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logue, so presumably they were sold at the E. By G-d that's heavenly! so in turn you talk, date named by Mr. Wheatley—March, 1795.

And round the Groves at charming Sudbrook Was this sale also held on the premises ?

walk ;

And hear the Cuckow and the Linnet Sing, It is said (* Memorials of Christie's,' W. Lord G-d !-that's vastly pleasant in the Roberts, i. 19) to have been conducted by

Spring. the same firm. ALECK ABRAHAMS. D. Dear Witty Marlborow street, for once be wise,

Nor Happiness you never knew despise. PRINCE RUPERT.—There is a legend that You ne'er enjoyd the Triumph of Disgrace, the Prince, riding by Shepperton Church,

Nor felt the Dignity of Loss of Place. fired a pistol at the weathercock and hit it. E. Not lost my Place ! yes but I did by G-d ! This being considered an accident he fired

Tho' y Description on’t is mighty Odd :

I felt no Triumph, found no Dignity, again, and brought the weathercock down.

I cryd, and so did all my Family. I cannot find any authority for this story, D. What i shed a Tear because you lost a Place ! and ask for help.

J. J. FREEMAN.

Sure thou art the lowest of the lowest Race,

God's! is there not in Politics a time, GOLDSMITH AND HACKNEY.—It appears When keeping Places is the greatest Crime ? that Oliver Goldsmith in 1762 was lodging E. Yes, Yes, that Doctrine I have learnt long in Canonbury. Is there any record extant

since, of the celebrated dramatist showing his

I once resign'd my Place about the Prince, occasional visits to the neighbouring village

But then I did it for a better Thing, of Hackney. Milton and Charles Lamb are

And got by that the Green Cloth for the King. connected with this old borough, and I am

D. Thou hast no Taste for popular Applause,

Which follows those that join in Virtue's anxious to discover whether Samuel Johnson

Cause : and Goldsmith and their coterie paid occa- Argyle and I are prais'd by every Tongue, sional trips to its rustic shrines.

The Burden of each free born Briton's Song !
M. L. R. BRESLAR. E. You, and the Duke-d'ye think you are

popular ?
By G-d they lye that tell you that

you are : Walpole now has got the Nation's Voice

The People's Idol, and their Monarch's Choice! Replies.

D. When the Excise Scheme shall no more be

blam'd,

When the Convention shall no more be nam’d, GEORGE BUBB DODINGTON AND HIS Then shall your Minister and not till then, LITERARY CIRCLE.

Be popular with unbrib'd Englishmen.

E. The Excise and the Convention ! D-mn (10 S. xii. 461, 504 ; 11 S. i. 70, 443.) I HAVE a long series of letters from Charles

You voted for them both, and thought them

good : Ray (domestic chaplain to Robert Butts,

Or did not like the Triumph of Disgrace, Bishop of Ely) from 1722 to 1750, written And gave up your Opinion, not your place. to his cousin, my great-grandfather, Samuel D. To Freedom and Argyle I turn my. Eyes ! Kerrich, D.D., Vicar of Dersingham, Nor- For them I fell, for them I hope to rise, folk. In the course of a long letter, dated

And after Years in Ignominy spent, 29 August, 1741, Ray says: The Dialogue

I own my Crime,-I blush,-and dare repent. between Earle and Doddington is admired

E. Si of Repentance there's one charming kind, in that it is so like Earlo's manner of ex

But that's the voluntary and resign'd:

Yours is a damn'd enforc'd Reluctance, pressing himself.” I have no means of

A Newgate Malefactor's after Sentence : ascertaining whether this peculiar example Who sighs because he has lost the power to of the literature of the time has ever ap

sin, peared in print. It is as follows :

As you repent, that you're no longer in.

But since we are Rhiming, pray for once hear A DIALOGUE BETWEEN G. EARLE, Esq., AND BDODDINGTON. 1741.

Whilst I like other Poets prophesy : E. My Dear Pall Mall, I hear you are got in

Whenever Walpole dies, (and not before) Favour

Then shall Arg—e come into power : And please the Duke by your late damnd And when he shall be paid

his long Arrear, Behaviour,

And got once more £9000 P' year. I live with Walpole-You live at his Grace's, When every Campbell that attends his Grace, And thus thank Heaven we have exchangd

Shall be restor'd to Parliament and Place, our Places.

When every Scotch man in his train is serv'd, D. Yes—on the great Argyle I often wait,

One English man may chance to be preferrd. At charming Sudbrook, or in Bolton Street :

This is a truth, I know it to my Cost, In Wit, or Politics, he is good at either,

Tis he can tell it who has felt it most. We pass our independent Eours together!

ALBERT HARTSHORNE.

your Blood!

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RAPE OF PROSERPINE,' BY PAUL VERON. when under examination made a point of ESE (11 S. i. 328, 398).—I have compiled, translating every Greek or Latin name for a but not yet published, a classified list of bird by siskin, and every name for a tree Italian pictures (earlier than 1580) with (or plant ?) by galingale. subjects relating to ancient mythology and

EDWARD BENSLY. history; so I am able to assert that Paul

[Replies also acknowledged from MR. JOHN Veronese never painted The Rape of HODGKIN and MR. TOM JONES.] Proserpine. The subject occurs in the School of Lionardo, and was also treated “TEART” (11 S. i. 466, 497).—This word by Dosso Dossi (Mells Park), Padovanino is in use in North Wiltshire at the present (Venice Academy), and Jacopo Bassano time (I have heard it several times recently) (Doria Panfili Gallery). A beginner may with the significance of something "sharp . have taken the last-named picture (photo- It is described in "A Glossary of Words graphed by Anderson, No. 5363) for å Paul used in the County of Wiltshire,' by Y. E. Veronese.

S. REINACH.

Dartnell and the Rev. E. H. Goddard : Paris, 4, Rue de Traktir.

1, painfully tender—sore, a wound;

2, stinging, as a blister ; 3, tart, as beer LONDON CHILDREN'S OUTDOOR GAMES turning sour. (11 S. i. 483).–From PRINCIPAL SALMON'S See also Aubrey, ‘Nat. Hist. Wilts,' p. 22, list I miss the following:

“it is so cold and tort,” applied to a river, 1. Woggle, a game on the principle of and “it is so acrimonious,' p. 28. cricket, but played with a short piece of

T. S. M. wood instead of a ball, and holes instead of

I have met with the word teart

in wickets. 2. Tip-cat, which I saw played a few

Gloucestershire, where it means something days ago in a City lane.

that smarts or is painful. If any one is 3. Prisoners' base. WM, H. PEET.

suffering from a wound or a sore spot, the

question there will be, not Does it hurt ? " ARABIS”: “TALASPI 22 (11 S. i. 406).

but “ Is it teart ? as an expression of sym

J. BAGNALL. "Arabis” is presumably the Greek 'Apaßis. pathy. It could not be for [in] Arabis locis,' Is not this word the adjective teart though strange things have happened before used as a substantive ? The word (pronow in botanical nomenclature. Oléotis nounced teert??) used to be continually (or Oléonl) is explained by Pape and Liddell heard in Gloucestershire when I lived in and Scott as a kind of cross, the seeds of the Cotswold district, and can hardly have which were crushed and used as mustard. become obsolete yet. A painful cut, boil, They offer a derivation from Oláw (crush). or wound, too tender to be touched, was Liddell and Scott give as a further sugo always described as

terrible teart." The gestion “shepherd's purse." 'Bishop Cooper, stinging sensation inflicted by severe cold Thesaurus Linguæ Romanæ et Britannica,

would often draw forth some such greeting 1573, has, s.v. Thlaspi (which is there spelt Thlapsi), “ An herbe called also Nasturcium d'vind it main teart to the vengers.'

Zharp this marnin', zur, yent it? I tectorum, Capsella, and Scandulacium. It

CHARLES GILLMAN. hath the smacke of mustarde seede, and Church Fields, Salisbury. therefore it is called Sinapi rusticum.' Bailey's 'Forcellini' calls thlaspi “mithridato BUFF AND BLUE AS PARTY COLOURS (11 S. mustard." “Drabe” is described in Faber's i. 486).—I am glad, in response to W. M.'s Thesaurus’ as “ nasturtium orientale." request, not only to point to, but supply,

To determine the precise equivalents in an early, allusion to Mrs. Crewe's historic modern scientific classification to the terms toast, which should fairly be held to settle

that rascal employed by Greeks and Romans to do the matter as against either scribe their own fauna and flora is a very

Wraxall ?
or any subsequent narrator who

In Parker's difficult business. An interesting work in trusted to hearsay or memory. this line is Prof. D'Arcy Thompson's

General Advertiser of 20 May, 1784, it was Glossary of Greek Birds,' published some

recorded : years ago by the Clarendon Press. But one “ Mrs. Crew's Ball in honour of Mr. Fox's may sympathize with the practical method victory, was the most pleasant and jovial ever said to have been followed as an under given in the circle of high life ; and united all the

charms of elegance, ease, and conviviality. The graduate by, a distinguished Cambridge company (which included the Prince of Wales) classical scholar, who, as the legend runs, was select, though numerous, and assembled

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about ten o'clock in blue and buff uniforms... Chaucer's Wife of Bath's Tale,' D. 870, After supper Captain Morrice was placed in the

we find the plural burghes ; and in 'Lyd. chair, and sang the ‘Baby and Nurse in his very best stile, and the Fair Assembly chorussed gate's Minor Poems,' p. 210, we find the with the most heartfelt spirit. The Ladies then plural bourghes. The modern pronunciation drank his health, and cheered him three times is no sure guide, because in a large number with true festive glee ; upon which Captain M., of instances it has been affected by the after thanking the fair company for the honour of insinuating influence of the usual spelling. their charming approbation, gave as a toastBuff and Blue, and Mrs. Crew ;

Any one who desires further information which Mrs. Crew very smartly returned in a glass will find it in Ellis's great work on 'English

Pronunciation ; with

he convincingly shows Buff and Blue, and all of you."

that the Anglo-Saxon u was replaced by the

Norman ou in hundreds of instances, chiefly This disposes of the more romantic story of how the Prince of Wales (afterwards in the thirteenth century or later. George IV.)

WALTER W. SKEAT. " after supper concluded a speech sparkling

DUNCAN LIDDEL

Jo. POTINIUS with gallantry by proposing, amidst rapturous acclamation :

(11 S. i. 447). Dr. Irving, in a brief Buff and Blue,

sketch of Duncan Liddel contained in his And Mrs. Crewe.

‘Lives of Scottish Writers,' implies that he To which the lady merrily replied :

wrote various mathematical and astroBuff and Blue,

nomical treatises as well as the medical And all of you."

publications which - generally appear after But it is easy, of course, to see how a tale of his name. The Propositiones Astronomice this kind grows with gossip.

was no doubt one of the treatises to which ALFRED F. ROBBINS. Irving refers. His sketch, however, deals

mainly with the medical works which Liddel FLAX BOURTON (11 S. i. 389, 438, 497). — produced. Potinius is not mentioned ; The explanation of a place-name does not neither is Schindler Volcer. Even depend upon whether it is acceptable or not. Moreri apparently knows them not. It depends solely upon evidence.

Is there not some mistake about Schindler? The guess that Bourton is short for No. 10 in MR. ANDERSON'S query appears Bournton is idle ; for if this were the case, to be the title of some sort of funeral oration such a spelling could be found. And there or order of service at the death of Schindler would then be evidence, and spoculation in 1604. Yet in Darling's Cyclopædia would cease.

Bibliographica' it is distinctly stated that Meanwhile, we know that the name is Prof. Valentine Schindler of Helmstadt did not uncommon.

There is a Bourton in not die until 1611, some years after Liddel Berkshire, and another in Gloucestershire, had returned to Scotland. Which of the both found in Anglo-Saxon charters.

two dates-1604 or 1611-is correct? Or In Birch, ' Cartularium Saxonicum,'i. 516, were there two professors named Schindler in a charter dated 821, we find “Scriuen- in succession at Helmstadt ? W. SCOTT. ham, Burgtun,? &c. This refers to Bourton near Shrivenham, Berkshire, in which Bour- WALL-PAPERS (11 S. i. 268, 350).-The stands for burg, another spelling of burh, printing of paper for wall coverings seems which is now spelt borough. It therefore to have become an established industry in borough-town.

England at the close of the seventeenth In the same, iii. 37, we find “ to burhtune”; century. Houghton, “A Collection for Im. where burhtune is the dative of burhtun, as provement of Industry and Trade, 30 June, above. The reference is to Bourton-on- 1699, states :the-Water in Gloucestershire. Hence this

"The next in course is printing, which is said to likewise means “ borough-town.”

he known in China and other eastern countries long These two independent examples at once before it was known in Europe ; But their printing establish the probability that the same

was cutting their letters upon blocks in whole pages explanation is applicable to other cases.

or forms, as among us our wooden pictures are cut:

And a great deal of paper is now-a-days so printed The spelling with ou proves nothing at all; to be pasted upon walls, to serve instead of hang, Burton is a form that arose in the thirteenth ings; and truly if all parts of the sheet be well and century, and Bourton is a later form, close pasted on, it is very pretty, clean, and will commoner in the fourteenth and fifteenth last with tolerable care a great while; but there centuries. This is easily verified by referring

are some other done by rolls in long sheets of thick to the 'N.E.D.?

paper made for the purpose, whose sheets are to Stratmann. In pasted together to be so long as the height of a

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room; and they are managed like woollen hangings; the purpose of more conveniently fixing it and there is a great variety with curious cuts which in its place. are cheap, and if kept from wet, very lasting.” In 1702 wall-paper is advertised in The head waiter," a pleasant picture of the

A few years before the reign of the “plump Postman :

tavern is afforded by a peep into 'The “At the Blue Paper Warehouse in Aldermanbury Epicure's Almanack of 1815 : (and nowhere else) in London, are sold the true sorts of figur'd Paper Hangings, some in pieces of

How we came to think of the Cock at Temple 12 yards long, others after the manner of real Bar, by daylight, we cannot tell. It has the best Tapistry, others in imitation of Irish stitch, flower a porter in London, fine poached eggs and other Damasks, &c.”

light things seldom called for before seven or

eight in the evening. There are two good reasons 1752 The Covent Garden Journal for this : 1stly, the room at Mid-day is almost as states :

dark as Erebus, so that the blazing-faced Bar“Our printed paper is scarcely distinguished dolph himself would hardly be able to quaff a from the finest silk, and there is scarcely a modern tankard by the light of his own countenance. house which hath not one or more rooms lined

with 2ndly, the situation of the Cock is just half way this furniture.”

between the heart of the city and the purlieus of RHYS JENKINS.

Covent Garden and Drury Lane.... One box at

the end of the room is occupied by a knot of SHAKESPEARE :

sages who admit strangers into their fraternity MONTJOY ET ST. DEN- on being presented with a crown bowl of punch. NIS (11 S. i. 447).–At the Battle of Agin. Mine host used to smoke his pipe among them court in 1415, when a certain knight of nightly. Marsh, the oyster-man, attends here France hurled himself and his horsemen upon Pyfleets: he hath the constancy of the swallow,

the whole season with his Natives, Miltons and the English archers, his battle-cry, was and in the opening of the shells the dexterity of "Montjoie ! St. Denis !! This incident, the squirrel.' derived from contemporary chroniclers, and But some considerable time before Tennyrelated in several popular English histories, son patronized the chops and steaks and the proves that the French war-cry must have port of the old tavern, to say nothing of its been in use long before Shakespeare's day, oysters, and long before the poet jocularly See Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and

resented on a certain occasion the omnibus Fable, p. 856. According to Brower, even conductor's remark " Full inside the kings of England had as their war-cry entered the vehicle after a meal in which the "Montjoie St. George."

W. S. S.

flavour of the meat was quite independent WORTH 23 IN PLACE-NAMES (11 S. i. been known to habitués of the place. A

of sauces, William the head waiter had 389, 458). -A more probable derivation of the word is that from O.E. weorthan, pro. I think, the year 1857 (p. 104), says that he

writer in The Sportsman's Magazine of, served in Scott's “Woe worth the chase," &c. It thus corresponds to the Norfolk Cock'stout from the glass.... William knew our

had, like others, no thought superior to the a Being, familiar to readers of “ David Copper ways, and Charles was getting into them. We are field, and more satisfactorily explains such inclined, however, to give our more particular words as Padworth, Tadworth, the place directions to James. We think the Cock chops of toads or frogs. Cp. Molesworth ?

superior to the steaks,” &c. H. P. L. Charles, who for twenty years had been

well known to a large circle of barristers and LONDON TAVERNS IN THE SEVENTEENTH journalists who dined daily at The Cock, CENTURY : “ THE COCK TAVERN " (10 s. and whose real name was Edward Thorogood, xii. 127, 190, 254, 414; 11. S. i. 190, 472). — died in July, 1905, having been the successor, There is, I think, a slight error in MR. UDAL'S as head waiter, of Tennyson's “William.” interesting reminiscences of “ The Cock

J. HOLDEN MACMICHAEL. in Fleet Street. He says that

the gilt

Wroxton Grange, Folkestone. effigy” (claimed to be of Grinling Gibbons's carving) reappeared in its old place over KEMPESFELD, HAMPSTEAD (11 S. i. 409, the doorway of the premises occupied on 478).—PROF. SKEAT and the 'N.E.D. the south side of Fleet Street, which were had already been consulted, and it is accepted built in the place of the old tavern on the that A.-S. cempa became Middle English north side. The Cock sign, however, outside kempe, meaning a fighter, a warrior ; but 22, Fleet Street, is, I believe, but a facsimile one desires to find out whether in some cases of the original, now in the grill-room. land named from association with the words This I learnt from personal inquiries some ten owes its origin to having been occupied or years ago, and I was informed that a portion owned by a warrior of the local manor, of the original bird had been cut away, for I soldiers provided by the manorial lord,

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or from the ownership of one having Kemp The other notable example of the form is for his surname. Of course after the fif- in the second chapter of "A Legend of teenth century places newly named “Kemp's Montrose, where Dugald Dalgetty, discussing field " would denote such designation to be the religious difficulties he encountered on due to possession or holding; but when the the Continent, states his dissatisfaction field-name dates from a much earlier period, with the Dutch pastor who reminded him it would seem likely that the land was that Naaman, an honourable cavalier of attached to an official post rather than to an Syria, had followed his master into the individual. For instance, Parker's Field house of Rimmon. The redoubtable captain and Parkershouse would be the official holding proceeds with his sturdy apologia as follows : of the parker or park-keeper. The point is “But neither was this answer satisfactory to ono upon which the late Prof. Copinger me, both because there was an unco difference might have thrown the light of historical between an anointed King, of Syria and our

Spanish colonel, whom I could have blown away facts. Camping fields were what might like the peeling of an ingan, and chiefly because now be termed “sport-grounds re- I could not find the thing was required of me by creation fields,?? not, as might be supposed, any of the articles of war; neither was I proffered places where warriors pitched their tents. any consideration, either in perquisite or pay, for It should also be borne in mind that many the wrong I might thereby do to my conscience.” of the place-names now beginning with

In the Scottish Dictionary, Jamieson Kemp, Kem, or Ken were certainly not gives the variant ingowne from the named from association with a Kempo, the MS. ' Registers of the Council of Aberdeen, earlier spellings being such as Kemys or v. 16, his entry standing thus : Requirit Chenys.

to tak out the ingownis quhilk ves in the In the absence of evidence of a manorial schip in poynt of tynasle, i.e., on the very Warrior holding his field, like a knight, by point of being lost.” THOMAS BAYNE. virtue of his fighting services, I would note that in 1205 Kempe the

Another pronunciation of “onion” used

'Bowmaker ? had a grant of a small holding until the King I am now

close on sixty years,

to be “inguns.” I recollect it as a child ; could provide for him by marriage.

In this case the lands were to be worth 50 shillings Horace Smith, 1826, there is an amusing

In 'Gaieties and Gravities,' by James and annually, and were worth 51. 10%. 6d. in tale about the steamboat from London to 1277, by which time they belonged to the Calais, and there you read these words of the burgesses of Newcastle, Northumberland.

I've got a cold beefsteak This Kempo seems to have been so named young Cockney: from actually being a warrior, acquiring his and inguns in this here 'ankerchief."

M.A. lands by both using his bow and making bows for other royal archers.

GREY FAMILY (11 S. i. 469).--Under FRED. HITCHIN-KEMP. Kent in G. E. c.'s Complete Peerage 51, Vancouver Road, Forest Hill, S.E.

it is stated that Richard Grey, Earl of Kent, Some years ago I remember writing to a

died 3 May, 1524, at his house in Lumberd friend whose singular address

Street, London, at the sign of the George."?

was Camps. The next successor to the title, Sir Henry bourne, Hornsey—the place being numbered, Grey, de jure Earl of Kent, died 24 Septembut without the addition of Street Terrace.??

at his house called Graye N. W. HILL.

ber, 1562,

Hassetts in the Barbican." ONION ITS PRONUNCIATION (11 S.

Would not the Inquisitions post mortem i. 485).-It may not be amiss to add the

help MR. McMURRAY ? Scottish “ingan

The Greys of Werke held property in to the forms already Aldersgate Street in the seventeenth century. given. Two literary examples of standard

E. A. FRY, value illustrate the usage in the Lowlands of Scotland. The earlier

in Allan NOTTINGHAM EARTHENWARE TOMBSTONE : Ramsay's satire The Last Speech of a COADE AND ARTIFICIAL STONE (11 S. i. 189, Wretched Miser, in which the victim is 255, 312, 356, 409, 454).—This correspondmade to utter this confession :

ence has diverged somewhat from the subject
Altho' my annual rents would feed of my original inquiry, which thus far has
Thrice forty fouk that stood in need, not been answered. An earthenware head.
I grudg'd myself my daily bread ;
And if frae hame,

stone, of something like orthodox dimensions, My pouch produc'd an ingan head,

exists in St. Mary's Churchyard, Nottingham, To please my wame.

bearing inscriptions dated in 1707 and 1714,

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