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Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which God had spoken to him. And Abraham called the name of his son that 3 was born unto him, whom Sarah bare to him, Isaac. And Abraham 4 circumcised his son Isaac, being eight days old, as God had commanded him. And Abraham was an hundred years old, when his 5 son Isaac was born unto him. And Sarah said, God hath made 6 me to laugh, so that all that hear will laugh with me. And she 7

old age.

thou shalt embrace a son ; and the woman (the that the law of Moses should not be broken, Shunammite) conceived and bare a son at that are ye angry at me (said Jesus), because I season that Elisha had said unto her. 2 Ki. have made a man every whit whole on the iv. 16, 17. And after those days his (Za- sabbath-day? Jn. vii. 22, 23. charias') wife Elizabeth conceived, and hid 5 An hundred years old.] See chap. xvii. I. herself five months, saying, Thus hath the Lord 17. And being not weak in faith, he condealt with me in the days wherein he looked sidered not his own body now dead, when he on me, to take away my reproach among men. was about an hundred years old. Ro. iv. 19. Lu. i. 24, 25. And behold thy cousin Eliza 6 God hath made me to laugh.] See chap. beth, she hath also conceived a son in her xvii. 17. and com, and xviii. 12. Then Sarah

Lu. i. 36. And he gave “him” denied, saying, I laughed not; for she was (* Abraham") the covenant of circumcision; afraid : and he (the Lord) said, Nay, but thou and so Abraham begat Isaac, and circumcised didst laugh. Ge. xviii. 15. And they (Elkanah him the eighth day. Ac. vii. 8. For it is and Hannah) brought the child to Eli, and she written, that Abraham had two sons, the one (Hannah) said, Oh, my lord, as thy soul liveth, by a bondwoman, the other by a freewoman. my “lord” (Eli"), I am the woman that stood Ga. iv. 22. Through faith Sara herself re- by thee here, praying unto the Lord. Thereceived strength to conceive seed. He. xi. 11. fore also I have lent him to the Lord; as long

At the set time.] See chop. xvii. 19. 21. and as he liveth he shall be lent to the Lord. 1 Sa. com. and xviii. 10. and com. For this is the i. 26. 28. And Hannah prayed, and said, My word of promise, At this time will I come, and heart rejoiceth in the Lord, mine horn is Sara shall have a son. Ro. ix. 9.

exalted in the Lord, my mouth is enlarged 3 Called the name of his son.] See verses 6. over mine enemies, because I rejoice in thy 12. and chup. xvii. 19. and com. And he (the salvation. The adversaries of the Lord shall Lord) said, Take now thy son, thine only son be broken in pieces; out of heaven shall he Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the thunder upon them: the Lord shall judge the land of Moriah, and offer him there for a ends of the earth, and he shall give strength burnt-offering upon one of the mountains unto his king, and exalt the horn of his which I will tell thee of. Ge. xxii. 2. And I anointed. 1 Sa. ii. 1. 10. He maketh the (the Lord), took your father Abraham from the barren woman to keep house, and to be a other side of the flood, and gave him Isaac. joyful mother of children. Ps. cxiii. 9. Then Jos. xxiv. 3. And Abraham begat Isaac, &c. was our mouth filled with laughter, and our Mat. i. 2. Ac. vii. 8. In Isaac shall thy seed tongue with singing; then said they among be called. Ro. ix. 7. He. xi. 18.

the heathen, The Lord hath done great things 4 Being eight days old.] See chap. xvii. 10. for them. Ps. cxxvi. 2. Can a woman forget 12. and com. And in the eighth day the flesh her sucking child, that she should not have of his (every man child's) foreskin shall be cir- compassion on the son of her womb? yea, they cumcised. Le. xii. 3. What thing soever I may forget, yet will I not forget thee. Then command you, observe to do it ; thou shalt not shalt thou (the Church of Christ) say in thine add thereto, nor diminish from it. De. xii. 32. heart, Who hath begotten me these, seeing I And they (Zacharias and Elizabeth) were both have lost my children (the Jews), and I am righteous before God, walking in all the com desolate, a captive, and removing to and fro ? mandments and ordinances of the Lord blame- Behold, I was left alone ; "these” (Gentiles), less. And it came to pass, that on the eighth where had they been? Is. xlix. 15. 21. Sing, day they came to circumcise the child; and O barren, thou that didst not bear ; break they called his name Zacharias, after the name forth into singing, and cry aloud, thou that didst of his father: and his mother answered and not travail with child: for more arethe children said, Not so, but he shall be called John. Lu. of the desolate, than the children of the married i. 6. 59, 60. And when eight days were ac wife, saith the Lord. Is. liv. l. And Mary complished for the circumcising of the child, said, My soul doth magnify the Lord, and my his name was called Jesus. Lu. ii. 21. Moses spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour, &c. ; therefore gave unto you circumcision (not be- he hath holpen bis servant Israel, in rememcause it is of Moses, but of the fathers); and brance of his mercy; as he spoke to our ye on the sabbath-day circumcise a man. If fathers, to Abraham, and to his seed, for ever. a man on the sabbath-day receive circumcision, Lu. i. 46, 47–55. A woman, when she is in

said, Who would have said unto Abraham, that Sarah should have

given children suck? for I have born him a son in his old age. 8 And the child grew, and was weaned : and Abraham made a great 9 feast the same day that Isaac was weaned. And Sarah saw the

son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had born unto Abraham,

travail, hath sorrow, because her hour is come; The Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven, but as soon as she is delivered of the child, she taking vengeance on them that know not God, remembereth no more the anguish, for joy who shall be punished with everlasting dethat a man is born into the world. And ye struction, when he (Christ) shall come to be now therefore have sorrow; but I will see you glorified in his saints, and to be admired in all again, and your heart shall rejoice, and your them that believe. 2 Th. i. 7--10. joy no man taketh from you. In. xvi. 21, 22. For I have born him a son, &c.] See chap, For it is written, Rejoice, thou barren that xviii. 11, 12. and com. bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that 8 And was weaned, &c.] But Hannah went travailest not: for the desolate hath many more not up (to offer the yearly sacrifice), for she children than she which bath an husband. said unto her “ husband" ("Elkanak"), I will Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the not go up until the child be weaned, and then children of promise. Ga. iv. 27, 28.

I will bring him, that "he" ("Samuel") may Wil laugh with me.] And thou shalt have appear before the Lord, and there abide for joy and gladness, and many shall rejoice at ever. 1 Sa. i. 22. Surely I have behaved and his birth (said the angel to Elizabeth): and quieted myself as a child that is weaned of her neighbours and her cousins heard how the his mother; my soul is even as a weaned child. Lord had showed great mercy upon her, and Ps. cxxxi. 2. Now when she had weaned they rejoiced. Lu. i. 14. 58. Rejoice with Lo-ruhamah, “she” (“Gomer," the wife of them that do rejoice. Ro. xii. 15.

Hosea) conceived, and bare a son. Ho. i. & 7 Who would have said, &c.] Surely there A great feast, &c.] See chap. xix. 3. and is no enchantment against Jacob, neither is com. And he (Isaac) made them" ("Abithere any divination against Israel: according melech and his friends”) a feast, and they did to this time it shall be said of Jacob and of eat and drink. Ge. xxvi. 30. And Laban Israel, What. hath God wrought? Nu. xxiii. gathered together all the men of the "place" 23. For ask now of the days that are past, (Haran"), and made a feast (for Jacob). which were before thee, since the day that Ge. xxix. 22. And it came to pass the third God created man upon the earth, and ask from day, which was Pharaoh's birth-day, that he the one side of heaven unto the other, whether made a feast unto all his servants. Ge. xl. 20. there hath been any such thing as this great So his father (Manoah) went down unto the thing is, or hath been heard like it? or hath woman, and Samson made there a feast, for so God assayed to go and take him a nation from used the young men to do: and Samson said, the midst of another nation, by temptations, I will now put forth a riddle unto you; if ye by signs, and by wonders, and by war, and by can certainly declare it unto me within the a mighty hand, and by a stretched-out arm, seven days of the feast, and find it out, then I and by great terrors, according to all that the will give you thirty sheets, and thirty change Lord your God did for you? De. iv. 32. 34. of garments. Ju. xiv. 10. 12. And Abigail Among the gods there is none like unto thee, came to Nabal, and behold he held a feast in O Lord ; neither are there any works like unto his house, like the feast of a king. 1 Sa. XIV. thy works : for thou art great, and doest won- 36. So Abner came to David to Hebron, and drous things; thou art God alone. Ps. lxxxvi. twenty men with him, and David made Abner 8. 10. Then shalt thou (the church) say in and the men that were with him a feast. 2 Sa. thine heart, Who hath begotten me these (Gen- iii. 20. And Solomon came to Jerusalem and tiles), seeing I have lost my children (the stood before the ark of the covenant of the Jews)? Behold, I was left alone ; these, where Lord, and offered up burnt-offerings, and had they been ? Is. xlix. 21. Who hath heard offered peace-offerings, and made a feast to all such a thing? who hath seen such things ? his servants. 1 Ki. iii. 15. In the third year Shall the earth be made to bring forth in one of his (king Ahasuerus") reign, he made a day, or shall a nation be born at once ? for feast unto all his princes and his servants. as soon as Zion travailed, she brought forth Es. i. 3. her children. Is. Ixvi. 8. Ye have heard of

9 And Sarah saw, &c.] See chap. xvi. 3. 6. the dispensation of the grace of God, which is 16. and xvii. 20. given me to you-ward: how that by revelation Egyptian.] Now Sarai, Abram's wife, bare he (God) made known unto “me” (Paul”) him no children, and she had an handmaid, an the mystery of Christ, to the intent, that now Egyptian, whose name was Hagar; and Hagar unto the principalities and powers in heavenly bare Abram a son, and Abram called his son's places might be known by the church the name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael. Ge. xvi. manifold wisdom of God. Ep. iii. 3. 10. 1. 15.

mocking. Wherefore she said unto Abraham, Cast out this bond- 10 woman and her son: for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, even with Isaac. And the thing was very 11 grievous in Abraham's sight because of his son. And God said 12

Mocking.) And he (Elisha) went up from country, from the face of his brother Jacob : thence unto Beth-el, and as he was going up for their riches were more than that they by the way, there came forth little children might dwell together. Ge. xxxvi. 6, 7. But out of the city and mocked him, and said unto the children of the kingdom shall be cast out him, Go up, thou bald head, go up, thou bald into outer darkness ; there shall be weeping head. 2 Ki. ii. 23. So the posts (sent by He- and gnashing of teeth. Mat. viii. 12. Then zekiah) passed from city to city (warning the said the king to his servants, Bind him (that people to turn unto the Lord) through the had not a wedding garment) hand and foot, country of Ephraim and Manasseh, even unto and take him away, and cast him into outer Zebulun ; but they laughed them to scorn, and darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashmocked them. 2 Ch. xxx. 10. But “they" ing of teeth. Mat. xxii. 13. The servant ("the inhabitants of Jerusalem") mocked the abideth not in the house for ever, but the Son messengers of God, and despised his words, abideth ever. Jn. viii. 35. Nevertheless, and misused his prophets, until the wrath of what saith the Scripture ? Cast out the bondthe Lord arose against his people, till there woman and her son, for the son of the bond. was no remedy. 2 Ch. xxxvi. 16. But it came woman shall not be heir with the son of the to pass, that when Sanballat heard that we freewoman : 80 then, brethren, we are not builded the wall, he was wroth, and took great children of the bondwoman, but of the free. indignation, and mocked the Jews : and cover Stand fast, therefore, in the liberty wherewith not their iniquity (O our God), and let not Christ hath made us free, and be not entheir sin be blotted out from before thee; for tangled again with the yoke of bondage. Ga. they have provoked thee to anger before the iv. 30, 31. and v. l. And they (seducers) builders. Ne. iv. 1. 5. But now they that went out from us, but they were not of us : are younger than I have me in derision, whose for if they had been of us, they would no doubt fathers I would have disdained to have set have continued with us; but they went out, with the dogs of my flocks. Job xxx. 1. But that they might be made manifest, that they I am a worm and no man, a reproach of men, were not all of us. 1 Jn. ii. 19. and despised of the people. Ps. xxii. 6. As Heir with my son.] For if the inheritance with a sword in my bones mine enemies re be of the law, it is no more of promise. Ga. proach me, while they say daily unto me, iii. 18. Wherefore thou art no more Where is thy God ? Ps. xlii. 10. Thou makest vant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of us a reproach to our neighbours, a scorn and a God through Christ. Ga. iv. 7. (Christ hath derision to them that are round about us; thou begotten us) to an inheritance incorruptible makest us a by-word among the heathen, a and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reshaking of the head among the people. Ps. served in heaven for you. I Pe. i. 4. See xliv. 13, 14. Even a child is known by his Jn. viii. 25. and 1 Jn. ii. 19. preced. com. doings whether his work be pure, and whether 11 Because of his son.] And Abraham said it be right. Pr. xx. 11. The adversaries saw unto God, O that Ishmael might live before her (Jerusalem), and did mock at her sabbaths. thee! Ge. xvii. 18. and com. And it came to La. i. 7. It is written that Abraham had two pass after these things, that God did tempt sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham; and freewoman ; but as then, he that was born he said, Here I am. And he said, Take now after the flesh persecuted him that was born thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou after the spirit, even so it is now. Ga. iv. 22. 29. lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah, And others (excellent persons of old times) had and offer him there for a burnt-offering, upon trials of cruel mockings, &c. He. xi. 36. one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.

10 Cast out this bondwoman, &c.) But Ge. xxii. 1, 2. And the king (David) was unto the sons of the concubines which Abra- much moved, and went up to the chamber ham had, Abraham gave gifts, and sent them over the gate, and wept; and as he went, thus away from Isaac his son. Ge. xxv. 6. I will he said, O my son, Absalom! my son, my son, establish my covenant with “him” (Isaac") Absalom! would God I had died for thee, o for an everlasting covenant. Ge. xvii. 19. 21. Absalom, my son, my son! 2 Sa. xviii. 33. See Ge. xx. 11. And Abraham stretched forth He that loveth son or daughter more than me his hand, and took the knife to slay his son. is not worthy of me. Mat. x. 37. Now no Ge. xxii. 10. And Esau took his wives, and chastening for the present seemeth to be joyhis sons, and his daughters, and all the per ous, but grievous : nevertheless, afterward it sons of his house, and his cattle, and all his yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness beasts, and all his substance, which he had unto them which are exercised thereby. He. got in the land of Canaan, and went into the xii. 11.


unto Abraham, Let it not be grievous in thy sight because of the lad, and because of thy bondwoman; in all that Sarah hath said

unto thee, hearken unto her voice ; for in Isaac shall thy seed be 13 called. And also of the son of the bondwoman will I make a 14 nation, because he is thy seed. And Abraham rose up early in

the morning, and took bread, and a bottle of water, and gave it unto Hagar, putting it on her shoulder, and the child, and sent

her away: and she departed, and wandered in the wilderness of 15 Beer-sheba. And the water was spent in the bottle, and she cast

12 Hearken unto her voice, &c.] And the his wives, &c. &c. and all his substance, which Lord said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the he had got in the land of Canaan, and went voice of the people in all that they say unto into the country, from the face of his brother thee; for they have not rejected thee, but Jacob; for their riches were more than that they have rejected me, that I should not reign they might dwell together. Ge. xxxvi. 6, 7. over them. Now therefore hearken unto their Sent her away.] The servant abideth not voice: howbeit, yet protest solemnly unto in the house for ever, but the son abideth ever. them, and shew them the manner of the king Jn. viii. 35. that shall reign over them. 1 Sa. viii. 7.9. Wandered in the wilderness, &c.] See chap. I am God, declaring the end from the begin- xvi. 7. And a certain man found " him" ning, and from ancient times the things that (Joseph"), and behold he was wandering in are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall the field. Ge. xxxvii. 15. They wandered stand, and I will do all my pleasure. Is. xlvi. in the wilderness in a solitary way: they (the 10.

redeemed of the Lord) found no city to dwell In Isaac shall thy seed, &c.] See chap. xvii. in. Ps. cvii. 4. For the fields of Heshbon 19. 21. and com. Neither because they are languish, and the vine of Sibmah: the lords the seed of Abraham are they all children, of the heathen have broken down the prinbut in Isaac shall thy seed be called. That is, cipal plants thereof. They are come even they which are the children of the flesh, these unto Jazer, they wandered through the wil. are not the children of God: but the children derness. Is. xvi. 8. But he who was of the of promise are counted for the seed. Ro. ix. bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he 7, 8. Of whom it was said, that in Isaac shall of the freewoman was by promise : which thy seed be called. He. xi. 18.

things are an allegory, for these are the two 13 Of the son of the bondwoman, &c.] Arise, covenants; the one from the mount Sina, lift up the lad, and hold him in thine hand; which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar; for I will make him a great nation. Ge. xxi. for this Agar is mount Sina in Arabia, and 18. See chap. xvi. 10. and com. and xvii. 20. answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and

14 Rose up early, &c.] See chap. xix. 27. is in bondage with her children. Ga. ir. 23, and com. And Abraham rose up early in the 24, 25. morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of Beer-sheba.] And Abraham planted a his young men with him, and Isaac his son, grove in Beer-sheba, and called there on the and clave the wood for the burnt-offering, and name of the Lord, the everlasting God. Ge. rose up, and went unto the place of which xxi. 33. And Abraham returned to his young God had told him. Ge. xxii. 3. He (Abra- men (who accompanied him with his son Isaac), ham's servant) and the men that were with and they rose up, and went together to Beerhim tarried all night: and they rose up in sheba, and Abraham dwelt at Beer-sheba. the morning; and he said (to Laban, &c.), Ge. xxii. 19. And he (Isaac) called "it" Send me away unto my master. Ge. xxiv. 54. (the water which his servants had found") And they rose up betimes in the morning, and Shebah ; therefore the name of the city is sware (Isaac and Abimelech) one to another. Beer-sheba unto this day.

Ge. xxvi. 33. Ge. xxvi. 31. I made haste, and delayed not And Israel took his journey, with all that he to keep thy commandments. Ps. cxix. 60. had, and came to Beer-sheba, and offered He that blesseth his friend with a loud voice, sacrifices unto the God of his father Isaac rising early in the morning, it shall be counted Ge. xlvi. 1. And when “he” (“ Elijah") a curse to him. Pr. xxvii. 14. Whatsoever saw " that (" Jezebeľs message"), he arose thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might and went for his life, and came to Beer-shebi

, Ec. ix. 10.

which belongeth to Judah. 1 Ki. xix. 3. Took bread.] But unto the sons of the 15 The water was spent, &c.] See verse 14. concubines which Abraham had, Abraham So Moses brought Israel from the Red Sea ; gave gifts, and sent them away from Isaac his and they went out into the wilderness of Shur, son (while he yet lived), eastward, unto the and they went three days in the wilderness, east country. Ge. xxv. 6. And Esau took and found no water. Ex. xv. 22. And all

the child under one of the shrubs. And she went, and sat her 16 down over against him a good way off, as it were a bowshot: for she said, Let me not see the death of the child. And she sat over against him, and lift up her voice, and wept. And God heard the 17 voice of the lad; and the angel of God called to Hagar out of heaven, and said unto her, What aileth thee, Hagar fear not;

the congregation of the children of Israel wept. Ge. xxvii. 38. And Jacob kissed Rajourneyed from the wilderness of Sin, after chel (having watered the flock of Laban kis their journeys, according to the commandment mother's brother), and lifted up his voice and of the Lord, and pitched in Rephidim; and wept. Ge. xxix. 11. And it came to pass there was no water for the people. And the when the angel of the Lord spake these words people thirsted there for water; and the peo- (of rebuke) unto all the children of Israel (at ple murmured against Moses, and said, Where- Bochim) that the people litted up their voice fore is this, that thou hast brought us up out and wept. Ju. ii. 4.

The Lord grant you of Egypt, to kill us, and our children, and our (said Naomi to her daughters-in-law) that ye cattle, with thirst? Ex. xvii. 1. 3. So the may find rest each of you in the house of her "king of Israel" (" Jehoram") went, and the husband. Then she kissed “them” (“ Or“ king of Judah” (“ Jehoshaphat''), and the pahand Ruth), and they lifted up their king of Edom (against Mesha, king of Moab), voice and wept. Ru. i. 9. Is this the voice and they fetched a compass of seven days' of my son David ? and Saul lifted up his voice journey, and there was no water for the host, and wept (David had spared his life, having and for the cattle that followed them. 2 Ki. cut off his skirt in the cave of En-gedi). 1 Sa. iii. 9. O God, thou art my God; early will I xxiv. 16. “ Then” (after the spoiling of seek thee: my soul thirsteth for thee, my Ziglag" by the Amalekites) David, and the flesh longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty people that were with him, lifted up their voice land, where no water is. Ps. Ixiii. 1. He and wept, until they had no more power to (the idol maker) is hungry, and his strength weep. 1 Sa. xxx. 4. faileth ; be drinketh no water, and is faint. 17 God heard the voice, &c.] See chap. xvi. Is. xliv. 12. And their nobles (in the dearth) 11. and com. If thou afliet them (the widow have sent their little ones to the waters ; they or fatherless child) in any wise, and they cry came to the pits, and found no water: they at all unto me, I will surely hear their cry; (of Judah) returned with their vessels empty. and it shall come to pass when he (the neighJe. xiv. 3.

bour whose raiment you retain as a pledge) 16 Let me not see the death, &c.] For how crieth unto me, I will hear, for I am gracious. shall I (Judah) go up to my father, and the lad Ex. xxii. 23. 27. And Jehoahaz besought the be not with me? lest peradventure I see the Lord, and the Lord hearkened unto him; and evil that shall come on my father. Ge. xliv. the Lord was gracious unto them (Israel), and 34. Then spake the woman whose the living had compassion on them, and had respect unto child was unto the "king" (" Solomon" when them, because of his covenant with Abraham, judging between the two harlots), for her bowels Isaac, and Jacob, and would not destroy them, yearned upon her son; and she said, O my neither cast he them from his presence as yet. lord, give her the living child, and in no wise 2 Ki. xiii. 4. 23. And call upon me in the slay it. I Ki. iii. 26. For how can I (Esther) day of trouble: I will deliver thee, and thou endure to see the evil that shall come unto my shalt glorify me.

Ps. l. 15. O thou that people (the Jews)? or how can I endure to hearest prayer, unto thee shall all flesh come. see the destruction of my kindred ? Es. viii. Ps. Ixv: 2. He (the godly man) shall call upon 6. Can a woman forget her sucking child, me, and I will answer him; I will be with him that she should not have compassion of the in trouble ; I will deliver him. Ps. xci. 15. son of her womb ? Is. xlix. 15. And they Then Jesus called his disciples unto him and (of Jerusalem) shall look upon me whom they said, I have compassion on the multitude, behave pierced, and they shall mourn for him as cause they continue with me now three days one mourneth for his only son ; and shall be and have nothing to eat; and I will not send in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitter them away fasting, lest they faint in the way. ness for his first-born. Zec. xii. 10. But Mat. xv. 32. when he (the prodigal) was yet a great way The angel of God.] See chap. xvi. 9. 11. off, his father saw him, and had compassion, and com. and ran, and fell on his neck, and kissed him. What aileth thee?] And they (from the Lu. xv. 20.

house of Micah), cried unto the children of Lift up her voice and wept.] And Esau Dan. And they turned their faces, and said said unto his father (Isaac), Hast thou but one unto Micah, What aileth thee, that thou comest blessing, my father? Bless me, even me also, with such a company? And he said, Ye have my father! And Esau litted up his voice and taken away my gods. Ju. xviii. 23, 24. And

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