Memory in Oral Traditions: The Cognitive Psychology of Epic, Ballads, and Counting-out Rhymes
Oxford University Press, 1997 - 385 Seiten
Long studied by anthropologists, historians, and linguists, oral traditions have provided a wealth of fascinating insights into unique cultural customs that span the history of humankind. In this groundbreaking work, cognitive psychologist David C. Rubin offers for the first time an accessible, comprehensive examination of what such traditions can tell us about the complex inner workings of human memory. Focusing in particular on their three major forms of organization--theme, imagery, and sound pattern--Rubin proposes a model of recall, and uses it to uncover the mechanisms of memory that underlie genres such as counting-out rhymes, ballads, and epics. The book concludes with an engaging discussion of how conversions from oral to written communication modes can predict how cutting-edge computer technologies will affect the conventions of future transmissions. Throughout, Rubin presents the results of important original research as well as new perspectives on classical subjects. Splendidly written and farsighted, Memory in Oral Traditions will be eagerly read by students and researchers in areas as diverse as cognitive psychology, literary studies, classics, and cultural anthropology.
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alliteration associations assonance Bahrick ballads caesura changes Chapter cognitive psychology combined considered context counting-out rhymes cues cuing discussed Eenie Meenie effects enjambement example exist experiments Figure formulas function genre Homeric epic Iliad imagery increase individual instance interference interference theory intonation units laboratory language learning Lord Thomas meaning melody meter method of loci metrical multiple constraints needed nodes noted novice occur Odysseus oral traditions organization overlearning pairs Parry phrases piece poetic devices predictions presented proactive interference produce properties repeated repetition retroactive interference rhythm rhythmic rhythmic units role Rubin sample schema scripts semantic sentences sequential serial recall similar singer singing song sound pattern South Slavic spatial specific speech stability stanza story grammars stress structure studies sung syllables target words tasks theme theory tion transmission trochaic undergraduates variants verse vowel writing