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JOHN HEYWOOD'S

COMPLETE SERIES OF

HOME LESSON BOOKS

For Use in Public Elementary Schools.

IN SEVEN BOOKS, CORRESPONDING TO THE STANDARDS OF

THE MUNDELLA CODE.

BOOK VII. FOR STANDARD VII.,
Containing Lessons in Holy Scripture, Moral Poetry, Arithmetic, English
(Repetition, Grammar, Analysis, Parsing, Composition, Paraphrasing,
and Latin Prefixes, Affixes, and Roots, &c.), Geography,

and Map Drawing.

BY

ALFONZO GARDINER,
Author of “Sound, Light, and Heat, “ Magnetism and Electricity," “ John Heywood's
Complete Series of Home Lesson Books," "John Heywood's Parsing and Analysis

Tables," "The Complete Standard Examination Guide," "Gardiner's
Inspector's Arithmetical Test Cards," "How to Draw a Map,"
"The Explanatory Geography, “How to Teach the

Method of Unity."

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JOHN HEYWOOD,
DEANSGATE AND RIDGEFIELD, MANCHESTER ;
AND 11, PATERNOSTER BUILDINGS,

LONDON,

1884.

39837 f. 37

SOHEDULE I, MUNDELLA CODE (1883), STANDARD VII.

READING.* -To read a passage from Shakespeare or Milton, or

from some other standard author, or from a History of England.

“In Standards V., VI., and VII., books of extracts from standard authors may be taken, though such works as 'Robinson soe,' Voyages and Travels, or Biographies of Eminent Men (if of suitable

length) are to be preferred.”—Instructions to Inspectors, par. 7. WRITING.–A theme or letter. Composition, spelling, and hand

writing to be considered. Note books and exercise books to be shown.

“In Standard IV., and those above it, writing should be running,

free, and symmetrical, as well as legible and clear."--Instructions, par. 9. ARITHMETIC. +-Averages, percentages, discount, stocks.

Short exercises in Mental Arithmetic may be given in the examination of all the Standards. These should not involve large numbers, should from the first deal with concrete as well as abstract quantities, and should be preparatory to the work of the next higher Standard. See also Instructions, par. 13.

SCHEDULE II.-CLASS SUBJECTS.—ART. 109 (f).

ENGLISH.—To recite 150 lines from Shakespeare or Milton, or some

other standard author, and to explain the words and allusions.

To analyse sentences, and to know prefixes and terminations

generally GEOGRAPHY.-The Ocean. Currents and tides. General arrange

ment of the Planetary System. The Phases of the Moon.

[In Standards V., VI., and VII., maps and diagrams may be required to illustrate the answers given.]

[As to the grouping of Standards IV., V., VI., and VII., see note at foot of Schedule II. and Instructions, par. 16.] * Reading with intelligence will be required in all the Standards, and increased fluency and expression in successive years. Two sets of reading books must be provided for Standards I. and II. ; and three, one of which should relate to English History, for each Standard above the second. The inspector may examine from any of the books in use in the Standard. The intelligence of the reading will be tested partly by questions on the meaning of what is read.

+ The work of girls will be judged more leniently than that of boys. The Inspector may examine scholars in the work of any Standard lower than that in which they are presented.

New and Corrected Edition.- Answers to the Arithmetical Examples in John Heywood's Home Lesson Books. In Seven Books, corresponding to the Standards, 2d. each.

PREFACE TO STANDARD VII.

This book, for Standard VII., completes the series, and contains all the requirements of the Mundella Code (1883) that can possibly be provided for. No lessons are given in History for the reason stated in Standard V.

Four lessons are given every Tuesday morning in Geography. The one marked (A) is the course for Standard IV., (B) that for Standard V., (C) that for Standard VI., and (D) that for Standard VII. Sets (A), (B), and (C) are all inserted in the books for Standards IV., V., and VI., so that full provision is made for the grouping of Standards. (See footnote, Schedule II., and Art. 109f, ii. and iii.)

The teacher must bear in mind that all the Geography lessons, and especially those prepared for Standard VII., are little more than skeletons. Currents, tides, phases of the moon, &c., will all want careful explanation, and should be amply illustrated by diagrams and simple apparatus. Every lesson throughout the series should be done at school before it is required to be done at home. If neatly written in an exercise book the Geography lessons can be shown to the Inspector when he asks for “ note books and exercise books to be shown” (Schedule I., Standard VII., Writing).

In Arithmetic the lessons follow the order of Schedule I., with miscellaneous exercises on the work of Standards V. and VI. in the latter part of each lesson (generally sums 4 and 5), thus providing for the footnote to the Schedule—“ The Inspector may examine scholars in the work of any Standard lower than that in which they are presented.” The order of lessons is as follows :Averages

.Lesson 3 to Lesson 20.
Percentages..

23

50. Discount (trade)..... 53

70. Present worth

73

90. True discount.

93

100. Stocks

103

160. General revision.....

160

end. A considerable number of the sums (all marked with an asterisk) are fully worked out in the Author's “ Method of Unity."

It is probable that the five sums set in each lesson, along with the other work given for Wednesday and Friday, will be found too much for any but clever lads. One or two sums can however be omitted at the discretion of the teacher.

In English an effort has been made to cover the immense ground which the Code requirements necessitate being gone over. On

* “How to Teach the Method of Unity,” by ALFONZO GARDINER. Third Edition. Price ls. 6d. JOHN HEYWOOD, Manchester and London.

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Wednesdays the Prefixes and a selection of Latin Roots given in Standard VI. have to be revised, and on Thursdays the Affixes and a further selection of Latin Roots have to be learnt. The words included in these lists are such as enter into the composition of many of our common words, and which, by means of the Prefixes and Affixes, will form numerous exercises in word-building.

As the lessons for Wednesday, Thursdays, and Fridays are necessarily very lor it is ggested that the Analysis, Parsing, Word-building, and Paraphrasing be always done in school along with the teacher on Thursday, and that the Prefixes, Afices, Roots, and Composition be done at home on Wednesday evening, to be brought to school on Thursday morning. The Prefixes and Affixes are repeated on pages 172–6.

For Repetition the following pieces are provided, each with very full notes. Shakespeare.

Mark Antony's Oration, 105 lines. Lessons 1, 6, 11, 16, 21,

26, 31, 36, 41. Trial Scene-Merchant of Venice, 273 lines.—Lessons 56, 61,

66, 71, 76, 81, 86, 91, 96, 101, 106, 111, 116, 121, 126, 131,

136, 141, 146, 151, 156, 161, 166. Milton.

From Lycidas, 17 lines. Lesson 46.
Sonnet on his Blindness, 14 lines. Lesson 51.
From Comus, 14 lines. Lesson 171.

On the Late Massacre, 14 lines. Lesson 176.
Macaulay.

Horatius, 199 lines. Lessons 181, 186, 191, 196, 201, 206,

and remainder as in Appendix. For Monday mornings one of the three maps given, corresponding to the sets of lessons in Geography (A), (B), or (C), is to be prepared and shown. (See Schedule II. Note to Geography, Standards V., VI., and VII.) These maps may, however, be prepared and shown on any day the teacher thinks best, but Monday is generally a convenient day.

This series is in a great measure a compilation. The author begs to thank the numerous teachers whose hints and suggestions have tended to make the books more useful and suitable for school work. Many well-known school books have been laid under contribution, and due acknowledgment is here given of the use which has been made of the labours of others. Several of the extracts for Grammar and Repetition are inserted by leave of the publishers, Messrs. Longmans especially deserving thanks for permission readily granted to make use of Lord Macaulay's works.

ALFONZO GARDINER. Little Holbeck Board Schools,

Leeds, January, 1884.

HOME LESSONS-STANDARD VII.

FIRST WEEK. Lesson 1.-Monday Morning. Learn.

PSALM CXIX., Verses 1–8; OR ELSE LEARN-
MARK ANTONY'SI ORATION OVER THE DEAD BODY OF

JULIUS CÆSAR.
Shakespeare's "Julius Caesar.Act III. Scene II.
Friends, Romans, countrymen ! lend me your ears ; 2
I come to bury Cæsar, not to praise him.
The evil3 that men do livest after them ;

The good is oft in-ter-red" with their bones ; (5) So let it be with Cæsar. The noble Brutus6

Hath told you Cæsar was ambitious :7
If it were 80,8 it was a grievous fault ;9
And grievously hath Cæsar answered it.10

Here, under leave of Brutus, and the rest, 11 (10) (For Brutus is an honourable man;

So are they all, all hovourable men);

Come I to speak in12 Cæsar's funeral.13 1. Cæsar was the leader of the popular party in Rome. He was the greatest general of the time and had many enemies. Antony, who was Cæsar's friend, and a relative through his mother, works on the feelings of the people. 2. Listen to me. 3. Evil deeds, more especially his “ambition.” 4. Is remembered. 5. Placed in the earth ; buried. 6. Děcimus Junius Brutus had served under Cæsar in Gaul (France), and in the civil wars, and Cæsar had treated him like a son. 7. Wishful to get great power, fame, or honour. ( Ambition means going about, and was applied in Rome to candidates for any office in the state going about seeking for votes.) 8. If it can be proved he was ambitious. 9. Great or grave fault (L. gravis heavy), one to cause us and him sorrow. 10. Been punished for it. 11. The rest of the Roman senators who had conspired against Cæsar, of whom Cassius (cash'-e-us) and Casca (with Brutus) were the chief. 12. At. 13. It was the custom in Rome (and is so in France now) for the nearest friend of any great man to attend his funeral, and deliver a speech in praise of the deceased. We occasionally have funeral sermons.

Draw outline maps (A) British Islands ; (B) Europe ; (C) Asia. (See Preface.)

Lesson 2.-Tuesday Morn. Geography. Write and Learn.

THE BRITISH EMPIRE. (A).— The BRIT-ISH EM'-PIRE consists of the United Kingdom of Great Brit'-ain and Ire'-land, and of a large number of possessions in almost all parts of the world.

(TURN OVER.

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