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tue of Christ's Passion, to teil him who One of his favorite plans for getting they were. The abbot answered that they souls into his power was to make a conwere all angels of darkness, who, by the tract with men, by which, in consideration divine command, had been sent, unwill- of value received, they should belong to ingly, to minister to him and his compan-him at the end of a certain period. The ions that night, through the prayers of the price paid varied according to circumMother of God, and of that standard. stances. If the man was a bad shot, it bearer, your father'(St. Francis). Then was the power of hitting whatever he the whole abbey vanished, and John of aimed at; if he was in love, a return of his Parma found himself in a cave in the affection by his sweetheart; or it might wood, lying on the bare ground with his be any other advantage that he most decompanions.” It is curious to notice in sired at the time. But in order to induce the story the verses of the Bible which people to make these somewhat uneven the devils found suited to their case. bargains, a condition was often added by

But John of Parma's experience was which they might have a chance of escapvery exceptional. In general the Devil was ing from the consequences. It is the old left free to devote himself to his main ob- argument of the Devil to Eve, “ Ye shall ject, the destruction of souls. To gain this not surely die.” So in the case of the end there were no pains that he would not Freischütz, the Devil was obliged to tell take, no situation in which he would not him in every case what he was aiming at. place himself. He assumed the likeness A man in this predicament was saved, on of an elegant young man in order to lead the day before that on which he had to astray a girl called Mariken, whom he not carry out his part of the bargain, by an unnaturally induced to change her name ingenious device on the part of his wife. to Emmeken, any allusion to the Blessed Taking off her clothes, she smeared her Virgin being specially distasteful to him. body with syrup, and rolled in a heap of Through her means he gained more than feathers, after which she went and ran a thousand souls, but was at last robbed about in the fields. The man went out to of his chief victim and accomplice through shoot for the last time with his gamethe efforts of her uncle, a holy priest, in keeper, the Devil, who, on seeing this spite of all his exertions, for he feared that strange bird, called out, “ There, fire!” on his return to Hell he would be tor- - But what is it?" said the husband. mented for his partial ill-success, like a The Devil looked and looked, but was Carthaginian general. He clothed himself obliged to confess that he did not know. with the body of a beautiful princess of “ Then our bargain is off,” said the man, Constantinople, lately dead, in order to and the Devil vanished with an intolerable marry Baldwin, Count of Flanders, on ac- stench. Again : “ As Sæmundr the Learncount of the unrivalled opportunities for ed was returning from the Black School, he evil which this position would give him. and his companions heard that a certain And he acted for thirteen years as lady's living in Iceland was vacant. So they all maid to a Portuguese woman named Lupa, went to the king in Norway to ask for it, but was robbed of his prey after all; for and he promised it to the one who should since, amid all her wickedness, she had reach the place first. Then Sæmundr not ceased to reverence St. Francis and called the Devil, and said, •Swim with me his disciple St. Antony, they brought her to Iceland; if you bring me there without the habit of their order on her death-bed, wetting the skirts of my coat you shall and so saved her from the clutches of the have my soul.' The Devil agreed, and, fiend. Yet, in spite of all this zeal and changing himself into a seal, took Sæversatility, he cannot be acquitted of the mundr on his back and started for Iceland. grave fault of soinctimes wasting his time. On the way Sæmundr amused himself by It could, for instance, serve no great pur- reading the Psalms of David. But, when pose for the devils to leap about the re. they got close to the shore of Iceland, he fectory tables at St. Dominic's convent. closed the book, and hit the seal on the And from the time which he devoted to head with it; he dived, and Sæmundr's teaching in the Black School he did not skirts were weited, but he easily reached reap an unmixed benefit; for, though “the the land. So Sæmundr got his living, and Devil took the hindmost," this was some. the Devil lost his bargain.” This was times the man's cloak or his shadow, and not the only occasion on which Sæmundr his more able pupils, such as Sæmundr cheated the Devil. “A man named Kalf the Learned, learnt among other accom- Arnason, had, while a pupil in the Black plishments, to exorcise and cheat their School, made a present of himself to the teacher.

Devil. But on his return to Iceland he

was not unnaturally anxious to escape and danced her to death. But on other from his agreement. So he called in occasions he shows a better spirit. In Sæmundr the Learned, who advised him the “Frere's Tale" by Chaucer, the Devil thus : Let one of your bull-calves live, and the Sompnour meet a carter : and call it Arni. In due time this will Deep was the way, for which the carte stood; beget another, which you will call Kalf, This carter smoot, and cryde as he wer wood, and then you will have a Kalf Arnason.' *

Hayt, brok; hayt, scot; what spare ye for So after a time the Devil came to claim the stoones? the fulfilment of his promise, saying, 'I The fend," quod he, “yow fech body and want Kalf Arnason.' 'Oh, by all means,' bones, said the man, and went and fetched the As ferforthly as ever ye wer folid ! second calf, saying, 'There you have Kalf So moche wo as I have with yow tholid ! Arnason. The Devil could not deny this, The devyl have al, bothe cart and hors and though, as was natural, he grumbled at the

hay!" shabby trick played him." But sometimes The Sompnour calls the attention of the he lost his bargain through his own rash- Devil to the present thus made him, and ness. For instance: “A king was engaged suggests that he should carry it off at to a young lady who was beautiful, but so once. stupid that she could learn nothing. So he agreed with the Devil that he should “Nay," quod the devyl, “God wot, never a

del; give her the power of learning and re- It is nought his entente, trustith wel. membering what she learnt, on the condi- Ask it thyself, if thou not trowist me, tion that, if at the end of three years she Or ellis stint a while and thou schalt se." could not tell the Devil what his name was, she should belong to him. He then

And his view is confirmed; for now the told the king his name. But amid the cart begins to move, and the carter blesses happiness of his married life, as his bride his horses : became more and more intelligent, the “That was wel twight, myn oughne lyard king forgot it. So when the third year boy, was drawing to an end, he became uncom. I pray God save thy body and seint Loy. fortable, and tried hard to remember it, Now is the cart out of the sloo, pardé. but without success. But one day, when Lol brother," quod the fend, “ what told I he was wandering disconsolately in the

the? woods, he heard chattering and peals of Here may ye seen, myn owne deere brother, laughter proceeding from a hillock, and,

The cheri spake oon thing, but he thought an

other.' as he listened, he heard the following song:

The Devil's sense of humor has already

been illustrated by some of the foregoing Men who give me a fox's name

stories. It often displays itself in mali. Have many a cause to do that same; No mercy to the souls I show

cious. practical joking, for the Devil is When I claim of them what they owe.

undoubtedly the father of practical jokes. I walk, like a lion, round about,

" It is worthy of record,” says the hisAnd many men's sight have I put out;

torian of the coming of the Franciscans Harm and hurt to folk have I done, into England, “that, when the brothers And my name is Rigdin-Rigdon.

were in the house in Cornhill, the Devil

came in a visible shape, and said to The name at once struck the king as be- Brother Gilbert de Vyż, while he was ing the same which he had heard before, sitting alone, 'Do you think you have so he told it to his wife, and thus enabled escaped me? You shall yet have this,' her to free herself.” In all these cases threw upon him a handful of lice and vanthe Devil appears as at least equally hon- ished." This again was beside his main orable with the man, and sometimes even purpose. The "quick beasts that tickle displays that simplicity which, as Plato men at night " were no more likely to do thought, often goes along with upright- spiritual harm to Brother Gilbert than to ness of character. Sometimes, indeed, he, St. Thomas of Canterbury. like the men with whom he contracts, And here ends our attempt to sketch avails himself of the letter of a promise, of the Devil of the Middle Ages. We have words rather than meaning. So once, seen him as the hero of a tragedy in when a girl over.fond of dancing said, " I Cædmon, in an intermediate character in would dance with the Devil himself if he the various legends that were current were to call me out,” he at once appeared about him, and as the comedian of the

miracle play — the prototype of Shylock, , which led once again to a more serious as the part was originally acted. He has and rational conception of his character. passed from the sublime to the grotesque, The popular view above described is now from the grotesque to the ridiculous." It hardly to be found, except in remote diswas for the most part the fresh study of tricts, in connection with local legends. the Bible, in a more reasonable spirit,


WALKING MANNERS. — A phase of the the body, giving a sort of square look to the Anglomania that now prevails in Parisian so whole figure, which is far from pleasing. So ciety is that of taking walking exercise. A long as the elbows form an angle, things must few years ago French ladies seldom went on be in a concatenation accordingly. Hence foot except during shopping excursions, when the long-handled sunshades that look so awkthe contents of the windows were to be exam- ward in the hands of abbreviated beauty. All ined. But now it is quite the fashion to take these things militate against a graceful gait, a constitutional, and with the good weather and though Englishwomen may claim superithat has come to Paris during the last week ority to their countrymen in every other reor two, a morning walk in the Bois has be- spect, they will admit that the time has yet to come the fashion. Frenchmen complain that come when they excel them in the art of walkfew women know how to walk. They say ing.

Daily News. that Englishwomen think more of the exercise itself than the manner of it; are, in fact, too much in earnest in getting over the ground. They look with greater leniency on the little tripping step of the true Parisienne, a descrip THE RINGS OF SATURN. - There remains tion of locomotion which is sufficiently fa- now but little doubt concerning the nature of tiguing to account for the very small amount these marvels of the heavens which so long of walking that comes into the daily programme have puzzled astronomers. They cannot be of a French lady's life. A coquettish, self- the solid flat hoops that they appear to be, as conscious way of setting down each foot, as they are too thin in proportion to their other though a separate thought went to every step, dimensions to retain their stability against the distinguishes the daughters of France all over gravitation of their primary. The idea that the world. It sometimes results in a graceful they are liquid comes to grief still more hopegait, and always looks smart, the latter being lessly. But they may be, and in all probathe great desideratum from the fair walker's bility are, a multitude of small satellites which, point of view. Englishwomen think little seen as we see them with their interspaces about their gait as a rule, except now and foreshortened, need not be very close together then spasmodically, when their attention is to appear continuous. To understand this, specially directed to the subject. Fashionable place yourself at night on Constitution Hill, boots are the great enemies of graceful walk- Piccadilly, or on any other street where you ing. They cripple the feet and destroy all command the view of a row of gas-lights half freedom of movement. There is a popular a mile long in foreshortened perspective. It idea that teaching girls to dance improves their will then be seen that the distant gas-lights manner of walking. This notion is a relic of appear to touch each other, to form a continthe days when the waltz was unknown, and uous line instead of a row of luminous dots, the stately measures of the gavotte and the as do those which are nearer, or are viewed minuet necessitated careful training of the more athwart the line. Further evidence in limbs and much instruction in deportment. support of this view of the constitution of the It is possible that our great-grandmothers may rings is continually coming forward in observa. have walked well; but it is certain that their tions of changes among the rings. Thus the great-granddaughters do not. Half an hour observations of Paul Stroobant (Bulletin de spent in the Row on any morning will convince l'Académie Royale de Belgique, November, the most credulous. Some people are in- 1887), extending from January 27 to April 20, clined to throw the blame upon the dress-im- show that the divisions known as Encke's and prover. Others remember that English girls Struve's are subject to considerable changes walked no better before it came in. They of position, and to occasional disappearance sway from side to side; or they unnecessarily of one, while the other remains visible. The move the whole body, or they take immensely changes of the inner dusky ring are still more long steps; or rush into the opposite extreme, remarkable, and indicate extreme mobility of imitating the movements of a mincing ma. its constituents; suggesting the idea that it chine. There is a curious fashion just now bears a relation to Saturn similar to that of in the manner of carrying the arms. The the zodiacal light to the sun. elbows are thrust out as far as possible from


Fifth Series, Volume LXII.


No. 2296. – June 30, 1888.


From Beginning,

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Scottish Review, . II. SYDNEY SMITH,

Macmillan's Magazine,

Temple Bar,

Blackwood's Magazine,

Title and Index to Volume CLXXVII.

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Single Numbers of The LIVING AGE, 18 cents.


Bids him forget what things have been,

Life's toil and strain,
Oh, to recall the days when, on the road
That led me, cheerful or depressed, towards Her phantom fash of days serene,

Her births of pain :
My little timid son was wont to come Bids him forget what yet must be,
Within my ken, not far from my abode! What Fate delays,
On seeing me his eager joy he curbed, The roaring of the angered sea,
Uncertain of my mood. He peeled his stick

The tempest's blaze.
With anxious mien, while casting glances

And some will listen to her lure, To learn my humor; if I seemed disturbed

Some turn aside As I drew near, he loitered by my side

Wrapped in the robe austere and pure A thought behind - and looked intent on

Of stoic pride. work;

But we, whom gracious Chance has brought But if I smiled - then with a sudden jerk, To this soft shore, His stick few far, and such a whelming tide Do well to slack the chain of thought, Of love burst forth, in smiles and misty tears, Nor look before; And pressure of his loving little hand, and eager confidence of hopes and fears. For Care creeps on with treacherous feet,

And Time is strong, Oh, that we did not fail so oft to find

Nor ever dream on earth was sweet God's angels in our children! How our Which lived too long.

Are holden, while we deem that we are wise; This I have learn’d, this you shall learn

When these bright days
Whereas we are but very dull and blind!
For what are trifling faults — a noisy tone,

Look pale as sinking stars which burn
A broken platter, or a missing hat?

Through twilight haze.

W. WORDSWORTH. Can we not foster love so passionate, Yet gently chide? Alas! why be so prone

Capri, April, 1888. Macmillan's Magazine. To silence lips so loving, or to make

The little heart e'en for a moment ache Because our nerves are jarred ? How soon

" AFTER MANY DAYS." we lose Perception of the treasure of its love! I do not ask remembrance in your hours Shock our fastidious sense, and we refuse

Busy and full, The love that fills the little heart with joy Bearing such gifts to others, rich in powers - the solace that could half our griefs For use and rule.


Check not the current of your life, that breaks

Joyous and strong,
To hearken where some haunting memory


Like a sad song.

But when the dusk is creeping, and the dew

Lies on the hill, OFT to this isle when earth was young When the first star is trembling through the Were men beguiled,

blue For here the Sirens harped and sung,

Remote and still ; Or Circe smiled;

When from the lilies steals a breath so faint, And seamen from their wandering decks

It thrills like pain, Through golden air

And, hushing into peace Day's long comSaw waving arms and bending necks,

plaint, And flower-crowned hair;

Night falls again;

Oh then one moment be the present fled ! And vainly, strenuous to be wise,

Think of past days,
These urged the oar,
Turned to the shining main their eyes,

And that sweet summer that so strangely led

In one our ways; And shunned this shore.

When I was yours in every pulse and thought, And now, though those who charmed are fled,

And you too seemed The charm endures;

To give back something of the gift I brought, The eternal temptress is not dead,

Or -- so I dreamed ! Still lulls and lures.

And know that as it then was with me, sweet, Yes, Nature here draws close to man

So is it still: With lenient eyes,

That a life's love is waiting at your feet, Dissolves with tender touch the ban

Whene'er you will. Of griefs and sighs:

Macmillan's Magazine.

M. M. M.



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