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1 And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar,
Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal ! 2 king of nations; That these made war with Bera king of Sodom,
and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and 1 Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar. 3 All these were joined together in the vale of Siddim, which is the 4 salt sea. Twelve years they served Chedor)aomer, and in the thir5 teenth year they rebelled. And in the fourteenth year came Chedor
laomer, and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaims 1
viii. 20. and com. I have set the Lord always fruitful land (he turneth) into barrenness, for before me : because he is at my right hand, the wickedness of them that dwell therein. I shall not be moved. Ps. xvi. 8. I will, Ps. cvii. 34. therefore, that men pray, every where lifting 4 Served Chedorlaomer, &c.] And he (Noah) up holy hands without wrath and doubting. said, cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants 1 Tim. ii. 8.
shall he be unto his brethren: and he said,
blessed be the Lord God of Shem, and Canaan CHAP. XIV.- Shinar.] See Gen. x. 10. shall be his servant. Gen. ix. 25, 26. and com. on “ Shinar.”
They rebelled.) But he (Zedekiah) rebelled Elasar.] Have the gods of the nations against him (the king of Babylon) in sending delivered them which my fathers (the kings of his ambassadors into Egypt, that they might Assyria) have destroyed, as Gozan, and Haran, give him horses and much people. Shall he and Hezeph, and the children of Eden, which prosper? Shall he escape that doeth such were in Telassar? Isa. xxxvii. 12.
things ? or shall he break the covenant and Elam. See Gen. x. 22. and com.
be delivered? Ezek. xvii. 15. 2 Sodom.] See com. on chap. x. 19. Ex- 5 The Rephaims.] Unto thy seed (said the cept the Lord of hosts had left unto us a Lord to Abram) have I given this land, from very small remnant, we should have been as the river of Egypt, unto the great river, the Sodom. Hear the word of the Lord, ye rulers river Euphrates: the Kenites, &c. &c. and the of Sodom, &c. Isa. i. 9. 10.
Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims. Admah.] The whole land thereof is brim. Gen. xv. 18. 20. Por only Og, king of Bastone, and salt, and burning, that it is not shan, remained of the remnant of giants. Your sown, nor beareth, nor any grass groweth wives and your little ones shall abide in your therein, like the overthrow of Sodom and cities which I have given you, until the Lord Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboim, which the have given rest unto your brethren, as well as Lord overthrew in his anger and in his wrath unto you, and until they also possess the land Deut. xxix. 23.
which the Lord your God hath given them Zeboiim.] And another company turned to beyond Jordan; and then shall ye return the way of the border that looketh to the val- every man unto his possession which I have ley of Zeboim, toward the wilderness. 1 Sam. given you. Ye shall not fear them, for the xiii. 18. The children also of Benjamin, from Lord your God, he shall fight for you. Deut. Geba, dwelt at Michmash, &c. at Hadid, Ze- iii. 11. 20. 22. The Philistines also came boim, Neballat. Nehem. xi. 31. 34.
and spread themselves in the valley of ReZoar.] See Gen. xiii. 10. and com.
phaim. And the Philistines came up yet again, 3 Salt sea. Then the Lord rained upon and spread themselves in the valley of ReSodom, and upon Gomorrah, brimstone and phaim. 2 Sam. v. 18. 22. And the troop of the fire from the Lord out of heaven. Gen. xix. Philistines pitched in the valley of the Re24. And the border of the land) shall go phaims. 2 Sam. xxiii. 13. Now three of the down to Jordan, and the goings out of it shall thirty captains went down to the rock to be at the salt sea. Numb. xxxiv. 12. And David, into the cave of Adullam, and the host unto the Reubenites, and unto the Gadites, I of the Philistines encamped in the valley of gave from Gilead; the plain also, and Jordan, Rephaim. 1 Chron. xi. 15. And the Philisand the coast thereof, from Chinnereth, even tines came and spread themselves in the valley unto the sea of the plain, even the salt sea, of Rephaim. I Chron. xiv. 9. In that day it under Ashdoth-pisgah, eastward. Deut. iii. shall come to pass, that the glory of Jacob 16, 17. And those (the waters) that came shall be made thin, &c. And it shall be as he down toward the sea of the plain, even the salt that gathereth ears in the valley of Rephaim. sea, failed, and were cut off. Josh. iii. 16. A Isa. xvii. 5.
in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim, And the Horites in their mount Seir, unto 6 El-paran, which is by the wilderness. And they returned, and 7 came to En-mishpat, which is Kadesh, and smote all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites, that dwelt in Hazezontamar. And there went out the king of Sodom, and the king of 8 Gomorrah, and the king of Admah, and the king of Zebojim, and
Ashteroth Karnain, &c.] After he had water in the wilderness, by the fountain in slain Sihon, the king of the Amorites, which the way to Sher. Gen. xvi. 7. And he (Ishdwelt in Heshbon, and Og, the king of Bashan, mael) dwelt in the wilderness of Paran. Gen. which dwelt at Ashtaroth, in Edrei, on this xxi. 21. And afterwards the people (of Israel) side Jordan, in the land of Moab, began Moses removed from Hazeroth, and pitched in the to declare this law. Deut. i. 4. Josh. xii. 4. wilderness of Paran. Numb. xii. 16. And All the kingdom of Og, in Bashan, which Moses, by the commandment of the Lord, sent reigned in Ashtaroth, and in Edrei, who re- them from the wilderness of Paran. Numb. mained of the remnant of the giants; for these xiii. 3. God came from Teman, and the Holy did Moses smite, and cast them out. And their One from mount Paran. Hab. iii. 3. coast was from Mahonaim, &c. And half 7 En-mishpat.] Wherefore the well (which Gilead and Ashtaroth, and Edrei, cities of the Hagar found) was called Beer-lahai-roi. Bekingdom of Og, king of Bashan, were pertain- hold it is between Kadesh and Bered. Gen. ing unto the children of Machir. Josh. xiii. xvi. 14. And Abraham journeyed from thence 12. 31.
toward the south country, and dwelled between Zuzims.] That also was accounted a land Kadesh and Shur. Gen. xx. 1. And the of giants. Giants dwelt therein in old time: people abode in Kadesh. Numb. xx. 1. And and the Ammonites call them Zamzummims. when we departed from Horeb, &c. we came Deut. Ü. 20. They of Ham had dwelt there of to Kadesh-barnea. So ye abode in Kadesh old 1 Chron. iv. 40. And (God) smote the many days (said Moses). Deut. i. 19. 46. first-born in Egypt, the chief of their strength Amalekites.] And Timna was concubine to in the tabernacles of Ham. Ps. lxxviii. 51. Eliphaz, Esau's son, and she bare to Eliphaz Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham. He sent Amalek. These &c. were the dukes of the Moses, his servant, and Aaron, whom he had sons of Esau, duke Korah, duke Gatam, and chosen. They shewed his signs among them, duke Amalek. Gen. xxxvi. 12. 16. Then and wonders in the land of Ham. Ps. cv. came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Re23. 27.
phidim. The Lord will have war with Amalek The Emims.] The Emims dwelt therein from generation to generation. (Therefore (ix Ar of the Moabites) in times past; a people Moses built an altar, and called the name of it great and many, and tall as the Anakims; Jehovah-nisi, that is, the Lord my banner). which also were accounted giants, but the Exod. xvii. 8. 16. For the Amalekites and Moabites call them Emims. Deut. ii. 10, 11. the Canaanites are there (in the land) before
Shareh Kiriathaim.] And their coast (of you, and ye (the children of Israel) shall fall The Reubenites) was from Aroer, &c. and Kir- by the sword, because ye are turned away jathaim, and Sibmah, and Zareth-shahar, in from the Lord. Then the Amalekites came the mount of the valley. Josh. xiii. 16. 19. down, which dwelt in that hill, and smote Against Moab, thus saith the Lord of hosts, them, and discomfited them, even unto HorKiriathaim is confounded, and taken, &c. mah. Numb. xiv. 43. 45. And when he Jer. xlviii. 1. Judgment is come upon Kiria- looked upon Amalek he (Balaam) took up his thim, and upon Bethgamul, &c. Jer. xlviii. 23. parable, and said, Amalek was the first of the
6 The Horites. These are the generations nations, but his latter end shall be that he of Esau, the father of the Edomites, in mount perish for ever. Numb. xxiv. 20. Thus saith Seir. These are the sons of Seir, the Horite, the Lord of hosts, I remember that which who inhabited the land. Gen. xxxvi. 9. 20. Amalek did to Israel. Now go and smite These are the dukes that came of Hori, among Amalek, &c. &c. 1 Sam. xv. 2, 3, &c. throughtheir dukes in the land of Seir. Gen. xxxvi. out. See 1 Sam. chap. xxvii. xxx. throughout. 30. The Horims also dwelt in Seir, before Hazezon-tamar.] Then there came some time. As he (God) did to the children of that told Jehoshaphat, saying, there cometh a Esau, which dwelt in Seir, when he destroyed great multitude against thee, from beyond the the Horims before them. (So the Lord de- sea, on this side Syria, and behold they be in stroved the Zamzummims). Deut. ii. 12. 22. Hazazon-tamar, which is En-gedi. 2 Chron. And the sons of Seir, Lotan, &c. &c. and the XX. 2. And (of) the uttermost cities of the sons of Lotan, Hori, &c. &c. 1 Chron. i. 38, 39. tribe of Judah, &c. Nibshan and the city of
El-paran. And the angel of the Lord salt, and En-gedi, &c. six cities with their found her” (“ Hagar ") by a fountain of villages. Josh. xv. 62.
the king of Bela (the same is Zoar;) and they joined battle with 9 them in the vale of Siddim ; With Chedorlaomer the king of Elam,
and with Tidal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Sihnar, and 10 Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings with five. And the vale of
Siddim was full of slimepits; and the kings of Sodom and Go
morrah fled, and fell there; and they that remained fled to the 11 mountain. And they took all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah, 12 and all their victuals, and went their way. And they took Lot,
Abram's brother's son, who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and 13 departed. And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram
the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite,
8 The same is Zoar.] See verse 3. and Gen. the knees and in the legs, with a sore botch xiii. 10. and com.
that cannot be healed. And he (a fierce Siddim.] See verse 3. And the vale of nation) shall eat the fruit of thy cattle, and the Siddim was full of slimepits. Gen. xiv. 10. fruit of thy land, until thou be destroyed, which 9 See verse 1.
also shall not leave thee either corn, wine, or 10 See chap. xi. 3. and com,
oil, or the increase of thy kine, or flocks of thy Fell there.) And it came to pass, when sheep, until he have destroyed thee. Deut. Israel had made an end of slaying all the inha- xxvii. 31. 35. 51. bitants of Ai, in the field, in the wilderness 1 2 See Gen. xi. 27. and xii. 5. and com. wherein they chased them, and when they Dwelt in Sodom.] See Gen. xiii. 12, 13. were fallen on the edge of the sword, until And he (Moses) spake unto the congregation, they were consumed, that all the Israelites saying, depart, I pray you, from the tents of returned unto Ai, and smote it with the edge these wicked men (Dathan and Abiran), of the sword. Josh. viii. 24. Do unto them and touch nothing of theirs, lest ye be con(the enemies of Israel) as unto the Midianites, sumed in all their sins. Numb. xvi. 26. Ir which perished at Endor; they became as dung the scourge slay suddenly, he (the Lord) will for the earth. Ps. Ixxxiii. 10. And it shall laugh at the trial of the innocent. Job ix. 23. come to pass, that he who fleeth from the noise Hast thou not procured this unto thyself, in of the fear shall fall into the pit; and he that that thou hast forsaken the Lord thy God, cometh up out of the midst of the pit shall be when he led thee by the way? Thine own taken in the snare. Isa. xxiv. 18. He that wickedness shall correct thee, and thy back. fleeth from the fear shall fall into the pit; and slidings shall reprove thee. Know, therefore, he that getteth up out of the pit shall be taken and see, that it is an evil thing, and bitter, that in the snare. Jer, xlviii. 44.
thou hast forsaken the Lord thy God, and that The mountain.] And it came to pass, when my fear is not in thee, saith the Lord God oi they (the angels) had brought them forth hosts. Jer. ii. 17. 19. But they that will be abroad, that he (the Lord) said, escape for thy rich fall into temptation, and a snare, and inte life; look not behind thee, neither stay thou many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown in all the plain ; escape to the mountain, lest men in destruction and perdition. But thou, thou be consumed. And Lot went up out of O man of God, flee these things, and follow Zoar, and dwelt in the mountain, and his two after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, pa. daughters with him. Gen. xix. 17. 30. tience, meekness. 1 Tim. vi. 9. 11. As many
11 AU the goods, &c.] And he brought as I love I rebuke and chasten. Be zealous, back all the goods, and also brought again his therefore, and repent. Rev. iii. 19. And I brother Lot, and his goods, and the women heard another voice from heaven, saying, come also and the people. And the king of Sodom out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers said unto Abram, give me the persons, and of her sins, and that ye receive not her plagues. take the goods to thyself. Gen. xiv. 16. 21. Rev. xviii. 4. And Abram took Sarai, his wife, and Lot, 13 One that had escaped, &c.] And there his brother's son, and all their substance that ran a man of Benjamin out of the army, and they had gathered, and the souls that they had came to Shiloh the same day, with his clothes gotten in Haran, and they went forth to go rent, and with earth upon his head (announcing into the land of Canaan ; and into the land of the victory of the Philistines, and the ark Canaan they came. Gen. xii. 5. Thine ox taken). 1 Sam. iv. 12. They have slain the shall be slain before thine eyes, and thou shalt servants (of Job) with the edge of the sword, not eat thereof. Thine ass shall be violently and I only am escaped alone to tell thee. Job taken away from before thy face, and shall not i. 15. be restored to thee. Thy sheep shall be given The Hebrew.) She (Potiphar's wife) called unto thine enemies, and thou shalt have none unto the men of her house, and spake unto to rescue them. The Lord shall smite thee in them, saying, see, he hath brought in an
brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and these were confederate with Abram. And when Abram heard that his brother was 14 taken captive, he armed his trained servants, born in his own house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued them unto Dan. And he divided himself against them, he and his servants, by 15 night, and smote them, and pursued them unto Hobah, which is
* Hebrew" ("Joseph "') unto us, to mock us, restore such an one in the spirit of meekness. &c. Gen. xxxix. 14. Indeed (said Joseph to Bear ye one another's burdens, and so fulfil Pharaok's buller) I was stolen away out of the the law of Christ. Gal. vi. 1, 2. My little land of the Hebrews. Gen. xl. 15. And there children, let us not love in word, neither in
as there with us a young man, an Hebrew, tongue, but in deed and in truth. 1 John iii. (" Joseph") servant to the captain of the guard, 18. and "we" (" Pharaoh's buller and baker") Armed, &c.] Gird thy sword upon thy told him, and he interpreted to us our dreams. thigh, O most mighty, with thy glory and thy Gex. xli. 12. The Egyptians might not eat majesty. Thine arrows are sharp in the heart bread with the Hebrews. Gen. xliii. 32. And of the king's enemies, whereby the people fall when “she” (“ Pharaoh's daughter") had under thee. Ps. xlv. 3. 5. Kings of armies opened it (the ark of bulrushes) she saw did flee apace ; and she that tarried at home the child (Moses), and, behold, the babe wept. divided the spoil. Ps. Ixviii. 12. Who raised And she had compassion on him, and said, up the righteous man from the east, called him this is one of the Hebrews' children. And to his foot, gave the nations before him, and when Moses was grown, he went out unto his made him rule over kings? He (the Lord) brethren, and looked on their burdens. And gave them as the dust to his sword, and as be spied an Egyptian smiting an Hebrew, one driven stubble to his bow. He pursued them of his brethren. Erod. ii. 6. 11. And "he" and passed safely, even by the way that he (Jonak") said unto them (the mariners), I had not gone with his feet. Who hath wrought an an Hebrew, and I fear the Lord the God and done it? I, the Lord, the first, and with of heaven, which hath made the sea, and the the last : I am He. Isa. xli. 2, 3, 4. dry land. Jonah i. 9. Are they Hebrews ? Born in his own house, &c.] See chap. xii. 5. (said St. Paul) So am I. 2 Cor. xi. 22. An 16. And Abram said (Lord God), behold, to Hebrew of the Hebrews. Phil. iii. 5.
me thou hast given no seed, and lo, one born Dwelt in the plain of Mamre, &c.] Then in my house is mine heir. Gen. xv. 3. And Abram removed his tent and came and dwelt he that is eight days old shall be circumcised in the plain of Mamre, which is in Hebron. among you, every man child in your generaGen. xiii. 18. I will not take (said Abram to tions, he that is born in the house, or bought the king of Sodom) save only that which the with money of any stranger, which is not of young men have eaten, and the portion of the thy seed. And all the men of his house, born men which went with me, Aner, Eshcol, and in the house, and bought with money of the Mamre. Gen. xiv. 24.
stranger, were circumcised. Gen. xvii. 12. 27. The Amorite.] See Gen. x. 16. and com. For I know “him" (" Abraham"), that he And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon, king will command his children, and his household of the Amorites. Numb. xxi. 21.
after him, and they shall keep the way of the 14 His brother, &c.] Now these are the Lord, to do justice and judgment. Gen. xviii. generations of Terah. Terah begat Abram, 19. I got me servants and maidens, and Nahor, and Haran; and Haran begat Lot. had servants born in my house, &c. Eccles. And Terah took Abram, his son, and Lot, the ii. 7. son of Haran, his son's son, and Sarai, his Dan.) And the Lord shewed "him” daughter-in-law, his son Abram's wife, and (“ Moses ") all the land of Gilead, unto Dan. they went forth with him from Ur of the Chal- Deut. xxxiv. ). And they called the name of dees, to go into the land of Canaan. Gen. xi. the city Dan, after the name of Dan, their 27. 31. And Abram said unto Lot, we be father, who was born unto Israel. Howbeit brethren. Gen. xiii. 8. A friend loveth at all the name of the city was Laish at the first. times, and a brother is born for adversity. Judges xviii. 29. Then all the children of Pror. xvii. 17. If thou forbear to deliver them Israel went out, and the congregation was that are drawn unto death, and those that are gathered together as one man, from Dan even ready to be slain; if thou sayest, behold, we to Beer-sheba, with the land of Gilead, unto knew it not; doth not he that pondereth the the Lord in Mizpah. Judges xx. 1. heart consider it? And he that keepeth thy 15 Divided, &c.] A good man sheweth soul, doth not he know it? And shall not he favour and lendeth; he will guide his affairs render to every man according to his works with discretion. Ps. cxii. 5. Prof. xxiv. 11, 12. Brethren, if a man be S mote them, &c.] See verse 14. and com. overtaken in a fault, ye which are spiritual on "armed.”
16 on the left hand of Damascus. ' And he brought back all the
goods, and also brought again his brother Lot, and his goods, and 17 the women also, and the people. And the king of Sodom went
out to meet him after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlao
mer, and of the kings that were with him, at the valley of Shaveh, 18 which is the king's dale. And Melchizedek king of Salem brought
forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.
Damascus.] And Abram said, Lord God, King's dale, &c.] Now Absalom, in his what wilt thou give me, seeing I go childless, lifetime, had taken and reared up for himself and the steward of my house is this Eliezer of a pillar which is in the king's dale. 2 Sam. Damascus ? Gen. xv. 2. And king Asa sent xviii. 18. “them” (“ the treasures of the king's house") 18 King of Salem.] In Salem also is his to Ben-hadad, the son of Tabrimon, the son of tabernacle, and his (God's) dwelling-place in Hezion, king of Syria, that dwelt at Damascus. Zion. Ps. lxxvi. 2. For this Melchisedec, 1 Kings xv. 18. And (Saul) desired of “him” to whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of ("the high priest") letters to Damascus, to the all, first being by interpretation, king of rightesynagogues, that if he found any of this way, ousness, and after that also, king of Salem, whether they were men or women, he might which is, king of peace (consider how great bring them bound unto Jerusalem. Acts ix. 2. this man was). Heb. vii. 2. 4.
16 He brought back, &c.] See verse 11, 12. Bread and wine.] And as they were eating, And I will make of thee a great nation, and Jesus took bread and blessed it, and brake it, make thy name great. Gen. xii. 2. And and gave it to the disciples, and said, take, eat; David enquired at the Lord, saying, shall I this is my body. And he took the cup, and pursue after this troop? Shall I overtake gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, them? And he (Abiathar, the priest,) an- drink ye all of it. But I say unto you, I will swered him, Pursue, for thou shalt surely over. not drink henceforth of the fruit of the vine, take them, and without fail recover all. And until that day, when I drink it new with you David recovered all that the Amalekites had in my Father's kingdom. Matt. xxvi. 26, 27. carried away; and David recovered his two 29. As we have, therefore, opportunity, let wives; and there was nothing lacking to them, us do good unto all men, especially unto them neither small nor great, neither sons nor daugh- who are of the household of faith. Gal. vi. 10. ters, neither spoil nor any thing that they had The priest of the most high, &c.] The Lord taken to them: David recovered all. 1 Sam. hath sworn, and will not repent. Thou art a XXX. 8. 18, 19. Who raised up the righteous priest for ever, after the order of Melchizedek. man from the east, called him to his foot, gave Ps. cx. 4. As he saith also in another place, the nations before him, and made him rule thou art a priest for ever, after the order of over kings? He gave them as the dust to his Melchizedec. Called of God an high priest sword, and as driven stubble to his bow. I, (alluding to Jesus), after the order of Melchithe Lord, the first, and with the last; I am He. zedec. Heb. v. 6. 10. “ Whither" (" within Isa. xli. 2, 3, 4.
the vail") the forerunner is for us entered, 17 Went out to meet him.] And Jephthah even Jesus made an high priest for ever, after came to Mizpeh, unto his house, and behold, the order of Melchizedec. Heb. vi. 20. For his daughter came out to meet him, with tim- this Melchizedec, king of Salem, priest of the brels, and with dances (on his return from con- most high God, without father, without mother, quering the Ammonites), and she was his only without descent; having neither beginning of child, beside her he had neither son nor daugh. days, nor end of life; but made like unto the ter. Judges xi. 34. And it came to pass as Son of God, abideth a priest continually. Heb. they came, when David was returned from vii. 1. 3. For he (Levi) was yet in the loins the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women of his father, when Melchizedec met him. came out of all cities of Israel, singing, and By so much was Jesus made a surety of a dancing, to meet king Saul, with tabrets, with better testament. Heb. vii. 10. 22, &c. joy, and with instruments of music. 1 Sam. The most high God.] See " Blessed be Abraxviii. 6. The poor is hated even of his own ham," verse 19. I will praise the Lord acneighbour, but the rich hath many friends. cording to his righteousness, and will sing Prov. xiv. 20. Wealth maketh many friends, praise to the name of the Lord most High. Ps. but the poor is separated from his neighbour. vii. 17. Offer unto God thanksgiving, and Prov. xix. 4.
pay thy vows to the Most High. Ps. I. 11. After his return, &c.] This Melchisedec, I will cry unto God most High, unto God that king of Salem, priest of the most high God, performeth all things for me. Ps. Ivii. 3. who met Abraham returning from the slaugh- Wherewith shall I come before the Lord, and ter of the kings, and blessed him, &c. (consider bow myself before the high God ? Micah vi. how great this man was). Heb. vii. 1. 6. Howbeit, the Most High dwelleth not in