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mortification, if to the prejudice of health ; a thousand penances may not mortify one sin. 1. Be not conceited of thy own merit; those that see so much of their own, can see none in others ; commonly, those who pry most into other men's concerns are most remiss in their own; measure not a man's state to God by what befalls him in this world. The reason assigved in the text is, lest thou destroy thyself. Afternoon, walked to Thurslet, where he preached from the parable of the sower, Matt. xiii. 4-8, which he explained very well.
Oct. 5. Read Whitby; writing accounts of some remarkable apparitions in pursuance of the late Bishop of Gloucester's request, the whole day, save when at Church.
17. Die Dom. Read Dr. Whitby, and Vines of the Sacrament, a judicious treatise; the twenty-second chapter, with many other places, shows him absolutely against separation, because of the sins of others, in a mixed congregation it not being a local but a moral conjunction that defiles. Mr. Paley preached from 1 Cor. xi. 26. My dear now first received at the Church. Afternoon, Mr. Day preached from Prov. xiii. 20, “ A companion of fools shall be destroyed.”
• 10. Read and wrote: then at funeral of Cousin Job Isles; rest of day with Lords of Manor, it being the great Court day, till even.
18. Proceeding in ditto collection of apparitions, &c. except when at Church.
* 23. Morning, read Whitby; then finished the perusal of my late friend, Mr. Danbuz's Comment on the Revelations, which is brimful of uncommon learning; explaining the mystical as well as literal sense, and giving the history of the Christian Church in the several periods. All day within, save usual walks to Church.
Nov. 5. Morning, read Whitby: Mr. Day made a very ingenious nice discourse from Luke ix. 5, 6, 7, showing that Christianity is far from destroying men for religion's sake; those most given to persecution are greatest enemies to godliness. Showing that the Church of England observes a due medium betwixt the Romanists on the one hand, and the Separatists on the other ; but, in the enumeration, trod gentlest upon the Non-jurors. Read a little; then had a gentleman from York to see collections. Evening, sent for per Mr. L.
11. Die Dom. Read Whitby: the Vicar preached from Acts x. 1. insisted much upon the honour and happiness of building a new Church, and beautifying the old. (Memorandum. Now the communion table and space were enlarged to the pillars, that it is said will cost 801. though the former was esteemed decent.) Afternoon, Mr. Day, from 2 Tim. iii. 16, showed well that all scripture is profitable for doctrine, &c.; an unseasonable visit prevented noting the heads.
• 25. Die Dom. Morning; the Vicar preached very well from Lev. xxiii. 3, showing that the dedication of the seventh day to the worship of God was appointed at the creation, and no doubt observed by the antediluvian patriarchs before the renewal of it at Horeb, and the institution of the Christian Sabbath is confirmed by the practice of the apostles and of the Christian Church in all ages, and what is required to a due observation of the day. Read Charnock till evening prayers, when great disturbance, Mrs. Mangey being buried with torch-light.
• Dec. 9. Die Dom. Read as usually; Dr. Brook preached from
Luke iii. 4. Afternoon, at the funeral of my dear cousin Aldburgh; the Vicar preached from Isa. xxvi. 3, showing that the sense of own unworthiness may discourage a pious soul, but he must stay himself upon the mercy of God, and manifest his sincerity by his constant obedience ; then gave a just character of her, but vastly short of her deserts, who to the advantages of a good family and religions education, added a most exemplary piety. This ingenious, pious, and charitable gentlewoman has left 101. to the charity-school.
• 14 and 15. Nothing remarkable at home, but a flood, wherein a child drowned and a soldier hardly escaped. Transcribed an indulgence for a wavering Romanist.'-vol. ii. pp. 340–345—344—349.
Such a man as this was truly well fitted to be a collector of curiosities. He died of a paralytic stroke on the 16th of October, 1726, His Diary, the reader must have already perceived, is fatiguing enough ; but we find that there is still another volume to come of the Diarist's correspondence, froin the autograph originals, with a general index to the journals and letters. When is this folly of printing manuscripts, simply because they were written a century ago, to have an end? Printed, indeed, they may be, and published too,—but who is to read them?
Art. IX.— Travels in various Parts of Peru, including a Year's Resi
dence in Potosi. By Edmond Temple, Knight of the Royal and distinguished Order of Charles III. In two volumes, large 8vo. Lon
don : Colburn and Bentley. 1830. Mr. Temple-or, if he ought to be styled Sir Edmond Temple from his badge of knighthood, let him imagine that plain Mister is meant throughout this article for Sir, as we have no idea of quarrelling with him for such a trife—Mr. Temple, then, we must say, is one of the most sprightly travellers with whom we have been in South America for an age. We know not how often we have been over the Pampas since we galloped from Buenos Ayres to the Andes with Captain Head. As to Peru, we have traversed the whole country at least twenty times. Yet it is from us no small praise for Mr. Temple to admit that he has, with his good humoured gentlemanly way of telling his story, induced us to re-visit the whole of these scenes again, and, if we mistake not, he will be equally successful with a great many others, particularly those to whom South America is as yet a terra incognita, who will find in his volumes much to instruct them, and a great deal to amuse.
During that grand epoch of national wisdoin and speculation, the famous annus mirabilis 1825, some of our readers may chance to recollect, among the projects of the day, one entitled the “ Potosi, La Paz, and Peruvian Mining Association.” This scheme, which the Baron de Humboldt was pleased to call a “ grande et belle entreprise,” was conducted upon a magnificent scale. The execution of it was entrusted to a long list of official persons, filling
various situations at home and abroad. Too happy was Mr. Temple to have been appointed Secretary to the establishment at Potosi. He was assured that his situation would give independence and luxury, not only to his own precious self, but to all his posterity for ever and ever. The first act which the Secretary did was to buy up all the shares that could be had in the market, issued by his Association, a step which we are afraid leaves him minus, at this day, of the whole of his little patrimony.
Having laid, as he thought, the foundation of a country mansion and estate, with a dim prospect in the distance of the House of Commons and a peerage, our Secretary set off for Buenos Ayres, in the latter part of the glorious year already mentioned. The commencement of his journey was characteristic. Orders having been issued by the Board of Directors for the departure of the tribe of employés, they were all handed into a highly fashionable carriage provided for the occasion, and drawn by four horses. From Falmouth they made the best of their way to Buenos Ayres, and thence over the Pampas to Peru. As there are but few of our readers who are not already familiar with the route pursued by our traveller as far as Potosi, we shall take leave to join him just as he arrives within view of the celebrated mountain which has given its name to that town.
• The road, as I advanced, although in no respect improved in itself, indicated the approach to a town of consideration. It was no longer an unfrequented solitude, as I had been accustomed to find it. Peasantry, with droves of asses and flocks of beautiful llamas, were to be seen passing to and fro; some strolling lazily to the city, laden with fruits, vegetables, Indian corn, flour, charcoal, fire-wood, and other necessaries; some returning from the market at a brisk pace, after disposing of their burdens, and hastening many leagues into the fruitful valleys of the country to renew them. Indians, male and female, with poultry, milk, eggs, and sundry commodities for consumption, enlivened the way, and apprized the hungry traveller that, although surrounded by bleak, uncultivated, and uncultivatable, mountains, he was still in the land of the living. :
"Suddenly appeared before me, in the distance, a high mountain of a reddish brown colour, in the shape of a perfect cone, and altogether distinct in its appearance from any thing of the kind I had ever seen. There was no mistaking it: it was that mountain which was made known to the world by the merest accident, by an Indian, who, in pursuit of a llama up the steep, to save himself from falling caught hold of a shrub, which being torn from the soil exposed a mass of solid silver at the roots; it was that mountain, incapable of producing even a blade of grass, which yet had attractions sufficient to cause a city to be built at its base, at one time containing a hundred thousand inhabitants ;-it was that mountain, whose hidden treasures have withstood the laborious plunder of two hundred and fifty years, and still remain unexhausted. Having said thus much of the new and striking object before me, I need scarcely add that it was the celebrated mountain of Potosi.
• Onward I rode, cheered by seeing the beacon which indicated the ter
mination of my long journey; not so my jaded mule; it received no stimulus from that which to me acted as an exhilarating draught. Forty miles upon a bad road (my mule assured me it was full forty-five) is a wearisome distance before breakfast for either man or beast; and mine, every mile I now advanced, gave indubitable evidence of exhausted strength : yet the means of refreshment were far distant from us both. Patience and perseverance were our only solace; and with these two efficacious viriues, I believe in my heart honestly adhered to by both of us, we mutually assisted each other; I by alighting to walk up hills and steeps, the mule, when I remounted, by jogging on, if the path happened to be free from rocks and stones; for the approach even to the Imperial City is nothing more than a rugged path tracked out by the footsteps of men and animals.
* From the top of every eminence that I ascended for the last two hours of my journey, I felt a longing expectation of obtaining a view of the town; because to behold even at a distance the abode of rest, at the conclusion of a long voyage or journey, is a consolation, which every traveller anxiously seeks and enjoys with sensations of real pleasure; but this consolation is denied in approaching Potosi; neither house, nor dome, nor steeple, is to be seen at a distance. The last curve rouod the base of the silver mountain, whose pointed top was now far above my head in a cloudless deep blue sky, brought me at once upon the town, which, with its ruined suburbs, curered a vast extent beneath me, and in ten minutes inore I was at the post-house in the centre of it.
' But it is not in the post-house that the traveller is to expect repose or comfort, for even here that abode is no better than the worst in any miserable village; there is no decent apartment to retire to, no refreshment to be obtained, no bed to rest upon, not even a chair to sit on, or accommodation of any kind.
' After throwing some barley to my poor mule, I sallied forth with my letters of introduction in search of a dinner; for, although I had not breakfasteo, dinner hour had arrived, and there being no tavern in Potosi wherein to obtain one, I was obliged to sponge, and succeeded to my infinite gratification in the house of Don Raymundo Herena, a respectable shopkeeper, who probably never before had such a famished guest at his table.'—vol. i. pp. 282–286.
We admire the eloquence with which a certain South American author, the Senor Pazo, was inspired when he first beheld the mountain of Potosi. The splendid scenery around him did not so much engage his meditations, as the streams-no, that is not the word—the rivers -nor that either—the lavas—ay, that is the phrase—the lavas of silver which it poured upon the world, “to animate enterprise and reward industry; to disseminate knowledge and religion, and to spread the desolations of war; marshalling armies in the field, and pointing the thunder of navies upon the ocean,” &c. &c. But before we ascend the mountain let us take a survey of the town at its feet. . • T'he streets were cleaner than those of any town I had hitherto seen in South America, and the practice of white-washing the outside of all the houses added considerably to the appearance of cleanliness. This, how
ever, does not apply to the inside, where every thing is filthy, with few exceptions, even in the first houses, some of which, like the stable of Augeas, seem not to have been cleaned for thirty years.
• The Indians, who compose one half of the inhabitants, are, in every sense of the expression, “ a swinish multitude,” but those who consider themselves so much their superiors are not, in every particular, a great deai better. Twenty years ago, the population of this city was reduced to half of what it once contained, and now it does not exceed twelve thousand souls.
I entered two or three of the plundered and dismantled churches, the walls of which furmerly were, in some instances, literally covered with decorations of pure silver. I strolled round that immense unconth pile, the Casa Moneda, or Royal Mint, erected at the cost of two millions of dollars. The common average coined within its walls for many years was four millions annually, being at the rate of upwards of ten thousand dollars a-day the whole year round.
• On one side of the principal square of the city stands the government house, a long, low range of building, including Salas de Justicia, the gaol, and the guard-house. Another side of the square is occupied by a prodigious heap of gray granite, a work which the Spaniards commenced twenty years ago, and which the present government are slowly continuing: when finished, it is to be consecrated, and called the Cathedral. Such an unsightly mass of stone I never before beheld. It has been profanely imagined, that if the pains and expense which it has cost had been bestowed in making fit approaches to the town, it would have been a work to the full as profitable for the souls and bodies of the public. In the middle of the same square, a sample of architecture worthy of the architect of the Cathedral has lately been erected. I supposed it to be a shot-manufactory, and my servant, whom I had occasion to send in that direction, inquired : “ If his way was not past the big chimney?" We were both mistaken : it is a national trophy in honour of the Liberator, Simon Bolivar.'-vol. i. pp. 290, 291.
Upon the whole, our author found his situation comfortable enough, though not quite so splendid as the Secretary of the “ Potosi La Paz and Peruvian Mining Association” had a right to expect. To be sure his house was not very elegantly furnished. Indeed, correctly speaking, it was not furnished at all, as he had not even a table to dine upon; however he obtained plenty of good chocolate, fresh eggs, tolerable milk, abundance of fruit and vege. tables, so that in the main point of having enough to eat, he was not at all to be pitied. These delicacies did not save him from an attack of dysentery, which is the common lot of all strangers, but the serenity of the climate soon brought him round again.
• The climate of Potosi I have found, as had been previously mentioned to me, to present each day the changes of the four seasons of the year. The early part of the morning is piercing cold; the forenoon is like our finest March day; from noon till about two or three o'clock the sun is broiling hot, whilst in the shade it is not only cool, but very cold. It was out of my power to ascertain the exact difference of temperature, for there