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Tell me, I pray thee, thy name: And he said, Wherefore is it that thou dost ask after my name? And he blessed him there. And 30 Jacob called the name of the place Peniel : for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved. And as he passed over 31
is my sin, that thou hast so hotly pursued for he hath torn, and he will heal us ; he hath after me? Whereas thou hast searched all smitten, and he will bind up. Hos. vi. 1. my stuff; what hast thou found of all thy 30 Jacob called the name.] And as he household stuff? Set it here before my bre- passed over Penuel, the sun rose upon him thren and thy brethren, that they may judge (Jacob), and he halted upon his thigh. Ge. betwixt us both. Ge. xxxi. 24. 36, 37. And xxxii. 31. And he (Jacob) called the name Esau ran to meet him, and embraced him, and of that place (where he had the vision of the fell on his neck, and kissed him. Ge. xxxiii. 4. ladder) Beth-el, but the name of that city Then said Saul to David, Blessed be thou, my was called Luz at the first. Ge. xxviii. 19. son David. Thou shalt both do great things, And he (Gideon) went up thence to Penuel, and also shalt still prevail. 1 Sa. xxvi. 25. and spake unto them likewise : and the men When a man's ways please the Lord he of Penuel answered him as the men of Sucmaketh even his enemies to be at peace with coth had answered him (refusing to give him him. Pr. xvi. 7.
bread, fc.): and he beat down the tower of 29 Wherefore is it? &c.] See verse 27. Penuel, and slew the men of the city. Ju. The secret things belong unto the Lord our viji. 8. 17. Then Jeroboam built Shechem God; but those things which are revealed in Mount Ephraim, and dwelt therein, and belong unto us, and to our children for ever, went out from thence and built Penuel. 1 Ki. that we may do all the words of this law. xii. 25. De. xxix. 29. And the angel of the Lord said I have seen Gnd face to face,] And she unto " Manoah” (the "father of Samson”), (Hagar) called the name of the Lord that Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy spake unto her, Thou God seest me: for she bread; and if thou wilt offer a burnt-offering said, Have I also here looked after him that thou must offer it unto the Lord; for Manoah seeth me? Ge. xvi. 13. And they (Moses, knew not that he was an angel of the Lord. Aaron, and the seventy elders) saw the God of And Manoah said unto the angel of the Lord, Israel, and there was under his feet, as it What is thy name, that when thy sayings were, a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as come to pass we may do thee honour ? And it were the body of heaven in his clearness. the angel of the Lord said unto him, Why And upon the nobles of the children of Israel askest thou thus after my name, seeing it is he laid not his hand; also they saw God, and secret? Ju. xiii. 16-18. Canst thou by did eat and drink. Ex. xxiv. 10, 11. And searching find out God? Canst thou find out he (the Lord) said, My presence shall go with the Almighty unto perfection? Job xi. 7. thee (Moses), and I will give thee rest; and Who hath ascended up into heaven, or de- he (Moses) said, I beseech thee shew me thy scended? Who hath gathered the wind in glory. And he said, I will make all my his fists? Who hath bound the waters in a goodness pass before thee, and I will progarment? Who hath established all the ends claim the name of the Lord before thee. Er. of the earth? What is his name, and what is xxxiii. 14. 18, 19. And while my glory his son's name, if thou canst tell ? Pr. passeth by, I will put thee in a cleft of the XXX. 4. For unto us a child is born; unto us rock, and will cover thee with my hand while a Son is given; and the government shall be I pass by; but my face shall not be seen. Ex. upon his shoulder: and his name shall be xxxiii. 22, 23. With him (Moses) will I speak called “Wonderful,”“Counsellor," the “Mighty mouth to mouth, even apparently, and not in God,” the “everlasting Father," " the Prince dark speeches : and the similitude of the Lord of Peace." Is. ix. 6. And the angel answer- shall he behold. Nu. xii. 8. And ye said, ing said unto“ him" (" Zacharias"), I am Behold, the Lord our God hath shewed us his “ Gabriel,” that stand in the presence of God, glory, and his goodness, and we have heard and am sent to speak unto thee, and to shew his voice out of the midst of the fire: we have thee these “ glad tidings" (the "coming of John seen this day that God doth talk with man, the Baptist"). Lu. i. 19.
and he liveth. De. v. 24. And there arose He blessed him there.] See verse 26. God not a prophet since in Israel like unto Moses, give thee (Jacob) of the dew of heaven, and whom the Lord knew face to face. De. xxxiv. the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn, 10. And when Gideon perceived that it was and wine. Let people serve thee, and nations an angel of the Lord (that appeared to him in bow down to thee; be lord over thy brethren, Ophrah), Gideon said, Alas, O Lord God! for and let thy mother's sons bow down to thee. because I have seen an angel of the Lord Ge. xxvii. 28, 29. and xxviii. 3, 4. 13, 14, and face to face. And the Lord said unto him,
Come and let us return unto the Lord, Peace be unto thee, fear not, thou shalt not
Penuel the sun rose upon him, and he halted upon his thigh. 32 Therefore the children of Israel eat not of the sinew which shrank,
which is upon the hollow of the thigh, unto this day : because he touched the hollow of Jacob's thigh in the sinew that shrank.
1 AND Jacob lifted up his eyes, and looked, and, behold, Esau came,
and with him four hundred men. And he divided the children 2 unto Leah, and unto Rachel, and unto the two handmaids. And
he put the handmaids and their children foremost, and Leah and 3 her children after, and Rachel and Joseph hindermost. And he
die. Ju. vi. 22, 23. Then Manoah knew thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to that he was an angel of the Lord (that had buffet me, lest I should be exalted above appeared to him). And Manoah said unto his
For this thing I besought the Lord wife, We shall surely die, because we have thrice, that it might depart from me. And he seen God. Ju. xiii. 21, 22. Then said I said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee, (Isaiah), Woe is me, for I am undone: for for my strength is made perfect in weakness. mine eyes have seen the King, the Lord of 2 Co. xii. 7, 8, 9. Hosts. Is. vi. 5. No man hath seen God 32 Eat not of the sinew, &c.] Therefore at any time; the only begotten Son which is in (because Dagon's head and hands were cut the bosom of the Father: he hath declared him. off upon the threshold) neither the priests of John i. 18. But we all with open face be- Dagon, nor any that come into Dagon's house, holding, as in a glass, the glory of the Lord, tread on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod are changed into the same image from glory unto this day. 1 Sa. v. 5. to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord. 2 Co. iii. 18. God, who commanded the light CHAP. XXXIII.—1 Esau came.) And Esau to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hated Jacob, because of the blessing wherehearts to give the light of the knowledge of with his father blessed him. And Esan said the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ. in his heart, The days of mourning for my 2 Co. iv. 6. I cease not to give thanks for father are at hand; then will I slay my brother you, making mention of you in my prayers; Jacob. And these words of Esau her elder that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the son were told to Rebekah : and she sent and Father of glory, may give unto you the Spirit called Jacob her younger son, and said unto of wisdom and revelation, in the knowledge him, Behold, thy brother Esau, as touching of him. Ep. i. 17. (The Father) hath trans- thee, doth comfort himself, purposing to kill lated us into the kingdom of his dear Son, thee. Ge. xxvii. 41, 42. And the messengers who is the image of the invisible God, the returned to Jacob (whom he had sent before firstborn of every creature. Col. i. 15. But him to Esau) saying, We came to thy brother (his grace) is now made manifest by the Esau, and also he cometh to meet thee, and appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who four hundred men with him. Ge. xxxii. 6. hath abolished death ; and hath brought life And he divided the children.] Then Jacob and immortality to light, through the gospel. was greatly afraid and distressed (at the report 2 Ti. i. 10. By faith "he" (“ Moses”) for- of his messengers), and he divided the people sook Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king: that was with him, and the flocks, and herds, for he endured, as seeing him who is invisible. and the camels, into two bands : and said, If He. xi. 27.
Esau come to the one company, and smite, 31 The sun rose upon him.] And when then the other company which is left shall the morning arose, then the angels hastened escape. Ge. xxxii. 7, 8. And he delivered Lot. Ge. xix. 15. The sun was risen upon them (the cattle) into the hands of his servants, the earth when Lot entered into Zoar. Ge. every drove by themselves: and said unto his xix. 23. But unto you that fear my name servants, Pass over before me, and put a space shall the sun of righteousness arise with betwixt drove and drove. Ge. xxxii. 16. healing in his wings. Mal. iv. 2.
2 Rachel and Joseph, &c.] And he (Jacob) He halted, &c.] See verse 25. For I am loved also Rachel more than Leah, &c. Ge. ready to halt, and my sorrow is continually xxix. 30. And God remembered Rachel, and before me. Ps. xxxviii. 17. Lest I should God hearkened to her, and opened her womb, be exalted above measure through the abun- and she conceived and bare a son, and she dance of the revelations, there was given me a called his name Joseph. Ge. XXX. 22, 23, 24.
passed over before them, and bowed himself to the ground seven times, until he came near to his brother. And Esau ran to meet 4 him, and embraced him, and fell on his neck, and kissed him: and they wept. And he lifted up his eyes, and saw the women 5 and the children ; and said, Who are those with thee? And he said, The children which God hath graciously given thy servant.
Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his mighty princes: and I was strengthened as children, because he was the son of his old the hand of the Lord my God was upon me. age : and he made him a coat of many colours. Ezr. vii. 27, 28. O Lord, I beseech thee, let Ge. xxxvii. 3. And they (who fear God) now thine ear be attentive to the prayer of shall be mine, saith the Lord of hosts, in thy servant, and to the prayer of thy servants, that day when I make up my jewels; and I who desire to fear thy name: and prosper, I will spare them, as a man spareth his own pray thee, thy servant this day, and grant son that serveth him. Mal. iii. 17.
him mercy in the sight of “this man" (" Arta3 Passed over before them.] And when xerxes"). Ne. i. 11. I sought the Lord, and "he" ("the good shepherd”) putteth forth his he heard me, and delivered me from all my own sheep, he goeth before them, and the fears. Ps. xxxiv. 4. When a man's ways sheep follow him, for they know his voice. please the Lord, he maketh even his enemies I am the good shepherd : the good shepherd to be at peace with him. Pr. xvi. 7. The giveth his life for the sheep; but he that is king's heart is in the hand of the Lord as the an hireling, and not the shepherd, whose own rivers of water : he turneth it whithersoever the sheep are not, seeth the wolf coming, and he will. Pr. xxi. l. leaveth the sheep and fleeth: and the wolf Fell on his neck.] And he fell upon his catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep. As brother Benjamin's neck, and wept : and Benthe Father knoweth me, even so know I the jamin wept upon his neck. Moreover, he Father, and I lay down my life for the sheep. kissed all his brethren, and wept upon them: John 1. 4. 11, 12. 15.
and after that his brethren talked with him. Bowed himself, &c.] See chap. xviii. 2. Ge. xlv. 14. 15. And Joseph made ready his and com. And Joseph was the governor over chariot, and went up to meet Israel his father, the land of Egypt); and Joseph's brethren to Goshen, and presented himself unto him: came and bowed down themselves before him, and he fell on his neck, and wept on his with their faces to the earth. Ge. xlii. 6. neck a good while. Ge. xlvi. 29. And he Do this now, my son, and deliver thyself, when the prodigal son) arose, and came to his thou art come into the hand of thy friend; father: but when he was yet a great way off, go, humble thyself, and make sure thy friend. his father saw him, and had compassion, and Pr. vi. 3. If the spirit of the ruler rise up ran, and fell on his neck, and kissed him. against thee, leave not thy place, for yielding Lu. xv. 20. And “they'' all (“the elders of pacifieth great offences. Ec. x. 4. Whoso- Ephesus") wept sore, and fell on Paul's neck, ever exalteth himself shall be abased, and and kissed him. Ac. xx. 37. he that humbleth himself shall be exalted. 5 The children which God, &c.] And La. xiv. 11.
Jacob's anger was kindled against Rachel, Seven times.] The barren hath born seven, and he said, Am I in God's stead, who hath and she that hath many children is waxed withheld from thee the fruit of the womb ? feeble. 1 Sa. ii. 5.
Ge. XXX. 2. Then Joseph said unto his 4 Embraced him.] As a prince hast thou father, They are my sons, whom God hath (Jacob) power with God and with men, and given me in this place. Ge. xlviii. 9. So hast prevailed. Ge. xxxii. 28. And Joseph Boaz took Ruth, and she was his wife: and made haste ; for his bowels did yearn upon when he went in unto her, the Lord gave her his brother: and he sought where to weep; conception, and she bare a son. Ru. iv. 13. and he entered into his chamber, and wept For this child (Samuel) I prayed, and the there. And he (Joseph) took and sent messes Lord hath given me my petition, which I unto "them" (" his brethren") from before asked of him. 1 Sa. i. 27. And of all my him: but Benjamin's mess was five times so sons (for the Lord hath given me many sons), much as any of their's. Ge. xliii. 30. 34. he hath chosen Solomon my son (said David), And he (Joseph) wept aloud : moreover, he to sit upon the throne of the kingdom of the kissed all his brethren, and wept upon them. Lord over Israel. 1 Ch. xxviii. 5. Lo, chilGe. xlv. 2. 15. Blessed be the Lord God of dren are an heritage of the Lord, and the our fathers, which hath put such a thing as fruit of the womb is his reward. Ps. cxxvii. this in the king's heart, to beautify the house 3. Behold, I and the children whom the of the Lord, which is in Jerusalem : and hath Lord hath given me are for signs and for extended mercy unto me before the king, wonders in Israel from the Lord of hosts, and his counsellors, and before all the king's which dwelleth in mount Zion. Is. viii. 18.
6 Then the handmaidens came near, they and their children, and 7 they bowed themselves. And Leah also with her children came
near, and bowed themselves : and after came Joseph near and 8 Rachel, and they bowed themselves. And he said, What meanest
thou by all this drove which I met? and he said, These are to 9 find grace in the sight of my lord. And Esau said, I have enough, 10 my brother; keep that thou hast unto thyself. And Jacob said,
Nay, I pray thee, if now I have found grace in thy sight, then
I will put my trust in him : and again, Behold “ him" ("Saul"), said, Brother Saul, the Lord, I and the children which God hath given me. even Jesus that appeared unto thee in the way He. ii. 13.
as thou camest, hast sent me, that thou mightest 8 By all this drove.] And he (Jacob) receive thy sight, and be filled with the Holy lodged there that same night, and took of Ghost. Ac. ix. 17. And when they" ("the that which came to his hand a present for brethren”) heard it (what was wrought among Esau his brother, two hundred she-goats, and the Gentiles), they glorified the Lord, and said twenty he-goats, two hundred ewes, and unto him (Paul), Thou seest, brother, how twenty rams, thirty milch camels with their many thousands of Jew's there are which becolts, forty kine, and ten bulls, twenty she- lieve; and they are all zealous of the law. asses, and ten foals. For he said, I will Ac. xxi. 20. For we have great joy and conappease him with the present that goeth solation in love, because the bowels of the before me, and afterward I will see his face: saints are refreshed by thee, brother; if thou peradventure he will accept of me. Ge. xxxii, count me therefore a partner, receive him 13, 14, 15. 20.
(Onesimus) as myself, not now as a servant, but To find grace.] And I have oxen and asses, above a servant, a brother beloved. Phil. vii. flocks, and menservants and womenservants, 16. and I have sent to tell my lord, that I may 10 If now I have found grace, &c.] Behold find grace in thy sight. Ge. xxxii. 5. And now, thy servant hath found grace in thy it came to pass from the time that "he" sight, and thou hast magnified thy mercy, (" Potiphar”) had made “him” (“ Joseph") which thou (the angel of the Lord) hast shewed overseer in his house, and over all that he unto “me" ("Lot”) in saving my life: and I had, that the Lord blessed the Egyptian's cannot escape to the mountain, lest some evil house for Joseph's sake: and the blessing of take me, and I die. Ge. xix. 19. And be the Lord was upon all that he had in the (Israel) called his son Joseph and said unto house and in the field. Ge. xxxix. 5. And him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, the king loved Esther above all the women, bury me not, I pray thee, in Egypt. Ge. xlvii. and she obtained grace and favour in his sight 29. If now I (Joseph) have found grace in more than all the virgins. Es. ii. 17. your eyes (the house of Pharaoh), speak, I pray
9 I have enough.] And Isaac his father you, in the ears of Pharaoh, saying, My father answered, and said to him (Esau), Behold, thy made we swear: now therefore let me go, I dwelling shall be the fatness of the earth, and pray thee, and bury my father, and I will of the dew of heaven from above. Ge. xxvii. come again. Ge. I. 4, 5. And Moses said 39. The horseleach hath two daughters, cry- unto the Lord, See, thou sayest unto me, ing, Give, give. There are three things that Bring up this people: and thou hast not let are never satisfied, yea, four things say not, It me know whom thou wilt send with me; yet is enough; the grave; and the barren womb; thou hast said, I know thee by name, and the earth that is not filled with water; and the thou hast also found grace in my sight; now fire that saith not, It is enough. Pr. xxx. 15, therefore, I pray thee, if I have found grace in 16. There is one alone, and there is not a thy sight, shew me now thy way, that I may second; yea, he hath neither child nor bro- know thee, that I may find grace in thy sight; ther: yet is there no end of all his labour: and consider that this nation is thy people. neither is his eye satisfied with riches : neither Ex. xxxiii. 12, 13. Then she (Rutk) fell on saith he, For whom do I labour, and bereave her face, and bowed herself to the ground, my soul of good ? Ec. iv. 8.
and said unto him, Why have I found grace My brother.] See chap. iv. 9; xxvii. 41. in thine eyes, that “thou” (“Boaz") shouldest and com. And the children of Israel went up take knowledge of me, seeing I am a stranger! and wept before the Lord until even, and Ru. ii. 10. Thy "father" ("Saul") certainly asked counsel of the Lord, saying, Shall I knoweth that I have found grace in thine again go up to battle against the children of eyes; and he saith, Let not Jonathan know Benjamin my brother? Ju. xx. 23. When this, lest he be grieved: but truly, as the Lord a man's ways please the Lord, he maketh even liveth, and as thy soul liveth (said Darid to his enemies to be at peace with him. Pr. Jonathan), there is but a step between me and xvi. 7. And (Ananias) putting his hands on death. í Sa. xx. 3. Thus saith the Lord,
receive my present at my hand : for therefore I have seen thy face, as though I had seen the face of God, and thou wast pleased with me. Take, I pray thee, my blessing that is brought to thee; 11 because God hath dealt graciously with me, and because I have enough. And he urged him, and he took it. And he said, Let us 12 take our journey, and let us go, and I will go before thee. And he 13 said unto him, My lord knoweth that the children are tender, and
The people which were left of the sword found hand your bounty: but this I say, He who grace in the wilderness. Je. xxxi. 2.
soweth sparingly shall reap also sparingly ; I have seen thy face, &c.] See chap. xxxii. and he which soweth bountifully shall reap 30. and com. And Judah spake unto "him” also bountifully. 2 Co. ix. 5, 6. (" Jacob''), saying, The man did solemnly pro And because I have enough.] See verse 9. test unto us, saying, Ye shall not see my face, Not that I speak (says St. Paul) in respect of except your brother be with you. Ge. xliii. 3. want: for I have learned, in whatever state I “I” (“ David'') will make a league with thee am, therewith to be content; I know both how (Abner): but one thing I require of thee, that to be abased, and I know how to abound : is, Thou shalt not see my face, except thou every where and in all things I am instructed first bring Michal Saul's daughter when thou both to be full and to be hungry, both to comest to see my face. 2 Sa. iii. 13. And abound, and to suffer need; but I have all, the king said, Let him (Absalom) turn to his and abound : having received of Epaphroditus own house, and let him not see my face; so the things which were sent from you, an odour Absalom returned to his own house, and did of a sweet smell, a sacrifice acceptable, wellnot see the face of the king ; so Absalom dwelt pleasing to God. Phi. iv. 11, 12. 18. two full years in Jerusalem, and saw not the Enough.) What shall we then say to these king's face. Now therefore (said Absalom to things? If God be for us, who can be against Joab), let me see the king's face; and if there us? He that spared not his own Son, but debe any iniquity in me, let him kill me. 2 Sa. livered him up for us all, how shall he not with xiv. 24. 28. 32. “ He” (“man") shall pray him also freely give us all things ? Ro. viii. unto God, and he will be favourable unto him: 31, 32. Therefore let no man glory in men: and he shall see his face with joy. Job xxxiii. for all things are your's. I Co. iii. 21. As 26. Cast me not away from thy presence, and sorrowful, yet always rejoicing; as poor, yet take not thy holy spirit from me. Ps. li. making many rich; as having nothing, and 11. Take heed that ye despise not one of yet possessing all things. 2 Co. vi. 10. See these little ones: for I say unto you, That in Phi. iv. 12. 18. preced. com. Godliness is
proheaven their angels do always behold the face fitable unto all things, having promise of the of my Father which is in heaven. Mat. xviii. life that now is, and of that which is to come. 10. And “they'' ("the servants of God") 1 Ti. iv. 8. shall see his face ; and his name shall be in Urged him.] And when they urged (Elisha) their foreheads. Re. xxii. 4.
till he was ashamed, he said, Send (the fifty 11 My blessing that is brought, &c.] See strong men to seek his master Elijah); they chap. xxxii. 13. 20. And Caleb said unto her (the sons of the prophets) sent therefore fifty (Achsah), What wouldest thou? who answered, men, and they sought three days, but found Give me a blessing, for thou hast given me a him not. 2 Ki. ii. 17. But he (Elisha) said, south land ; give me also springs of water. Jos. As the Lord liveth, before whom I stand, I xv. 19. Ju. i. 15. And now this blessing will receive “none” (" no blessing"); and he which thine “handmaid” (“Abigail") hath (Naaman) urged him to take it, but he refused. brought unto my “lord” (“David”), let it 2 Ki. v. 16. And Naaman said (to Gehazi, the even be given to the young men that follow servant of Elisha), Be content, take two talents;
1 Sa. xxv. 27. And when David and he urged him, and bound two talents of came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil unto the silver in two bags, with two changes of garelders of Judah, even to his friends, saying, ments, and laid them upon two of his serBehold a present for you in the spoil of the vants; and they bare them before him. 2 Ki. enemies of the Lord. 1 Sa. xxx. 26. And
And the lord (who made a great suphe (Naaman) returned to the “man of God” per) said unto the servant, Go out into the (“Elisha”), and all his company, and came and highways and hedges, and compel them to stood before him: and he said, Behold, now I come in, that my house may be filled. Lu. know that there is no God in all the earth, but xiv. 23. in Israel ; now therefore, I pray thee, take a 13 The children are tender.) And David blessing of thy servant. 2 Ki. v. 15. “There- said, Solomon my son is young and tender, fore" (" that ye may be ready”) I thought it and the house that is to be builded for the necessary to exhort the brethren, that they Lord must be exceeding magnifical, of fame would go before unto you, and make up before- and of glory throughout all countries. 1 Ch.