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days that are past. The wind whisiling through the trees, and the waler tumbling over the dam, had still the same sound as before ; but the darkness of the day, and the little smart box perched upon the opposite bank, destroyed much of the illusion, and made me feel that former times were gone. I don't know how it is, but, when I look back to early years, I always associate sunshine with them. When I think of Northwoodside, I always think of a fine day, with the sunbeams streaming down upon Kelvin and its woody banks. I do not enter completely into early scenes of life in gloomy, drizzling weather; and I mean to devote the first sunny day to another visit to Kelvin, which, whatever you may say, is worth ten such paltry streams as your Ammon!'-vol. i. pp. 378–379.

Soon after Captain, now Colonel, Munro returned to England, discussions commenced similar to those which are now in course of revival amongst us, concerning the renewal of the East India Company's Charter. Colonel Munro was called upon, in consequence of his great knowledge of Indian affairs, to take an active part in that question. His evidence was given in a most able manner before the Committee of the House of Commons, of course in favour of the Company. In the course of the investigations which were inade at that period, it was admitted, on all hands, that the judicial system in India was in a most deplorable state, and a commission of enquiry was appointed, at the head of which Colonel Munro was placed. In consequence of his acceptance of this office, he returned to India in the latter part of 1814, having been married in the previous March to Miss Jane Campbell, daughter of Mr. Campbell, of Cragie House, Ayrshire ; a lady of whom his Biographer gives a high, and, we doubt not, a well merited character. The commission having experienced many difficulties and delays, was about to enter upon a course of action about the end of the year 1817, when the Mahratta war broke out, and Colonel Munro returned to his military profession, in which he was promoted successively to the ranks of Brigadier and General. His canipaign against the Peish wah was conducted in brilliant style, and with decided success, although he had more than ordinary obstacles to encounter in the singular vacillation displayed by those in power, who sometimes shifted the command from General Munro to General Pritzler, and from the latter to the former, without assigning any reasons. Although public fame has not shone upon the military services of General Munro during this war, yet they stand recorded in the archives of the Company, and the reputation to which they are entitled will wear well, for it was most laboriously earned. The lamented Canning, in recapitulating the merits of the other armies and leaders engaged in the Mahratta war, spoke of the subject of these volumes as “a gentleman, than whom Europe never produced a more accomplished statesman, nor India, so fertile in heroes, a more skilful soldier.". Notwithstanding this just eulogium, however, it did seem as if the object of it were pursued by a hostile destiny. 'Fortune,' he says in one of his amiable

letters to his sister, during the greatest part of my Indian life, has made a drudge of me; every labour which demands patience and temper, and to which no fame is attached, seems to have fallen to my share, both in civil and military affairs,' At the conclusion of the war, General Munro, whose health had been injured by excessive fatigue, his eyesight having been particularly affected, resigned all his commissions, and returned with his wife and family once more to England, in 1819, firmly resolved never to see India again. He had scarcely, however, arrived in England, when he was appointed Governor of Madras, an office which, notwithstanding his resolutions, he felt it his duty to accept, having been, at the same time, invested with the insignia of K.C.B.

Our limits preclude us from entering into the details of Sir Thomas Munro's administration in India. His new situation enabled him to reform many abuses which had existed up to his time, and to introduce many judicious and useful alterations. His long acquaintance with the Natives, taught him to set upon their character, in general, a much higher value than we are inclined to do in Europe ; he was a strong advocate for their employment, not only in the army, but in civil and judicial offices. He was not long at Madras, when the Burman war considerably augmented the duties of his office; he was not, indeed, employed in the field, but he had to supply troops and provisions, and was frequently consulted during the progress of the campaigns which ended in the humiliation of the “ Gold-footed” King. For his exertions on this occasion, he was raised to the dignity of a baronet. Such was the opinion which the Government at home had of his abilities, that when, at one period of the war, the recall of Lord Amherst was contemplated, Sir Thomas Muoro was intended, it is now understood, to have been appointed his successor.

While honours were thus accumulating around him, his domestic happiness was interrupted by a dangerous distemper which seized the elder of his two sons, and rendered it necessary for Lady Munro to take the child to Europe in March, 1826. Although Sir Thomas had sent in his resignation in May, 1824, at the termination of the Burman war, yet the non-arrival of a successor prevented Sir Thomas from accompanying his family, and after he took leave of them, he saw them no more. His letters to Lady Munro, while on her passage, and after her return to England, are so characteristic of the man, and breathe so affectionate a spirit, that we cannot resist the pleasure of transcribing a few passages from them. The names Kamen and Toto, which occur in them, were substitutes coined by the children for their respective names of Campbell and Thomas :

Guindy, 2d April, 1826. · We came here last night, for the first time since you went away; Col. Carfrae and I drove out together. We alighted at the old place, near the well. It was nearly dark, and we passed through the garden

without finding you. We had nobody in the evening but Capt. Watson, which I was glad of. He has got the floors covered with new mats, which smell like hay; but they are of no use when those for whom they were intended are gone. The cause which occasioned the desertion of this house gives every thing about it a melancholy appearance. I dislike to enter Kamen's room. I never pass it without thinking of that sad night when I saw him lying in Rosa's lap, with leeches on his head, the tears streaming down his face, crying with fear and pain, and his life uncertain. His image, in that situation, is always present to me whenever I think of this house. I walked out this morning at daylight. I followed Captain Watson's new road, which is now made hard with gravel, as far as the place where it divides; but on reaching this point, instead of turning to the left, as we used to do, I continued along the main branch to the little tank, and there halted a few minutes to admire the view of the distant hills. I then turned towards the garden, where I always found you, and Kamen trotting before you, except when he stayed behind to examine some ant-hole. How delightful it was to see him walking, or running, or stopping, to endeavour to explain something with his hands to help his language. How easy, and artless, and beautiful, are all the motions of a child. Everything that he does is graceful. All his little ways are endearing, and they are the arms which Nature has given him for his protection, because they make everybody feel an attachment for him. I have lost his society just at the time when it was most interesting. It was his tottering walk, his helplessness, and unconsciousness, that I liked. By the time I see him again he will have lost all those qualities ; he will know how to behave himself; he will have acquired some knowledge of the world, and will not be half so engaging as he now is. I almost wish that he would never change.'-- vol. ii. pp. 179, 180.

Again, how strongly do we perceive the husband and the father in the following letter :

"Guindy, 11th June, 1826.

• I have been reading and writing very hard all day, which always, for the last year, makes my hand shake so much, that I can hardly write. This is a sign that I have been long enough in a warm climate. The weather at this season has been cooler than ever I knew it at Madras. It has been continually overcast all last week, which induced me to come out here yesterday evening, after the usual Saturday's dinner. I took a walk in the morning of an hour and a half, and ended with the garden, where every thing is growing in great luxuriance. After getting out of the carriage yesterday evening, I looked at the new well, and found it had water enough to hold out till it got a fresh supply from the rains; but I did not find you or Kamen there, or in the drawing-room. I always miss you both here more than at Madras, because we had fewer visiters, and I was more accustomed to see you and him quietly. Your rooms look very desolate ; they are empty all day, and in the evening have one solitary lamp. I now go along the passage without seeing a human being, and often think of him running out to pull my coat. I cannot tell you how much I long to see him playing again. I believe that I shall follow your father's example when I go home, in playing with children. When you reach Craigie, give me a full account of Tom, and of all the points in which he is like or unlike his brother. I have no letter from you since the 24th of March; and I begin to fear that I shall not hear from you until your arrival in England.

• The troops are returning from Ava. Major Kelso arrived a few days ago in command of the Kimendyne regiment. There is no chance of hostilities, as the Burmese are completely tired of war. I am glad of it, as I can have no pretence for staying longer in the country; and if the weather were not too hot for calling names, I could call them “birbarous, and ferocious, and arrogant,for not letting me go home with you. I am quite at a loss to know what I am to do when I go home. Where are we to live? in town or country? or both ? Are we to travel and sec the world and sights, or to jaunt about in our own country, or to stay fixed in one place? You must consider of all this, and be ready with a plan when we meet. Love to all at Craigie.'—vol. ii. pp. 182—184.

Thus, again, in a similar feeling, does he write in about a fortnight after :

I was in the garden this morning-every thing is growing in great luxuriance, but particularly the Hinah and Baboal hedges. The new well is half full. I looked, on my way home, at what you call geraniums, but which seein to me to be more like wild potatoes. I stood for a minute admiring them, merely from the habit of doing so with you; for, had I followed my own taste, I should as soon have thought of admiring a brickkiln, as of gazing at a hundred red pots filled with weeds. There is something very melancholy in this house without you and your son. It has the air of some enchanted deserted mansion in romance. I often think of Kamen marching about the hall, equipped for a walk, but resisting the ceremony of putting on his hat. * -vol. ii. pp. 185—186.

The month of September finds him in the same vein :

· The brightness of the sun here is very remarkable. You have, I think, noticed the brightness of both the sun and the moon at Madras, but you can have no idea how much greater it is here. In the morning, when the sun rises without a cloud, the sky is sparkling with light; the hills appear much nearer than they are ; the smallest objects upon them are visible, and there is a dazzling lustre poured upon every thing, as if two suns were shining instead of one. I have not seen Mrs, Sullivan, because she is too near her confinement; but I have seen his two children. They are both pretty, particularly the boy, and have as fine complexions as any children in England. I was made very happy last night, by the arrival of your letter of the 25th of May, sent to Penang by the Camden. I had previously got your long letter of the same date, but still it was satisfactory to get another. It is rather singular that a letter, written by you at St. Helena, should find me at Whotakamund. I received, at the same time, a letter, of the 5th of June, from General Walker, telling me of you and Campbell, and expressing regret at your leaving Plantation House so soon. I must now stop, for I have other letters to write before dinner. I have written you so much lately, that this may probably be my last letter for some time. I hope you are, by this time, safe with your two sons.'vol. ii. pp. 192, 193.

We extract from a letter dated in April, 1827, a paragraph, which gives an interesting panoramic view of a spectacle, which must, indeed, to use a pulgar expression, have “ astonished the natives :”—

"I went to Madras on Monday the 9th. You will wonder what took me there on that day :-it was to see the Enterprize steam-vessel maneuvre for the gratification of the public. She got up her anchor, and sailed past the Government-house a little after four, while we were at dinner. At five I went up to the top of the Council-house on the Fort, and, after staying a few minutes, we determined to join the crowd on the beach. The evening was as favourable as it could possibly be ; a clear sky, a smooth sea, and a light breeze directly from the sea. The immense crowd of people reminded me of what you see at a race in England, but only that there was no drinking and quarrelling. I never saw half so great a number on any occasion. The beach was crowded from the saluting battery to the custom-bouse, with thousands of natives, in all their various fanciful costumes. The multitude of carriages was far beyond what I thought the whole Carnatic could have furnished. Every thing that could be mounted on wheels from a ben-coop or a dog-house to a barouche, was’in requisition. In some of the hen-coops, which would not have held two European ladies, seven or eight native women and children were crammed, all grinning with delight. Among the multitude there were, I believe, people from almost every province in India. I saw a great number of respectablelooking Indian women in carriages, who, I imagine, never appeared among Europeans before, and many of whom, I am sure, you would have thought beautiful, and certainly graceful, beyond any thing in Europe. I scarcely looked at the steam-vessel : all that it can do may be seen in five minutes ; but I wish that I could have made a panorama of the living scene to send to you. We have still no southernly wind, but the weather is getting very warm. * * * *-vol. ii. pp. 197, 198.

The delay which took place in the appointment of a successor, detained Sir Thomas Munro at Madras until the summer of 1827, when Mr. Lushington took charge of the Government. The commencement of the monsoons prevented him from returning to England at that season, and the excessive heat then prevailing at Madras, seems to have, unhappily, determined him to pay a farewell visit to his old native friends in the ceded districts. It was known that the cholera morbus was then making tremendous havoc in those places; but this did not deter Sir Thomas from his purpose, as, from having been so long in India, he had no apprehension of being attacked by that fatal disorder. In the course of his journey, however, he fell a victim to its power : he was seized about nine o'clock in the morning, on the 5th of July, at Putheecondah, and at half-past nine, on the night of the same day, he ceased to be of the number of the living.

The tributes of regret which were showered upon his grave from all quarters, from the public authorities, and assemblies of natives, as well as Europeans, testified how deeply his loss was felt in India.

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