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and I still anxiously await information as the inscriptions of that city and of the adjacent to whether earlier, or even as early, examples parts, most of which were never before printed ; exist elsewhere. The first correspondent History of Aquileia and all Friuli, in folio."

together with the Profane and Ecclesiastical to reply claimed familiarity with all the churchyards in the Potteries, yet had never the Press, and will be published within two

“All Mr. Dryden's Plays much corected, are in seen any earthenware memorial sufficiently months in two volumes in folio." large to be described as a tombstone or

If it is not already familiar to them, headstone. Moreover, correspondent definitely cites early examples of any type.

Claudius Clear,22 or the contributors who

have discussed this matter, are welcome to the On the other hand, Church, in his work sight of this volume. ALECK ABRAHAMS. on 'English Earthenware, states that earthenware headstones exist in several There is abundant evidence to support churchyards in the Potteries (Burslem and Mr. W. Scott's contention that Wolstanton being mentioned) bearing in

“Although as a heading Literary Gossip' may scriptions dated from 1718 to 1767—an odd not have been in use until the second half of the one being as late as 1828. As Church's nineteenth century, it is clear that the information 'Handbook’ was published but a quarter denoted by that title was common long before the of a century ago (in 1884, to be exact), it is century began. inconceivable that none of them survives A very striking example can be afforded to-day.

A. STAPLETON. from a single issue of Mist's Weekly Journal, 39, Burford Road, Nottingham.

or Saturday's Post, which, at the time, was

under the editorial control of Defoe. On A monument to Edward Wortley Montagu, 18 November, 1721, after opening its budget made of Coade's Lithodipyra, is in the west of London news and gossip with the lament, walk of the Cloisters of Westminster Abbey. “ The Town was never known to be so thin

A. H. S. within the Memory of Man; not half of the

Members are come up, and we see a Bill upon LITERARY GOSSIP ?? (11 S. i. 208, 333).

almost every Door,' MR WALTER Scott's contention that this it gave inter alia the following items of description of newspaper article existed in literary intelligence : substance, if not in name, “ well back into Ambrose Philips, Esq., a Westminster Justice, the eighteenth century might, I think has a new Tragedy upon the Stocks, to be launched easily be made to read “ to the beginning the Town with the beautiful Translation of the

this Winter. Twas this Gentleman who obliged of the eighteenth century.”. Speaking of Andromache, by Laurie, and we are in hopes he Cave's founding of The Gentleman's Maga- has chosen another piece by the same author. zine in 1730–1, the ‘D.N.B. says :

“Sir Richard Steele proposes to represent a “The periodical was to comprise varieties of all Character upon the Stage this season, that was kinds.....Some of the early numbers were said to never seen there yet: This Gentleman has been two be printed by Edward Cave, jun.,' an imaginary Years a dressing, and we wish he may make a good nephew, others, printed for R. Newton, and, Appearance at last. sometimes, he falsely described himself as 'Sylva- “The celebrated Mr. Pope is preparing a correct nus Urban, of Aldermanbury, Gent. His maga- Edition of Shakespear's Works; that of the late zine was a vast improvement upon the gossiping and Mr. Rowe being very faulty. abusive papers of the time."

“Our Muscovite Merchants have Advice that

N. W. HILL. M. Servani, who some years ago had his Education New York.

in this City, and made very great Improvement in

all polite Literature, is coming over hither with The term * Literary Gossip ?? is surely a Commission from his Czarish Majesty." sufficiently elastic to include The State of There was also a literary flavour about Learning, a page of announcements and these accompanying pieces of theatrical personal paragraphs contained in The gossip :History of the Works of the Learned or an “We hear that the Theatre in the Hay-Market Impartial Account of Books Lately Printed where lately the French Strolers us'd to perform, in all Parts of Europe. With a particular will be opened in a little time, for the Diversion relation of the State of Learning in each Actors, as well as the Plays, they say, will be

of the City and Liberty of Westminster. The country. The volume before me contains entirely new, and the whole to be under the the twelve monthly parts of 1700, but it Management and Direction of that noted Prowas first published January, 1699. Are not prietor, Aaron Hill, Esq. the following extracts “ literary gossip ?? ?– “The Company at, Drury-Lane have reviv'd “The Abbot Fontanini, Library keeper to the incomparable Tragedy of Phædra and Hippolytus.'

four plays this Season, and design to raise up the Imperial Cardinal, is upon finishing his 'History of Aquileia,' which will contain a collection of


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STRETTELL-UTTERSON (11 S. i. 448, 477).— in 1538 the still larger sum of 31. Os. 10d. From list of auction-sale catalogues These were munificent gifts for ecclesiastical ranging from 1637 to 1841 it appears that purposes in those days. They probably three important book-sales took place in indicate that the players and those who London in 1832. Two of these were con-hearkened to them were adherents of the ducted by Sotheby & Son, and the third ancient faith with no ideas of change, but by Evans. The library disposed of by they could not be in any sense a guild atEvans was that of the Rev. Dr. Valpy, a tached to the church. Robin Hood, though distinguished educationist, and head master a highly popular character, not only in for many years of Reading Grammar School. England, but, as we have been informed, The sale continued, or was advertised to in the Lowlands of Scotland also, was by continue, for ten days. Dr. Valpy's library no means a saintly person, and neither he was sold in his lifetime. Having retired nor his followers were calculated to make a from the mastership of Reading School religious impression on their neighbours. owing to age and infirmity, he went to reside The body of young men referred to were with a son in London, and in consequence of probably light-hearted follows who devoted this change got rid of his library. Does themselves, when time was not pressing, this catalogue render any assistance to MR. to the amusement of their fellow-townspeople. CLEMENTS ? It does not quite tally with Times were, however, rapidly approaching the one he mentions, but comes pretty near when the entertainment of others became it. Dr. Valpy, it should be stated, was a regarded as something in itself unholy, for great admirer of Shakespeare. On the other we find that so early as 1543 Martha Rose hand, it must be remembered that E. V. and Margaret Martin paid three shillings Utterson possessed a First Folio Shake- for the "wode of Robyn Hode is howse. speare.


It is impossible to say whether it had been

pulled down by some local authority, or GEORGE COLMAN'S ‘ MAN OF THE PEOPLE,” whether the owner had demolished it ABERDEEN, 1782 (11 S. i. 467).—In vol. ii. because the sports he had organized in of Public Characters, published in 1801, former years had coased to give pleasure. 27 pages are devoted to the early life and

N. M. & A. writings of George Colman the younger, who was then living. No reference is made to

“ BROCHE (11 S. i. 389, 475).–From a the poem on Fox mentioned in 'Random case reported in a Year-Book of 6 Edward II., Records, quoted by MR. P. J. ANDERSON ; upon which I am at present working, one but mention is made of young Colman's gathers that a broche was a sword of some writing some doggerel verses in an album, kind, and not a lance. It is said of a man in a post-house at Lawrencekirk. The lines, accused of murder that he struck his victim 20 in number, are given, but some of them on the head “ dune espeie qest appelle would now be hardly considered fit for Broch et lui fist une playe del longur de publication. They commence :

iiij pouz.” Objection is taken that the inI once was a student at Old Aberdeen ;

dictment does not specifically state whether Little knowledge I got, but a great deal of spleen. “ le laminal [v.l., in another report, lo

These album lines are said to have been aumail] feust ou de feer ou dasser,” &c. Colman's first attempt ; and as in “Random

W. C. BOLLAND. Records he says he wrote the poem on

Lincoln's Inn. Fox immediately after returning from HAMPDEN AND SHIP MONEY (11 S. i. 426, Lawrencekirk, that must have been his 492).—Concerning the actual amount of the second attempt.

ship money attempted to be levied upon JOHN BAVINGTON JONES.

Hampden, “ Junius 22 had a pregnant word Dover.

to say in his Letter to the Printer of The 'HOWDE MEN ". ROBIN HOOD'S MEN

Public Advertiser of 28 May, 1770 :(11 S. i. 346, 493). It may not be entirely understandings measure the violation of law bythe

“ There is a set of men in this country, whose uninteresting to add to MR. A. RHODES'S magnitude of the instance, not by the important reply that in the churchwardens' accounts consequences which flow directly from the principle of Stratton, Cornwall, there is mention made ....Had Mr. Hampden reasoned and acted like of persons who went by the name of “Robyn the moderate men of these days, instead of hazardhode and his men.22 In 1536 the church ing his whole future in a law-suit with the crown, received of “ John Marys and his company demanded of him,--the Stuart family would

he would have quietly paid the twenty shillings that playd Robin Hoode 1l. 188. 4d.," and probably have continued upon the throne, and,



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at this moment, the imposition of ship-money 1373. “Humphry de Bohun, Earl of Herewould have been an acknowledged prerogative ford, Essex, and Northampton, dying 16 Jan., of the crown.'

1373, an inquisition taken at his death (Inq. p. m. POLITICIAN. 46 Edw. III., No. 10, taken at Depford, 6 Feb.,

47 Edw. III., 1373] showed that he owned ' also a COLERIDGE ON FIREGRATE FOLK-LORE plot of ground near the water called Rendes(11 S. i. 349, 415).—The passage in Frost bourne. » Streatfeild and Larking's 'Hundred

of Blackheath,' p. 6. at Midnight can be illustrated from Cowper

1570. ('The Task,' iv. 291-5):

There was lately re-edefied a fayre

Bridge also, over the Brooke called Ravensbourne, Nor less amused, have I quiescent watched

whiche ryseth not farre of in the Heath above The sooty films that play upon the bars,

Bromley.”—Lambarde's.'Perambulation,'1st Ed., Pendulous, and foreboding, in the view

1576, p. 335. Of superstition, prophesying still,

In the 1826 edition of Lambarde the same Though still deceived, some stranger's near approach.

reference is slightly varied : L. R. M. STRACHAN.

Over the Brooke called Ravensbourne, Heidelberg.

which riseth not farre off at Hollowoods hill, in the [MRS. B. SMITH also thanked for reply.)

parish of Kestane, and setting on worke some

corne milles, and one for the glasing of armour, THE RAVENSBOURNE (11 S. i. 468).—The slippeth by this towne into the Thamyse, carying

continuall matter of a great shelfe with it." earliest reference I have to this river,

CHAS. WM. F. Goss. although not by name, is 1346. Philipott,

Bishopsgate Institute. in his Villare Cantianum,' 1659, says of Deptford that it was so called from the In vol. i. of 'Court Minutes of the Surrey deep Channel of Ravens-purg'd, the River and Kent Sewer Commission,' recently that here slydeth into the Thames." . He printed by the London County Council, in further says that the bridge over this river whose custody are the official documents was repaired in the twentieth year of Ed- of the Commission, the first entry, dated ward III., as appears by a record in the 3 January, 1569, begins : “ Sessio Sewero Tower :

pro conservacione murorum mariscorum a “Quod reparatio Pontis de Depeford, pertinet ad Ravensborne in Comitatu Kanciaad ecclehomines Hundredi de Blackheath, and non ad siam de Putney in Comitatu Surreia... homines Villarum de Eltham, Moding-ham, and There are other mentions of the stream Wolwich.”

through the volume, for the publication of Kilburne in his 'Survey, 1869, p. 73, which gratitude is due to the County Council. describes Deptford as lying at the north

G. L. APPERSON. west side of the County by the River Ravensborne and Thames.

My grandfather Thomas Fox bought In December, 1700, there was granted a property at Lewisham about 1790 which was patent by King William III.

partly bounded by the Ravensbourne stream. " to supply the Inhabitants of the Royal Manors of Probably this is not a sufficiently early East Greenwich and Sayes Court with good and reference for MR. PHILIP NORMAN; but I wholesome Fresh Water from the River Ravensbourne, which runs between the said Manors, expect the title-deeds, which perhaps are

accessible, would give references of an earlier during the term of 500 years."


W. H. Fox. Hasted says that the Romans were well

City of London Club, E.O. supplied with water from the Ravensbourne

[MR. J. HOLDEN MACMICHAEL also thanked for at their camp on Keston Common, where

reply.] the river takes its rise. It was in the mouth of this river that the

DOOR-KNOCKER ETIQUETTE (11 S. i. 487). Golden Hind (in which Drake circumnavigated The summary of the etiquette of door. the earth) was laid up by command of Queen knocking in the Spanish periodical of 1836 Elizabeth, and on board of this ship her does not seem very wide of the mark, accordMajesty visited Drake and knighted him.

ing to my recollections of thirty years later WM. NORMAN.

than that date. Everybody (in London) Plumstead.

had a door-knocker, and there was certainly The earliest references to the Ravens- a more or less generally understood code

of knocks. I remember that an old lady, bourne I have noted are as under :

who was born at the very beginning of the A.D. 1208. Through an inundation of the Thames, the whole of the lands on the banks of the last century, always said, on engaging a new Ravensbourne were flooded."-Dunkin's History footman : Let me hear how you knock ; of Deptford,' p. 207.

and according to his proficiency in the art

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of rat-tat-tatting, so was he appraised. A British travellers, by, order of Bonaparte sonorous and insistent reverberation on the on the outbreak of hostilities. He wrote front door was in those days considered a several works, and contributed to The sign of social importance.

Pamphleteer, xxiii. 159, an article entitled In ‘The Footman's Directory and Butler's 'On the Nobility of the British Gentry ; Remembrancer ; or, The Advice of One- or, The Political Ranks and Dignities of the simus to his Young Friends, London, British Empire, compared with those of printed for the Author, and sold by J. the Continent; for the Use of Foreigners in Hatchard & Son, 1823, the following in- Great Britain, and of Britons abroad.? structions are set forth :

This was published separately, London, " In knocking at a gentleman's door, you Nickisson, 1840, 12mo, 5s., and is evidently should not ring the bell, unless you see it written the “work on heraldry ? mentioned by on a brass plate to do so, except it should be Mr. FORREST MORGAN. at a relation's of the family which you live with,

Some references to the Chevalier de then you always should ring, as well as knock; and also at your own door, as this is a mark Laurence will be found in The Gentleman's of respect, and a hint to the family and servants Magazine, February, 1841, p. 206. that some of the family are come home. Knock

W. SCOTT. loud enough to be heard, as some of the halls and kitchens are a great way from the front door.” so

PULL (11 S. i. 407, 457).–From my FRANK SCHLOESSER. earliest days I have been accustomed to Kew Green.

hear that a person who had been ill was

“Much pulled down ?? or, more shortly, MR. RHODES's concluding query recalls pulled.

G. W. E. R. to my mind some lines of Colman's in his · Newcastle Apothecary. They may be "THE FORTUNE OF WAR (11 S. i. 223, found in The Literary Class-Book,' a 274).-In what is now named York Road, volume I used at school in 1853 :

opposite the Maiden Lane Railway Station, “ Bolus arrived, and gave a doubtful tap, is a small inn or public-house called Between a single and a double rap.

Fortune of War." I remember when this Knocks of this kind

portion of York Road used to be called Are given by gentlemen who teach to dance : By fiddlers, and by opera singers :

Maiden Lane. Beginning at King's Cross, One loud, and then a little one behind, it crossed Battle Bridge, and passed Maiden As if the knocker fell by chance

Lane Station and “The Fortune of War," Out of their fingers.”

Barnsbury Square being more north on the HARRY HEMS.

right, and the Roman Road crossing Maiden

Lane diagonally. COMETS AND PRINCES : JULIUS CÆSAR (11 s. i. 448). —The comet which appeared origin, seems peculiarly appropriate to its

The name of this little inn, whatever its at the time of Cæsar's death has been identified. It is believed to have been the

situation ; for, as Thornbury says, London same as that seen in the time of Justinian battle with Suetonius occurred here | Old

tradition considers that Boadicea's great in 531 A.D., again in the reign of Henry II. and Now London,' ü. 276). Battle Bridge in 1106, and again in 1680. Its periodic would commemorate the British queen's time is supposed to be about 574–5 years. last battle, in which she lost her life ; Maiden It is not expected to return again till the year Lane recording that her two maiden daughters 2255. See Milner's Gallery of Nature,'

(the immediate cause of the war) were with 1848, pp. 112–13.

W. S. S.

her in her chariot (as in the new sculpture CHEVALIER DE LAURENCE ON HERALDRY on Westminster Bridge), and there also (11 S. i. 486). This was undoubtedly the perished;, while the Roman Road, running author of 'The Empire of the Nairs and west, would be the route by which Suetonius other works. See 'D.N.B.,' s.v. James



from Wales to save London. Henry Lawrence.

C. D. Pinks mentions that an elephant's skeleton,

Roman coins, and a Latin inscription menJames Henry Lawrence, Knight of Malta, tioning one of the legions in this battle, have known as the Chevalier de Laurence, was been dug up in Maiden Lane ; and Suetonius the eldest son of Richard James Lawrence, used elephants against the queen of the of Fairfield, Jamaica. He studied at Eton, Iceni (History of Clerkenwell, 1880, 17, but completed his education in Germany. 358, 500, 502, 571). On his way home_to England, in 1803, he As Boadicea's object was to attack Roman was detained in France, with many other London, and she needed water.for her troops,

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the situation near the stream at King's from which he can learn reading and composition. Cross was exactly suitable for ber purpose ; this applies to the vigorous adventure of Scott as

Good story-books which he will enjoy laterand and in George III.'s reign, when this cross: well as the delicate art of Jane Austen-should way was laid out, it was proposed to call surely not be spoilt by their employment as the it Boadicea.

lesson-books of an earlier age. A writer in ‘N. & Q.' has pointed out that Mrs. Boas has reduced the book to "about half Suetonius encamped on the high ground its original size," and added a few_notes. The overlooking London, now called Barnsbury cannot view the result with equanimity, and hopes

present reviewer, a great lover' of Jane Austen, Square, and that the ditch of his square that the Cambridge Press will cease truncating camp may still be seen at the back of at classics.

He very much doubts if Jane Austen's least one side of the square-a fact which works are suitable for the young at all ; in fact, I have verified by personal observation. many grown-up persons find them unutterably

dull. Wheatley says that old records refer to If it is not so, the negative needs proof in order to

If this is so, they might be left as they are. this road as Maiden Lane ('London Past and excuse a volume like this. Present, 1891, ii. 455); and Smyth says that the Maiden Way began on the Roman 4 Collection of Eastern Stories and Legends for Road (Archæologia, 1846, xxxi. 280).

Narration or Later Reading in Schools. Selected This cluster of place-names and corre

and adapted by Marie L. Shedlock, with a

Foreword by Prof. T. W. Rhys Davids, and a sponding topographical features, all agreeing

Frontispiece by Wolfram Onslow Ford. (Routwith the idea that this district was the scene ledge & Sons.) of the last great attempt of Britain to throw THIS lengthy title is rather a mouthful, and we off the yoke of Rome, makes the local inn should have been just as well pleased if the name of The Fortune of War :)

Foreword' had been omitted, and the frontis& very piece which figures

opposite the

title-page also left appropriate one.

to speak for itself. The chief point about the Out of what was formerly Maiden Lane stories is not whether they are veracious, but proceeds a smaller turning called Forum whether they are suitable for telling to children. Street.

L. M. R. As Miss Shedlock has already tried them in that

way with success, their publication is clearly justified. We have read them with pleasure,

and are glad to think that, just as Western art is Notes on Books, &c.

being revivified by Oriental influences—if all that

we read is true 50 the tales of the East are The Cornish Coast (South) and the Isles of Scilly. being added to our store of legend. Mr. Marmaa

By Charles G. Harper. (Chapman & Hall.) duke Pickthall and other close students of the MR. HARPER has a long row of books about East have pointed out the delightful humour of England to his credit, largely illustrated by him- Oriental tale-telling, which wins some of the sell ; he is an indefatigable searcher after legend applause here devoted to the novel. Miss Shed and architecture. and his latest travels have pro- lock's selections, which represent the essence of duced a book which will be of real use to the visitor Buddhism and the earnestness of that creed, have and tourist.

also the charm of humour, and of that power of We cannot say that we can always endorse his make-believe which modern children know, ideas of taste and humour, and he indulges in perhaps, best through Mr. Kipling's 'Junglesome sweeping condemnations, e.g., of golfers— Books.' which we do not regard as justified. However, Miss Shedlock's 'Notes on the Stories at these are matters on which individual opinion | the end show their value, and are much to the doubtless differs, and most people can profit point. All the stories except the last are told of by the author's keenness to see and hear notable the Buddha (To Be), or the Bodhisatta, and the things. The book is excellently printed in first, we learn, has often been told in connexion good type, and the illustrations, though somewhat with a story of Hans Andersen's. Thus East and sketchy, are generally effective.

West meet in a realm in which they have, after all, Mr. Harper's equipment as a traveller is pretty much in common. The achievement of the good, but he makes a gross mistake in Latin on simplicity which is needed for effective telling is p. 86. * Malo quam

does not mean rather not easy, as we are often reminded by the Christthan," and a schoolboy would not need to reach mas flood of new fairy-tales, and we congratulate Macaulay's standard to correct the two later Miss Shedlock on her success in an art which has lines. They should be concerned with a become more difficult since it took on itself the wicked man in the ablative case, and also “in dignity of a science. adversity.'

WE confess that we are somewhat tired of Jane Austen : Pride and Prejudice. Abridged anthologies which are produced by competing and edited by Mrs. Frederick Boas. (Cambridge publishers in reckless profusion. We make an University Press.)

exception, however, of The Time of the Singing of The Cambridge Review has given utterance to a Birds, which Mr. Frowde publishes, and which is protest by one of our younger literary hands the result of the joint labours of M. A. P., M. S., against this book. He represents a feeling which and G. M. F. Without any knowledge of the we certainly share. The young schoolboy or persons these initials represent, we may conschoolgirl has an ample selection of books already gratulate the selectors both on excellent taste

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