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ftrument and the nerves of the patient, that the limbs refume their motions, there would not I think, be any cffity for fearching out a particular air; it would only be receffary to tune the inftrument to that pitch which thould put it in unifon or at least in concord with the nerves; but of this we are not informed that the musician ever thinks. Moreover it appears fomething ftrange that fo many nerves of different size and length could without defign be found ftretched in fuch a manner as to form concords, or what is ftill more fingular, and even in fome degree impoffibl, become in, union with the tone of the inftrument made use of. Lastly if the spirits have almost entirely abandoned thefe nerves, as Mr Geoffroy fuppofes, I do not fee how he can at the fame time fuppofe that the fe nerves fhould be stretched beyond their natural tenfion; for according to the most generally received opinion, it is by the influence of the spirits that the nerves are ftretched. All thefe difficulties, which I ftate only to give an opportunity to the favourers of Mr. Geoffroy's hypothefis to anfwer them, do not prevent me however, from confidering that hypo hefis as very ingenibus and even probable, at least till a better one fhall be dif covered.

PAGE 253, 1. laft.

That the first of these infects foretokens wer. According to this fine difcovery we ought to have regularly every year, in the first place famine, and then war; for every gall begins by containing a worm, and afterwards a fly, which then laying its eggs in the nerve of a leaf, certainly generates new galls, always prognofticating new difafters. There is nothing but the plague which thefe gails feldom or rather never threaten us with; for if a fpider be found in a gall it is merely by accident, and even then, as galls are not the na tural abode of fpiders, they must have a hole in them.

PAGE 259, 1. 31.

Marvellous adventures. This was the difpofition of the greater part of the Rabbis. They took pleasure in loading their writings with ftories devoid of probability. This has made authors imagine that thefe ftories were only meant as bold figures and allegorical fa les, under which the most im portant truths were concealed. It was probably this turn for the marvellous, which made the Romans take the Jews


for a very credulous nation, an l at the fame time as a people hat had little regard to truth; witness the credat Judaeus of Horace, and the quali unque voles of Juvenal.

PAGE 260, 1. laft.

Began a very fine pfalm. It were to be wifhed for the honour of religion, that many authors, particularly the legendary writers, had not fo often expofed it to the raillery of infid ls, by detailing an infinity of pretended miracles performed by their faints, often still more puerile than thofe in the text.

PAGE 264, 1. 10.

Which is nothing but the web of a beetle. It is not the coque of a beetle; that berry is the anna! itself, which is pro bably of the kind called by Resumur Pro-gall-infects. See the notes, Pages 421, 422, and 423.

PAGE 266, 1. 23..

Confider as a being possessed of emnipotence. It appears to me that people who think thus, although they deny that there is a God, are not, properly fpeaking, Atheifts; because to acknowledge that nature is omnipotent, and that the governs the universe at her will, is in effect acknowledging nature for the deity under another name. i he error of those who entertain fuch an idea, is like that of a foreigner who, fecing in a ftate where the king was invifible, that a fingle minifter governed the kingdon, fhould deny that there was a king in the country, and should ma ntain that the minister was invested with defpotic power; fuch a foreigner while he denied the existence of the regal state would however acknowledge a real king in the perfon of his minifter, fince he would attribute to him the whole royal authority. Indeed, if the apostle faid of the heathen who worshipped thofe that by nature were not God, that they were without God, and without hope in the world; becaufe with regard to confequences, to deny a deity and to acknowledge falfe God is one and the fame thing; we may pronounce the fame judgement on those mentioned by our author; and it is in this improper fenfe that they may well be called Atheifts; the more, as they pay no worship to nature whom they exalt into a Deity.


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