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T a session of the Congress of the United States, begun and held at the city of New York, on Monday the fourth

of January, one thousand seven hundred and ninety ; being the second session of the first Congress held under the present Constitution of Government for the United Statės. On which day, being the day appointed by law for the meeting of the present session, the following members of the House of Representatives appeared and took their seats, to wit :

Abiel Foster,
From New Hampshire, Nicholas Gilman, and

Samuel Livermore,
Fisher Ames,
Elbridge Gerry,

Benjamin Goodhue,
From Massachusetts,

Jonathan Grout,
George Partridge, and

George Thatcher.
From Connecticut,

{Roger Sherman.

Egbert Benson,
From New York, William Floyd, and

John Lawrence.

Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg, Speaker;
From Pennsylvania, Peter Muhlenberg, and

Thomas Scott.
From Maryland, { Joshua Sency.

John Brown,

Isaac Coles,
From Virginia,

Samuel Griffin, and
Alexander White
Edanus Burke;

Daniel Huger,
From South Carolina,

William Smith, and

Thomas Tuder Tucker. From Georgia,

{Abraham Baldwin. But a quorum of the whole number not being present, The House adjourned until to-morrow morning eleven o'clock

TUESDAY, January 3. The House met according to adjournment.

Another member, to wit, Elias Boudinot from New Jersey, appeared and took his feat.

But a quorum of the whole number not being present,
The llouse adjourned until to-morrow morning eleven o'clock

WEDNESDAY, January 6. The llouse met according to adjournment.

Several other members, to wit, from New Jersey, James Schurenan, and from Virginia, Johu lage and Richard Bland Lee, appeared and took their feats.

But a quorum of the whole number not being present,
'The House adjourned until to-niorrow morning eleven o'clock.

THURSDAY, January 7. The House met according to adjournment.

Several other members, to wit, from Connecticut, Jonathan Sturges and Jeremiah Wadsworth; from New York, Jeremiah Van Rensselaer ; from Maryland, Daniel Carroll; and from Georgia, George Mathews, appeared and took their seats.

And a quorum of the whole number being present, Ordered, That a message be sent to the Senate to inform them that a quorum of this House is assembled, and ready to proceed to business; and that the Clerk of this House do go with the said message.

The Speaker laid belore the House, a letter from the President of the United States, of the fourth instant, requesting, that when there shall be a sufficient number of the two Houses of Congress assembled to proceed to buliness, he may be informed of it; and also, at what time and place it will be convenient for Congress, that he should meet them, in order to make some oral communications at the commencement of their session-which was read and order. ed to lie on the table.

A message from the Senate, by Mr. Otis their Secretary.

Mr. Speaker — The Senate have appointed a committee on their part, jointly with such committee as shall be appointed on the part of this House, to wait on the President of the United States, and notify him that a quorum of the two Houses has assembled, and will be ready, in the senate-chamber, at such time as he shall appoint, to receive any communications which he may think proper

proper to make: And then he withdrew. Ordered, That Mr. Gilman, Mr. Ames and Mr. Seney, be appointed a committee on the part of this House, for the purpose expressed in the message from the Senate.

On motion,

Ordcred, That a committee be appointed to examine the journal of the last session, and to report therefrom, all such matters of business as were then depending and undetermined; and a committee was appointed, of Mr. Boudinot, Ms. Sherman and Mr. White.

On motion,

Resolved, That two Chaplains of different denominations be appointed to Congress, for the present session; one by each House, who Thall interchange weekly.

Ordered, That the Clerk of this House do carry the said resolution to the Senate, and desire their concurrence.

Mr. Gilman, from the committee appointed to wait on the President of the United States, pursuant to the order of to-day, reported, that the committee had, according to order, performed that service, and that the President was pleased to say, he would attend, to make his communication to both Houses of Congress, to-morrow morning, at eleven o'clock.

And then the House adjourned until to-morrow morning, half after ten o'clock.

FRIDAY, January 8. Another member, to wit, Henry Wynkoop, from Pennsylvania, appeared and took his feat.

A message from the Senate by Mr. Otis their Secretary.

Mr. Speaker~The Senate agree to the resolution of this House, for the apo pointment of two Chaplains to Congress, for the present session, and have elected the Right Reverend Doctor Samuel Provost, on their part: The Senate are also now ready in the senatc-chamber to attend this House in receiving the communication from the President of the United States : And then he withdrew.

Mr. Speaker, attended by the members of this House, then withdrew to the senate-chamber, for the purpose expressed in the message from the Senate ; and being returned,

Mr. Speaker laid before the House a copy of the Speech delivered by the President of the United States, to both Houses of Congress, in the scnate-chamber, as followeth :

Fellow-Citizens of the Senate and House of REPRESENTATIVES, I EMBRACE with great satisfaction the opportunity which now pre. sents itself, of congratulating you on the present favorable prospects of our public affairs. The recent accession of the important state of North-Carolina to the Constitution of the United States, (of which official information has been received)—the rising credit and respectability of our country—and the general encreasing good-will towards the Government of the Union and the concord, peace and plenty, with which we are blessed, are circumstances, auspicious, in an eminent degree, to our national prosperity.

In resuming your consultations for the general good, you cannot but derive encouragement from the refection, that the measures of the last session have been as fatisfactory to your constituents, as the novelty and difficulty of the work allowed you to hope. Still further to realize their expectations, and to secure the blesvngs which a gracious Providence has placed within our reach, will, in the course of the present important session, call for the cool and deliberate ex. ertion of your patriotism, firmness and wisdom.

Among the many interesting objects, which will engage your attention, that of providing for the common defence, will merit particular regard. To be prepared for war is one of the most effectual means of preserving peace.

A free people ought not only to be armed, but di!ciplined ; to which end, a uniform and well digested plan is requisite: And their safety and interest require that they should promote {uch manufa&ories, as tend to render them in dependent on others, for essencial, particularly, for military supplies.

The proper establishment of the troops which may be deemed indispensable, will be entitled to mature consideration. In the arrangements which may be made respecting it, it will be of importance to conciliate the comfortable sup port of the officers and soldiers, with a due regard to economy.


There was' reason to hope, that the pacific measures adopted with regard to certain hostile vibes of Indians, would have relieved the inhabitants of our southern and western frontiers from their depredations. But you will per. ceive, from the information contained in the papers which I shall dire& to be laid before you (comprehending a communication from the commonwealth of Virginia) that we ought to be prepared to afford prote&tion to those parts of the Union; and if necessary, to pusilh aggressors.

The interest of the United States require, that our intercourse with other nations should be facilitated by such provisions as will enable me to fulfil my duty in that respect, in the manner which circumstances may render most conducive to the public good: And to this end, that the compensations to be made to the persons, who may be employed, should, according to the nature of their appointments, be defined by law ;-and a competent fund designated for defraying the expences incident to the conduct of our foreign affairs.

Various considerations also render it expedient that the terms on which foreigners may be admitted to the rights of citizens, should be speedily ascertain. ed by a uniform rule of naturalization.

Uniformity in the currency, weights and measures of the United States, is an object of great importance and will, i am persuaded, be duly attended to.

The advancement of agriculture, commerce and manufactures, by all proper means, will not, I trust, need recommendation.—But I cannot forbear int inating to you, the expediency of giving, effe&ual encouragement as well to the introduction of new and useful inventions from abroad, as to the exer. tions of skill and genius in producing them at home ;-and of facilitating the intercourse between the distant parts of our country, by a due attention to the post-office and post-roads.

Nor am I less persuaded, that you will agree with me in opinion, that there is nothing which can better deserve your patronage, than the promotion of science and literature. Knowledge is, in every country, the surest basis of public happiness. In one, in which the measures of government receive their impression so immediately from the sense of the community, as in our's, it is proportionably essential. To the security of a free Constitution it contributes in various ways : By convincing those who are entrusted with the public ad. miniftration, that every valuable end of government is best answered by the enlightened confidence of the people ; and by teaching the people themselves to know and to value their own rights; to discern and provide against invafions of them; to distinguish between oppression and the necessary exercise of lawful authority; between burthens proceeding from a disregard to their convenience, and those resulting from the inevitable exigencies of society ; to discriminate the spirit of liberty from that of licentiousness, cherishing the first, avoiding the last, and uniting a speedy, but temporate vigilance against encroachments, with an inviolable respect to the laws.

Whether this desirable object will be beft promoted by affording aids to seminaries of learning already established-by the institution of a national uni. versity, or by any other expedients, will be well worthy of a place in the deliberations of the Legislature.

Gentlemen of the House of REPRESENTATIVES, I saw with peculiar pleasure, at the close of the last fellion, the resolution entered into by you, expreslive of your opinion that an adequate provision for the support of the public credit, is a matter of high importance to the national honor and prosperity. In this sentiment I enurely concur. And to a perfe& confidence in your best endeavours to devise such a provision as will be Gruly consistent with the end, I add an equal reliance on the cheerful co-opera tion of the other branch of the Legislature. It would be superfluous to specify inducements to a measure, in which the character and permanent interests of the United States are so obviously and so deeply concerned, and which has received so explicit a sanction from your declaration.

Gentlemen of the SENATE and House of REPRESENTATIVES, I have directed the proper officers to lay before you, respectively, such pas pers and estimates as regard the affairs particularly recommended to your consideration, and necessary to convey to you that information of the state of the Union, which it is my duty to afford.

The welfare of our country is the great object to which our cares and efforts

ght to be directed.-And I shall derive great satisfaction from a co-operation with you, in the pleasing, though arduous, task of ensuring to our fellow-citizens the blessings which they have a right to expect from a free, efficient and equal government.

GEORGE WASHINGTON. United States, January 8, 1790.

On motion, Resolved, That the said Speech be committed to the consideration of a committee of the whole House to-morrow.

The House then proceeded by ballot to the appointment of a Chaplain to Congress, on the part of this House; and upon examining the ballots, a majority of the votes of the whole House was found in favor of the Revercnd Doctor William Linn.

And then the House adjourned until to-morrow morning eleven o'clock.

SATURDAY, January 9. Another member, to wit, George Clymer, from Pennsylvania, appeared and took his feat.

The Speaker laid before the House a letter from the Secretary of the Tresa sury, stating that he is now ready to report, at such time and in such manner as the House shall be pleased to direct, a plan, which he has prepared, relative to a provision for the support of the public credit, pursuant to an order of this House of the twenty-first of September last: Whereupon,

Ordered, That on Thursday next, this House will receive, in writing, the report of the Secretary of the department of the Treasury, agreeably to the order of the House of the twenty-first of September last.

The House then, according to the order of the day, resolved itself into a committee of the whole House, on the Speech of the President of the United States to both Houses of Congress.

Mr. Speaker left the chair. Mr. Baldwin took the chair of the committee. Mr. Speaker resumed the chair, and Mr. Baldwin reported, that the com. mittee had, according to order, had the said Speech under consideration, and

to a resolution thereupon, which he delivered in at the Clerk's table, where the same was twice read, and, on a question put thereupon, agreed to by the House, as followeth :

Resolved, That it is the opinion of this committee, that an address ought to be presented by the House to the President of the United States, in answer to his Speech to both Houses, with asurances that this House will, without delay,

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