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EXCURSION PARTIES AND CHEAP PLEASURE TRIPS.

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rily produce evil. One of the members of Bonaparte never existed, and the English in Government, only a very short time since, France as if the names of Wellington and said that monster trains were monster evils. Waterloo were never uttered. These interHe alluded to the immoral influence they pro- national excursion parties will increase and duced on society. This was a sweeping con- multiply. Foreigners will be flocking to demnation, which cannot be borne out byfacts. our country, and our countrymen will be Excursions such as those above alluded to going in swarms to the great cities which may occasionally unsettle some mind, and stand on the banks of the Seine and make it discontented with its present lot. the Rhine. By these means, men's minds That is not the fault of the means, but the man. will get enlightened, national prejudices Such an objection might be brought, and will be worn away, unpleasant recollechas been brought, against all other means tions oblivionized, international commerce which tend to morally elevate and socially will increase, and new social relationships advance the people. But I must admit that based on mutual sympathy, and the bighest those trips and parties have tended to foster reciprocal interests will spring into existdrinking habits and intemperance. Intem. Before such salutary influences, war perance has been the principal thing which and its associations must yield; and with has blotted their name and marred their utili- war will perish many of the great obstacles ty. In the morning the men and women of which stand in the way of the improvement the party look fresh and gay, in the evening and happiness of our race. many of them are tipsy and drunk. Hence It is not likely that cheap excursion pararise differences, broils, fights, and accidents. ties will be confined even to crossing the I could mention a great number of instances Channel, and to visits to Germany, Belgium, where circumstances of the most calamitous and France. It is quite likely that we shall character have arisen in connexion with ex- hear in the course of a short time, of cheap cursion parties, through drinking. But after trips across the Atlantic. What a glorious all, pleasure trips do not produce the drink- sight to see 200 or 300 Americans riding ing system. People from time immemorial over the waves of the great ocean on a hohave been accustomed to drink more than liday visit to England ! or of 200 or 300 usual on holiday occasions. We foolishly taking an autumn pleasure trip up the magmake some kind of alcoholic liquor the me- nificent Hudson river ! Neither, should I dium through which we show hospitality and be surprised to hear by and bye of cheap generousness of feeling. These liquors are trips to the Mediterranean, to Genoa, Rome, deceptive; they invade the senses unawares, Venice, Alexandria, or Athens. Many and sometimes undermine the will without more unlikely things than a Mediterranean giving notice.

excursion party have recently taken place. There is something encouraging and de- What a beautiful sight it would be to see a lightful in seeing those parties going from cargo of Englishmen leaving the Thames as town to country, and from country to town a pleasure party bound to some of those old in our own land ; but when we see them cities that saw their meridian glory, before going from land to land, there is some- England tasted the benefits of civilization. thing about them of x higher social and Only think of such a party, after having historical importance. When we see French- been knocked about in the Bay of Biscay, men in hundreds coming to England, and touching at Lisbon and then passing under the Englishmen going to France ; when we see shadows of Gibraltar's Rock, then onwards the railway and the steam engine made ser- spying the lands of Spain and Africa ; then vants for international visits, and when such on the look-out for the isles which stud that visits tend to the removal of misunderstand. glorious sea, and after having been freshings between nations which have for ages ened by the breeze, and inspired by the been divided by war, we may then say that historical associations that cling so closely cheap excursion parties answer the noblest around almost every foot of land in that purpose. Such a state of things has already portion of the world, they spend a few days commenced. It was begun by the Peace at Rome or Athens, and tread the ground Reformers, who held a Peace Congress in which was once trodden by the Cæsars, or Brussels in the latter part of 1848. It was made everlastingly sacred by the presence followed up by several hundreds of the na. of Socrates and Plato ! tional guards of Paris, who came to London The secret of excursion parties is their a short time after. Subsequent to that, hun- cheapness, and cheapness is the result of asdreds of Englishmen have visited the French sociation. I see in the principle of associacapital in a body, and were welcomed with tion, as applied merely to the transmission all the honours which a courteous and an of persons from one part of the world of enthusiastic people could bestow. The na- another, an important instrumentality to tional guard were treated in London, as if progress, and a fresh triumph of civilization.

EDITOR.

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ALMANAC OF NATURE-MAY, 1850.
In the lone copse, or shadowy dale.

marsh pennywort, the red rattle, usually
Wild clustered knots of harebells blow,

met with in boggy places, the common wall.
And droops the lily of the vale,
The periwinkle's leaves below,

flower; and the curious little plant called the
The orchis race with varied beauty see

ivy-leaved snapdragon, or wandering sailor, Mocks the gay fly or the exploring bee.

which grow on walls and ruins.

The great May is truly the month of flowers. It is a celandine frequents church-yards and neglected month of pictures and of poetry, the full frui- gardens, its leaves have a bluish green hue, tion of beauty and of life. The forest trees are and its flowers are of a golden yellow. It was now arrayed in all their beauty, and innumera- formerly called swallow-wort, because the ble herbaceous plants are in flower. The mea- swallow was supposed to use its glutinous juice dowsare gay with the flowers of the ranunculus, to enable her young ones to see. Among the and of the dandelion, and the lady smock,

water plants of the month, the buckbean is in (Cardamine pratenois); which latter grows in full blossom, and its beautiful yellow blossoms such profusion on most soils, and near streams, mingle well with those of the water crowfoot, that it looks like linen laid out to bleach ; and and makes the borders of streams and ponds hence its common name. The hedges are gay to appear as if fringed with embroidery. with the blossoms of Jack-by-the-hedge, and

Birds are very numerous in the month of various cruciferous plants. The cotton grass, May, but many of their songs cease before the (Eriophorum vaginatum) produces its downy month closes. The nightingale sings through seed in this month, and makes the places where the greater part of May, but towards the end it grows, look as if covered with snow. The of the month the female makes her nest, genegardens glitter with all the hues of the rain- rally of oak leaves lined with grass, and as soon bow; the lilac, the wiotaria, and the laburnum as the eggs are hatched the male ceases to sing. among the trees; and tulips, anemonies, and in the place of those sweet ravishing melodies various kinds of ranunculus contribute to the which made the woods vibrate, he now utters gaiety of the scene.

a grating noise like the croaking of a frog. The There are several poisonous plants now in shrill voice of the whitethroat isgenerally heard ftower in the fields; and some of them possess in May, and its sharp piercing calls always precurious chemical and botanical properties. One cede its true song. It is a lively bird, and sings remarkable plant is the herb Pavis or Pavis a loud, clear, ringing melody. The thrush is quadrifolia, frequently called one berry, or true now heard in the morning and evening, and love. The flowers are green, and possess little sometimes its song continues all night. The beauty, but are curious on account of their cru- thrush and the blackbird are both observed to ciform shape and the green calyx of four sepals sing with greater vigour during dull or stormy in which they are enclosed. It produces a single weather, and seldom during great heat. The purpleberry. It is only found in sheltered woody woodlark and the sedgewarbler, also sing in spots. Another poisonous plant found at the night during the hot weather of summer, this season is the wild chervil, sometimes cal- and the hedge sparrow and cuckoo have been led May-weed, or cow parsley, It belongs to known to call as early as three o'clock in the the hemlock tribe, and produces abundance of morning. The turtle dove is generally heard white flowers in shady nooks and quiet coppi- first in the woods in May, and about the same oes. Other plants of May are the white rib, or

time as the pigmy curlew. The planet Mercury is in the constellation Taurus throughout the month. He is an evening star, and most favourably situated för observation about the middle of the month. Venus will be in the constellation Taurus till the 25th, and in Gemini from the 27th. She is on the Milky way between the 21st and 31st, and is an evening ster. Mars is in Gemini till the 6th, when he passes into Cancer. He is an evening star. Jupiter is in Leo all the month. He is occulted by the moon on the 19th. Saturn is in the constellation Pisces, and during the month is a morning star. W 1 Dis. of Sun from Earth, at noon, 95,785,000 m. Jos. Addison. Essays.

1672 Th 2 Moon in Sagittarius. Fly Orehis.

John Galt. General Literature,

1779
Gari en Warbler or enwette.
William Windham. Politics.

1750
S
Longtailed Titmouse begins to build.
J. C. Borda. Mathematics.

1733 Su Moon in Aqu. Wild Tulip, Wild Columbine fi. T. Cecil. Earl of Eceter.

1542 M Roundleaved Sallow.

Ark rested on Mouut Ararat.

B.C. 2348 T

G. van Swieton. Medicine.

1700 W s Moon in Cet. Caterpillars of hawthorn butrfly. Edward Gibbon. History.

1737 Th Necrophorus Vespillo on sunny paths.

J. C. L. Sish:ordi. History.

1772 F 10 Privet, hawthorn, guelder rose.

A. R. J. Turgot. Politics.

1727
Moon enters Sa. at 10 h. p.m.
J. F. Blumenbach. Physiology.

1752 Su 12 Many species of beetle.

John Bell. Anatomy.

1763 M 13 Lily of the Valley A.

J. II. E. Bernstorf. Abolition Fcudal Slavery 1712 T 14 Moon crossing Milky Way. Length of Day 15h Dante. Poetry.

7.265 W lá Ragged robin A. Whitethroat sings. [29 m. Leman Blenchard. S(etches.

1803 Th 16 Moon in Cancer. Wild currants fi.

Sir. W. Petty, Political Economy.

1623 F 17 200 species of grasses fl.

Edward Jenner, Cowo-poz.

1749 S 19 Furze, white fumitory f. [Em. 7h. 37 m. p.m. J. N. D'Azara. Antiquities.

1731 Su 19 Moon occults Jupiter. Im. 6h. 32m. Whit Sunday. M

p.m. 20 Moon in Virgo. Plane tree, black poplar and Albert Durer. Arts.

1441 21 Several species of speedwell tl. (Abele f. Duke of Pridgewater. Inland Narigation 1736 Cotton grass, May Weed. Camden. History.

1551 Th Ladies mantle ft. Gallimula Chloropus.

Elias Ashmole. Museum,

1617 24 Wireworms and Glowworms.

C. Linnæus, Botany. 25 Moon in Scorpio. Landrail cries.

Carlo Dolai. Art,

1616 Su 26 Herb Pavis or true love tl.

Count Zinzendorf. Morarians.

1700 M 27 Caixes, rushes, and watercressses abundant. C Scioppius. Latin Lite rature,

2756 T Moon in Sag. Vightingale's son ceases. J. Smeaton. Eddystone Lighthouse.

1724 23 Moon ia Capricorn. Buckthorn 11.

L J. M. Daubenton. Zoology.

1716 Th30 Mouse ear, scorpion grass fi.

Earl Spencer (Lord Althorpe).

1782 31 Arctumas S. 9h. 32m, p.m, May flies abundt. Alexander Crudcn. Concordance.

1700

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1707

CURIOUS.- COMICAL,

7

Curious.

Comical.

HORSES FED ON FLESH.--The Gauls fed their Terry Brent, fourteen months since, started oxen and horses with fish; and so did the Paco- for California, to dig a ‘forten' for himself and nians, mentioned by Herodotus. Diomedes, Biddy. The following is extracted from his letking of Thrace, killed by Hercules, fed his ter, dated January 8th. mares with the flesh of miserable strangers, cut

St. Fransiskay. in pieces for the purpose, which made them so

BIDDY DARLIN.-I've been to the mines, bail fierce and unmanageable, that they were luck to 'em ; for sivin weeks, Biddy Acushla, obliged to be kept in stalls of brass, and tied up

I sarched the bowels of terry firmer for goold, in iron chains.-- Diodorus.

an all I got was dissentery, by reason ov workA BHARK STORY.-While the bark Annabella, ing on an empty stomick, not a rap of anything Mr. John Paterson commander, was on her to ate for brickfast-the same for dinner-ditto passage home froin Trinidad to Clyde, on her for supper, an all the time throwing up mud last voyage, she was one day going through the and wather, which is mighty wakenin to the water at the rate of about three knots an hour, insides. Pitaytees was a dollar a lb., and no with a light wind, when a shark was observed mate to be had but gristly bares, which is tuff following the vessel. The shark-hook was im- customers in cow'd weather-The craythurs-I mediately called for, baited with a piece of mane the gristly bares, cums down from the pork and thrown over the side, when the shark mountins with their arms intinded as if they at once seized hold of it, and was hooked. As would bid ye welkim, but the moment theyre is usual in such cases, a bowling-hitch was pass- foreninst ye, they grab ye—the traythors, and ed round the body of the shark by the mate, to squaze the brith of life out if ye. Somehow the secure it. While in the act of doing so, the boys that went out in the same ship wid me, mate, Mr. Dow, now commander of the same found goold galore, but niver as much as the vessel, lost his balance, fell overhoord, and vaily of a wedding ring did Terry get for his caught hold of the back of the shark-thus trouble. both shark and man hung suspended by the The wimen are the culer ov a dirty copper rope. The master, seeing the imminent danger kittle, and have mighty few dry goods

on their to which his mate was exposed, sprang over- backs. Youl find it stated in the papers, Bidboard, taking hold of a rope in one hand, and dy, that the diggers are finding gooid in quarts. grasping the mate by the other. At the mo- Biddy, I never seed a lump ov goold yet that ment in the struggle, the shark got clear of the would fill a gill measure.' hook, but before it had time to turn itself on its back, as it is under the necessity of doing be- Dandies to make a greater show, fore it can seize its prey, the master and mate Wear coats stuck out with pad and puffing, were both drawn on deck by those on board. But that you know is a proposWhen the mate reached the deck he was pale For what's a goose without the stuffing. as death, and almost speechless.-Glasgow Chronicle.

NIGGER DEMUS.-A Nigger preacher very reDEATH BY SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION.—The cently selected the visit of Nicodemus as the following extraordinary occurrence is related foundation of his observations. “My bred'ren in the Gazette de Tribuneaux :— A few days said he, “ dere was in old times a great many ago, in a tavern near the barriere de l'Etoile, a

preachers on de 'arth, who went about among journeyman painter, named Xavier C, well

de people. Many of dem was white preachers, known for his intemperate habits, while drink- such as Peter, James, and John. Dere was also ing with some comrades, laid a wager that he a great many coloured preachers, and the greatwould eat a lighted candle. His bet was taken, l est among dem all was Nigger Demus !" -New and scarcely had he introduced the flaming

York Fuzzyguzzy. candle into his mouth when he uttered a slight “ if women were admitted to paradise, their

“Madam," said a snarling son of Esculapius, cry, and fell powerless to the ground. bluish flame was seen to flicker about his tongues would make it a purgatory.”_"" And lips, and, on an attempt being made to render some physicians if allowed to practise there,

“ would soon make it a him assistance, the bye-standers were horror: retorted the lady, struck to find that he was burning internally.

desert. At the end of half an hour his head and the

THE CAUSE OF IRELAND'S DISTRESS. upper part of his chest were reduced to char

Two medical men were called in, and To find out the cause of old Ireland's distress, declared that Xavier had fallen a victim to The nobs of the nation are puzzling their wigs; spontaneous combustion. This conflagration But the cattle-show leads us to hazard this guess: of the human frame is frightfully rapid in its

The peasants are starving toʻfatten the pigs. progress; bones, skin, and muscles, all are devoured, consumed, and reduced to ashes. A

While landlord has prizes at Dublin to win. handful of dust on the spot where the victim

What matter potatoes and rubbish like that? fell is all that remains.'

Poor people of course must expect to get thin, MOUNT LEBANON.-Assaad Yokoob Kayat, a

When the farmer's obliged to make cattle so native Syrian, in a speech at Exeter Hall, (May

fat. 10th, 1838,) remarked that he had lately visited This explains the strange stories recorded with Mount Lebanon, where he found the people as stress, large as giants, and very strong and active. They In The Times and all the papers you toneh, lived almost entirely on dates, and drank only While men die of hunger produced by distress, water, and there were many among them 100 The pigs and the calves die of eating too and 110yeare of age. - Fruits and

Farinacea. much.-Punch.

coal.

8

NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS.

by J. S. Hibberd; “Ideas relating tu Ireland," Notices to Correspondents, &c

by Matthew Lynch; “A Charade,” by W. R.;

Lines for_Good;" “The Orange Flowers,” by G. R. Twinn; An Echo,' by Amelia

Knight; “Childhood," and "The Blind Boy." Editor's address: 16, Hardinge-streei, Islington. by Henry Mence;' The Time will come when PRIZE POEM ON HOME.-From the first, our

You must Trust Élim." by C. M. A. Cowper; intimation to offer a prize for the best poem

“The World's Treatment of its Reforiners,"

by on Home has been hailed with almost uni. by Col. Johnson ; “The Two Concerts," versal satisfaction. We received between eighty Harriette ; " Moderation,” by John Allan; and ninety competing manuscripts. Among the

“ The Poet in Search of a Publisher," and lot were good, bad, and indifferent. On account

“Valedictory Stanza,” by H. J. Daniel ; “Exof the many very good poems, the adjudicators,

tracts froin Emerson," by J. B., Windsor; (the Editor of the Family Friend, Mr. Edmund

Energies are Slumbering,'' by Robert Fisher; Fry, and the Rev. J. B. Talbot) had consider

“The Brother and Sister," a Tale, by Miss E. able difficulty in deciding which was the best.

M. Jones; Education,” by a schoolmaster; After some time it was the opinion of two

“ The Power of the Pen,” by Publicola the against one, that the poem bearing the motto Younger; “Queries concerning the Church," of Si mo lyricis ratibus inseris Sublimi feriam by Isaac Pennington; "Sonnet,”.. by Jeffries sidera vertice was the best. This, on opening Evils,” by the author of "Who should and

B. Collingwood, LL.D.; “Emigration and its the envelope which accompained the manuscript, was found to be written by John

who should not Emigrate;" “ The Pauper,". William Fletcher, 189, High-street, Bishop by Joseph Brindle; " Thoughts on Reading," Wearmouth, Sunderland.

by the Rev. P. J. Wright; We wish all the

Congregational competitors distinctly to understand that

Tea Parties,” by Pro Bono Publico; " A Startevery manuscript sent us, with the exception of ling Objection calmly

looked at,” by the Hon. two or three, which did not contain more than

Sec, of the London Phenetic Society ; "The twenty or thirty lines each, were laid before and

Criminal and the Law," by Richard Bedingread by the adjudicators. We desire to return

field, author of “Madeline;" “ May," by our warmest thanks to the many persons who

Minna; “The Usher," by John Allen, Pontefelt sufficiently interested in the matter to be

fract, &c., &c. come competitors. Every one could not gain We have also reeeived several questions and the prize, but no one, we think, could try answers, and passages for translation, for the without gaining pleasure and profit from the

Student's Column. required intellectual exercise.

A large number of correspondents, who AUTOGRAPHS.—As we expected, the page of have been kind enough to send suggestions, autograplis which appeared in the last number, hint improvements, and express their wishes has met with general approval. With the for our success, have our thanks. present number we give another page, which, we have no doubt, will be regarded with

A. B. C.—Though we cannot undertake to equal satisfaction. The autographs which

return the unsuccessful Tales and Essays, they appeared in the last impression were those

may be had by calling at the office of “The of living men, the ones which enrich the pre

Public Good.” sent impression are those of the illustrions We are unable to answer a great many dead.

queries, and to insert several notices of books, PORTRAITS. - In our first number we in. in the present number, for want of room. timated our intention to occasionally give All books for review, and advertisements, to portraits of celebrated individuals. With the be sent in future to the Editor, “Public Good" present number, it will be seen that we have office, 20, Paternoster Row. given that of the Earl of Carlisle. We are mak.

“The Butterfly,” “Sonnet on Progress," ing arrangements to give others with future will, in all likelihvod, appear in the supplenumbers. We hope to have the pleasure mentary number. of giving the portrait of Mrs. C. Balfour with

We have not, in this place, noticed several our next.

communications, as their writers have not in The prizes for the best essay on Elocution confidence sent us their names and addresses. Classes, and for the best descriptive poem J. K., Nottingham-Yes; each impress on of were awarded to the successful competitors in

“The Public Good” being stereotyped, either the large Hall of the Whittington Club, on the or all the back numbers may be had at any 20th ult. The prize for the best Essay was time. awarded to Mr. J. Patisson; and the prize for We this month insert a column of couplets, the best poem was awarded to Mr. E. Copping. which our intelligent readers will see we have The Essay will appear in our next number. chiefly selected from well-known authors. In It is an exceedingly good one, and reflects

future numbers we should be happy to insert great credit on the writer. All members of original couplets, which our many intelligent elocution classes, and all cultivators of the contributors may send us. Composing coule beautiful and useful art of elocution, should plets will be found to be a very interesting, procure Mr. Patisson's Essay. They will find intellectual pastime. in it a fund of reflection and useful suggestions, elegantly and strongly expressed.

Mr. Copping's Prize Poem, (which is a good We have only space to say that we have re

one) “The Great Unbiddon," will appear in ceived “The way to Live," by Ultra ; "How

the supplementary number, to make Home Happy,” by Plastic;“Shrouds," For particulars of the Prize Tale and Prize by Edwin Paxton Hood, author of the “ Age Essay see April number. and its Architects ;" "Science and Religion,' Controversial Page in our next,

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