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Edward of Windsor (1312–1377).

There is no documentary evidence of his

investiture as Prince of Wales, but it is believed CONTENTS.-No. 28.

to have taken place during the Parliament of

York in 1322. Became Edward III. in 1327. NOTES :The Princes of Wales, 21-Swedenborg MS.

Missing, 22- Bristol Booksellers and Printers, 23-Mar- Edward of Woodstock, the Black Prince (1330– lowe's 'Epitaph on Sir Roger Manwood'-Sir Matthew 1376). Philip-The_Diphthong, ou," 24— 'Alumni Canta.

Created Prince of Wales 1343, brigienses'-Designs for Somerset House-Hatless Craze,

par assant de

touz les grauntz d'Engleterre, 25—'Canterbury Tales': Early Reference-Apprenticeship

during the in 1723—Smollett's “Hugh Strap"-Shropshire Newspaper

Parliament of Westminster. The flower of printed in ondon, 26.

English chivalry. He predeceased his father QUERIES :- Lieut. Col. Cockburn: R. Wright-Gilder. Richard of Bordeaux (1367–1399). sleeve Family-Shaving Them'-Aldermen of London: Created Prince of Wales in 1376, on the death Dates of Death John Wilkes-T. L. Peacock's Plays- of the Black Prince. Became Richard II. in Virgil: "Narcissi lacrymam, 27 – Merry Wives of

1379. Windsor'-New Bunhill Fields, Borough-Dame Elizabeth Irwin: Genealogical Puzzle-Authors Wanted- Eenry of Monmouth (1387-1422). Money and Matrimony-Christmas Family of Bideford, Son of Henry IV. Created Prince of Wales on 23—City Poll-Books - Genealogical Tables-Barabbas a Oct. 15, 1399, at the age of 12, and became Publisher-"Abraham's Beard," a Game-Duchess of

Henry V. Palata-St. Agatha at Wimborne - Botany: Flowers Blooming. - Melmont Berries=Juniper Berries-Shen, Edward of Westminster (1453–1471). stone and the Rev. R. Graves-Thames Water Company Son of Henry VI. Created Prince of Wales in -Folly: Place-Name-"The British Glory Revived," 29.

his first year.

Killed on the field at TewkesREPLIES :-Turkey Captives, 30—The Edwards, Kings of bury. England, 31---Bath King of Arms-Toasts and Sentiments Edward of the Sanctuary (1470–1483). —Samuel Mearnes—Paul Kester-Initials on_Russian Ikon, 32 – “Canabull blue silke"

– Court Leot-Sir

Son of Edward V. Created Prince of Wales Anthony Standen-Galfrid-Author Wanted, 33–Edward

1477. Murdered in the Tower. =Iorwerth, 34-' Jonathan Sharp'- George Knapp, 85– Edward of Middleham (1474–1484). Woe Waters of Langton-Nelson's Birthplace-Seven

Son of Richard III. Created Prince of teenth-Century Biography – Elephant and Castly in Heraldry, 36— Abraham Farley—“Make" or “Mar" in

Wales July, 1483. Died in Wensleydale Castle, Goldsmith-General Wolfe's Death-B. Rotch, 37—"God

where he was born. save the People!”-Greir Family–St. Austin's Gate - Arthur of Winchester (1486–1502). “Googlie"-Rumbelow, 88.

Son of Henry VII. An infant prodigy of NOTES ON BOOKS:— Political Satire in English Poetry'

scholarship and learning. - Reviews and Magazines. Booksellers' Catalogues.

Henry of Greenwich (1491-1549). Notices to Correspondents.

Son of Henry VII. Created Prince of Wales June 22, 1502. Betrothed to Prince Arthur's widow on June 25, 1504. When he came to the

throne in 1509, as Henry VIII., Lord Mountjoy Notes.

wrote: Heaven smiles, the earth leaps with gladness, everything seems redolent with milk,

honey, and nectar." THE PRINCES OF WALES.

Eenry VIII.'s only son (afterwards Edward

VI.) was never created Prince of Wales, though The fact of the heir apparent to the throne, his father made him Duke of Cornwall. who was born on the 23rd of June, 1894, Henry of Stirling (1594–1612). being created Prince of Wales, should have Son of James I. Created Prince of Wales in a record in 'N. & Q. The announcement 1608. A prince, like Prince Arthur, of very was made in, an extraordinary edition of great popularity and learning, and his death The London Gazette of Thursday, the 23rd

was greatly deplored.

Charles (1600-1649). of June, as follows:

Son of James I. Created Prince of Wales in "The King has been pleased to order Letters 1616. Came to the throne in 1625. Beheaded Patent to be passed under the Great Seal for 1849. creating His Royal Highness_Prince Edward Charles of St. James's (1630–1885). Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David,

Afterwards Charles II. It is apparently doubtDuke of Cornwall and Rothesay, Earl of Carrick,

ful whether he was ever created Prince of Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles and Great

Wales. Steward of Scotland, Duke of Saxony and Prince of Saxe Coburg and Gotha, Prince of Wales and George Augustus (1683–1760).

Son of George I. Created Prince of Wales by Earl of Chester."

his father ten days after his landing in England, The Daily Telegraph on the same day Sept., 1714. The first Prince of Wales, since gave such a concise list of all who have Edward the Black Prince, who had children in borne the title that it should find a place

the lifetime of his father. Became George II.

in 1727. in 'N. & Q.’ for permanent reference :

Frederick Louis (1707-1751). Edward (1284-1327).

Son of George II. Born at Hanover. Created Born at Carnarvon. Created Prince of Wales in Prince of Wales in 1729. Throughout his life February, 1301. Became Edward II. in 1327. always at enmity with George II. and every Murdered at Berkeley Castle.

member of his family.

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George (1738-1820).

Several of these MSS. which had not been Son of Frederick Louis. Created Prince of published in their author's lifetime some Wales 1751. Became George III. in 1760.

of which, indeed, he seems to have intended George Augustus Frederick (1762–1830).

Son of George III. Created Prince of Wales only for his own reference have been

when a few days old. Became George IV. 1820. since printed by permission of the authoAlbert Edward (1841–1910).

rities of the Royal Academy of Sciences, and Son of Queen Victoria. Created Prince of Wales with their co-operation. Among these is an on Dec. 4, 1841. Became King Edward VII. MS. which bears no title, but which was 1901.

named by Benedict Chastanier (who in 1791 George Frederick (born 1865). Son of Edward VII.

issued abortive proposals for printing the Created Prince of Wales, Nov. 9, 1901. Became George V. May, 1910.

work) ‘Diarium Spirituale,' by which title

A. N. Q.

it has been subsequently known.
* Diarium Spirituale was printed by Dr.

J. F. I. Tafel, Librarian in the University
SWEDENBORG MANUSCRIPT of Tübingen, at that town in 1844–50. An

English translation, as 'The Spiritual Diary, MISSING

extending as far as paragraph 1538, was. ONE hundred and thirty-eight years ago, published in London in 1846 ; and another, viz., on Sunday, 29 March, 1772, Emanuel continued to paragraph 3427, at Now York Swedenborg died in his London, lodging and Boston, U.S.A., in 1850–72.

A com: at 26, Great Bath Street, Coldbath Fields, plete English translation appeared in London s house which, judged by its present appear in 1883–1902, and a phototyped facsimile ance, must have been a very modest habita- of the original MS. at Stockholm in 1901–5. tion for a man of his social standing: His In each of these five editions paragraphs. " whole library there, we are told, had 1 to 148 are conspicuous by their absence"; consisted of a Hebrew Bible, and it was but in the latest English version their given, as his burial fee, to his countryman place is occupied by a translation of the Dean Ferelius. Some of Swedenborg's MSS. brief analyses of the contents of these para(probably memorandum books and indexes graphs as noted by their author in his MS. to his writings) had accompanied his final index to the work. journey to London, and these, with his The existence of this defect has been other personal effects, were immediately known from 1772 onwards. It is noted, after his death dispatched to Stockholm at No. 7, vols. iv. and v., in the aboveby his friend and man-of-business Mr. mentioned Heirs' List compiled in that Charles Lindegren. Swedenborg having left year, but is there exaggerated so as to no will, all his property passed into the include paragraphs 1 to 205, an error due hands of his heirs-at-law. His library, obviously to a too hasty glance at the MS. which had remained in Sweden, was sold which upon its surface seems to justify the at the “Bok-Auctions-Kammaren i Stock, statement. Special search has been made holm d. 28 Nov., 1772," and the printed for the missing section (e.g., by Dr. J. F. I. catalogue of the sale, reproduced in fac- Tafel at Stockholm in 1859, and by his simile by Mr. Alfred H. Stroh at Stockholm nephew, Dr. R. L. Tafel, at the same city in 1907, forms an interesting conspectus of in 1868), but without success ; and its the great Swedo's multifarious studies. disappearance has come to be considered

A month before this sale, viz., on 27 absolute and complete. October, 1772, the whole of Swedenborg's As long ago as 1842 inquiries made on extant MSS., and the “author's copios" of behalf of the Swedenborg Society elicited many of his printed works, were, on behalf the information that in the library of a of his heirs, formally presented to the Royal certain congregation of New-Church 21 Academy of Sciences of Stockholm, in the people was & volume of Swedenborg's library of which institution they have been writings to which was affixed a fragment of preserved ever since, though not wholly his MŠ. evidently cut from some book." exempt from vicissitudes. The gift was The volume in question formed one of the accompanied by a list of the MSS., which "objects of interest ? exhibited to the was printed at Stockholm in 1801, and again visitors at the International Swedenborg in 1820, and is reproduced, with similar | Congress held in London throughout the lists, upon pp. 729 to 800 of Dr. R. L. week onding to-day. Tafel's collection of 'Documents concern- In his copious Bibliography of Swedening Swedenborg,' vol. ii. part ii., London, borg's Works, issued in 1908, the editor, 1877.

the Rev. James Hyde, minutely describes

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this fragment, at No. 498 in his numerical Eliazer Edgar, admitted to the freedom in June, system, dates it 1747, and proceeds to draw 1620," for the using of the trade of binding and attention to the connexion of its subject

selling books.' matter with paragraphs 28 and 29 in the J.B: Beckett, Corn Street, 1774

William Browne, 1792 missing section of the Diarium Spirituale.' Ann Bryan, 51, Corn Street, 1794 Ronewing and extending his researches into Thomas Cocking, Small Street, 1767 this suggested parallelism, Mr. Hydo pub- R. Edwards, Broad Street, 1796 lished their result in The New Church S. Farley & Son, Small Street, 1758 Review (Philadelphia, U.S.A.) for July, Hester Farley, Castle Green, 1774

Felix Farley, Castle Green, 1734 1907. Briefly stated, Mr. Hyde's conclusions Grabham & Pine, 1760 are that paragraphs 1 to 148 of these Henry Greep, Bridewell Lane, 1715 “memorabilia were written by Sweden- Benjamin Bickey, Nicholas Street, 1742 borg at Stockholm within the months Andrew Rooke, Shannon Court, 1745

Mrs. Hooke, Maiden Tavern, Baldwin Street, 1753; January to July, 1747, in a book entirely William Huston, 4, Castle Green, 1791 distinct from that, or those, in which he Lancaster & Edwards, Redcliff street, 1792 subsequently penned paragraphs 149 to W. Pine & Son, Wine Street, 1753 6096 ; and that the fragment described at James Sketchley, 27, Small Street, 1775 No. 498 in tbe 'Swedenborg Bibliography

T. Smart, St. John Street, 1792

Edward Ward, Castle Street, 1749 is a part of that first used volume which is Mary Ward, 1974 now, apparently, lost.

Mary Ward & Son, Corn Street, 1781 The whole subject is discussed at length J. Watts, Shannon Court, 1742 in an article, divided into three sections, Thomas Whitehead, Broadmead, 1709 which appears in The New Church Magazine William Bonny, mentioned by W. C. B., for February, March, and April of the was the first man to set up an independent present year, to the last-named of which is permanent press in Bristos. He was originprefixed a facsimile of the resuscitated frag. ally in business in London, where he had ment. The Magazine is procurable at the met with little success. When, in 1695, Swedenborg Society's house, 1, Bloomsbury Parliament omitted to continue the law subStreet, W.C., or it can be consulted in many jecting all printed books and pamphlets to Free Libraries throughout the country. official consorship, and virtually confining Meanwhile, may I appeal to all my readers the provincial press of England to Oxford,

I who possess, or know of; any anonymous Cambridge, and York, Bonny obtained Latin MSS. of the eighteenth century, leave from the Corporation of Bristol to to examine them with a view to ascertain start in business as a printer. in the city, if they include a volume [bound or un- but, out of consideration for the local bookbound] measuring 127 by 8 inches, probably sellers, it was stipulated that he should without title-page or page-headings, and carry on no other business than that of a containing paragraphs numbered 1 to 148, printer. whereof No. 29 lacks the concluding por- Bonny printed John Cary's 'An Essay on tion"? A copy of the facsimile of the newly the State of England, in relation to its identified fragment already mentioned will Trade, its Poor, and its Taxes. For carrying be forwarded to all applicants by Mr. James on the Present War against France,' which. Speirs, 1, Bloomsbury Street, W.C. It will was published in November, 1695, and was serve as a clue to facilitate the search for the first book printed at Bristol by a perwhich I plead, and he or I will gladly receive manently established local press. John particulars of any successful results.

Locke said it was the best book on the CHARLES HIGHAM. subject of trade that he had ever read. 169, Grove Lane, Camberwell, S.E.

Cary was a freeman and merchant of Bristol, and his subsequent essay on pauperism

led to the establishment, in May, 1696, of BRISTOL BOOKSELLERS AND the Bristol Incorporation of the Poor-tho PRINTERS.

first body of the kind in this country

created by Act of Parliament. The name W.C. B.'s list at 10 S. v. 141 I did not see, continued in use until 1898, when it was: but I venture to submit some names in changed to Bristol Board of Guardians. addition to those Bristol booksellers and We owe to Bonny the earliest newspaper printers appearing in his second list, 11 S. published in Bristol. This was The Bristol i. 304. The dates I give are the earliest Post-Boy. The first numbers are lost, but hitherto noted, but the address is not, in if No. 91, issued on 12 Aug., 1704, represents. quite every case, that of the year given a correct numbering, then the first copy

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appeared in November, 1702. That must not been made a Knight of the Bath in 1464 be accepted as proved, for those early (sic) at the coronation of Elizabeth, queen of printers were a little careless in the matter Edward IV., 20 May (sic). of numbering. Still, there is very good My friend Dr. W. A. Shaw in his ‘ Knights reason for believing that 1702 was the year of of England,' i. 134-5, gives the same list as the start of the enterprise at offices in Corn that which Metcalfe copies from Nicolas, but Street, where, apparently freed from the re- with the correct date of the coronation, viz., strictions imposed when he came to Bristol, 26 May, 1465, and describing Philip as the printer dealt in charcoal, old rope, Bibles, a citizen of London.” Welsh prayer-books, music, maps, paper- Unless there two contemporary hangings, and forms for the use of ale-house London civic knights of this name, of which keepers and officers on privateers.

there is absolutely no evidence, I am confiIn 1713 Samuel Farley published the dent that the list of Knights of the Bath first number of his Postman, the ancestor of from which Nicolas and Dr. Shaw copied is the present Times and Mirror, and the wrong in including Philip amongst them. Postman soon sent the Post-Boy to oblivion, Philip, the alderman who was Mayor if, indeed, the latter had not gone there 1463–4, was not knighted till May, 1471, before the stronger paper's advent.

when he was one of twelve aldermen who CHARLES WELLS. received ordinary knighthood, not that Bristol.

of the Bath. This list, with Philip's name

included, is given by Dr. Shaw in his second MARLOWE's * EPITAPH ON SIR ROGER volume (p. 16). MANWOOD. (See 11 S. i. 459.)—The copy There is both positive and negative of Marlowe and Chapman's Hero and evidence that Philip was not knighted Loander, 1629, in which this Latin epitaph before 1471, and that he was not one of the is written on the back of the title-page, is still batch of Knights of the Bath made in 1465. in my possession. It was lot 1415 in Heber's 1. His name, with that of the other eleven sale of Old Poetry, held at Sotheby's, aldermon included with him in the knighting 8 December, 1834, and fourteen following of 1471, receives the prefix Sir in the days. The note upon the lot shows that City records after that date, and never the book was then in its present condition, before it. except that the late Mr. Ouvry, after it had 2. Gregory's Chronicle '--the work of passed into his hands, had it bound in one who had himself been Mayor_and morocco by Rivière. At Heber's sale it alderman—records the coronation of Elizawas bought by John Payne Collier, who beth, and says : These v aldyrmen were parted with it to Mr. Ouvry, at whose sale made knyghtys of the Bathe 12 ; and after it came into my possession. Owing to the recording their names—which, divested of volume having been Collier's property, some orthographic variants, are those generally doubt has been thrown upon the authonticity known as Wyche, Cooke, Josselyn, Plomer, of the manuscript notes in the book, and some and Waver-he adds : And no moo of the correspondence took place in ‘N. & Q.' on cytte but thes v, and hyt ys grete the subject (6 S. xi. 305, 352 ; xii. 15). Mr. worschyppe unto alle the cytte!? (p. 228). Arthur Bullen, who printed the epitaph in It is clear from this that Philip, who was his edition of Marlowe (Introduction, pp. then alderman and ex-Mayor, was not inxii, xiii), said that it had every appearance cluded in the list of the Knights of the Bath of being genuine ??; and a few years ago, made at Elizabeth's coronation, nor is it when he contemplatod bringing out a new probable that any other citizen of London" edition of the dramatist, he borrowed the of the same name was then a recipient of the book from me, and had the page bearing honour.

ALFRED B. BEAVEN. the inscription photographed. The result Leamington, of his examination was, I believe, to confirm him in his previous view, though it cannot,

THE DIPHTHONG "ou.”—I have nowhere of course, be stated with absolute certainty seen it definitely stated that the diphthong that the epitaph was written by Marlowe. ou, as employed in modern English, almost

W.F. PRIDEAUX. invariably indicates French spelling.

This is a very useful fact. SIR MATTHEW PHILIP, MAYOR OF LONDON. Of course, it constantly occurs in native -In Metcalfo's ‘Book of Knights ? Sir M. English words, such as out. But this is only Philip is said (on the authority of Sir N. H. because the Normans, who obligingly reNicolas's ' Orders of Knighthood y) to have spelt our language for us, used the symbol

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to represent the A.-S. W, especially Past and Present' have given sufficient when long. That is how the A.-S. ùt came attention. In dealing with the first plan to be respelt as out. I need not take into for the building the latter work says that consideration the hundreds of other cases. a Mr. Robinson," Secretary to the Board

But it is even more interesting to notice of Works, had prepared designs for a new how the rule applies to words of wholly building :foreign origin. Thus knout is & French

These designs, as might be expected, were spelling of a Russian word, though the little better than builders drawings for a plain Russian word was itself of Scandinavian substantial structure....without pretension to origin.

the first proportion and disposition of parts which

distinguish true architecture.” Caoutchouc is a French spelling of a Caribbean word; tourmaline is a French Did the writers of that remark see these spelling of a Cingalese word; patchouli plans, or is their opinion based upon the fact is a French spelling of a word of Indian that they were only designed by a Secretary

Mr. origin. Even in such a word as ghoul, to the Board of Works? They add, which might have been taken immediately Robinson's designs were laid aside, but from Arabic, it is a fact that it first appears qualify this by a foot-note :in Bockford's “Vathek as goule, which is Actually they were handed to Sir William simply the French form. I doubt if there Chambers, but were found to be of no service, are numerous exceptions. Many languages scheme.”

and were not in any way embodied in the new avoid ou altogether. WALTER W. SKEAP.

Barotti's rendering of this incident gives a 'ALUMNI CANTABRIGIENSES ALUMNI

different succession of events :OXONIENSES.' May one suggest that the

“ The late Mr. Robinson....was the person firsti editors of the Cambridge work would do well appointed to conduct

this great edifice, and the to avoid such conjectural amendments as rather with a view to convenience than ornament.”

buildings were to be erected in a plain manner, mar the like work dealing with Oxford mon ? Then it was decided to make it Let me illustrate the matter from my own

a monument of the taste and elegance of his

Majesty's Reign. Mr. Robinson made I was born at Irthlingborough in North attempts upon this double idea ; but he dying amptonshire. It is not to my present before anything was begun, or any of the Designs purpose that the birthplace was accidental. compleated, Sir William Chambers was, at the My grandfather was rector of a neighbouring King's request, appointed to succeed him in parish, and my father, a barrister living in October, 1775, and all Mr. Robinson's Designs

were delivered to him ; of which, however, he London, rented for the summer a house in made no use, as he thought of a quite different Irthlingborough. The clerk who entered disposition ; nor is there the least resemblance my name in the Oxford Register, mistaking between his Designs and those of Mr. Robinson, the registrar's flourished I for an o, wrote the all of which I have more than once

seen and convillage as Orthlingborough.

sidered with sufficient leisure and attention."

The editor of Alumni Oxonienses,' finding no

Clearly this indicates that the simplicity of village of that name, printed the village the first plans was not a matter of choice, name as Orlingbury, thồ name of a parish and the more decorative, but unfinished in the same county.

designs prepared by Robinson were disI could show that this form of error is regarded, not because “ they were found to common in the work, and I should like to be of no service," but for the better reason suggest that such conjectural amendments, that Chambers planned a different disposialmost sure to be wrong, should find no

tion of the buildings. place in the forthcoming Cambridge list.


THE HATLESS CRAZE.—When did English SOMERSET HOUSE: ROBINSON'S AND people begin to find out that all civilized CHAMBERS'S DESIGNS.—Josephi Baretti's nations until the last few years had been “Guide through the Royal Academy,' pub- entirely wrong in wearing caps or hats out of lished in 1780, is, I believe, the first work or doors ? These useful articles now appear pamphlet describing. Somerset House, or likely soon to become obsolete, and it may what was completed of it at that date. be well to put on record some dates connected It contains a great deal of detail to which with their disuse. neither Mr. F. A. Eaton in The Royal Here in Durham it began with a few of the Academy and its Members ? nor Messrs. undergraduates—I cannot say exactly when, Needham and Webster in 'Somerset House but I have notes that it was prevailing


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