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was thirteen years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. In the self-same day was Abraham circumcised, and 26 Ishmael his son. And all the men of his house, born in the 27 house, and bought with money of the stranger, were circumcised with him.
his eyes 2
AND the Lord appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre: and he l
26 In the self-same day.] See chap. xii. 4. xviii. 22. And there came two angels to And Abraham rose up early in the morning, Sodom at even. Gen. xix. 1. Looking unto and saddled his ass, and took iwo of his young Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith, men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave (let us run with patience the race that is set the wood for the burnt-offering, and rose up before us). Heb. xii. 2. 1. Use hospitality and went unto the place of which God had one to another, without grudging. 1 Pet. iv. 9. told him; then on the third day Abraham He ran to meet them.] Be kindly affeclifted up his eyes, and saw the place. Gen. tionate one to another, distributing to the axii. 3, 4. I made haste, and delayed not to necessity of the saints ; given to hospitality. keep thy commandments. Ps. cxix. 60. Rom. xii. 10. 13.
27 Circumcised with him.] See Gen. xviii. Bowed himself, &c.] And Abraham stood 18, 19.
up and bowed himself to the people of the
land, even to the children of Heth. Gen. xxiii. CHAP. XVIII.-1 Appeared unto him.] See 7. And he (Jacob) passed over before them com. chap. xv. 1. Gen. xvii. 1. 3. 22. And (his company), and bowed himself to the ground the Lord appeared unto “him” (“Isaac") and seven times, until he came near to his “brosaid, Go not down into Egypt; dwell in the ther” (“ Esau "); and Leah, also, with her land which I shall tell thee of. Gen. xxvi. 2. children, came near, and bowed themselves; And Jacob said unto Joseph, God Almighty and after came Joseph near and Rachel, and appeared unto me at Luz in the land of Canaan, they bowed themselves. Gen. xxxiii. 3. 7. and blessed me. Gen. xlviii. 3. And Moses And when Joseph came home, they brought answered and said, But behold they will not him the present which was in their hand into believe me, nor hearken unto my voice : for the house, and bowed themselves to him to they will say, The Lord hath not appeared the earth. And "they” (“Joseph's brethren") únto thee. Exod. iv. 1. In that night did answered, Thy servant, our father, is in good God appear unto Solomon, and said unto him, health, he is yet alive ; and they bowed down Ask what I sball give thee. 2 Chron. i. 7. their heads, and made obeisance. Gen. xliii. The God of glory appeared to our father 26. 28. And Judah and his brethren came to Abraham when he was in Mesopotamia, before Joseph's house, and they fell before him on he dwelt in Charran. Acts vii. 2.
the ground. Gen. xliv. 14. Then she (Ruth) 1. Mamre.] See com. chap. xiii. 18; xiv. 13. fell on her face, and bowed herself to the
2 He lift up his eyes.] And the angel of ground, and said unto "him” (“Boaz"), Why the Lord appen unto the n" ("Ma- have I found grace in thine eyes, seeing I am noak's wife id w hold now a stranger? Ruth ii. 10. And when the sons thou art
but thou of the prophets, which were to view at Jericho, shalt e
nd God saw him (Elisha, when he had smitten the wahearke
and the ters), they said, The spirit of Elijah doth rest angel
man as Elisha; and they came to meet him, and shes
maban themselves to the ground before him. was
& ii. 15. forge
little water, I pray you, be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest 5 yourselves under the tree; And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and
comfort ye your hearts; after that ye shall pass on: for therefore
are ye come to your servant. And they said, So do, as thou hast 6 said. And Abraham hastened into the tent unto Sarah, and said,
Make ready quickly three measures of fine meal, knead it, and 7 make cakes upon the hearth. And Abraham ran unto the herd,
and fetched a calf tender and good, and gave it unto a young
4 Wash your feet.] Behold now, my lords, stay and the staff, the whole stay of bread, and (said Lot to the angels) Turn in, I pray you, the whole stay of water. Isa. iii. 1. into your servant's house, and tarry all night, Therefore are ye come.] Only unto these and wash your feet, and ye shall rise up early men (said Lot to the Sodomites) do nothing; and go on your ways. Gen. xix. 2. And the for therefore came they under the shadow of man (Abraham's servant) came into the house, my roof. Gen. xix. 8. And Jacob said (to and "he" (" Laban”) ungirded his camels, and Esau) Nay, I pray thee, if now I have found gave straw and provender for his camels, and grace in thy sight, then receive my present at water to wash his feet, and the men's feet that my hand : for therefore have I seen thy face, were with him. Gen. xxiv. 32. And the man as though I had seen the face of God, and (Joseph's steward) brought the men (Joseph's thou wast pleased with me. Gen. xxxiii, 10. brethren) into Joseph's house, and gave them 6 Make ready, &c.] But the liberal dewater, and they washed their feet; and he viseth liberal things, and by liberal things shall gave their asses provender. Gen. xliii. 24. he stand. Isa. xxxii. 8. The kingdom of And she (Abigail) arose, and bowed herself on heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman her face to the earth, and said, Behold, let took and hid in three measures of meal till the thine (David's) handmaid be a servant to wash whole was leavened. Matt. xiii. 33. Now it the feet of the servants of my Lord. 1 Sam. came to pass, as they went, that he entered xxv. 41. And he (Jesus) turned to the woman into a certain village, and a certain woman and said unto Simon, Seest thou this woman? named Martha received him into her house. I entered into thine house, the gavest me no But Martha was cumbered about much serv. water for my feet; but she hath washed my ing, and came to him and said, Lord, dost thou feet with tears, and wiped them with the hairs not care that my sister hath left me to serve of her head. Luke vii. 44. After that he alone? bid her, therefore, that she help me! poureth water into a bason, and began to wash Luke x. 38. 40. And when she (Lydia) was the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the baptized, and her household, she besought as towel wherewith he was girded. I have given (Paul and Silas), saying, If ye have judged me you (said Jesus) an example, that ye should to be faithful to the Lord, come into my house, do as I have done to you. John xiii. 5. 15. and abide there ; and she constrained us. And these things give in charge, that they Acts xvi. 15. (Be kindly affectioned one to may be well reported for good works. If another), distributing to the necessity of saints, “she” (“ a widow") have brought up children, given to hospitality. Rom. xii. 13. Brethren, if she have lodged strangers, if she have washed ye have been called unto liberty; only use the saints' feet, &c. &c. (let her be taken into not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by the number). 1 Tim. v. 7. 10.
love serve one another. Gal. v, 13. Remem5 I will fetch a morsel, &c.] Depart not ber them that are in bonds, as bound with hence, I pray thee, until “I” (“ Gideon ") them, and them which suffer adversity, as come unto thee, and bring forth my present, being yourselves also in the body. Heb. xiii. and set it before " thee" (the “angel of the 3. Use hospitality one to another without Lord.") Judges vi. 18. Manoah said unto the grudging. 1 Pet. iv. 9. angel of the Lord, I pray thee let us detain 7 Ran unto the herd.) And he (Lot) pressed thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for upon them greatly, and they turned in unto thee. Judges xiii. 15. Give us this day our him, and entered into his house; and he made daily bread. Matt. 6. 11.
them a feast, and did bake unleavened bread, Comfort ye your hearts.] The damsel's and they did eat. Gen. xix. 3. And Manoah father said unto his “son-in-law” (the “ Levite said unto the angel of the Lord, I pray thee who married a concubine"), Comfort thine heart let us detain thee, until we shall have made with a morsel of bread, and afterward go your ready a kid for thee. And the angel of the way. Judges xix. 5. (He, God, giveth) wine Lord said unto Manoah, Though thou decain that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to me I will not eat of thy bread; and if thou make his face to shine, and bread which wilt offer a burnt-offering, thou must offer it strengtheneth man's heart. Ps. civ. 15. For unto the Lord, for Manoah knew not that he behold, the Lord, the Lord of hosts, doth take was an angel of the Lord. Judges xiii. 15, 16. away from Jerusalem, and from Judah, the (Woe unto them that are at ease in Zion, &c.)
man; and he hasted to dress it. And he took butter, and milk, 8 and the calf which he had dressed, and set it before them; and he stood by them under the tree, and they did eat. And they said 9 unto him, Where is Sarah thy wife? and he said, Behold, in the tent. And he said, I will certainly return unto thee according to 10 the time of life; and, lo, Sarah thy wife shall have a son. And Sarah heard it in the tent-door, which was behind him. Now 11 Abraham and Sarah were old and well stricken in age; and it
that lie upon beds of ivory, and stretch them- comb), and did eat before them. Luke xxiv. selves upon their couches, and eat the lambs 30. 43. Not to all the people (shewed Christ out of the flocks, and the calves out of the himself openly), but unto witnesses chosen midst of the stall, but they are not grieved for before of God (said Peter), even to us, who did the affliction of Joseph. Amos vi. 4. 6. Cursed eat and drink with him, after he rose from the be the deceiver, which hath in his flock a male, dead. Acts x. 4). and voweth and sacrificeth unto the Lord a 9 Where is Sarah, &c.] And the Lord said corrupt thing. Mal. i. 14. My oxen and my unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother ? Gen. fatlings are killed, and all things are ready; iv. 9. come unto the marriage. Matt. xxii. 4. And In the tent.] And Isaac brought her into bring hither the fatted calf (said the father of his mother Sarah's tent, and took Rebekah, the returning prodigal), and kill it; and let and she became his wife. Gen. xxiv. 67. And us eat and be merry. Thy father hath killed Laban went into Jacob's tent, and into Leah's the fatted calf (said the servant to the brother tent, and into the two maidservants' tents, but of the prodigal), because he hath received him he found them not (found not his gods). Gen. safe and sound. As soon as this thy son was xxxi. 33. Teach the young women to be discome, which hath devoured thy living with creet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient harlots, thou hast killed for him the fatted calf to their own husbands, &c. Titus ii. 4, 5. (said the brother of the prodigal to his father). 10 I will certainly return.] See verses 13, Luke xv. 23. 27. 30.
14. and com. xvi. 10. 8 He took butter, &c.] See Gen. xix. 3. According to the time, &c.] See com. chap. preced. verse. He (the Lord) made him (Jacob) xvii. 21. And he (Elisha) said, About this to suck honey out of the rock, and oil out of season, according to the time of life, "thou," the flinty rock; butter of kine, and milk of (“ the Shunammite woman") shalt embrace a sheep, with fat of lambs. Deut. xxxii. 13, 14. And the woman conceived and bare a He (Sisera) asked water, and she (Jael, the son, at that season that Elisha had said unto wife of Heber,) gave him milk; she brought her, according to the time of life. 2 Kings iv. forth butter in a lordly dish. Judges v. 25. 16, 17.
He stood by them, &c.] For Judah rejoiced Sarah thy wife shall have a son.] See com. for the priests and for the Levites that waited. chap. xvii. 16. 19. 21. And the angel of the Nehem. xii. 44. Blessed are those servants Lord appeared unto the woman (the wife of whom the Lord, when he cometh, shall find Manoah, the Danite,) and said unto her, Behold watching. Verily I say unto you, that he now thou art barren, and bearest not, but thou shall gird himself, and make them to sit down shalt conceive and bear a son; and no razor to meat, and will come forth and serve them. shall come upon his head, for the child shall Luke xii. 37. Which of you having a servant be a Nazarite unto God from the womb; and will not rather say unto him, Make ready he shall begin to deliver Israel out of the hand wherewith I may sup, and gird thyself and of the Philistines. Judges xiii. 3. 5. He who serve me till I have eaten and drunken, and was of the bondwoman was born after the afterwards thou shalt eat and drink. Luke flesh, but he of the freewoman was by pro. xvii. 8. There (at Bethany) they made" him” mise. Gal. iv. 23. (“ Jesus") a supper, and Martha served ; but 11 Old and well stricken, &c.] Then AbraLazarus was one of them that sat at the table ham fell upon his face and laughed, and said with him. John xii. 2. Use not liberty for in his heart, Shall a child be born unto him an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one that is an hundred years old ? And shall another. Gal. v. 13. Behold, I stand at the Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear? And door and knock; if any man hear my voice, Abraham was ninety years old and nine when and open the door, I will come in to him, and he was circumcised. Gen. xvii. 17. 24. And will sup with him and he with me. Rev. iii. 20. they both (Zacharias and Elizabeth) were now
And they did eat.] See chap. xix. 3. at verse well stricken in years; and Zacharias said 7. and Judges xiii. 16. And it came to pass unto the angel, Whereby shall I know this ? as he sat at meat with them, he took bread, Por I am an old man, and my wife well and blessed it, and brake and gave to them. stricken in years. And, behold (said the angel And he took it (" a broiled fish” and an honey- to Mary), thy cousin Elizabeth, she hath also
12 ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women. Therefore
Sarah laughed within herself, saying, After I am waxed old shall I 13 have pleasure, my lord being old also ? And the Lord said unto
Abraham, Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying, Shall I of a surety 14 bear a child, which am old? Is any thing too hard for the Lord?
conceived a son in her old age. Luke i. 7. 18. my word shall come to pass unto thee or not. 36. (Abraham) who against hope believed Numb. xi. 23. Thou shalt not be affrighted in hope, that he might become the father of of “ them” (“the Canaanites”), but shalt well many nations. And being fully persuaded remember what the Lord thy God did unto that what he had promised he was able also Pharaoh, and unto all Egypt. Deut. vii. 18. to perform. Rom. iv. 18. 21. Through faith And Jonathan said to the young man that also Sara herself received strength to conceive bare his armour, Come and let us go over unto seed, and was delivered of a child, when she the garrison of those uncircumcised (Philiswas past age, because she judged him faithful tines).
may be that the Lord will work for who had promised; therefore sprang there, us; for there is no restraint to the Lord, to even of one, and him as good as dead, so many save by many or by few. 1 Sam. xiv. 6. Then as the stars of the sky in multitude, and as the Elisha said, Hear ye the word of the Lord, sand which is by the sea shore innumerable. Thus saith the Lord, To-morrow about this (By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered time shall a measure of fine flour be sold for a up Isaac,) accounting that God was able to shekel, and two measures of barley for a shekel, raise him up even from the dead ; from whence in the gate of Samaria. Then a lord on whose also he received him in a figure. Heb. xi. 11, hand the king leaned answered the man of 12. 19.
God, and said, Behold, if the Lord would make 12 Laughed within herself.] See verse 13. windows in heaven might this thing be? And and com. chap. xvii. 17. And Sarah said, God he said, Behold thou shalt see it with thine hath made me to laugh, so that all that hear eyes, but shalt not eat thereof. 2 Kings rii. will laugh with me. And she said, Who would 1, 2. Behold God is mighty, and despiseth have said unto Abraham, that Sarah should not any; he is mighty in strength and wis. have given children suck ? For I have born dom. Job xxxvi. 5. I know that thou canst him a son in his old age. Gen. xxi. 6, 7. Then do every thing (said Job to the Lord), and that was our mouth filled with laughter, and our no thought can be withholden from thee. tongue with singing: then said they among Job xlii. 2. The Lord reigneth ; he is clothed the heathen, The Lord hath done great things with majesty; the Lord is clothed with for them. Ps. cxxvi. 2. Whereby shall I strength wherewith he hath girded himself; know this (said Zacharias), for I am an old the world also is established, that it cannot be man, and my wife well stricken in years. moved. Ps. xciii. 1. For the Lord is a great And behold (said the angel), thou shalt be God, and a great king above all gods. Ps. dumb and not able to speak until the day that xcv. 3. Ah, Lord God, behold thou hast made these things shall be performed, because thou the heaven and the earth by thy great power believest not my words, which shall be fulfilled and stretched-out arm, and there is nothing in their season. Then said Mary unto the too hard for thee. Jer. xxxii. 19. Who is a angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, man ? And the angel answered and said unto and passeth by the transgression of the remher, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and nant of his heritage? He retaineth not his the power of the Highest shall overshadow anger for ever, because he delighteth in mercy. thee; therefore, also, that holy thing which Micah vii. 18. Thus saith the Lord of hosts, shall be born of thee shall be called the “Son If it be marvellous in the eyes of the remnant of God." Luke i. 18. 20. 34, 35. and verse 11. of this people in these days, should it also be and com.
marvellous in mine eyes? Zech. viii. 6. And My lord being old also.] Let every one of think not to say within yourselves, We have you, in particular, so love his wife even as Abraham to our father; for I say unto you, himself, and the wife see that she reverence that God is able of these stones to raise up her husband. Ephes. v. 33. In the old time children unto Abraham. Matt. iii. 9. And the holy women also adorned themselves, being immediately Jesus stretched forth his hand in subjection to their husbands, even as Sarah and caught him (Peter), and said unto him, O obeyed Abraham, calling him “ Lord.” 1 Pet. thou of little faith, wherefore didst thou doubt? iii. 6.
Matt. xiv. 31. But Jesus beheld "them" (" kis 13 Wherefore did Sarah laugh ? &c.] And disciples") and said unto them, with men this (Jesus) needed not that any should testify of (the salvation of the rich) is impossible, but with man, for he knew what was in man. John ii. 25. God all things are possible. Matt. xix. 26.
14 Is any thing too hard, &c.] And the And Jesus looking upon them saith, With men Lord said unto Moses, Is the Lord's hand it is impossible, but not with God : for with God waxed short! Thou shalt see now whether all things are possible. Mark x. 27. Fear not,
At the time appointed I will return unto thee, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have a son. Then Sarah denied, 15 saying, I laughed not; for she was afraid. And he said, Nay; but thou didst laugh. And the men rose up from thence, and 16 looked toward Sodom: and Abraham went with them to bring them on the way. And the Lord said, Shall I hide from Abraham 17 Zacharias, for thy prayer is heard, and thy wife Then saith the damsel that kept the door, unto Elizabeth shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt Peter, Art not thou also one of this man's discall his name John; for with God nothing shall ciples? He saith, I am not. And Simon Peter be impossible. Luke i. 13. 37. But when Jesus stood and warmed himself: they said thereheard it, (that the ruler's daughter was dead), fore unto him, Art not thou also one of his he answered him, saying, Fear not, believe only, disciples? He denied it and said, I am not. and she shall be made whole. Luke viii. 50. Peter then denied again, and immediately the Now unto him that is able to do exceeding cock crew. John xviii. 17. 25. 27. Be reabundantly above all that we ask or think, newed in the spirit of your mind. Ephes. iv. according to the power that worketh in us, 23. Lie not one to another ; seeing that ye unto him be glory in the church by Christ have put off the old man with his deeds. Col. Jesus, throughout all ages, world without end, iii. 9. If we say that we have no sin, we Amen. Eph. iii. 20, 21. (Christ) who shall deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. change our vile body, that it may be fashioned 1 John i. 8. like unto his glorious body, according to the Nay ; but thou didst laugh.] Shall not God working whereby be is able even to subdue search this out ? for he knoweth the secrets of all things unto himself. Phil. iii. 21. I can the heart. Ps. xliv. 21. The lip of truth shall do all things through Christ, which strength- be established for ever; but a lying tongue is eneth me. Phil. iv. 13. By faith Abraham, but for a moment. Prov. xii. 19. And imwhen he was tried, offered up Isaac, account- mediately when Jesus perceived in his Spirit ing that God was able to raise him up, even that they so reasoned within themselves, he from the dead, from whence also he received said unto them, Why reason ye those things him in a figure. Heb. xi. 19.
in your hearts ? Mark ii. 8. And (Jesus) needed I veill return unto thee, &c.] See verse 10. not that any should testify of man: for he and chap. xvii. 21. Then the Lord thy God knew what was in man. John ii. 25. Now will turn thy captivity and have compassion we know that what things soever the law upon thee, and will return and gather thee saith, it saith to them who are under the law; from all the nations whither the Lord thy God that every mouth may be stopped, and all the hath scattered thee. Deut. xxx. 3. About world may become guilty before God. Rom. this season, according to the time of life, thou iii. 19. (said Elisha to the woman of Shunem) shalt 16 Bring them, &c.] And (Paul and Barembrace a son. 2 Kings iv. 16. Return, o nabas) being brought on their way by the Lord, how long? And let it repent thee con- church, they passed through Phenice and Sacerning thy servants. Ps. xc. 13. Who is a maria, declaring the conversion of the Gentiles. God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, Acts xv. 3. They all (the elders of Ephesus) and passeth by the transgression of the rem wept sore, and fell on Paul's neck and kissed nant of his heritage ? Micah vii. 18. Fear him, sorrowing most of all for the words which not, Zacharias : for thy prayer is heard, and he (Paul) spake, that they should see his face thy wife Elizabeth shall bear thee a son, and
And they accompanied him unto thou shalt call his name John. And Zacha- the ship. Acts xx. 38. And when we had rias said unto the angel, Whereby shall I know accomplished those days, we departed and went this? for I am an old man, and my wife well our way. And they all brought us on our stricken in years. Luke i. 13. 18.
way, with wives and children, till we were out 15 Denied, &c.] And the Lord said unto of the city: and we kneeled down on the Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he shore and prayed. Acts xxi. 5. Whensoever said, I know not. Gen. iv. 9. Say I pray I take my journey into Spain I will come to thee (said Abram to Sarah) thou art my sister, you; for I trust to see you on my journey, and that it may be well with me for thy sake, and to be brought on my way thitherward by you; my soul shall live because of thee. Gen. xii. if first I be somewhat filled with your com13. But he (Job) said unto her (his wife), pany. Beloved, thou doest faithfully whatThou speakest as one of the foolish women soever thou doest to the brethren and to speaketh ; what! shall we receive good at the strangers, which have borne witness of thy band of God, and shall we not receive evil? charity before the church; whom if “thou" In all this did not Job sin with his lips. Job (“Gaius") bring forward on their journey after ii, 10. He that covereth his sins shall not a godly sort, thou shalt do well. 3 John 5, 6. prosper ; but whoso confesseth and forsaketh 17 Shall I hide, &c.] And when she (the them shall have mercy. Prov. xxviii. 13. Shunammite) came to the man of God (Elisha)