Class and labor in Iran: did the revolution matter?
In the past twenty-five years Iran has experienced a revolution and a turbulent post revolutionary period under an Islamic state that declared itself the government of the oppressed while it struggled to establish a utopian Islamic economy. In this pioneering work Farhad Nomani and Sohrab Behdad provide a comprehensive analysis of the dynamics of change and class configuration in Iranian society. Using a theoretical framework, they map the trajectory of class changes over time, specifically noting the movements between pre revolutionary and post revolutionary Iran. A centerpiece of the book is its analysis of the changes in the pattern of employment of women in the post revolutionary period. Despite its conceptual and quantitative approach, the book is written in a clear and lucid style, making it accessible to a wide audience. The authors provide a fresh look into Iranian society by exploring the changes in its essential underlying economic structure, and in doing so, the book lays the foundation for comparative studies of social hierarchy of labor in other Middle Eastern countries.
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A Conceptual Framework for Analysis of Social Classes
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Administrative and managerial age groups agriculture Ayatollah Khomeini Behdad bonyads capital capitalist capitalist relations census Change Ratio index class analysis class locations class nature class structure clerical decline deinvolution differential economic liberalization economy of Iran employed workforce employment enterprises female GEEI gender gross national expenditures growth income increase inequality involution Iran Iranian Revolution Islamic economic Islamic Republic Khomeini labor market lower-level work groups male middle class million Nomani nomic oil revenues ownership percent Persian petty bourgeoisie petty economic activities petty-commodity political functionaries post-Khomeini postrevolutionary decade Private employees private sector professional and technical proportion Rahnema relations of production relative rent-seeking revolutionary rural areas rural economy Sales and services self-employed share skills social hierarchy Sources structural involution technical workers Tehran tion Total traditional petty bourgeoisie trend Unclassified unemployed unpaid family workers upper-level work group urban and rural urban economy wage and salary women working-class