow-tree; the buckwheat's pride and presumption, but the buckwheat was proud and would

and of the certain punishment of these not bend like other grain-it stood erect

vices. The sparrows are my authority, derisively.

One evening I begged for a fairy tale, and 'I am as rich as the ears of corn,' said they choose the history of the buckwheat." the buckwheat ; "and, besides, am I not

Christian Andersen. more beautiful ? My petals are as hand. some as apple blossoms ; it musť be quite delightful to look at me. Am I not splen- HOW MANY CREATURES A MAN OF Ssdid? Did vou ever see anything more VENTY HAS EATEN.-A correspondent has beautiful, old willow ?'

calculated what a man night consume on The tree made no answer, but gave a an average in twenty years, “taking ten nod, as though he meant to say—“Yes, in- years for infancy, which is too much." deed, have I.

Yes ; far too much.” Mamma's darling Hereupon the buckwheat set the wil- Jacky, as papa knows to his cost, is carnilow down as a stupid, insane old fellow vorous long before the completion of his -so very aged that the long grass was tenth year ; but“ taking ten years off for near upon suffocating him.

infancy,” although it is too much,” and A fearful storm

The flowers allowing a man « 4 lbs. of flesh meat per folded their leaves and bowed their ten- week,” the consumption at the close of der stems before the superior strength of three-score years and ten amounts to the hurricane ; but the buckwheat stood | 12,480 lbs., or 899% stone ; or to 156 sheep proudly erect.

of 80 lbs. each, or 20 bullocks of 41} stone; • Bow thy head, even as we do,' ad- or, to take it another way, to 78 sheep and vised the flowers.

10 bullocks, “with 6 stone over,” which • Not I," answered the buckwheat. may stand for poultry, fish, &c. Say 20 of

• Be warned, and take our advice,' said each in the year, or' 1,200 poultry, and the corn. * The spirit of the storm is near 1,200 fish. But if we take it in shrimps upon us. His wings reach from the clouds and shell fish (and “all is fish” that comes above to the earth; he will crush thy to our correspondent's net), Heaven only fragile anatomy before thou canst ask knows what animal life is destroyed to keep mercy.'

up the life of that one animal - Man.

arose.

STRAY THOUGHTS FROM THE EDITOR'S NOTE BOOK.

173

STRAY THOUGHTS FROM THE

stately columns, its chaste cornices and EDITOR'S NOTE BOOK.

lofty cupolas; we admire the design, the

execution and finish; our minds are stirred The religious element in the human heart, and refined while gazing on the structure: the religious tendencies of human nature, but which, after all, commands our admirathe religious establishments of the world, tion most, the thing, lovely as it may apthe religious associations clinging so closely pear, or the genius which gave the thing around man's eventful history, are all wor- birth? That edifice, noble as it may be, thy of the profoundest attention. What is had an ideal before it had a substantial religion, whether it be seen in superstition existence. It did not grow up of its own. like a diamond in a bed of dust, in mytho- accord. It sprang from mind. Much as logy deeply incrusted with ignorance, in we may admire St. Paul's Cathedral, we the devotional devotee who fancies that must admire Sir Christopher Wren more.. mortification of the flesh will ensure his In fact we admire the one and venerate the salvation, or in the sublime aspirations of other. The architect speaks to us through Sir Isaac Newton, who, whenever he men. the edifice. Though it stands there cold tioned the august name, God, would take and motionless before you, it speaks to you off his bat in reverence: what is religion in in language so warm, and in accents so these and in innumerable other aspects and thrilling, that you are moved, exalted, inmanifestations, but one of the “great facts” spired. Yes, every one of these pillars and of human history, one of the greatest privi- chiselled stones has a tongue. Listen to leges of man. He who is careless or indif. it, and you will hear Wren, whose body ferent to this matter, does himself perhaps was deposited in the tomb centuries since, the greatest injustice, and deprives himself speak to you. Look and listen attentively, of the highest pleasures man is capable of and you will hear him grow quite eloquent; enjoying. To dive into the depths of one's you will feel his mind brought into close moral being, to search into the well-springs contact with your own, you will receive of his hopes and aspirations, to experience grateful impulses from a congenial spirit; emotions which spontaneously ariseingrate- you will go away with higher conceptions fulobedience to contemplations ofthe beau- of yourself, of man generally, of the great tiful and true, to bend in reverence before human brotherhood, of the vast universe, the sublime necessities of the universe, to and of the still greater God who presides be conscious of a dependence on a loftier over its destinies. nature than our own: to look around upon The human mind has folded up within the green, glad earth, or up through the it, germs of which a seraph might boast. It bluesky, or onward through the star-decked is the most valuable thing on God's green heavens; to swim in imagination over the earth. The poor man may be unable to countless

ages of the eternity that is past, tell you who his grandfather was, but he and then onward on the stream of time, and will not be unable to date his pedigree back onward still into the everlasting future; to to God. He has no coat of arms but those stand alone amid the hush of men, of flow- his Creator gave him. He knows nothing ers and stars, and then while absorbed in ofarmorial distinctions and heraldic crests, our own consciousness to try to sound the but on his nature is engraven the broad depths of our own inner nature, to measure arrow of the King of Kings. His brow its vast capabilities, its boundless desires, was never pressed with a mitre or a crown, its dependence on some mighty invisible, but there will be found wrapped up the but not inappreciable spirit, that controls organs of Veneration, Benevolence, Hope. and governs all; to be lost in veneration He never had the title of knighthood conbeneath the grandeur and immensity of ferred on him. He never had the truly ilthis spirit, to long after its closer presence, lustrious distinction of being made a Knight to thirst for larger and sweeter inspirations of the Garter, but he can call Socrates his from its exhaustless depths of purity and brother. He cannot be called a monarch, love, to aspire after a perpetual continua- but he can be called a man. He never tion of being, to wish to get higher and saw the face of a king or the blandishments higher, and to grow holier and holier, and of court, but he has oftentimes admired the never to cease obeying, and loving, and stream and the mountain, skirted with hoping; to so think, feel

, and enjoy, are groves; he has frequently basked in the not privileges which belong exclusively to sunshine, meditated amid dancing starthe inhabitants of one clime or another, but beams, and looked through nature up to

nature's God. He never inhabited a manWhat is wealth but the production of sion, but he can, with the telescope of faith, the man? Is the thing produced greater look over the peninsula of time, behold than the producer?

We look at the noble Heaven, the abode of stainless spirits, and building, at its architectural beauty, at its call it Home.

to man.

ANECDOTES,

THE SOFT PLANK.

AN EXCURSION of a thousand miles was COMMUNICATED BY DR. HARRISON BLACK. projected and carried out by the proprie

tors of a Scotch steamer. It was in sumORIGIN OF MECHANICS' INSTITUTES.

mer-the weather was beautiful, and so SOMEWHERE about fifty years ago, Dr. many were anxious to join in the trip, that Birkbeck was acting as Professor of Natu- when the ship had left her last place of ral Philosophy at the Andersonian Institu- call, it was found that the vessel was incontion at Glasgow. Some apparatus, required veniently crowded. The splendour of the to elucidate one of his lectures, was out of scenery and the fineness of the day made repair, and two or three artizans were sent

all pass pleasantly, but as the evening for by him to remedy the defects. After approached, it was found that there were he had given them the necessary directions, not berths enough for all those on board. one of the men remarked, “How much A contention now arose as to who should better we should be able to do this work, should not. High words took place, and

have the limited accommodation, and who if we understood the objects of these instruments, and the principles upon which they anger was beginning to supersede the

At this are constructed." The professor replied, kindly feeling of the morning. My friends, will you listen to me if I try telligence and courtesy had been remarked

juncture, an elderly gentleman, whose into explain them to you?" “O yes, Sir, certainly, if we stay till to-morrow morn

upon, approached the angry group, saying, ing,” was the answer. It was given in so

“Now who is clever enough to find a soft sincere and thankful a tone, that, although plank?" He then wrapped a cloak around it was now late at night, the benevolent the words, " I have found a plank í good

on the deck, with Doctor commenced an elaborate explanation, and the rays of the next morning's sun

night, my friends, good night.”

This were shining, when that

kindly act of self-denial, on the part of a

group separated, one going to his repose, the others to their silver haired old man, had an immediate

effect.

There was no daily toil. The readiness and the zeal of

more contention. these craftsmen to acquire intellectual Some of the most eager for their rights of information, produced such an effect upon

accommodation followed the example, and the Doctor, that he invited all the artizans

next morning all met happy. of Glasgow to attend his lectures gratuitously. A mechanics'class was subsequently THE YOUNG EGYPTIAN. formed, and not long after Mechanics' Institutes sprung up in various localities, In Glasgow, at a meeting of some anxiThus it will be seen how small an incident ous for the public good, principally Sunmay lead to a great public pood.

day school teachers, there was one who attracted our attention very particularly from his correctness in the course. From the tinge of his skin we thought he had

some Indian blood in his veins. SOME years ago, before the reformation of On speaking about the applicability of criminals was so much thought of as their steam to promote progress, he stated that punishment, a benevolent Middlesex magis- a steam engine larger than any then extrate was most energetic in endeavouring isting was being constructed in Glasgow, to establish a school in the prison of which and that if I wished to see it he would he was a visiting justice, with a view to the show it. The next morning we found reclamation of juvenile offenders. His the elegant young man of the preceding brother magistrates looked upon the scheme evening clothed in leather, and working as visionary, or Quixotic, and as they fre- at the engine. We then found he was a quently met him returning from his daily young Egyptian sent here to acquire the visits to the jail, they did not hesitate to throw mechanic arts for the public good of his out an occasional joke at his expense. On country; but his own heart had promptone bitter winter morning, he was accosted ed him to examine Sunday and infant by two of them, who said, “ Don't you find schools, judging thereby he would best your work this morning awfully cold ?” promote the public good. It was a subGentlemen,"

,” he replied, “ a man forgets ject of thought, and showing how the cold when he is trying to benefit his fellow- world i.e. its inhabitants are moving on, creatures ! he does not think of winter that an Englishman should go to Scot. when his heart is warm for the public land and be shown one of its mechanical good.”

wonders by a young Egyptian,

AWFULLY COLD.

APHORISMS OF ZIMMERMAN.

175

means.

Aphorisms of Zimmerman.

combined labours. For some time past a

loud complaint has arisen from a large body The rich have just as much as they can

of oppressed tailors in London. This comuse ; those who possess more, have in plaint was not made without cause, for their custody what would make others

most unjust dealings have been practised on rich.

them by the proprietors of large flaming FARE.- When we meet with better fare establishments. Public meetings have been than was expected, the disappointment is

called together for the purpose of petitioning overlooked even by the scrupulous.

Parliament to interfere in the matter. This When we meet with worse than was ex

was trying to remove the evil by wrong pected, philosophers alone know how to

It would be putting down an evil make it better.

by an evil; and the remedy would be as THE FATALIST.-The fatalist stands a

bad as the disease. If the heads of estabgood chance of being contented with his lishments, made notorious by the might of lot. unless it is ordained to the contrary. advertising, practise flagrant injustice on CHARACTER. Can those have any

those who work for them, let the facts be character to lose who have no reputation from some quarter will most assuredly

made known to the public, and assistance to gain ? Favours.—Though a favour does, or

sooner or later come. If John Bull is selfish, does not, deserve to be returned, the he is also sympathetic. It may take a long manner in which it was granted deserves ings, but when he is moved, he acts in

time to touch his heart and arouse his feelto be remembered.

earnest. The fashionable require very little

Let unjustly-treated tailors, or from those they associate with, besides

any other class of persons, state their case, their purse, praise, time, and chastity.

and there is sufficient humanity in the heart Wisdom often revokes ; the opinions of into action for the relief of the oppressed.

of the nation awaiting to be summoned pride and ignorance are irrevocable. UNDERTAKINGS.-'Tis easier to under

In the case of the tailors, we have long take than to retract, especially in mo

thought that the remedy lay almost mentous affairs. Good, excellent, is the

solely in their own hands. If designing advice of the poet Shenstone : "What

men have unfairly dealt with them, they ever situation in life you ever wish to

have also most unfairly dealt with them.

selves. Unfortunately, to a great degree, propose for yourself, acquire a clear and Jucid idea of the inconveniences attend they have, by their intemperate habits, so ing it."

weakened themselves, as to permit others LIBERTY. Those who care not for the

to take advantage of them. They have loss of their liberty will never defend it. railed against the tyranny of others, and

Peace.- If peace is not found at home, hugged at the same time the worst species it is not natural to expect that we should

of tyranny to their hearts. But better days look for it abroad?' The parents, and

are in store for them. Their social salvahusbands who know not this may be

tion depends more on themselves than on

others. They must work their way upwards brought to repent of their ignorance.

The patient can oftener do without the by their own energies. And what better doctor than the doctor without the

means can they use than those attendant

on and derivable from co-operation. We patient. Silence is the safest response for all

look upon co-operation as the most available the contradiction that arises from imper

and mightiest lever at their command. We tinence, vulgarity, or envy.

see in co-operation the secret of England's Good Qualities. -Many good qualities tailors, or hatters, or shomakers, or carpen

regeneration. What can l'inderten or twenty are not sufficient to balance a single want -the want of money.

ters co-operating together, and equally The necessities that exist are in gene. Nothing. Let them do ro; let them be

sharing the profits of their industry ? ral created by the superfluities that are

faithful one towards another; let them be enjoyed.

bound together by the ligaments of honesty, Calmness under contradiction is demon

industry, charity, forbearance, and persestrative of great stupidity, or strong intellect.

verance, and they will find that there is sufficient generosity and manliness in the

public heart to respond to their wishes and CO-OPERATION.- We have recently been their labours. Success then, say we, to very much cheered to hear that several Walter Cooper and his confederates, at tailors have agreed to co-operate together, their establishment, 34, Castle-street, Oxand to mutually share the profits of their ford-street.

Students' Column.

EPITAPHS. Underneath wegive some very "curious" and “comical'' epitaphs, which have been collected

from almost as many graveyards. In a future ANSWERS

number we hope to give a few specimens of

another kind which will be as serious and 12. G. D.-2. 5. 8.

beautiful as the accompanying are trifling and 13. J. P.-The woman's oranges num

ludicrous. We shall feel very thankful to any bered 420, their value being £1 15s.

of our friends who would send us any which they think would suit our purpose.

There is 14. G. R. A.-Et Dieu dit, que la luo scarcely agraveyard but what contains epitaphs mière soit, et la lumière fut.

of either the one description or the other; 15. There are differences in the form readers but could lend us a little assistance

and we think there is scarcely one of our of governments as legitimate as there are in collecting them. differences of character, geographic posi

Here lies buried beneath these stones tion, intellectual, moral, and physical

The beard, the flesh, and all the bones development of different peoples. Na

Of the Parish Clerk-Old David Jones tions, like individuals, have different ages.

Wrexham Churchyard.
Lamartine. Here lies I at the chancel door,

Here I lies because I's poor ;
QUESTIONS.

The further in, the more to pay, 16. J. P. The best translation of the

But here lies I as warm as they. following German passage into English My wife is dead and here she lies, Der erste Schritt jides Volkes, aus

Nobody laughs, nor nobody cries;

Where she is gone or how she fares der anfänglichen Gedankenlosigkeit des

Nobody knows nor nobody cares. thierthums hervor, ist der erste Schritt

Aston Churchyad. zum Glauben an eine höhere Macht."

Here lies the body of William Dent, 17. H. J. D.-The best translation in Death turned up his heels, and away he went, verse of the following passage from Pe- Himn shall never come again to we trarch :

But we shall surely one day go to he. “ Fontana di delore, albergod d'ira,

Too much blood a vein did bust, Scola d'errori, e tempio d' heresia;

And stretched Tom Tucker down in dust. Gia Roma hor Babilonia falsa e ria, Per cui tants piange e si sospira ;

Tom Dowly died when God decreed,

Though they blistered him sore and thrice did Orfucina d'inganni! O prigiond' ira!

bleed, Ove i buon muove, et i mal si mitre e

So do what you may, at the voice of God, cria,

You must join poor Dowly under the sod. Di vivi inferno, un gran miracol sia, Here lies the body of Betty Bowden, Se christo teco al fine non s'adira." Who wonld have lived longer but she cou'den, 18. The best translation into French of Sorrow and grief made her decay,

Until her bad leg carried her away. the following passage of Pope's :• It is with narrow-souled people as it

Here lies Dick, and here lies he, is with narrow-necked bottles-the less

Hallelu-jar--Hallelu-ge.

Swansea. they have in them, the more noise they

To Abraham's bosom my wife is gone, make in pouring it out.”

And only her dust is under this stone; 19. What number is that to which if Don't heavily tread, let the grass grow on, we add the half, the third, and fourth of For its all a part of her flesh and bone. itself, the suin will be 125 ?

Here lies my wife, and heaven knows,

Not less for mine than her repose. 20. A cistern can be emptied by one pipe in 25 seconds; and filled by another On the 29th of November, a confounded piece in 45 seconds ; if the first pipe be turned came down bang slam, and killed I, John on for 10 seconds, and then the second Lamb. also, in what time will the cistern be

Here lies W

W emptied ?

Who never more will trouble you, trouble you, What historical personage is said to have

Westbury Churchyard. composed the following beautiful Latin prayer? And the best translation of it in English.

ON A MISER NAMED MOOR. O domine Deus, speravi in te!

Iron was his chest, iron was his door, O care me Jesu, nunc libera me!

His hand was iron, but his heart was more. In durâ catenâ, in miserâ pænâ desidero te!

Westbury Churchyard. Languendo, gemendo, et geneflectenda,

Here lies James Wiggins, Undertakor, Adoro, imploro, ut liberes me.

Now overtaken by his Maker,

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