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LITTLE is known of Kethe beyond the fact that he was one of those who left England to avoid persecution during the reign of Queen Mary, and that he resided at Geneva, where he composed those Psalms in the Old Version to which his initials are affixed. Warton and Strype call him a native of Scotland : he appears however to have been an Englishman. Kethe likewise contributed to the Scottish Version ; arising, apparently, from the fact, that Hopkins rejected many of his translations, as he did many others.



ROBERT Wisdom was a clergyman of the Church of England and archdeacon of Ely. He appears to have been not only a champion of the Reformation, but a firm vindicator of the Book of Common Prayer against the puritans. Like many other clergymen, Wisdom took refuge at Geneva during the reign of Queen Mary. Strype says, that “besides other books, Wisdom penned a very godly and fruitful exposition upon certain Psalms of David; of which he translated some into English metre: there is one of them, and I think no more, still remaining in our ordinary singing Psalms-namely, the hundred twenty-fifth.” The initials of Wisdom are affixed in the early editions of the Old Version to this Psalm only; but there is a hymn of his preserved at the end of the singing Psalms in our old Bibles and Psalters, which will be found in these pages.




JOHN PULLAIN. John PULLAIN was born in Yorkshire, and admitted in 1547, when about thirty years of age, senior student of Christ Church, Oxford. He preached the doctrines of the reformation privately at Saint Michael's, Cornhill, in 1556, but afterwards became an exile. On his return, after Elizabeth had ascended the throne, he was made archdeacon of Colchester: he died in 1565. Pullain contributed the 148th and 149th Psalms to the earlier editions of the Old Version ; but neither of these has been retained. Bliss intimates that none of his poetical productions were extant; but the 149th Psalm is still preserved, and is given in these pages.


JOHN MARDLEY. In the early edition of the Old Version of Psalms from which we transcribe, the 118th, 131st, 132d, 135th, and 145th, have the initial M. affixed. In the later editions these are all ascribed to Norton ; but the initial rather appears to indicate John Mardley. In a curious article on Sternhold's Psalms, Sir Egerton Brydges makes these remarks :-"M.; unnoticed by Ritson: it might be John Mardley, who turned twenty-four Psalms into English odes, and many religious songs:' supposing the first supplied number (Psalm) 132, from the last might be selected 'the Humble Sute of a Sinner,' and 'the Lamentation of a Sinner.' The initial M. seems to have been exchanged for that of N. by degrees; for in an edition published forty years later than that from which our specimen is derived, M. is affixed only to two Psalms, the 131st and 132d.


ANONYMOUS. One of the contributors to the Old Version of Psalms.


T. B. The hymns to which these initials are affixed appear in the early editions of the Old Version of the Psalms.


D. COX. The paraphrase of the Lord's prayer annexed to this name also appears in the early editions of the Old Version.


E. G. THESE initials likewise are affixed to a hymn in the same editions of the Old Version as the foregoing


A Contributor to Byrd's Collection, which appeared in 1587.


W. A. Nothing is known of this author : the poem annexed i to his name is reprinted from "Three Collections of English Poetry,” presented by the duke of Northumberland to the Roxburghe Club. It is derived from his Speciall Remedie, etc.” which was printed in 1579.


L. RAMSEY WROTE “A short Discourse of man's fatall end, with a commendation of Syr Nicholas Bacon,” which was printed as a broadside in 1578.



Epytaphe upon Bp. Juell,” which was printed as a broadside. The two epitaphs on Jewel in these volumes have never before been reprinted.



WROTE a broadside entitled “ The Refuge of a Sinner," which was printed in 1565. It is supposed that he was father or grandfather of Sir Thomas, the first baronet of the family.



This author wrote “A Mysticall Devise, etc.” or a paraphrase of a portion of the Song of Solomon; to which is added “Ā Coppie of the Epistle that Jeremye sent unto the Jewes which were led away prisoners by the king of Babilon, wherein he certifyeth them of the thinges which was commanded him of God;" being a paraphrase of the sixth chapter of the apocryphal book of Baruch. At the end is a paraphrase of “ The Commaundements of God our Creator geuen by Moyses, Exod. xx.” and “The Commaundements of Sathan put in practice dayly by the Pope.” This work was printed in 1575.



WROTE “A briefe Treatise agaynst certayne errors
of the Romish Church: very plainly, notably, and
pleasantly confuting the same by Scriptures and aun-
cient writers. 1570. Perused and liscenced according
to the Queene's Maiestie's Iniunction. 1574.” The
poem is preceded by an address from “The Printer
to the Christian Reader,” in six eight-line stanzas, in
which he says that it was published
Chiefly for the symple sorte,

in forme most playne,
In pleasant wyse, and order shorte,
That they may viewe with lesser payne,
And in their mynde the same contayne.”

CXXV. CHRISTOPHER LEVER WROTE “Queene Elizabeth's Teares: or her resolute bearing the Christian Crosse,” etc.; and a poem entitled "A Crucifixe,” etc., which is chiefly descriptive of our Saviour's sufferings and crucifixion.

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This author wrote a historical poem entitled “A Frendly Larum, or faythfull warnynge to the trueharted subiectes of England: Discoueryng the actes and malicious myndes of those obstinate and rebellious Papists that hope, as they terme it, to haue their golden day.” This poem, of which no mention is made by any bibliographer, was dedicated" to the moste vertuous and gratious Ladie Katherine Duches of Suffolke," and was published in 1570.

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