« ZurückWeiter »
For Modes of Faith, let graceless zealots fight; 305 His can't be
whose life is in the right: In Faith and Hope, the world will disagree, But all Mankind's concern is Charity: All must be false that thwart this One great End; And all of God, that bless Mankind, or mend. 310
Man, like the gen'rous vine, supported lives; The strength he gains is from th' embrace he gives. On their own Axis as the Planets run, Yet make at once their circle round the Sun ; So two consistent motions act the Soul ;
315 And one regards Itself, and one the Whole.
Thus God and Nature link'd the gen'ral frame, And bade Self-love and Social be the same.
E P I S T L E IV.
Of the Nature and State of Man with respect to
Happiness. I. FALSE Notions of Happiness, Philosophical and Po
pular, answered from ver. 19 to 77. II. It is the End of all Men, and attainable by all. ver. 30. God intends Happiness to be equal; and to be so, it must be social, since all particular Happiness depends on general, and fince he governs by general, not particular Laws, ver. 37. As it is necessary for Order, and the peace and welfare of Society, that external goods should be unequal, Happiness is not made to confijt in these, ver. 51. But, notwithstanding that inequality, the balance of Happiness among mankind is kept even by Providence, by the two Pollions of Hope and Fear, ver. 70. III, What the Happiness of Individuals is, as far as is consistent with the constitution of this world; and that the good Man has here the advantage, ver. 77. The error of imputing to Virtue what are only the calamities of Nature, or of Fortune, ver. 94. IV. The folly of expecting that God should alter his general Laws in favour of particulars, ver. 121. V. That we are not judges who are good; but that whoever they are, they must be happieji, ver. 133. etc. VI. That external goods are not the proper rewards, but often inconsistent with, or destructive of Vire tue, ver. 167. That even these can make no Mar happy without Virtue: Infanced in Riches, ver. 185. Honours, ver. 193. Nobility, ver. 203. Greatness, ver. 217. Fame, ver. 237. Superior Talents, ver. 259, etc. With pictures of buman infelicity in Men podeled of them all, ver. 269, etc. VII. That Virtue only conftitutes a Hoppiness, whose obje£t is universal, and whole prospect eternal, ver 309, etc. That the perfection of Virtue and Happiness confifts in a conformity to the Order of PROVIDENCE here, and a Resignation to it here and hereafter, ver. 326,
EPIS T L E IV.
H HAY our being's end and aim !
That something ftill which prompts th' eternal figh,
THE two foregoing epistles having considered Man with regard to the Means (that is, in all his relations, whether as an Individual, or a Member of Society) this laft comes to consider him with regard to the End, that is, Hap
Ver. 6. O'er-look'd, seen double,] O'er-look'd by those who place Happiness in any thing exclusive of Virtue ; feen double by those who admit any thing else to have a Mare with Virtue in procuring Happiness; these being the two general mistakes that this epistle is employed in confuling.
Oh Happiness, to which we all aspire,