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greatly in November, 1906 ; in June, 1908, it Records.? Notwithstanding its ex parte was on the increase ; and now, in June, character, the letter may doubtless be held 1910, caps are becoming quite exceptional of value for its light upon what was, in all among undergraduate men, and seem likely probability, the too common experience of soon to be confined to Dons and women the poor apprentice in the

good old students. The cap no less than the gown is a days part of the proper academical costume, and a

Sunderland, May yo 10: 1723. shilling fine at the first would have stopped Dear Sister, I am very sory to hear that you have the irregularity in a week. One result is that Ņot heard from me this four months, makes me the old interchange of courtesy between Menshon'd something of my hard Usage which

doubt you have not Received my last Letter which undergraduates and Dons by mutual

cap. was known to be very hard at that Time which ping is becoming impossible. The disuse all my neigbours can very well tell, for my master of the cap is just a fashion of the day, based threaten'd

to send me aboard of a ship, and Likepartly on convenience, and partly on that wise Hee'd make me an intire Slave dureing my dislike to uniform which we now see in the prentisship in spite of my Bondesmen or any friend Army and Navy, and among servants. We

I could procure to Looke after me, which god knows

I have none but what pleases my Bondsmen to do have a Territorial corps here, but none of for me, so I leave it to their discression. But I its members would ever think of going about crave y• Favour they will Be so kind as eighther to without their caps when on duty, because take me away or otherwise Let me have the coorse discipline is better maintained by their of my Indentures. So no more at present, But I officers than by those of the University, fast. Pray present my Humble Servise to all my

remain your ever Loving Brother Matthias Staud. and the men themselves seem to think more Scoolfellows and all yt Ask after me. of their corps than of their Alma Mator. Mrs. Catherine Standfast, at Mr. Bay's in Fell But it is not only while on duty that caps Court in Fell Street near Criplegate, London. are dispensed with. One day I met a young The letter is written in a clear hand on friend returning from an afternoon walk

paper of folio size, folded and postmarked. gracefully handling a walking cane, but

WILLIAM MCMURRAY. with nothing on his head except that covering which nature had so bountifully provided.


STRAP, 12 The The craze is extending into clerical life. Monthly Magazine of May, 1809, records the I have just heard of a curate who goes about death at the Lodge, Villier's Walk, Adelphi, of in greatcoat and gloves, but without a hat. Mr. Hugh Hewson, at the age of eighty-five, It has also invaded the nursery. I now see

and states that he was the identical Hugh dear little boys, breeched for the first time, Strap whom Dr. Smollett has rendered so and the pride of their parents, going out conspicuously interesting,” &c. Hewson for hatless with their nursemaids, and thus over forty years had kept a hairdresser's doubly asserting their early manhood.

shop in the parish of St. Martin's-in-theJ. T. F.

Fields. The writer of the notice says Durham.

understand the deceased left behind him an

interlined copy of ‘Roderick Random, CHAUCER'S 'CANTERBURY TALES : EARLY with comments on some of the passages.' REFERENCE.—The will of Richard Sothe- According to Nichols, 'Lit. Anec.,' ü. 465, worth, clerk (P.C.C. 44, Marche), dated the eve the original of this character was supposed of St. Andrew the Apostle, 1417, and proved to be Lowis, a bookbinder of Chelsea. 20 May, 1419, makes mention, among other

W. ROBERTS. books, of his copy of the Canterbury Tales ? (“ quendam libru' meu' de Cantíbury SHROPSHIRE NEWSPAPER Tales "). This is surely a very early note LONDON.–From a fragment of The Shropof the work. The will was sealed at South-shire Journal, with the History of the Holy morton, but the testator speaks of his church Bible, for Monday, 12 Feb., 1738/9, it of Esthenreth (East Hendred, Berks). appears that so far from being a real local in

F. S. SNELL. periodical it came from a metropolitan press

London: Printed by R. Walker in Fleet APPRENTICESHIP IN 1723.-The subjoined Lane. Of whom, and of the Person who letter is contained among the papers pre- serves this paper may be had the former served at SS. Anne and Agnes Church. Con numbers to compleat Sets. The paper taining as it does no apparent local reference, then claimed to have reached its seventyI have thought it more suited to the columns third number. WILLIAM E, A. AXON. of 'N. & Q.? than to the pages of my Manchester.

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Sir William, Warren (frequently mentioned by Queries.

Pepys; knighted April, 1661).

Sir Charles Doe (knighted while Sheriff, June, 1665). We must request correspondents desiring in. John Owen, stationer (Colonel of the Yellow Regi: formation on family matters of only private interest Sir Ralph Ratcliff of Hitchin (knighted Feb., 1668).

ment 1659). to affix their names and addresses to their queries, Dannet Forth (Alderman of Cheap 1669–76, Sheriff in order that answers may be sent to them direct.


Sir Edward Waldoe (knighted Oct., 1677). LIEUT.-COL. COCKBURN, R.A.: ROBERT Sir Thomas Griffiths (knighted Jan., 1682). WRIGHT. I desire—for historical purposes-Alexander Master (Sheriff London 1758-9); to hear of the representatives of Col. Cock. Thomas Wooldridge (Alderman Bridge Ward 1776

1783). burn, R.A., who was a most accomplished

ALFRED B. BEAVEN. officer in Canada in the thirties of last

Leamington. century, and whose grandson Major-General C. F. Cockburn, R.A., died a few months JOHN WILKES.-Being engaged in collectsince in the South of England,

ing materials for a Life of Wilkes, I shall be I also desire similar information about greatly obliged if some of my fellow-contribuRobert Wright, who published in 1864 tors to N. & Q. can give me information a Life of General Wolfe.

about any unpublished manuscripts con. DAVID Ross McCORD, K.C. cerning the famous politician. Temple Grove, Montreal.


Fox Oak, Hersham, Surrey. GILDERSLEEVE FAMILY.—We have followed the name of our family back to 1273 T. L. PEACOCK'S PLAYS.—I am editing in the county of Norfolk, England. This for publication in the autumn the plays of person was Roger Gylderslove, as stated by T. L. Peacock, of which mention has the Hundred Rolls. Some people, however, already been made in 'N. & Q.,' and should think that the family came from Holland. be grateful to any reader who could supply We should be very grateful for any informa me with references to their existence made tion on the subject. Please reply direct. before 1904. I am acquainted with Sir

OLIVER GILDERSLEEVE, Jun. Henry. Cole's brief allusion to them. Gildersleeve, Connecticut.

A. B. YOUNG, M.A., Ph.D.

4, Cardigan Terrace, Northgate, Wakefield. 'SHAVING THEM,' BY TITUS A. BRICK.I wish to learn who was the author of VIRGIL, GEORG.” IV. 122: i NARCISSI "Shaving Them; or, The Adventures of LACRYMAM. -What did Virgil mean by Three Yankees on the Continent of Europe. this toar of Narcissus,' employed by his Edited by Titus A. Brick, Esq. London, boos in building up their combs? Was he John Camden Hotten, 74 and 75; Picca- thinking of their nectaries, or of their pollen, dilly," pp. 230.

or of dew and rain clinging to the petals ? The title-page has no year of issue, but Milton annexes the phrase, bidding daffathe publisher's advertisements at the end are dillies fill their cups with tears to bedew the dated 1872. The British Museum Cata- hearse of Lycidas ; but Milton who saw logue treats the book as anonymous, entering plants not in nature, but in books, and never it under 'Yankees. It does not appear in worried himself about floral consistency, was Halkett and Laing. Has the work boon merely imitating Virgil. reprinted ?

P. J. ANDERSON. What, again, was Virgil's narcissus ? The Aberdeen University Library.

commentators make it a daffodil, Narcissus

poeticus, or N. serotinus of our flora. Linnæus ALDERMEN OF LONDON : DATES OF DEATH too assumed it to be a daffodil, having in WANTED.-Can any reader of N. & Q.' mind the legend of the lovesick youth supply me with datos, actual or approximate, concerning whom. Ovid sang and Bacon of death of any of the following, all of moralized. But. Proserpine was gathering whom were at various periods aldermen of narcissi in Sicilian fields centuries before London ?

Narcissus was born, and she wore them as an Alexander Bence (M.P. Suffolk 1654, Master Trinity appropriate crown in hell. In the Athens House 1659-60).

chorus the flower is called by Sophocles Tempest Milner (Sheriff London 1656-7). Rowland Winn or Wyon (Committee E.I.C. 1670- suit the daffodil ; and its derivation, the

Kad dißotpos; an epithet which fails to 1671). Sir William Bateman (knighted May, 1660).

Sanskrit nark=hell, points to a narcotic Nichclas Delves (M.P. Hastings 1660).

effect of the scent which the daffodil does

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not possess. If, as some think, Sophocles Lillias Byrne was widow of William meant the hyacinth, which is at once fair Byrne of Dublin, surgeon, whose will, dated clustering and narcotic, when did the flower 19 September, 1699, was proved 12 October change its name ? and, once more, what was following. William Byrne and Lillius (sic) its tear?

W.T. Murray alias Roade were married at St.

John's Church, Dublin, 16 July, 1695. ‘MERRY WIVES OF WINDSOR,' III. i. 5. Lottice, only surviving child of Dudley In his answer to the question of Sir Hugh Loftus, LL.D., and Frances, daughter of Evans, Simple says: Marry, sir, the pittie- Patrick Nangle, married Charles Bladen. ward, the park-ward, every way,

&c. How was she daughter-in-law” to Dame Here I would read “ the spittle-ward." For Elizabeth Irwin ?

G. D. B. in what direction would one be more likely to

AUTHORS QUOTATIONS WANTED. look for Master Caius, that calls himself

Can doctor of physic" ?

you tell me the authors of the following ? In 'Every Man in his Humour,' I. i.,

1. He sailed into the setting sun, and left sweet Jonson writes :

music in Cathay. From the Bordello it might come as well,

2. May the sun of thy life, like that of the morn, be The Spittle or Pict-hatch;

an ascending one! Whether its rays rise in mist

or pure air, it is all one if only the light increase, if where Gifford notes :

only the day brighted. “Here the allusion is local, and without doubt

MARY A. FELL, Librarian. applies to the Loke or. Lock, å spittle for venereal Philadelphia City Institute Free Library. patients, situated, as Whalley observes, at Kingsland in the neighbourhood of Hogsden.”

What Hell may be I know not. This I know : Was there one at Frogmore or at Windsor ?

I cannot lose the presence of the Lord.

One arm, humility, takes hold upon Perhaps some local archæologist will help

K. D.

His dear humanity: the other, love,
Clasps His divinity, so where I go

He goes; and better fire-walled Hell with Him NEW BUNHILL FIELDS, DEVERELL STREET, Than golden-gated Paradise without. BOROUGH.—Whero am I likely to find the

HENRY SAMUEL BRANDRETH. records of burials in this place ? An ancestor of mine was buried there in 1832. Launched point-blank his dart Basil Holmes in The London Burial.

At the head of a lie, taught original sin

The corruption of man's heart.
Grounds,' p. 308, states that it was closed in
E. A. FRY.

NORTH MIDLAND. 227, Strand.

MONEY AND MATRIMONY.—The following DAME ELIZABETH IRWIN : SIR JOAN quotation is prefixed to the English transla. MURRAY : GENEALOGICAL PUZZLE.—Eliza. tion of Zola's 'Money?:beth Bunbury, formerly Dame Elizabeth

“God has set the world on two pillars, Money Irwin of the city of Dublin, made her will and on the right relations of the two sexes, overy.

and Matrimony; and on the right use of money, with a codicil 20 February, 1720 (1720/21). thing depends." C. MERIVALE, Dean of Ely. She signs them Eliz. Irwin. She mentions Could any one oblige me with a reference her husband Walter Bunbury, her brother to the exact part of Merivale’s writings Sir John Murray, her sister Lillias Byrne, her from which this is taken ? niece Hellen Fox, her daughter-in-law

J. ROBERTSON. Lattice Bladin (sic) alias Loftus, her late

Glasgow. husband Mr. Broughton. She desires to be buried in the parish church of Lambeth. CHRISTMAS FAMILY OF BIDEFORD.–Did

Elizabeth Broughton, widow, and Walter any of that family, hailing from Waterford, Bunbury were married in Dublin in 1720. own land or live near Bideford in Devon The will was proved in the Prerogative in the eighteenth century ? A certain John Court, Ireland, 24 February, 1735/6. Mus. Christmas Smith is stated to have been grave's Obituary? (Harleian Soc.) has the born there in 1757 or 1759, and when death, 7 February, 1736, of the Lady of Sir settling in Denmark in 1790 he obtained John Irwin, Bt. (? relict of Sir Gerard). Is royal licence from the Heralds College to this the same lady ? Who was she ? And use the name—and arms-of Christmas as who was

"Sir ?? John Murray living in his surname, instead of Smith, Christmas 1720 ? He is not to be found in G. E. C.'s being presumably the name of his mother. Complete Baronetage

in Shaw's His descendants are still settled in Denmark. Knights of England.?



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POLL-BOOKS OF THE CITY OF LONDON.- MELMONT BERRIES=JUNIPER BERRIES. Can any of your readers inform me where In Jamieson's Dictionary of Scottish I can see the Poll-Books of the City of Words occurs the following:

“ Melmont London for the following years ?-1702, 1705, berries, juniper berries, Moray." 1707, 1708, 1716, 1741, 1742, 1747, 1754, reader say if this name is so applied any1758, 1761, 1770, 1774, 1780, 1781, 1790, where else, and suggest an origin for the 1795, 1806, 1807, 1812, 1817, 1818, 1820, word ?

F. R. C. 1826, 1830.

ARTHUR W. GOULD. Constitutional Club, W.C.


Shenstone the poet, in a letter to the Rev. GENEALOGICAL TABLES. -Is it correct in Richard Graves of Claverton, dated 26 making a genealogical table to mention October, 1759, says: “I have three or four children not specified by name as et ceteri," more of these superb visits to make... or is there any recognized abbreviation in then to Lord Lyttelton, at our Admiral's." such cases ?

He does not give the Admiral's name. Can [The symbol 4 is used to indicate issue not named.] any one tell me whether any of the Admirals

Graves were related to the Rev. Richard BARABBAS A PUBLISHER.—In which of Graves of Claverton ?

E. his poems doos Byron compare publishers in general (or Murray in particular ?) THAMES WATER COMPANY: THE WATER to Barabbas ? And Barabbas

& HOUSE.-Among some old deeds, I have robber," I think it runs.

J. D

lately found & lease, dated 25 December, “ ABRAHAM'S BEARD,

6. UnderA GAME.—What

1679, from five persons described as was this game, of which one reads in

takers for the raising Thames water in York* Reginald Bosworth Smith : a Memoirs

House Garden in the County of Middlesex,”

of (p. 15) ? On Sundays, writes Bosworth Smith's sister Mrs. Caledon Egerton of their Thames water, arising

and running from certain

one Water-course conveniently furnished with childhood days,

waterworks belonging to the said undertakers in "after supper, we would adjourn to the study, York-House Garden aforesaid, running in and where our father would read aloud to us some through one Branch or Pipe of Lead,” ponderous memoir, the dulness of which we would for the use of two houses in Oxondon Street while away by looking at piotures in old missionary in the parish of St Martin’s-in-the-Fields. records. We sometimes indulged in the game of Abraham's Beard until our father directed us to The rent (thirty shillings) is made payable change the name of the father of the faithful to “at the House commonly known by the name of *Cæsar, when the frankly, secular nature of the the Water-house, seituato in York Garden in the amusement stood revealed."

Parish aforesaid, belonging to them the said

ST. SWITHIN. undertakers." DUCHESS OF PALATA.—Can any one in

The lease is in a printed form. form me whether a family, bearing this of the modern water companies, or of where

Is anything known of this forerunner name or title exists or existed in Italy ?

the Water-house " stood? I S, A. D'ARCY.

presume that

it was in some part of the grounds of the Clones, Ireland.

Duke of Buckingham's mansion York House. ST. AGATHA AT WIMBORNE.-In a short

C. L. S. article on Tetta by the Rev. Charles Hole in Smith's - Dictionary of Christian Bio

FOLLY : PLACE-NAME.—In this village graphy' (vol. iv. p. 875), montion is made of there are two by-roads called “The Folly St. Agatha, who with St. Lioba was educated and “The Little Folly. The general idea at Wimburn (Mabillon, 'Acta SS. O. S. B.," among the old inhabitants seems to be that Sæc. III. pt. ii. p. 223). I should be glad of a

folly " is a lane. I cannot find that any information about the St. Agatha meaning of the word in the 'Dialect Dicalludod to here. Jas. M. J. FLETCHER. tionary nor in the 'N.E.D.' Is it general The Vicarage, Wimborne Minster.

in Hertfordshire ? JOHN CHARRINGTON.

The Grange, Shenley, Herts. BOTANY : TIME OF FLOWERS BLOOMING. Can any one recommend a simple manual “ THE BRITISH GLORY REVIVED." On of botany which contains a classification of one of the medals struck to commemorate flowers according to the months in which the taking of Porto-Bello by Admiral Vernon, they are in bloom? LAWRENCE PHILLIPS. and others, the obverse has The British Theological Colloge, Lichfield.

Glory Revived by Admiral Vernon";

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the reverse “Who took Porto-Bello with six by the Committee to amount to the sum of Thirty ships only, November 22nd, 1739.2 What Thousand pounds; which sum our said distressed. may be the meaning of the word “revived subjects are utterly unable to procure of them

selves," &c. in connexion with Britain's naval prestige ? Of three medals I have struck in commemora- Charles therefore says he appoints “Extration of this event only one has “ The British ordinary Wayes and rules for Collection of Glory Revived." Thos. RATCLIFFE. the same [sum) upon such an extraordinary Worksop.

occasion ?

“ give and grant unto the said poor distressed subjects, the captives aforesaid, or to

their agents, or other persons, who shall be lawfully Replies.

authorized......full take the almes and charitable benevolence of all our loving subjects

(not only householders, but also servants, strangers, TURKEY CAPTIVES: BRIEF AT and others inhabiting within all and every the

Counties, Cities, Boroughs, Towns corporate, Cinque WINCANTON.

ports, Priviledged places......and all other places (11 S. i. 488.)

whatsoever in England......for and towards the

redemption and relief of the said poor oaptives." THE story of this unusual circumstance is

The King desires given fully in a rare single sheet dated 10 August, 1670, and issued in the form of effectual arguments to their flocks, both by exhorta

“especially to stir up the inferiour clergy to give letters patent by Charles II. The sheet tion and example, for & Liberal contribution is entitled Letters patent for collections towards the redemption of these miserable wretches, towards the redemption of English captives whose cases are much more deplorable than theirs taken by the Turks. London Thomas who ordinarily seek for relief by collections of this Milbourn dwelling in Jowon Street] 1670," tenth day of August in the two and twentieth year

12 nature...... Witness Our Self at Westminster, the, This opon letter was addressed by Charles II. of our Reign.' to the clergy of all degrees and denominations, as well as to all Justices, Mayors, in the Mediterranean in the seventeenth

The evidence for the sad state of affairs Bailiffs, Constables, Churchwardens, Chapelwardens, Headboroughs, Collectors for the century is scattered but ample. There is a Poor, &c. It proceeds :

lotter dated 1617 in the Buccleuch MS. " Whereas a great number of our good subjeots, reference is made to the pirates then inter.

(Hist. MSS. Comm., vol. i. p. 197) in which peaceably following their employments at Sea, have been lately taken by the Turkish Pyrates, under fering with the Levant trade. These Bar. whom they now remain in most

cruel and inhumano bary Turks and the condition of Tangier at bondage, who by their friends and relations have the end of the seventeenth century are also humbly, besought us to take their miserable and dealt with in the Dartmouth MSS. (Hist. deplorable estates into our princely considera-. MSS. Comm., Eleventh Report, App. Vi tion,” &c.

p. 18). The first Lord Dartmouth was sent On 27 July, 1670, a Committee of the to effect the destruction of Tangier. Privy Council was held, Charles himself being The actual circumstances which brought present, when it was reported that

matters to a crisis, and forced Charles II. to by certificates of several ships taken, as by several take the steps he did to relieve these sufferers letters from the respective masters, officers and are found (printed) in Domestic State Papers, seamen now in slavery; to their friends and rela- 24 June, 1870—S. P. Dom. Car. II. 276 tions here in England, it doth evidently appear that (186). Here are given letters addressed to the said poor slaves, assaulted by these inhumane Thieves and Pyrates, did in their several fights Williamson (secretary to Lord Arlington), behave themselves with remarkable valour and in one of which, dated 14 April, 1670, courage.....pot yielding to the enemy till they had Samuel Daukos, aged 20, a captive at heen often boarded and the enemies slain upon their Algiers, says that he and his fellows were decks, and till their own ships were fired about taken near Sardinia, them; when being forced to cast themselves into the sea to avoid the devouring flames were seized “sold like horses, and made to lie down on our on by these barbarous enemies, with whom they backs, and two men with ropes beat us until the now.lead a life much worse than death ; bought blood ran down our heels. For three months my and sold like beasts in the market, held 'to most diet was bread and vinegar, and that only once a insupportable service, and fed only with a slender day. Had I been seen writing this letter, I should allowance of bread and water; many of them have received at least 200 blows for it.” chained to their work, and beaten daily with a certain number of stripes...... That the number of these

Then follows a series of petitions upon the poor slaves is so great, and the demands of their same subject, including one from the relaTaskmasters is so high that the money needful for tives of 140 men of Stepnoy " in the hands the accomplishing their redemption is represented l of the Turks.

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